National Assembly (Cambodia)
|National Assembly of Cambodia
|President||Heng Samrin, (CPP)
Since July 2006
|Vice President||Nguon Nhel, (CPP)
Since July 2008
|Vice President||Khuon Sodary, (CPP)
Since July 2008
|Head of Government||Hun Sen, (CPP)
Since July 1998
|Leader of the Opposition||Sam Rainsy, (CNRP)
Since July 2008
|Political groups||CNRP (55)|
|Last election||28 July 2013|
The National Assembly (Khmer: រដ្ឋសភាជាតិ; Rotsaphea) is one of the two houses (chambers) of the Parliament of Cambodia. It is referred to as the lower house, with the Senate being referred to as the upper house.
The National Assembly is an elected body consisting of 123 members known as Members of Parliament (MPs). Members are elected for five-year terms by proportional representation, using provinces as constituencies of 1 to 18 members, and the D'Hondt method of seat distribution. A political party must secure 62 seats to obtain and preserve a majority. The National Assembly and the Senate both convene at the Parliament Palace in Phnom Penh.
The current National Assembly originated as the Constituent Assembly, a legislative body elected during the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC). After the1993 election, the Assembly met and adopted a new constitution for Cambodia. After enactment of the 1993 Constitution, the Constituent Assembly was renamed the National Assembly.
- Cambodia held its first elections in history on September 1, 1946. The Democrats won a majority of seats in the legislature.
- Cambodia was proclaimed a constitutional monarchy on May 6, 1947.
The qualifications to be a candidate for the National Assembly are outlined in Article 76 of the 1993 Constitution.
- The candidate must be a citizen of Cambodia by birth only.
- The citizen must be at the age of twenty-five or older on Election Day.
- The candidate must be on the electoral register.
Power and privileges
- Adopt and Amend laws for Cambodia and approve the national budget and administration accounts. (Article 90)
- Approve or repeal international treaties and conventions. (Article 90)
- Initiate legislation. (Article 91)
Vote of confidence
- Shall pass a vote of confidence in the Royal Government. (Article 90)
- Dismiss any members of the Council of Ministers, or the Royal Government, by a motion of censure passed by an absolute majority vote of all Members of the National Assembly. (Article 98)
- Shall have the right to propose questions to the Royal Government. The replies by the ministers or by the Prime Minister may be given orally or in writing. The replies shall be provided within seven days after the day the question is received. (Article 96)
- Oversee royal government performance and invite high ranking officials to clarify important special issues to the National Assembly. (Article 89)
- The commissions of the National Assembly may invite any minister to clarify issues in fields under his/her responsibility. (Article 97)
- Oversee the law enforcement.
- The Members of the National Assembly shall represent all the Khmer people, not only citizens from their constituencies. (Article 77)
- Play an important role in helping citizens have their voice in society and to bring people’s concern and needs for decisions to the National Assembly.
- Intervene and solve problems faced by citizens.
- Member of Parliament have the right to express opinions in the exercise of his/her duties protected by “Parliamentary Immunity” and shall not be prosecuted, detained or arrested because of opinions expressed in the exercise of his/her duties, except in case of flagrante delicto offences. (Article 80)
|Commission on Human Rights, Complaints, and Investigation||Nhem Thavy||Cambodian People's Party|
|Commission on Economics, Finance, Banking and Auditing||Cheam Yeap||Cambodian People's Party|
|Commission on Planning, Investment, Agriculture, Rural Development, Environment, and Water Resources||Mok Mareth||Cambodian People's Party|
|Commission on Interior, National Defense, Investigation, Anti-Corruption, and Civil Service Administration||Hun Neng||Cambodian People's Party|
|Commission on Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation, Information, and Media||Chheang Vun||Cambodian People's Party|
|Commission on Legislation and Justice||Pen Panha||Cambodian People's Party|
|Commission on Education, Youth, Sport, Religious Affairs, Culture and Tourism||Pom Chim Hoy||Cambodian People's Party|
|Commission on Health Care, Social & Veterans' Affairs, Youth Rehabilitation, Labor, Vocational Training & Women's Affairs||Ho Non||Cambodian People's Party|
|Commission of Public Works, Transport, Telecommunication, Post, Industry, Commerce, Land Management, Urban Planning and Construction||Nin Saphon||Cambodian People's Party|
|Cambodian People's Party||3,235,969||48.83%||68|
|Cambodian National Rescue Party||2,946,176||44.46%||55|
|League for Democracy Party||68,389||1.03%||—|
|Khmer Anti-Poverty Party||43,222||0.65%||—|
|Cambodian Nationality Party||38,123||0.58%||—|
|Khmer Economic Development Party||33,715||0.51%||—|
|Democratic Republican Party||19,152||0.29%||—|
|Total (turnout 68.0%)||6,627,159||123|
|Source: National Election Committee|
See most recent election at: Cambodian parliamentary election, 2013
Presidents of the National Assembly
|2||Chea Sim||1993 - 1998||CPP|
|3||Norodom Ranariddh||1998 - 2006||FUNCINPEC|
|4||Heng Samrin||2006 - Present||CPP|
- "Parliament issues list of components in fifth legislature". 2013-09-24. Retrieved 2013-09-26.
- Parliament of Cambodia
- Senate of Cambodia
- Council of Ministers
- Politics of Cambodia
- List of legislatures by country
- National Assembly Homepage (in Khmer)
- National Assembly of the Kingdom of Cambodia
- EU Election Observation Mission to Cambodia - 2003
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