Belgian federal election, 2010

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Belgian federal election, 2010
Belgium
2007 ←
13 June 2010 (2010-06-13)
→ 2014

All 150 seats in the Chamber of Representatives
40 of 71 seats in the Senate

respectively 76 and 36 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Bart De Wever Elio Di Rupo Didier Reynders
Leader Bart De Wever Elio Di Rupo Didier Reynders
Party N-VA PS MR
Leader since 2004 1999 2004
Leader's seat Antwerp Mons Liège
Last election * 20 seats, 10.86% 23 seats, 11.41%
Seats before * 20 23
Seats won 27 26 18
Seat change Increase* Increase6 Decrease5
Popular vote 1,135,617 894,543 605.617
Percentage 17.4% 13.70% 9.28%
Swing Increase* Increase2.85 Decrease2.85

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Marine Thyssen Caroline Gennez Alexander De Croo
Leader Marianne Thyssen Caroline Gennez Alexander De Croo
Party CD&V sp.a Open VLD
Leader since 2008 2007 2009
Leader's seat Oud-Heverlee Mechelen Brakel
Last election 30 seats, 18.51% * 14 seats, 10.26% 18 seats, 11.83%
Seats before 30* 14 18
Seats won 17 13 13
Seat change Decrease13* Decrease1 Decrease5
Popular vote 707,986 602.867 563.873
Percentage 10.85% 9.24% 8.64%
Swing Decrease7.66* Decrease1.02 Decrease3.19

Belgian federal election 2010 map en nobackground.png

Colours denote the winning party, as shown in the main table of results

* CD&V and N-VA were in a Cartel during the 2007 election; results shown for CD&V were for both parties during the 2007 election.


Prime Minister before election

Yves Leterme
CD&V

Prime Minister

Elio Di Rupo
PS

Elections for the Federal Parliament were held in Belgium on 13 June 2010.[1] After the fall of the previous Leterme II Government over the withdrawal of Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats (Open VLD) from the government the King dissolved the legislature and called new elections. The New Flemish Alliance, led by Bart De Wever, emerged as the plurality party with 27 seats, just one more than the francophone Socialist Party, led by Elio Di Rupo, which was the largest party in the Wallonia region and Brussels.[2]

Background[edit]

Fall of the government[edit]

Following a continued lack of agreement over how to resolve the conflict over the electoral arrondissement of Brussels-Halle-Vilvoorde, the liberal Open VLD left the government on 22 April 2010, continuing the 2007–2011 Belgian political crisis. Prime Minister Yves Leterme (Christen-Democratisch en Vlaams, CD&V) immediately offered his resignation to King Albert II, who accepted it on 26 April 2010. Following the elections held on 13 June, there were fears that coalition-building may take so long that Belgium's presidency of the Council of the European Union, which starts on 1 July 2010, might have to start under a caretaker government.[3][4][5]

Constitutionality of elections[edit]

According to a statement by the Flemish President of the Constitutional Court, Marc Bossuyt, the elections might be ruled unconstitutional unless the Brussels-Halle-Vilvoorde arrondissement is split up beforehand.[6][7][8][9][10] On 4 May, all but one Flemish judge-president of the 13 Flemish Courts of First Instance wrote a collective letter, saying that the elections cannot be held with the current electoral districts and that a return to the previous electoral arrondissements is necessary.[11] In contrast, Ghislain Londers, the president of the Court of Cassation declared that all judges are obliged to cooperate with the electoral process. Before the judges' letters, former president of the Belgian Chamber of Representatives Herman De Croo stated that no court could prevent the elections from taking place.[10]

Importance of elections[edit]

The international media saw the election as crucial to determine the future of the country, even though it was admitted that devolution would not happen immediately.[12][13]

Parties[edit]

Further information: Political parties in Belgium
The primary six Flemish political parties and their results for the House of Representatives (Kamer). From 1978 to 2014, in percentages for the complete 'Kingdom'.

Flemish parties (Dutch speaking)[edit]

These Flemish parties field candidates in the regions of Flanders and the partially bilingual electoral district Brussels-Halle-Vilvoorde.

Walloon parties (French speaking)[edit]

These Francophone parties fielded candidates in the region of Wallonia and in the electoral district Brussels-Halle-Vilvoorde.

