Batlow, New South Wales

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Batlow
New South Wales
EnteringBatlow.jpg
Entering Batlow
Batlow is located in New South Wales
Batlow
Batlow
Coordinates 35°31′0″S 148°09′0″E / 35.51667°S 148.15000°E / -35.51667; 148.15000Coordinates: 35°31′0″S 148°09′0″E / 35.51667°S 148.15000°E / -35.51667; 148.15000
Population 1,026 (2011 census)[1]
Established 1850s
Postcode(s) 2730
Elevation 775 m (2,543 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Tumut Shire
County Wynyard
State electorate(s) Wagga Wagga
Federal Division(s) Riverina

Batlow is a town in the South West Slopes region of New South Wales, Australia, on the edge of the Great Dividing Range, 775 m above sea level.[2]

Batlow is well known for its apples. About 50 growers in the district supply 1.6 million cases of apples, or 10% of the Australian apple crop, to the Australian market. The district also produces cherries and stone fruit. The town's main landmark, the 'Big Apple',[3] stands testament to the orchards which have been vital to the town's economy for over 120 years.

History[edit]

Before European settlement the Wiradjuri people lived in the Batlow area. Hamilton Hume and William Hovell were the first Europeans to explore the area in 1824, en route to Port Phillip.

When gold was discovered in the area in 1854, a small settlement called Reedy Creek was established as a supply point and service centre for the mining area, and a Mr Batlow surveyed a townsite nearby.[4] The gold deposits were quickly exhausted, but farmers found the area better suited to a variety of crops, so the mining supply point was moved and the current township established around 1855. Reedy Flat Post Office opened on 1 August 1873 and was renamed Batlow in 1889.[5] Fruit trees and timber quickly became the main sources of income for the town, and in 1910 the townsite was gazetted.

In 1922, the first cool stores in New South Wales were constructed in the town. At the same time a railway was built from nearby Tumut. These developments facilitated the town's trade with Sydney and beyond. The district supplied troops with dehydrated fruit and vegetables during World War II.[6] Many Land Army Girls were stationed in and around Batlow during the Second World War and a sizeable collection of memorabilia is held at the Historical Society Museum. There are two Soldier Settlements close to Batlow Willigobung and Kunama.

Geography[edit]

Batlow.jpeg
Batlow December 2005.jpg

Batlow is located 94 km west of Canberra,[7] though, by highway is approximately 225 km due to the Great Dividing Range between them. The nearest city is Wagga, while three towns, Tumut (NE), Adelong (NW) and Tumbarumba are within 40 km (S).

The countryside around Batlow is a plateau of rolling hills, just under 1000 m in altitude. Being on the western edge of the Great Dividing Range, Batlow receives much of the precipitation that has not fallen further west, an average of 1300 mm per year. Little or no rain is received from ocean to the east, due to the large distances and the Great Dividing Range. The cold winters combined with the higher rainfall and good soils make an excellent apple growing climate. However, in 2006, Batlow experienced the most severe downturn in rainfall in New South Wales, receiving only 392 mm of rain that year.[8]

Present day[edit]

Batlow Literary Institute

Batlow is an agricultural town offering services and facilities to the surrounding area, including two primary schools and a high school, a library (with telecentre), a hall and several stores and small businesses. The Batlow Fruit Co-operative, trading since 1922, is based in the town.

Batlow was the home of the 'Mountain Maid' cannery until its closure in the early 2000s .The Steel frame of the WWII Lend Lease constructed building used in the production of food for the Allied Troops is still visible today.

Batlow's economy turns around the production of apples for the fresh food market. Some revenue is also obtained from other agricultural exploitations and timber from the large soft and hardwood plantations. There is a strong influx of seasonal labour for the harvesting of fruit from March to April. A smaller influx occurs at thinning time in December. There are a number of producers of nuts, honey and Eucalyptus Oil products.

Batlow is now the home to a truffery, a number of published Authors and novice Film makers

The 43,000 ha Bago State Forest between Batlow and Tumbarumba contains stands of alpine ash and radiata pine.Pilot Hill Arboretum (est. 1920's) and the Sugar Pine Walk- a beautiful avenue of Sugarpine resembling a Cathedral.

On the 3rd Saturday of May each year the Batlow CiderFest is held in the main street showcasing locally produced Cider and regional food. On the Friday preceding a Cider Industry Conference is held . on the 3rd Saturday of October the Apple Blossom Festival is held. This re-invigorated Festival was begun in 1942 and the First Apple Blossom Queen was a Land Army Girl

Politics[edit]

Batlow is in the Tumut Shire and the Mayor of the Tumut Shire is Trina Thomson. Batlow was moved to the bellwether Federal Division of Eden-Monaro for the 2007 Federal election. With Batlow usually voting overwhelmingly conservative, the vote swung to the centre left Australian Labor Party member Mike Kelly by 26%.[9] Batlow is now in Federal area of Riverina

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Batlow (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 November 2012. 
  2. ^ http://www.exploroz.com/Places/21660/NSW/Batlow.aspx
  3. ^ Batlow: Big Apple, Big Trip.
  4. ^ "MnKqvqZTSX". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 13 June 2009. 
  5. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 2009-06-11. 
  6. ^ Sydney Morning Herald. "Travel - Batlow". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2006-10-30. 
  7. ^ "Great Circle Distance between BATLOW and CANBERRA". Geoscience Australia. March 2004. 
  8. ^ Sydney Morning Herald (2007-01-08). "Crunch Time for Apple Growers". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2007-12-29. 
  9. ^ AEC (2007). "Polling Place Results". AEC. Retrieved 2007-12-29. 

External links[edit]