Brighton Kemptown (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Brighton, Kemptown in East Sussex.
Location of East Sussex within England.
|Electorate||66,557 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Simon Kirby (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
Brighton, Kemptown is a constituency[n 1] in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament covering the eastern portion of the city of Brighton and Hove including Kemptown and part of the Lewes District, represented since 2010 by Simon Kirby of the Conservative Party.[n 2]
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 Constituency profile
- 3 History
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
- 8 Sources
1983-1997: The Borough of Brighton wards of Hanover, King's Cliff, Marine, Moulsecoomb, Queen's Park, Rottingdean, Tenantry, and Woodingdean.
1997-2010: The Borough of Brighton wards of King’s Cliff, Marine, Moulsecoomb, Queen’s Park, Rottingdean, Tenantry, and Woodingdean; and the District of Lewes wards of East Saltdean, Peacehaven East, Peacehaven North, Peacehaven West, and Telscombe Cliffs.
2010-present: The City of Brighton and Hove wards of East Brighton, Moulsecoomb and Bevendean, Queen’s Park, Rottingdean Coastal, and Woodingdean; and the District of Lewes wards of East Saltdean and Telscombe Cliffs, Peacehaven East, Peacehaven North, and Peacehaven West.
The constituency takes in the eastern part of Brighton and semi-rural suburbs and villages stretching out to the east. From west to east it includes Queen's Park, the centre of Brighton's vibrant gay community; Kemptown; the council estates of Whitehawk and Moulsecoomb; and beyond the racecourse affluent and genteel coastal villages like Woodingdean, Saltdean and the town of Peacehaven.
This constituency was created in 1950 when the two-seat constituency of Brighton was split into two. It had boundary changes in 1955 and 1983.
Boundary changes for the 1997 election moved Peacehaven, a semi-rural area, into the constituency. This added a ward where the Conservatives had been favoured, but Labour gained the seat in its landslide victory. Des Turner held it until 2010, when Simon Kirby of the Conservative Party won.
The Liberal Democrats and their two predecessors had their largest share of the vote in 1983, and following national trends these parties have formed the third-largest party since 1950. Their 2010 result was 0.6% behind the record share of the vote, 18.6% for the SDP.
The Green Party, which runs Brighton and Hove City Council, came fourth in the 2010 election on 5.5%, a better result than most around the country but substantially less than in neighbouring Brighton Pavilion, where the party gained its first MP in 2010.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: Brighton, Kemptown|
|Labour Co-op||Simon Burgess||14,889||34.9||−5.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Juliet Williams||7,691||18.0||+1.5|
|TUSC||Dave S. Hill||194||0.5|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+5.0|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Brighton, Kemptown|
|Liberal Democrat||Marina Pepper||6,560||16.5||+6.1|
|Socialist Labour||John McLeod||163||0.4||−0.5|
|Socialist Alternative||Phil Clarke||113||0.3||+0.3|
|General Election 2001: Brighton, Kemptown|
|Liberal Democrat||Janet Marshall||4,064||10.4||+0.7|
|Socialist Labour||John McLeod||364||0.9||+0.2|
|Free Party||Dave Dobbs||227||0.6||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||Elaine Cooke||147||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Brighton Kemptown|
|Liberal Democrat||Clive Gray||4,478||9.7||−4.2|
|Referendum Party||David Inman||1,526||3.3||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||Hannah Williams||316||0.7||N/A|
|Natural Law||Jeremy Bowler||172||0.4||−0.1|
|Monster Raving Loony||Lorrie Newman||123||0.3||N/A|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Richard Darlow||93||0.2||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||14.0|
|General Election 1992: Brighton Kemptown|
|Labour||Mrs Gill O. Haynes||18,073||41.2||+8.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Paul D. Scott||4,461||10.2||−3.4|
|Natural Law||Miss Elizabeth J. Overall||230||0.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Brighton, Kemptown|
|General Election 1983: Brighton, Kemptown|
|Social Democrat||D. T. Burke||8,098||18.6|
|National Front||Ted Budden||290||0.7|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Brighton, Kemptown|
|National Front||Valerie Tyndall||404||0.8|
|General Election, October 1974: Brighton, Kemptown|
|English National||Robert Beaumont||155||0.3|
|Marxist-Leninist (England)||J. Buckle||125||0.3|
|General Election, February 1974: Brighton, Kemptown|
|Marxist-Leninist (England)||J. Buckle||170||0.3|
|General Election 1970: Brighton, Kemptown|
|Liberal||O. C. Moxon||3,833||7.8|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1960s
|General Election 1966: Brighton, Kemptown|
|General Election 1964: Brighton, Kemptown|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Brighton, Kemptown|
|General Election 1955: Brighton, Kemptown|
|General Election 1951: Brighton, Kemptown|
|General Election 1950: Brighton, Kemptown|
|Labour||J. T. Huddart||19,430||42.3||N/A|
|Liberal||Robert Michael Buckley||4,073||8.9||N/A|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- The majority of 7 made Brighton Kemptown the most marginal seat in the country in 1964
- The first Labour MP to be elected in Sussex
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "K" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- Election result, 2005 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997 – 2001 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997 – 2001 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1983 – 1992 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1992 – 2005 (Guardian)
- Election results, 1951 – 2001 (Keele University)