Bolzano/Bozen railway station
|View of the station from the platforms.|
|Address||Piazza della Stazione 1 /
39100 Bolzano-Bozen BZ
|Distance||150.23 km (93.35 mi)
from Verona Porta Vescovo
|Opened||16 May 1859|
|Platforms||7 for long distance
4 bay platforms
(1 for regional trains)
|Manager||Rete Ferroviaria Italiana
Bolzano/Bozen railway station (IATA: BZQ) (German: Bahnhof Bozen; Italian: Ferrovie Stazione di Bolzano) serves the city and comune of Bolzano/Bozen, in the autonomous region of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, northeastern Italy. Opened in 1859, the station forms part of the Brenner railway (Verona–Innsbruck) and also a junction of two branch lines to Merano/Meran and Malles/Mals.
The station is currently managed by Rete Ferroviaria Italiana (RFI). The commercial area of the passenger building, however, is managed by Centostazioni. Train services to and from the station are operated by Trenitalia. Each of these companies is a subsidiary of Ferrovie dello Stato (FS), Italy's state-owned rail company.
Bolzano/Bozen railway station is situated at Piazza della Stazione / Bahnhofplatz, at the southeastern edge of the city centre and a short, 3-minute walk to the city centre.
The station was opened on 16 May 1859, upon the completion of the Trento-Bolzano/Bozen section of the Brenner Railway from Verona. At that time, the city was under the rule of the Austrian Empire and known solely as Bozen by the German-speaking population. The station carried the name Bahnhof Bozen-Gries. The passenger building was designed by the Bozner architect Sebastian Altmann.
In 1864, construction began on the final section of the Brenner railway between Bozen and Innsbruck and was completed on 24 August 1867. In 1871, rail services in the area were enhanced by the inauguration of the Pustertal Railway, which connected Bozen to Marburg/Maribor in today's Slovenia through Innichen and southern Austria. The Brenner and Pustertal railways provided Bozen direct links with numerous cities in central Europe and benefited the local economy of crafts, industries and commercial enterprises.
In 1881, a third railway line, Vinschgau Railway, joined the Bozen station and connected it to Merano/Meran. In order to cater for freuqent holiday makers, the Vinschgau line was extended 1906 from Meran to Mals.
Transfer to Italy
After the World War I, the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919) assigned the region south of the Brenner Pass to Italy. As a result, Bozen-Gries station became a part of the Italian railway network and came under the management of the FS.
Between 1927 and 1929, the station is replaced by a passenger building in the style of Italy's fascist regime and designed by the architect Angiolo Mazzoni. The facade on the access road to the station was reworked into two half-columns and flanked by two statues, crafted by the Austrian artist Franz Ehrenhöfer, that represent electricity and steam. Ehrenhöfer also produced for the station masks on the cornices of the complex, a fountain with St. Christopher, and an allegory of the Adige river to be placed above the entrance to the clock tower (east of the station).
The passenger building hosts the main ticket office, a Deutsche Bahn ticket office and a waiting room. Other facilities include a cafe bar and a newspaper store. There are six platforms for passenger service and additional tracks for freight traffic.
Passenger and train movements
The station has 5.5 million passenger movements per year and is therefore the busiest within the region in terms of passenger numbers.
All trains passing through Bolzano/Bozen, including InterCity and Eurostar Italia (now Trenitalia Freccia) trains, call at the station. The main domestic destinations are Verona and Trento, but passengers also depart for and arrive from other destinations such as Florence, Milan or Rome. The main international links are Munich and Innsbruck.
(D for Germany, A for Austria)
- Night Train (DB CityNightLine): Munich (D) - Kufstein (A) - Jenbach (A) - Innsbruck (A) - Bolzano/Bozen - Trento/Trient - Verona - Milan or Venice
- Intercity Train (ÖBB Eurocity): Munich (D) - Kufstein (A) - Jenbach (A) - Innsbruck (A) - Bolzano/Bozen - Trento/Trient - Rovereto/Rofreit - Verona - (Padua) - (Venice)
- Regional Train (Trenitalia Regional Express or Regional): Brennero/Brenner - Fortezza/Franzensfeste - Bressanone/Brixen - Chuisa/Klausen - Bolzano/Bozen - Terlan/Terlano - Meran/Merano
- Regional Train (Südtirol Bahn Brenner Line): Bozen/Bolzano - Brixen/Bressanone - Franzensfeste/Fortezza - Vipiteno/Sterzing - Brenner/Brennero - Innsbruck
- High-speed Train (Trenitalia Frecciargento): Bolzano/Bozen - Trento/Trient - Verona - Bolonga - Florence - Rome
- Regional Train (Trenitalia Regional Express or Regional): Brennero/Brenner - Fortezza/Franzensfeste - Bressanone/Brixen - Chuisa/Klausen - Bolzano/Bozen - Trento/Trient - Rovereto/Rofreit - Verona - Isola della Scala - Nogara - Bologna
- Regional Train (Trenitalia Regional): Bolzano/Bozen - Laives/Leifers - Ora/Aura - Egna/Neumarkt - Salorno/Salurn - Mezzocorona/Kronmetz - Trento/Trient - Rovereto/Rofreit - Mori - Ala/Ahl-am-Etsch
(A for Austria, F for France, CZ for Czech Republic, PL for Poland, BR for Belarus, R for Russia, MN for Monaco)
- Intercity Train (RZD EuroNight): Moscow (Belorusskaja) (R) - Wjasma (R) - Smolensk (R) - Orscha Central (R) - Minsk (BR) - Brest Central (BR) - Terespol (PL) - Warsaw West (Wschodnia) (PL) - Warsaw Central (Centralna) (PL)- Katowice (PL) - Zebrzydowice (PL) - Bohumin (CZ) - Breclav (CZ) - Vienna/Wien (A) - Linz-Donau (A) - Innsbuck (A) - Bozen/Bolzano - Verona - Milan - Genova/Genoa - San Remo - Ventimiglia - Menton (F) - Monaco Monte-Carlo (MN) - Nice (F)
- History of rail transport in Italy
- List of railway stations in Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
- Rail transport in Italy
- Railway stations in Italy
- "Flussi Annui nelle 103 Stazioni" [Annual flows at the 103 stations]. Centostazioni website. Centostazioni. Retrieved 4 December 2010. (Italian)
- Baumgartner, Elisabeth (1989). Eisenbahnlandschaft Alt-Tirol - Verkehrsgeschichte zwischen Kufstein und Ala im Spannungsfeld von Tourismus, Politik und Kultur [Railway landscape Old Tyrol - Transport history between Kufstein and Ala in the fields of tourism, politics and culture]. Innsbruck: Haymon. ISBN 3-85218-065-1. (German)
- Mitterer, Wittfrida (2007). Scambi & simboli - paesaggio ferrovia Bolzano-Innsbruck. Memorie e volumi in rilievo [Exchanges & Symbols - Bolzano-Innsbruck rail landscape. Memories and volumes in relief]. Bolzano: Athesia. ISBN 978-88-8266-441-1. (Italian)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bolzano/Bozen railway station.|
- Centostazioni: Information about Bolzano/Bozen railway station (Italian)
- Description and pictures of Bolzano/Bozen railway station (Italian)