Bani, Pangasinan

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Official seal of Bani
Map of Pangasinan showing the location of Bani
Map of Pangasinan showing the location of Bani
Bani is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°12′N 119°51′E / 16.200°N 119.850°E / 16.200; 119.850Coordinates: 16°12′N 119°51′E / 16.200°N 119.850°E / 16.200; 119.850
Country  Philippines
Region Ilocos (Region I)
Province Pangasinan
District 1st district of Pangasinan
Founded 1769
Barangays 27
 • Mayor Gwen Palafox Yamamoto
 • Vice Mayor Filipina C. Rivera (Lakas–CMD)
 • Total 179.65 km2 (69.36 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 45,758
 • Density 250/km2 (660/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2407
Dialing code 75
Income class 2nd class; rural

Bani is a second class municipality in the province of Pangasinan, Philippines. It is located between Alaminos City and Bolinao and is named after the Bani, tree which could be found in the Poblacion. According to the latest census, it has a population of 45,652 people.[3] Dubbed as the "Golden West" in the 1960s and early 70s, Bani lies between Tambac Bay and South China Sea.[4] Bani has a land area of 19,243.6075 hectares.[5]

Etymology and history[edit]

Bani was founded on March 18, 1769 (from Zambales). In May 1903, it was transferred to Pangasinan together with the towns of Agno, Alaminos, Anda, Bolinao, Burgos, Dasol, Infanta and Mabini. San Simon, the original Bani, was transferred from Namagbagan to sitio Almacin in 1859.

The Immaculate Conception, Patron Saint of San Simon, disappeared from the church altar and discovered on top of the tall Bani tree in the vicinity of the present Church. She was brought to the Namagbagan church, and returned to the present site. Bani's name came from the Bani tree where the image of the Patroness was found. Bani (Millettia pinnata) is a smooth tree (height of 8 to 25 meters).[6]

In 1769, Fr. Mains de Lamberto erected a "visita" in Bani with settlements around Don Cayo banks and in 1762, these settlements became a sitio, with local officials headed by Don Francisco Baltazar as "Tiniente Absolute".[7]

On 21 November 1903 the town of Bani together with Alaminos, Bolinao, San Isidro de Potot and Infanta were annexed to Pangasinan.[8] In 1918 the road from Alaminos to Bani was started. During the time of Martial Law the mayor of Bani was Marcelo Navarro, a member of the Liberal Party. After the People Power of 1986 the OIC who headed Bani was Edmundo Cacho[9]

Bani is the hometown of TV host and former Pangasinan governor Oscar Orbos. From the Municipal Hall one would read that this town used to be a part of Zambales and its founders include Pangasinenses, Ilocanos and Zambals.

Last May 2009 Bani along with Anda and Bolinao, was severely damaged by typhoon Emong. The typhoon damaged an office close to the Municipal Building, the Western Pangasinan Lyceum, and a lot of structures and houses.[7]


Population census of Bani
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 37,180 —    
1995 37,463 +0.14%
2000 42,824 +2.91%
2007 45,652 +0.89%
2010 45,758 +0.08%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][10]

Local government[edit]

The Chief Executive of the town is Marcelo E. Navarro married to Dr. Elizabeth Pagilagan- Navarro (His father is Ex-Mayor Marcelo C. Navarro narried to Segundina Enriquez-Navarro). The Vice Mayor, Filipina C. Rivera and 8 Sangguniang Members or Councilors hold office at the Sangguniang Bayan and Session hall.[11]

Spain ruled Bani from 378 from 1521 to 1899, The “pueblos”'s Gobernadorcillos were appointed by the Spanish authorities and from 1901 to 1936, the Presidentes, by the Americans. In 1937 to present, the local chief executives were elected.