Candidates[edit]

Leterme stepped aside on 28 April 2010 and was replaced as leader of CD&V by Marianne Thyssen.[14]

Notable newcomers in politics:

Polls[edit]

As of May 26, it appeared that the major development in the election was the surge in popularity of the N-VA in Flanders. Led by Bart De Wever, it supports eventual independence for Flanders, and an immediate switch from a federal Belgium to a confederal Belgium. The N-VA replaces the CD&V of outgoing PM Yves Leterme as the most popular party in Flanders. This development opens the question of how the francophone parties might react to forming a government with an openly sovereigntist, but politically centrist party if they do win a plurality of votes in Flanders. It appeared that the N-VA had attracted some popularity from the ethnic nationalist party, Vlaams Belang.[16]

Flemish constituency Francophone constituency
Date Source CD&V N-VA Open VLD SP–A VB Groen! LDD PS MRFDF CDH Ecolo FN PP RWF
10 June 2007 2007 election 29.6% 18.8% 16.3% 19.0% 6.3% 6.5% 29.5% 31.2% 15.8% 12.8% 5.6% / /
29 March 2010 La Libre Belgique [17] 20.0% 17.8% 13.8% 15.5% 17.3% 8.1% 5.5% 31.7% 20.5% 15.5% 20.2% / 4.3% /
4 May 2010 l'Avenir[18] 18.9% 22.9% 14.8% 14.2% 12.5% 7.9% 3.9% 32.5% 21.1% 18.2% 17.6% 2.9% <1% 2.0%
26 May 2010 Dimarso [19] 19.5% 26.0% 12.4% 16.0% 10.3% 7.8% 5.4%
28 May 2010 l'Avenir [20] 33.0% 20.4% 17.0% 17.6% 2.5% 1.9% 1.9%
4 June 2010 Standaard/VRT [21] 19.0% 25.2% 13.9% 13.8% 11.5% 8.2% 6.2%
June 2010 La Libre Belgique [22] 16.2% 26% 13.6% 16.3% 15% 6.8% 4.3% 30% 20.2% 16.1% 18.9% 4.1% 4.1% /

Results[edit]

After polls showed the N-VA receiving 29% of votes in their region, media interpreted the election as a "victory for Flemish independence."[23] The following tables contain percentages on the national level (i.e. the result of N-VA is 17.4% on the national level, while it is 27.8% on the regional level).

Chamber of Representatives[edit]

Seats in the Chamber of Representatives
e • d Summary of the 13 June 2010 Belgian Chamber of Representatives election results
← 200720102014 →
Abbr. Party Leader(s) Votes  % +/– E.c. % Seats +/–
N-VA New Flemish Alliance Bart De Wever 1,135,617 17.40 * 28.23 27 *
PS Socialist Party Elio Di Rupo 894,543 13.70 2.85 Increase 35.72 26 6 Increase
CD&V Christian Democratic & Flemish Wouter Beke 707,986 10.85 * 17.60 17 *
MR Reformist Movement Charles Michel 605,617 9.28 3.23 Decrease 24.18 18 5 Decrease
SP.A Socialist Party – Differently Bruno Tobback 602,867 9.24 1.02 Decrease 14.99 13 1 Decrease
OPEN VLD Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats Alexander De Croo 563,873 8.64 3.19 Decrease 14.02 13 5 Decrease
VB Flemish Interest Bruno Valkeniers 506,697 7.76 4.23 Decrease 12.60 12 5 Decrease
CDH Humanist Democratic Centre Benoît Lutgen 360,441 5.52 0.53 Decrease 14.39 9 1 Decrease
ECOLO Ecolo Jean-Michel Javaux
and Sarah Turine
313,047 4.80 0.30 Decrease 12.50 8 0 Steady
GROEN! Green! Wouter Van Besien 285,989 4.38 0.40 Increase 7.11 5 1 Increase
LDD Libertarian, Direct, Democratic Jean-Marie Dedecker 150,577 2.31 1.72 Decrease 3.74 1 4 Decrease
PP People's Party Mischaël Modrikamen 84,005 1.29 new 3.35 1 new
PVDA/PTB Workers' Party Peter Mertens 101,088 1.55 0.71 Increase N/A 0
Others (parties that received less than 1% of the national vote) 316,108 4.84
Valid votes 6,527,367 94.19
Blank and invalid votes 402,488 5.81
Totals 6,929,855 100.00 150
Electorate and voter turnout 7,767,552 89.22
Source: Federal Portal − Chamber Elections 2010.

