Barleria prionitis

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Barleria prionitis
Barleria prionitis (Porcupine flower) in Hyderabad, AP W IMG 9993.jpg
Barleria pronitis in Hyderabad, India.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Acanthaceae
Genus: Barleria
Species: B. prionitis
Binomial name
Barleria prionitis
L.

Barleria prionitis (Sanskrit kuranta; Marathi vjradanti (वज्रदंती), Tamil: சுள்ளி மலர்),[1] also known as the porcupine flower, is a species of plants in the family Acanthaceae, native to India & Sri Lanka.

It is used for various medicinal purposes in ayurvedic medicine. The juice of the leaves is applied to feet to prevent maceration and cracking in the monsoon season.[2]

Barleria prionitis is often the host to larvae of the Phalanta phalantha and Junonia lemonias butterflies. Its leaves are known to contain 6-Hydroxyflavone, one of the chemical compounds that is a noncompetitive inhibitor of the protein cytochrome P450 2C9.[3]

Leaves[edit]

ovate, tapering acute ends, mucronate apex, veins copiously marked by fine striate lines.

Trunk[edit]

branchlets cylindrical, swollen above nodes, with very sharp branched spines in axils; B- whire.

Flowers[edit]

pale orange-yellow, sessile, large, solitary.

Fruits[edit]

capsule ovoid with a long, tapering, solid, compressed beak.

Ecology[edit]

monsoon forest fringes.

Culture[edit]

Known as "ක‍ටු කරදු - katu karandu" in Sinhala.

References[edit]

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]