Cambodia National Rescue Party

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Cambodia National Rescue Party
President Sam Rainsy
Vice President Kem Sokha
Slogan សង្គ្រោះ បម្រើ ការពារ
“Rescue, Serve, Protect”
Founded 17 July 2012
Merger of SRP, HRP
Headquarters Cambodia 576 National Road 2, Sangkat Chakangres Leu, Meanchey, Phnom Penh
Ideology Liberalism
Khmer Nationalism
Political position Centre-right
International affiliation Liberal International
Regional affiliation Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats
Colors      Royal Blue
National Assembly
55 / 123
Senate
11 / 57
Website
www.nationalrescueparty.org
Politics of Cambodia
Political parties
Elections

The Cambodia National Rescue Party, or CNRP, (Khmer: គណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិ, Khmer pronunciation: [kuə̯n paʔ sɑŋkruəh ciət], literally: "Party of Rescuing the Nation") is a Cambodian political party formed by the two main opposition parties, the Sam Rainsy Party and the Human Rights Party founded in mid-2012 to run together in the 2013 Cambodian general election.[1]

The Cambodia Democratic Movement of National Rescue, the transitional body ahead of the merger, has established working groups to unite the two groups and is in the process of creating a joint national platform and common party policies.[2] The logo for the CNRP is the rising sun.

The party believes in the strengthening of freedom and human rights, institution of free and fair elections, and defending Cambodia's "national integrity". Its official motto is "rescue, serve, protect" (Khmer: សង្គ្រោះ បម្រើ ការពារ).

Foundation (2012–present)[edit]

Muth Chantha, secretary-general of the Nationalist Party, officially announce Monday April 7, 2014, that his party will merge with the CNRP. [3]

Party platform[edit]

The 7-point policies of the CNRP:[4]

  1. A pension of 40,000 riels or US$10 a month for old people aged 65 and over.
  2. A minimum wage of 600,000 riels or US$150 a month for workers.
  3. A minimum wage of 1,000,000 riels or US$250 a month for public servants.
  4. Guarantee of prices for farm produce (the lowest price of rice is 1,000 riels or US$0.25 per kilo) and of markets for it.
  5. Free medical care for the poor.
  6. Equal opportunity of the young to receive quality education and to have employment.
  7. Lowering the prices of fuel, fertilizers, electricity, and interests on loans.

Policies[edit]

Kem Sokha and Sam Rainsy discussing to merge parties in Manila, Philippines.

Domestic policy[edit]

The domestic policy of the CNRP promotes national reconciliation by banning discrimination, patronage and nepotism based on a set of principles:

  • Non-violent struggle and peaceful resolution of problems.
  • Respect and observance of human rights.
  • Address the issue of illegal immigration through effective enforcement of the nationality law and the immigration law.
  • Social justice with the state’s guarantee of human rights, freedoms and equal opportunities in the political, economic and social life.
  • Pluralistic liberal democracy where power belongs to the people.
  • Sustainable development putting emphasis on production for export, competitiveness and preservation of national resources.

Economy[edit]

The CNRP advocates a free market economy based on economic liberalism.

  • Competition and equitable development.
  • Production for domestic products for consumption and exportation.
  • Promotion of small and medium-sized enterprises and the creation of confidence for foreign investment.

Education, Youth and Employment[edit]

  • Human resource development with equal access to education.
  • Quality and high standard education.
  • Technical and professional training to equip the youth with high skills.
  • Introducing student loans and scholarship plans for higher education.
CNRP Press conference.

Healthcare[edit]

  • Universal health care
  • Clean water, hygiene, and sanitary systems.
  • Reform of the health care system by improving the expertise and ethics of medical staffing, provisions of adequate medicine, and medical equipment.

Agriculture[edit]

The CNRP calls for the raising of living standards for farmers through the provision of adequate farm land and utilization of farm technology, competitiveness, improvement of the quality of farm produce, search for markets for farm produce, and fixing the interest on farm loans to one percent per month.

Women’s rights[edit]

The CNRP believes in empowering all women to strengthen the foundation of Cambodian society through equal participation in all spheres of public and private life by guaranteeing opportunities to achieve women's financial security, social welfare, land, education, health, justice, and politics.

Regional strength[edit]

Sam Rainsy and Kem Sokha waving.

General election results show the CNRP winning 44.46% of the popular vote allocating 55 seats in the 123-seat National Assembly.

The CNRP won 5 provinces:

Support base[edit]

The CNRP's support base lies in the urban populated areas; in rural villages whose livelihood have been affected by the land-grabbing crisis, and young post-Khmer Rouge baby boomers.

Organization[edit]

Executive Committee

Standing Committee

Post-Election Protests[edit]

Despite gaining 55 seats out of 123, the CNRP did not accept the results of the election, announced by the National Election Committee. Because of this, they scheduled protests, one after another, demanding there be a national committee to solve the irregularities that occurred during the election in July. As of December 2013, the CNRP decided to protest daily; demanding a re-election and Prime Minister Hun Sen to step down from his post.[5] Hun Sen, however, said in a public statement that he will not retire from his position nor will there be a re-election.[6]

General election results[edit]

Election Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader
2013
55 / 123
2,946,176 44.46% Increase26 seats; opposition Sam Rainsy (barred from running), Kem Sokha

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vong Sokheng and Bridget Di Certo (17 July 2012). "Parties to form Cambodia Democratic Movement of National Rescue". Phnom Penh post. Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  2. ^ Samean Yun and Rachel Vandenbrink (8 August 2012). "Opposition Head Expects End to Exile". Radio Free Asia. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  3. ^ http://www.cambodiadaily.com/news/nationalism-party-to-dissolve-itself-into-opposition-cnrp-56046/
  4. ^ "7-point policies of the CNRP". Cambodia National Rescue Party (in Khmer). CNRP. Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  5. ^ "Opposition Rallies Gaining in Number". VOA Khmer. 
  6. ^ "Hun Sen says he will not step down (in Khmer)". VOA Khmer. 


External links[edit]