Notes:
1) E.c. = electoral college (Dutch- and French-speaking),
2) * = Christian Democratic and Flemish and the New Flemish Alliance contested the 2007 elections together, receiving 18.51% of the votes and 30 seats.

Details[edit]

Results by party (seats)[edit]
Region Seats won per party Total seats
Constituency N-VA CD&V SP.A VLD VB GROEN! LDD
Flanders
Flanders
Antwerp (province) Antwerp
8 / 24
4 / 24
3 / 24
3 / 24
4 / 24
2 / 24
N/A
24 / 88
Brussels-Capital Region B.H.V.
3 / 9
2 / 9
1 / 9
2 / 9
1 / 9
N/A N/A
9 / 88
East Flanders East Flanders
6 / 20
3 / 20
3 / 20
4 / 20
3 / 20
1 / 20
N/A
20 / 88
Belgium Leuven
2 / 7
1 / 7
1 / 7
1 / 7
1 / 7
1 / 7
N/A
7 / 88
Limburg (Belgium) Limburg
4 / 12
3 / 12
2 / 12
1 / 12
2 / 12
N/A N/A
12 / 88
West Flanders West Flanders
4 / 16
4 / 16
3 / 16
2 / 16
1 / 16
1 / 16
1 / 16
16 / 88
Total
27 / 88
17 / 88
13 / 88
13 / 88
12 / 88
5 / 88
1 / 88
88 / 88
PS MR CDH ECOLO PP
Wallonia
Wallonia
Brussels-Capital Region B.H.V.
4 / 13
5 / 13
2 / 13
2 / 13
N/A
13 / 62
Hainaut (province) Hainaut
11 / 19
4 / 19
2 / 19
2 / 19
N/A
19 / 62
Liège (province) Liège
7 / 15
4 / 15
2 / 15
2 / 15
N/A
15 / 62
Luxembourg (Belgium) Luxembourg
1 / 4
1 / 4
2 / 4
N/A N/A
4 / 62
Namur (province) Namur
2 / 6
2 / 6
1 / 6
1 / 6
N/A
6 / 62
Walloon Brabant Walloon Brabant
1 / 5
2 / 5
N/A
1 / 5
1 / 5
5 / 62
Total
26 / 62
18 / 62
9 / 62
8 / 62
1 / 62
62 / 62
Results by electoral constituencies (percentages)[edit]
Region % won per party
Constituency N-VA CD&V SP.A VLD VB GROEN! LDD Others
Flanders Antwerp 30.71 15.53 14.32 11.03 16.15 7.69 2.29 2.28
B.H.V. 12.23 6.94 4.64 7.17 5.03 *
East Flanders 28.15 15.40 14.15 17.40 12.33 7.36 3.19 2.04
Leuven 27.05 16.26 17.79 14.51 9.61 9.79 3.14 1.86
Limburg 28.83 18.81 18.14 12.10 12.79 4.81 2.89 1.62
West Flanders 23.89 23.01 15.13 13.53 9.07 6.31 7.67 1.27
PS MR CDH ECOLO PP
Wallonia B.H.V. 16.74 19.17 8.07 7.99 12.01*
Hainaut 48.18 17.52 11.47 9.41 2.75 10.67
Liège 35.79 22.30 13.93 13.83 3.08 11.07
Luxembourg 28.49 19.54 31.41 11.71 2.44 6.41
Namur 32.20 24.65 15.92 13.38 3.12 10.73
Walloon Brabant 22.48 35.79 12.89 16.33 5.04 7.47

