Asswiller

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Asswiller
Coat of arms of Asswiller
Coat of arms
Asswiller is located in France
Asswiller
Asswiller
Coordinates: 48°52′55″N 7°13′15″E / 48.8819°N 7.2208°E / 48.8819; 7.2208Coordinates: 48°52′55″N 7°13′15″E / 48.8819°N 7.2208°E / 48.8819; 7.2208
Country France
Region Alsace
Department Bas-Rhin
Arrondissement Saverne
Canton Drulingen
Intercommunality Alsace Bossue
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Norbert Stammler
Area
 • Land1 6.02 km2 (2.32 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 285
 • Population2 density 47/km2 (120/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 67013 / 67320
Elevation 256–337 m (840–1,106 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Asswiller is a French commune in the Bas-Rhin department in the Alsace region of north-eastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Asswillerois or Asswilleroises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Asswiller is in the Northern Vosges Regional Natural Park some 27 km south-east of Sarralbe and 38 km south-west of Bitche. Access to the commune is by the D9 road from Durstel in the north-west passing through the heart of the commune and the village and continuing south-east to Petersbach. The D309 road goes south-west from the village to Drulingen. There is a large forest in the west with strips of forest along the borders with the remainder of the commune farmland.[2]

The Isch forms the south-western boundary of the commune as it flows west to eventually join the Sarre west of Wolfskirchen. The Ottwillergraben forms the eastern border of the commune as it flows north to join the Eichel at Tieffenbach.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

  • 718: Asco vilare
  • 1793: Asveiller
  • 1801: Asswiler

In German the commuen name is Aßweiler.

History[edit]

Asswiller was a small lordship dependent on the Counts of La Petite-Pierre. When the Count palatine of Bavaria, Georg Johann I of Bavaria, took possession of the county, he granted Asswiller as a hereditary fief to the Dalheim family (1588), who were soon succeeded by the Steinkallenfels family: senior officials of the palatine counts. These Protestant lords introduced the Reformation and remained in Asswiller from the 16th century to 1819.[3] In 1789 Asswiller belonged to the Lord of Carbiston who had acquired it in 1771 by marriage with the heiress of the Steincallenfels family.

After the French Revolution Asswiller was attached to France in 1793 by decree of the National Convention which overrode the rights of princes holding possessions.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Asswiller
Blazon:

Party per fesse, first of Vert a lion passant guardant of Argent, second of Or.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[4]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2008 Jean Mathia UMP General Councillor
2008 2020 Norbert Stammler

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 285 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
326 286 323 411 442 411 403 402 393
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
353 360 345 351 344 322 316 309 319
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
335 344 352 294 276 281 260 251 225
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
223 238 225 218 215 230 - 285 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Asswiller

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

Many buildings and structures in Asswiller are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Farmhouse at 2 Rue du Cimetière (1775)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • A Chateau at 6 Rue de Drulingen (13th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • The Town Hall/School at 10 Rue de Durstel (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • A Farmhouse at 18 Rue de Durstel (20th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]
  • A Courthouse at 2 Rue de Durstel (1733)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9]
  • A Farmhouse at 26 Rue de Durstel (1861)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10]
  • A Farmhouse at 5 Rue de Durstel (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]
  • A Farmhouse at 5B Rue de Durstel (1761)*A Farmhouse at 5 Rue de Durstel (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[12]
  • A Farmhouse at 14 Rue de Petersbach (1803)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[13]
  • A Farmhouse at 8 Rue de Petersbach (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14]
  • A Mill called Jaegermuhle (1833)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15]

Religious heritage[edit]

Several religious buildings and structures are registered as historical monuments:

The Cemetery contains two items that are registered as historical objects:

  • The Rauscher family tomb (1924)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[20]
  • 3 SculpturesLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[21]

The Lutheran Church contains two items that are registered as historical objects:

  • The Furniture in the churchLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[22]
  • The Organ (1864)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[23]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Bas-Rhin (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ Protestants, Durstel, Lutheran parish
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005492 Farmhouse (French)
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005490 Chateau (French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005488 Town Hall/School (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005500 Farmhouse (French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005489 Courthouse (French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005495 Farmhouse (French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005493 Farmhouse (French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005494 Farmhouse (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005497 Farmhouse (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005496 Farmhouse (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005499 Mill called Jaegermuhle (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005498 Cemetery (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005487 Protestant Church (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005491 Protestant Presbytery (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005486 Lutheran Church (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67009318 Rauscher family tomb (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67009317 3 Sculptures in the Cemetery (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67009316 Furniture in the Lutheran Church (French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67009315 Organ in the Lutheran Church (French)