Barghest, Bargtjest, Bo-guest, Bargheist, Bargeist, Barguist, Bargest or Barguest is the name often given in the North of England, especially in Yorkshire, to a legendary monstrous black dog with huge teeth and claws, though in other cases the name can refer to a ghost or household elf, especially in Northumberland and Durham (see Cauld Lad of Hylton). One is said to frequent a remote gorge named Troller's Gill. There is also a story of a Barghest entering the city of York occasionally, where, according to legend, it preys on lone travellers in the city's narrow Snickelways. Whitby is also associated with the spectre. A famous Barghest was said to live near Darlington who was said to take the form of a headless man (who would vanish in flames), a headless lady, a white cat, a dog, rabbit and black dog. Another was said to live in an "uncannie-looking" dale between Darlington and Houghton near Throstle Nest, and yet another haunted an area of wasteland between Wreghorn and Headingley Hill near Leeds.
Besides taking the form of a large black dog with fiery eyes, it could also become invisible and walk about with the sound of rattling chains. At the death of any notable person the barghest would appear, followed by all the other dogs of the local region in a kind of funeral procession, and begin howling and baying. It may also foretell the death of an individual by lying across the threshold of his or her house. It is sometimes said that like the vampire the barghest is unable to cross rivers.
The derivation of the word barghest is disputed. Ghost in the north of England was once pronounced guest, and the name is thought to be burh-ghest: town-ghost. Others explain it as German Berg-geist (mountain spirit), or Bär-geist (bear-spirit), in allusion to its alleged appearance at times as a bear. Another mooted derivation is 'Bier-Geist', the 'spirit of the funeral bier'.
The Barghest in popular culture
Nicole Peeler's "Tempest Rising" series references Dahl's The Witches, and features a Barghest who takes on human or demon dog form.
A bridge troll named Danny decides to keep Barghests as pets in the October Daye novels by Seanan McGuire.
In the novel Forge of the Mindslayers by Tim Waggoner, a barghest is described as a lupine beast with blue tinged fur, a 'goblin-ish' face, and human hands. It can shapeshift into a goblin (see Barghest (Dungeons & Dragons) – this is an "Eberron" D&D novel).
In Theodore Dreiser's novel An American Tragedy he references the spectre adjectivally, saying: "And at one point it was that a wier-wier, one of the solitary water-birds of this region, uttered its ouphe and barghest cry, flying from somewhere near into some darker recess within the woods. And at this sound it was that Clyde had stirred nervously and then sat up in the car. It was so very different to any bird-cry he had ever heard anywhere."
Though neither the term "barghest" nor any of its variants are explicitly mentioned in J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, the protagonist, Harry Potter, is told that the apparition of a shaggy, black dog that he keeps seeing throughout the year is a premonition of his imminent death. However, the dog later turns out to be his godfather, Sirius Black, who is an animagus who is able to transform himself into a shaggy, black dog.
Film and television
The Barghest is a monster in the children's TV series Roger and the Rottentrolls, which is set in Troller's Ghyll.
The 1978 made-for-TV movie Devil Dog: The Hound of Hell features a barghest named Lucky.
In an episode of the BBC drama series Dalziel and Pascoe, a public house situated on the North York Moors which the episode's plot revolves around is named 'The Barguest', and features a large black dog on its sign.
An indie low-budget film called "The Barghest" was produced in 2000 by Gitgo Productions.
Tabletop Role-playing games
Barghests feature in:
Trading card games
Barghests, or creatures similar to it, appear in:
- Aion: The Tower of Eternity
- Black Mirror III: Final Fear
- Chrono Trigger
- Eve Online – as the Mordu's Legion Battleship
- Final Fantasy XI
- Final Fantasy XII
- Front Mission 5 – as the name of an anti-terrorism unit
- Fire Emblem
- Gaist Crusher
- Icewind Dale II
- Kingdoms of Amalur: Reckoning
- The Lord of the Rings Online
- The Monster Rancher series.
- The Pokémon video game series (from the second generation, there are Pokémon called Houndour and Houndoom that seem to resemble the Barghest, and in the third generation, there is a Pokémon named Absol that is possibly based on a white barghest)
- Rift: Planes of Telara
- Shadow Hearts 2
- Shin Megami Tensei: Devil Survivor 2 – as a demon
- A Tale of Two Kingdoms
- Wild Arms 2 – as a minor enemy faced inside the prison
- The Witcher
Barghests appear in:
- The song "Oblivion" by Patrick Wolf, which is about a young man searching for the Barghest; its original title was "Barghest" before Patrick changed it to "Oblivion"
- The EP "The Barghest o' Whitby" by the Yorkshire-based doom metal band My Dying Bride
- The song "Barghest" by Tut Tut Child
- The song "Barghest vs. Aged.A" by psychedelic rock band of Arrowe Hill
- The song "Black Shuck" by The Darkness
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Barghest". Encyclopædia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. This in turn cites:
- Jeffrey Shaw, Whitby Lore and Legend, (1923)
- Henderson, William (1879). "Ch. 7". Notes on the folk-lore of the northern counties of England and the borders (2nd ed.). Folk-Lore Society. p. 275.
- Briggs, Katharine (1976). An Encyclopedia of Fairies. Pantheon Books. pp. 16–17. ISBN 0394409183.