Senate[edit]

e • d Summary of the 13 June 2010 Belgian Senate election results
Parties Senate
Votes +/−  % +/− Seats +/−
New Flemish Alliance (Nieuw-Vlaamse Alliantie) 1,268,780 * 19.61% * 9 *
Socialist Party (Parti Socialiste) 880,828 Increase202,016 13.62% Increase3.37% 7 Increase3
Christian Democratic and Flemish (Christen-Democratisch en Vlaams) 646,375 * 9.99% * 4 *
Socialist Party – Differently (Socialistische Partij – Anders) 613,079 Decrease52,251 9.48% Decrease0.54% 4 Steady 0
Reformist Movement (Mouvement Réformateur) 599,618 Decrease216,137 9.27% Decrease3.04% 4 Decrease2
Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats (Vlaamse Liberalen en Democraten) 533,124 Decrease288,809 8.24% Decrease4.16% 4 Decrease1
Flemish Interest (Vlaams Belang) 491,547 Decrease296,263 7.60% Decrease4.29% 3 Decrease2
Ecolo 353,111 Decrease32,355 5.46% Decrease0.36% 2 Steady 0
Humanist Democratic Centre (Centre Démocrate Humaniste) 331,870 Decrease58,982 5.13% Decrease0.77% 2 Steady 0
Green! (Groen!) 251,546 Increase10,454 3.89% Increase0.25% 1 Steady0
List Dedecker (Lijst Dedecker) 130,779 Decrease93,215 2.02% Decrease1.36% 0 Decrease1
Workers' Party of Belgium (Partij van de Arbeid van België, Parti du Travail de Belgique) 105,060 Increase50,253 1.60% Increase0.80%
People's Party (Parti Populaire) 98,858 1.53% 0
Others 269,588 4.17%
Total 6,469,304 100.00% 40
Source: Federal Portal − Senate Elections 2010.

Notes: * Christian Democratic and Flemish and the New Flemish Alliance contested the 2007 elections together, receiving 19.42% of the votes and 9 seats.

Chamber of Representatives (geographically)[edit]

These maps depict the largest party in each constituency.

Dutch-speaking constituencies[edit]

Constituency West Flanders Constituency East Flanders Constituency Antwerp Constituency Limburg Cantons Flemish Brabant
Legend:

Brussels, French- & German-speaking constituencies[edit]

Cantons Brussels Constituency Walloon Brabant Constituency Hainaut Constituency Namur Constituency Liège Constituency Luxembourg
Legend:

Most popular candidates[edit]

Candidates receiving the highest number of preferential votes.

For the Senate:[24] For the Chamber:[25]
  • 203,758 votes (28.19% of the constituency of Hainaut) for Elio Di Rupo,    PS
  • 101,940 votes (10.67% of the constituency of East-Flanders) for Siegfried Bracke,    N-VA
  • 101,830 votes (12.97% of the constituency of West-Flanders) for Yves Leterme,    CD&V
  • 78.951 votes (7.20% of the constituency of Antwerp) for Inge Vervotte,    CD&V
  • 72.194 votes (11.92% of the Constituency of Liège) for Michel Daerden,    PS

Government formation[edit]

On possible coalitions, election winner Bart De Wever announced he would seek negotiations with the Francophone Socialist Party.[26] The Socialist Party leader Elio di Rupo was tapped to become the next Prime Minister, because the socialist parties emerged as the largest "party family" in the elections, and because the New Flemish Alliance lacks a Francophone counterpart.[27][28][29]

Philip Blenkinsop of Reuters stated that the win of the New Flemish Alliance could have negative effects because "Belgium can ill afford drawn-out coalition talks because it has a large debt and any policy paralysis could make the country vulnerable on financial markets that are closely watching a sovereign debt crisis."[30]

