|Place of origin:|
|William W. Kolb|
|Apples, toffee or sugar candy|
|Recipes at Wikibooks:|
|Media at Wikimedia Commons:|
Candy apples, also known as toffee apples outside of North America, are whole apples covered in a hard toffee or sugar candy coating, with a stick inserted as a handle. These are a common treat at autumn festivals in Western culture in the Northern Hemisphere, such as Halloween and Guy Fawkes Night because these festivals fall in the wake of the annual apple harvest. Although candy apples and caramel apples may seem similar, they are made using distinctly different processes.
According to the Newark Evening News 1964:
William W. Kolb invented the red candy apple. Kolb, a veteran Newark candy-maker, produced his first batch of candied apples in 1908. While experimenting in his candy shop with red cinnamon candy for the Christmas trade, he dipped some apples into the mixture and put them in the windows for display. He sold the whole first batch for 5 cents each and later sold thousands yearly. Soon candied apples were being sold along the Jersey Shore, at the circus and in candy shops across the country, according to the Newark News in 1948.
Candy apple is made by coating an apple with a sugar layer. The most common sugar coating is made from sugar, corn syrup, water, cinnamon and red food coloring. Humid weather prevents the sugar from hardening.
- Latin America: popular throughout those countries' extended holiday season.
- China: a similar treat called Tanghulu is made by coating small fruits (traditionally hawthorns) with hard sugar syrup.
- Japan: Candy apples, grapes, strawberries and tangerines are commonly available at Japanese festivals.
- North America
- Israel: almost solely sold in cities' squares on Yom Ha'atzmaut eve (Israel Independence Day) as part of the street celebrations.
Candy apple scare in the USA
During the 1960s and 1970s, news reports about children supposedly receiving candy apples with pins and razor blades in them, created hysteria during Halloween in the USA. During the hysteria, hospitals offered free X-rays to detect foreign objects in the candy apples. To date the stories have never been substantiated and fall into the category of "urban legend".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Candy apples.|
- ThisisSouthDevon.co.uk (9 October 2008). "Apples galore as event grows". Torquay Herald Express (Torquay, Devon: www.localworld.co.uk). Retrieved 2013-11-17.
- Newark Sunday News, November 28, 1948, pg.16. Newark Evening News, June 8, 1964, pg. 32
- "Caramel Apples vs. Candy Apples". St. Petersburg Times. October 24, 2001. Retrieved October 22, 2010.
- Celeste Heiter; Things Asian Press (1 November 2009). To Japan with Love: A Travel Guide for the Connoisseur. ThingsAsian Press. pp. 127–. ISBN 978-1-934159-05-7. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
- "The History of Halloween". The History of Halloween. Retrieved October 22, 2010.