Bolzano/Bozen railway station
|View of the station from the platforms.|
|Address||Piazza della Stazione 1 /
39100 Bolzano-Bozen BZ
|Distance||150.23 km (93.35 mi)
from Verona Porta Vescovo
|Opened||16 May 1859|
|Platforms||7 for long distance
4 bay platforms
(1 for regional trains)
|Manager||Rete Ferroviaria Italiana
Bolzano/Bozen railway station (IATA: BZQ) (German: Bahnhof Bozen; Italian: Stazione di Bolzano) serves the city and comune of Bolzano-Bozen, in the autonomous region of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, northeastern Italy. Opened in 1859, it forms part of the Brenner railway (Verona–Innsbruck), and is also a junction of two branch lines, to Merano/Meran and Malles/Mals, respectively.
The station is currently managed by Rete Ferroviaria Italiana (RFI). However, the commercial area of the passenger building is managed by Centostazioni. Train services to and from the station are operated by Trenitalia. Each of these companies is a subsidiary of Ferrovie dello Stato (FS), Italy's state-owned rail company.
Bolzano/Bozen railway station is situated at Piazza della Stazione, or Bahnhofplatz, at the southeastern edge of the city centre.
The station was opened on 16 May 1859, upon the opening of the Trento-Bolzano/Bozen portion of the first stage of the Brenner railway from Verona. At that time, the local area was part of the Austrian Empire, was wholly German speaking, and was known only as Bozen. Initially, the station was named Bahnhof Bozen-Gries, but was located in Bozen's Zwölfmalgreien district. It had a passenger building designed by the Bozen architect Sebastian Altmann.
In 1864, construction began on the final section of the Brenner railway, between Bozen and Innsbruck. That section was opened on 24 August 1867. In 1871, rail services in the area were augmented by the completion of the Puster Valley railway, which branches off the Brenner railway just to the north of the station.
By these means, in a little over twenty years, a facility was developed to link the Bozen valley with numerous cities in Europe and benefit the local economy. Thanks to the level topography of the southern part of Bozen, and the construction of major road links, important craft, industrial and commercial enterprises were able to accumulate around the station.
Finally, in 1881, came the completion of the Bozen–Meran railway. That line, in turn, has been connected since 1906 to the Vinschgau railway to Mals. From 1898 to 1974, Bolzano/Bozen was also the terminus of the Überetsch Railway to Kaltern.
Following World War I and the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919), the station became part of the Italian railway network, under the management of the FS, and the city and station acquired the bilingual name Bolzano-Bozen.
Between 1927 and 1929, a new more modern Bolzano/Bozen passenger building, more in keeping with the iconography of Italy's fascist regime, was constructed as a project of the Austro-Hungarian architect Angiolo Mazzoni. The facade on the access road to the station itself was reworked into half-columns, flanked by two statues representing electricity and steam. The statues were the work of Austrian artist Franz Ehrenhöfer, who also produced the masks on the cornices of the complex, a fountain with St. Christopher and an allegory of the Adige river, placed above the entrance to the clock tower, to the east of the main body of the station.
The passenger building houses the ticket office and waiting room as well as other facilities, such as a bar and a newsstand. Within the station yard, there are six tracks used for passenger service, as well as other tracks for goods traffic. The platforms are connected by both subway and elevator.
Passenger and train movements
The station has about 5.5 million passenger movements each year, and is therefore the busiest in the region in terms of numbers of passengers.
All trains passing through Bolzano/Bozen, including InterCity and Eurostar Italia trains, stop at the station. The main domestic destinations are Verona and Trento, but passengers also depart for and arrive from other destinations such as Florence, Milan or Rome. The main international links are with Munich and Innsbruck.
- History of rail transport in Italy
- List of railway stations in Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
- Rail transport in Italy
- Railway stations in Italy
- "Flussi Annui nelle 103 Stazioni" [Annual flows at the 103 stations]. Centostazioni website. Centostazioni. Retrieved 4 December 2010. (Italian)
- Baumgartner, Elisabeth (1989). Eisenbahnlandschaft Alt-Tirol - Verkehrsgeschichte zwischen Kufstein und Ala im Spannungsfeld von Tourismus, Politik und Kultur [Railway landscape Old Tyrol - Transport history between Kufstein and Ala in the fields of tourism, politics and culture]. Innsbruck: Haymon. ISBN 3-85218-065-1. (German)
- Mitterer, Wittfrida (2007). Scambi & simboli - paesaggio ferrovia Bolzano-Innsbruck. Memorie e volumi in rilievo [Exchanges & Symbols - Bolzano-Innsbruck rail landscape. Memories and volumes in relief]. Bolzano: Athesia. ISBN 978-88-8266-441-1. (Italian)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bolzano/Bozen railway station.|
- Centostazioni: Information about Bolzano/Bozen railway station (Italian)
- Description and pictures of Bolzano/Bozen railway station (Italian)