|Barleria pronitis in Hyderabad, India.|
Barleria prionitis (Sanskrit kuranta; Marathi vjradanti (वज्रदंती), Tamil: சுள்ளி மலர்), also known as the porcupine flower, is a species of plants in the family Acanthaceae, native to India & Sri Lanka.
Barleria prionitis is often the host to larvae of the Phalanta phalantha and Junonia lemonias butterflies. Its leaves are known to contain 6-Hydroxyflavone, one of the chemical compounds that is a noncompetitive inhibitor of the protein cytochrome P450 2C9.
ovate, tapering acute ends, mucronate apex, veins copiously marked by fine striate lines.
branchlets cylindrical, swollen above nodes, with very sharp branched spines in axils; B- whire.
pale orange-yellow, sessile, large, solitary.
capsule ovoid with a long, tapering, solid, compressed beak.
monsoon forest fringes.
Known as "කටු කරදු - katu karandu" in Sinhala.
- Various Indian names in Pharmacographia Indica. A history of the principal drugs of vegetable origin met with in British India, William Dymock, C. J. H. Warden & David Hooper, 1893.
- Pharmacographia Indica. A history of the principal drugs of vegetable origin met with in British India, William Dymock, C. J. H. Warden & David Hooper, 1893.
- Medicinal plants. Chemistry and properties, Dr. M. Daniel, 2005.
Barleria prionitis in Hyderabad, India.
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