Coalition formation continued for a record breaking 541 days, with a government under Elio De Rupo eventually being formed on 6 December 2011 after agreement was reached on the 2012 budget. The Di Rupo I Government includes the Liberal, Socialist and Christian Democratic parties from both Flanders and Wallonia. The government excludes the New Flemish Alliance (N-VA), the Greens of Groen and Ecolo, the right of Vlaams Belang, the Lijst Dedecker and the People's Party. N-VA's absence, together with the unwillingness of Open Vld to enter into an eight-party coalition that included the green parties, means the government coalition lacks a majority in the Dutch language group. It is the first time that the Belgian prime minister has been openly gay and the world's first male openly gay head of government[31] Belgium is thus the second European country to have a homosexual prime minister, after Iceland (Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir). Elio Di Rupo is the first native French-speaking prime minister since 1979 and the first Walloon prime minister since 1974.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "It's a June 13th election". deredactie.be. 2010-05-05. Retrieved 2010-05-06. 
  2. ^ Zuvela, Matt and Connor, Richard (13 June 2010). Party supporting Belgian division claims election victory. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 14 June 2010.
  3. ^ "Belgium's government falls, future unity on line". Montreal Gazette. 2010-04-26. Archived from the original on 29 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-01. [dead link]
  4. ^ "Belgium's king accepts government's resignation". Irish Examiner. 2010-04-26. Retrieved 2010-05-01. 
  5. ^ "Belgischer König akzeptiert Rücktritt von Regierungschef" (in German). Nzz.ch. 2010-04-26. Archived from the original on 29 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-01. 
  6. ^ "Regierung Leterme endgültig gescheitert" (in German). Derstandard.at. 2010-04-26. Archived from the original on 29 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-01. 
  7. ^ "Verkiezingen 2009 ongrondwettelijk zonder oplossing BHV" (in Dutch). De Morgen. 2007-11-13. Retrieved 2007-11-14. 
  8. ^ "Geen verkiezingen zonder oplossing BHV" (in Dutch). Vrtnieuws.net. 2007-11-13. Archived from the original on 14 November 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-13. 
  9. ^ "Zonder oplossing BHV geen grondwettelijke verkiezingen" (in Dutch). De Standaard. 2007-11-13. Archived from the original on 14 November 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-14. 
  10. ^ a b "Marc Bossuyt entame sa présidence en force" (in French). La Libre Belgique. 2007-11-14. Retrieved 2007-11-14. 
  11. ^ "Rechters hebben de plicht mee te werken aan verkiezingen" (in Dutch). Hbvl.be. 2010-05-04. Archived from the original on 7 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-06. 
  12. ^ "Unity at stake in Belgium vote - Europe". Al Jazeera English. Archived from the original on 15 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-15. 
  13. ^ "Belgians vote as breakup looms". Presstv.ir. Archived from the original on 16 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-15. 
  14. ^ "Belgian leader steps aside, early election ahead". Las Vegas Sun. 2010-05-01. Retrieved 2010-05-06. [dead link]
  15. ^ Bio Eva Brems – Groen! Retrieved on 2010-06-14
  16. ^ Jean Quatremer (2010-05-26). "Belgique: les indépendantistes flamands ont le vent en poupe" (in french). Liberation. Archived from the original on 28 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  17. ^ Auteur: loa (2009-04-30). "De Standaard Online - N-VA tweede grootste in peiling La Libre-RTL". Standaard.be. Retrieved 2010-06-15. 
  18. ^ Elections: Vers l'Avenir polls N-VA first in Flanders (in French), L'Écho, 4
  19. ^ Elections: N-VA polls at 26%, first party in Flanders (in French), La DH, 27
  20. ^ [1][dead link]
  21. ^ TNS-Media/Dimarso poll ordered by De Standaard and VRT, 4
  22. ^ IPSOS poll ordered by La Libre Belgique, Francophone results only for Wallonia, the francophone poll for Brussels is not included in these results, June
  23. ^ "Belgique: victoire large et historique des indépendantistes flamands - Libération". Liberation.fr. Archived from the original on 15 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-15. 
  24. ^ Senate
  25. ^ Chamber
  26. ^ Keine Lösung des Sprachenstreits in Sicht. No solution for language dispute (in German). orf.at. Retrieved 14 June 2010.
  27. ^ Fallon, Amy (14 June 2010). Belgian election win for party that wants to split nation. The Guardian. Retrieved 14 June 2010.
  28. ^ Erdrutschsieg für flämische Separatisten. Landslide victory for flemish separatists (in German). Der Standard. Retrieved 14 June 2010.
  29. ^ Belgian elections: who could be next prime minister?. The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 14 June 2010.
  30. ^ Blenkinsop, Philip. "Separatists claim victory in Belgian election". Leaderpost.com. Archived from the original on 19 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-15. [dead link]
  31. ^ Jackson, Patrick. "Profile: Belgium's Elio Di Rupo". BBC. Retrieved 8 December 2011. 

External links[edit]