Bansagar Dam

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Bansagar Dam
Bansagar3.JPG
View of Bansagar Dam from down stream
Location Deolond, Shahdol District, Madhya Pradesh
Coordinates 24°11′30″N 81°17′15″E / 24.19167°N 81.28750°E / 24.19167; 81.28750
Construction began 14 May 1978
Opening date 25 September 2006
Operator(s) Water Resources Department, Madhya Pradesh
Dam and spillways
Impounds Sone River
Height 67 m
Length 1020 m
Reservoir
Creates Bansagar Reservoir
Bansagar Reservoir

Bansagar or Ban Sagar Dam (ISAT:Bāṇasāgar, Hindi:बाणसागर) is a multipurpose river Valley Project on Sone River situated in the Ganges Basin in Madhya Pradesh, India envisaging both irrigation and 425 MW of hydroelectric power generation .[1]

The Bansagar Dam across Sone River has been constructed at village Deolond in Shahdol district on RewaShahdol road, at a distance of 51.4 km from Rewa. The project has been named as “Bansagar” after Bana Bhatt, the renowned Sanskrit scholar of 7th century, who is believed to have hailed from this region in India. Bansagar Dam is located at Latitude 24-11-30 N and Longitude 81-17-15 E.

The project was initially envisaged as "Dimba Project" in 1956 by Central Water Commission, New Delhi to be constructed on Sone River at the confluence of Sone and Banas River near Shikarganj town 30 km down the present site. Later it was shifted to the present site at Deolond. There was an agreement in 1973 between the State Governments of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar for the construction of the Dam, according to which States had to share the expenditure in the ratio of 2:1:1. The sharing of 4 maf water is also to be done by the states in the same ratio. The construction work was started in year 1978 at original approved cost of Rs. 91.31 crores. The latest estimated cost in 1998 was Rs. 1054.96 crores.[2]

Bansagar Dam and reservoir data[edit]

  • Catchment area : 18648 km²
  • Dam height : 67 metre
  • Dam length : 1020 metre
  • Dam type : Masonry/Earthen
  • Spillway capacity : 47742 m³/s
  • Live storage : 5.41 km³
  • Submergence area : 587.54 km²
  • Population affected : 250000 persons (54686 families)
  • Villages submerged : 336
  • Year of start : 1978
  • Year of completion : 2006
  • beneficery : farmer

Project benefits[edit]

Irrigation[edit]

The water sharing from Bansagar Dam is as under:

Bansagar will provide irrigation facility over an area of 2,490 km² in Madhya Pradesh, 1,500 km²; in Uttar Pradesh and 940 km² in Bihar.

Power generation[edit]

It also provides power generation of 425 MW in Madhya Pradesh.

Bansagar Canal Project[edit]

The Bansagar Canal Project was also started in 1978 and is likely to be completed in year 2008. Following Canal System, which will utilize water from the Bansagar Reservoir, are in progress as under:

Canal System Length (km) Annual irrigation (ha)
Common Water Carrier 36.57 No direct irrigation
Right Bank Canal 30.80 5059
Bhitari Canal 11.20 2730
Sihawal Canal 75.30 27143
Keoti canal 90.00 45528
Purwa Canal 128.90 74084
Gurh Mauganj Canal 65.00 24654
Teonthar Lift Canal 40.96 14161

Submergence of Bansagar[edit]

The Land under submergence of Bansagar at Full Reservoir Level (F.R.L 341.64 m.) is 587.54 km², out of which 40.73 km² is forest land, 175.90 km² revenue land 1.31 km² public land and 369.59 km² private land.

Total 336 villages have come under submergence of Bansagar Reservoir out of which 79 villages are fully submerged and rest 257 villages are under partial submergence.

Fully submerged villages[edit]

All the 79 fully submerged villages in Bansagar have been displaced and lost their geographical existence from the map. Some of historically important villages submerged fully are Ramnagar, Deorajnagar, Baraundha, Markandeya-ghat, Darbar etc. The district wise details of these submerged and lost villages are as under:

Satna district (50 villages)[edit]

Amjhori Dakshin, Baikona No.-2, Bela (Near Remar), Bamhauri (Bimhauri), Barauli, Baikona No.-1, Bara, Barsajaha, Bela Tiwari, Banneh, Chhirahai, Deoraj nagar, Dhol baja, Dala, Daga Kothar, Dighiya Khurd, Garehara, Gurha, Hinauta Khurd (Unumukt), Hinauta Khothar, Itma (Near Deoraj Nagar), Itma (Near Ram Nagar), Jarmani, Jirauha, Kusmaha, Khajura, Khajuri, Kauhara, Kareha bela, Kothar, Karahiya, Kalla Khurd, Kalla Kala, Ladwad No.-1, Ladwad No.-2, Mala Dabar, Mirgauti, Mohari Khurd, Patha, Patehari, Poriya, Parariya, Pipari Dakshin, Rimar, Semariha, Semra, Singhpur, Semariya (Sanaga), Tilokawa kotar Naudhiya, Tikari, khajura

Shahdol district (22 villages)[edit]

Bodra, Barundha, Dhanedi Purva, Dhaneda, Dhanedi Pashchim, Dhanedi Vikram, Ghusira, Jamun Darhi, Jhirkona, Kusiara, Karahiya, Karri, Karaundiya Pashchim, Karaundiya Purva, Karaundiya Kothar, Kanbau, Kachhara Tola, Marha, Magaraha, Palwahi, Pahariya, Sonvarsha, Budwa, sukhad, Bartona

Katni district (6 villages)[edit]

Amakola, Doli, Itahara, Kudri, Naubasta, Podi

Umaria district (3 villages)[edit]

Darbar, Sahijana, Hinauti, Bholgarh, Chap, Padkhudi

Pandit Ram Kishore Shukla following Motilal Vora leading to their motocade succeeding an inspection of Bansagar Dam in Madhya Pradesh in 1985

Dedicated to nation[edit]

The foundation of ambitious Bansagar project was laid by Late Prime Minister Morarji Desai on 14 May 1978.[3] Project was timely inspected and allocated sufficient funds in every five year plan by the endless attempts of Pandit Ram Kishore Shukla former finance minister of Madhya Pradesh. The Bansagar Dam was dedicated to nation on 25 September 2006 by Atal Bihari Vajpayee, former Prime Minister of India.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Water Resources of Madhya Pradesh: Major Projects, Water Resources Department, Government of Madhya Pradesh, January 2006
  2. ^ Water Resources of Madhya Pradesh: Major Projects, Water Resources Department, Government of Madhya Pradesh, January 2006
  3. ^ Hindustan Times, New Delhi: 26 September 2006

References[edit]

  • Water Resources of Madhya Pradesh: Major Projects, Water Resources Department, Government of Madhya Pradesh, January 2006
  • Hindustan Times, New Delhi: 26 September 2006

External links[edit]