The Official Seal was adopted in Resolution No. 7 on 7 March 1991.[12]


On August 9, 2011 a recall petition Initiative#Philippines (Initiative, Recall election) was filed against Bani Vice-Mayor Filipina Rivera., by Mayor Marcelo Navarro, Jr. and Bani voters for loss of confidence. The subject of the case is the P70-million loan from Land Bank of the Philippines allegedly for the improvement of public market of Bani, Pangasinan without proper study, consultation, or documentation and P21 million in savings unaccounted funds.[13]


Bani is politically subdivided into 27 barangays.[2]

  • Ambabaay
  • Aporao
  • Arwas
  • Ballag
  • Banog Norte
  • Banog Sur
  • Calabeng
  • Centro Toma
  • Colayo
  • Dacap Norte
  • Dacap Sur
  • Garrita
  • Luac
  • Macabit
  • Masidem
  • Poblacion
  • Quinaoayanan
  • Ranao
  • Ranom Iloco
  • San Jose
  • San Miguel
  • San Simon
  • San Vicente
  • Tiep
  • Tagumbao
  • Tipor
  • Tugui Grande
  • Tugui Norte


  • 1,000 step "Via Crucis" leading to the gigantic Redeemer's Cross perched on a plateau overlooking the South China Sea of Doña Segundina Enriquez Navarro, wife Mayor Marcelo C. Navarro. Annual Archdiocesan Penitential Pilgrimage every Holy Tuesday first held in 1975.[14]
  • Rock formations along the shores.
  • Bird Watching at Bangri Mangroves[15]
  • Olanen Beach, Tobong Beach - Dacap Sur
  • Surip Beach in Sitio Olanen, Barangay Dacap Sur - scuba diving, snorkeling and recreational fishing of tropical fishes and lobsters
  • Surip Beach Mountain Resort, Hide Away Sea and Beach Resort, Cacho Beach Resor
  • Oldwoods by the Sea Eco Resort - Olanen
  • Surip Cave, Nalsoc Cave, Abot Aso Cave, Nangadiyan Cave, and the Dumaloy Cave.
  • Nalsoc Cave is a subterranean river with natural archway of stalactites and stalagmites, Brgy. Colayo: Cave Formations (Speleothems), Dripstone, Straws, Stalactites, Stalagmites, Columns or Pillars and Shawls.
  • Cacho Beach Resort Bani Pangasinan
  • Baliwangga falls, Barangay Ranao, near Ranao Elementary School.
  • Bani East Central Elementary School, Bani Poblacion
  • The Bani Town Hall
  • Bani Public Auditorium and Children's Playground
  • The Manuel Oboza Lara-Edralin Auditorium, Poblacion
  • Bani Rural Bank, Inc., Poblacion
  • Public Market,Poblacion[16]
  • Bani is noted for producing the sweetest, the reddest and the juiciest watermelon in the province of Pangasinan and in the country.[17]

Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary Parish Church[edit]

1762 Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary Parish Church facade

Roman Catholic population of Bani is 28,686 or 66.98% while Aglipayan population is 7,859 or 18.35%.[18] Other churches include Bani United Methodist Church and Iglesia ni Cristo (Church of Christ) Lokal ng Bani, inter alia.

The 1762 Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary Parish Church (Poblacion, Bani) is under Co Pastor, Fr. Raymond Oligane and Fr. Fernando Castillo. Feast day is December 8, with its Parish Priest, Fr. Roberto Casaclang, Vicariate of the Divine Savior, Vicar Forane, Father Eduardo E. Inacay.[5][18][19][20][21] is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Alaminos (Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan).[22]

Image gallery[edit]


  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 1 July 2013. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: PANGASINAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b
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  7. ^ a b
  8. ^ (Rosario Cortes: Pangasinan-1901-1986, New Day Publishers, 1995, p. 16)
  9. ^ (Rosario Cortes: Pangasinan-1901-1986, New Day Publishers, 1995)
  10. ^ "Province of Pangasinan". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
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  13. ^ I am from Bani
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  18. ^ a b
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