Brighton Kemptown (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Brighton, Kemptown in East Sussex.
Location of East Sussex within England.
|Electorate||66,557 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Simon Kirby (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
Brighton, Kemptown is a constituency[n 1] covering the eastern portion of the city of Brighton and Hove including Kemptown and part of the Lewes District represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Simon Kirby of the Conservative Party.[n 2]
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 Constituency profile
- 3 History
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
- 8 Sources
As of the 2010 general election the constituency consists of the following electoral wards: From the City of Brighton and Hove:
From the District of Lewes
- East Saltdean and Telscombe Cliffs
- Peacehaven East; North; and West wards.
The constituency takes in the eastern part of Brighton and the semi-rural suburbs and villages stretching out to the east of the seat. At its western end it includes Queen's Park, the centre of Brighton's vibrant gay community, then Kemptown, the council estates of Whitehawk and Moulsecoomb, and then, beyond the racecourse, more affluent and genteel coastal villages like Woodingdean, Saltdean, and the town of Peacehaven.
This constituency was created in 1950 when the former two-seat constituency of Brighton was split into two seats. Brighton Kemptown had boundary changes in 1955 and 1983.
The Labour Party first gained the seat in 1964 with a majority of 7.[n 3] The party's Dennis Hobden[n 4] increased his majority in 1966 but lost the seat in 1970 and another Labour MP for Brighton Kemptown was not returned again until 1997.
Boundary changes for the 1997 election moved the town of Peacehaven, a semi-rural area, into the constituency to ensure its electorate compared to growing countryside seats. Notionally this 1997 change by adding a ward where more local electors had voted for Conservative candidates in the past favoured that party, however instead Labour gained the seat in their landslide victory — Des Turner (MP) held it from then until 2010 when Simon Kirby of the Conservative Party became its elected representative.
The Liberal Democrats and their two predecessor parties amassed their largest share of the vote in 1983, and following national trends these parties have formed the third largest party since the 1950 inception of the seat. Their 2010 result was 0.6% behind the record share of the vote which was 18.6% (for the SDP).
A Green candidate placed fourth in the 2010 election while that party runs Brighton and Hove City Council, on 5.5%, a better result than most around the country, but substantially less than in the neighbouring Brighton Pavilion constituency, where the party gained its first MP in 2010.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: Brighton, Kemptown|
|Labour Co-op||Simon Burgess||14,889||34.9||−5.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Juliet Williams||7,691||18.0||+1.5|
|TUSC||Dave S. Hill||194||0.5|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+5.0|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Brighton, Kemptown|
|Liberal Democrat||Marina Pepper||6,560||16.5||+6.1|
|Socialist Labour||John McLeod||163||0.4||−0.5|
|Socialist Alternative||Phil Clarke||113||0.3||+0.3|
|General Election 2001: Brighton, Kemptown|
|Liberal Democrat||Janet Marshall||4,064||10.4||+0.7|
|Socialist Labour||John McLeod||364||0.9||+0.2|
|Free Party||Dave Dobbs||227||0.6||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||Elaine Cooke||147||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Brighton Kemptown|
|Liberal Democrat||Clive Gray||4,478||9.7||−4.2|
|Referendum Party||David Inman||1,526||3.3||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||Hannah Williams||316||0.7||N/A|
|Natural Law||Jeremy Bowler||172||0.4||−0.1|
|Monster Raving Loony||Lorrie Newman||123||0.3||N/A|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Richard Darlow||93||0.2||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||14.0|
|General Election 1992: Brighton Kemptown|
|Labour||Mrs Gill O. Haynes||18,073||41.2||+8.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Paul D. Scott||4,461||10.2||−3.4|
|Natural Law||Miss Elizabeth J. Overall||230||0.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Brighton, Kemptown|
|General Election 1983: Brighton, Kemptown|
|Social Democrat||D. T. Burke||8,098||18.6|
|National Front||Ted Budden||290||0.7|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Brighton, Kemptown|
|National Front||Valerie Tyndall||404||0.8|
|General Election, October 1974: Brighton, Kemptown|
|English National||Robert Beaumont||155||0.3|
|Marxist-Leninist (England)||J. Buckle||125||0.3|
|General Election, February 1974: Brighton, Kemptown|
|Marxist-Leninist (England)||J. Buckle||170||0.3|
|General Election 1970: Brighton, Kemptown|
|Liberal||O. C. Moxon||3,833||7.8|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1960s
|General Election 1966: Brighton, Kemptown|
|General Election 1964: Brighton, Kemptown|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Brighton, Kemptown|
|General Election 1955: Brighton, Kemptown|
|General Election 1951: Brighton, Kemptown|
|General Election 1950: Brighton, Kemptown|
|Labour||J. T. Huddart||19,430||42.3||N/A|
|Liberal||R. M. Buckley||4,073||8.9||N/A|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- The majority of 7 made Brighton Kemptown the most marginal seat in the country in 1964
- The first Labour MP to be elected in Sussex
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "K" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- Election result, 2005 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997 – 2001 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997 – 2001 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1983 – 1992 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1992 – 2005 (Guardian)
- Election results, 1951 – 2001 (Keele University)