Smoking in Italy

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Smoking in Italy has been banned in public places including bars, restaurants, discotheques and offices since 2005.[1] A majority of Italians supported the ban at the time it was first implemented,[1] but there was a lack of support from smokers and some bar owners,[2] and only 5% of bar and restaurant owners immediately introduced separate smoking rooms.[2] Italy was the 4th European country to introduce a smoking ban in public places. However, on 1 August 2005 a judge ruled that business owners could not be punished for not informing the police about infringing customers. The rates of law enforcement are higher in Northern Italy, Tuscany and Sardinia, with somewhat lower rates in Southern Italy, especially in Calabria (70%) and Campania (76%).[3] Heart attacks in Italian adults dropped significantly following the implementation of the smoking ban;[4] the decline in heart attacks was attributed to less passive smoking.[5] Health Minister Girolamo Sirchia said that smoking was the leading preventable cause of death in Italy.[2] The ban caused an 8% decrease in cigarette consumption.[6]



References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Smoking Ban Begins in Italy". Deutsche Welle. 10.01.2005. Retrieved August 2010.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ a b c "Italians fume over cigarette curb". BBC News. 10 January 2005. Retrieved August 2010. 
  3. ^ "Sorveglianza Passi – Rapporto nazionale Passi 2012: esposizione al fumo passivo" (in Italian). Retrieved August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Heart Attacks Decreased After Public Smoking Ban In Italy". ScienceDaily. Feb 12, 2008. Retrieved 2010. 
  5. ^ Kahn, Michael (Feb 11, 2008). "Heart attacks drop after Italy's smoking ban: study". Reuters. Retrieved August 2010. 
  6. ^ Dobson, Roger (19 November 2005). "Italy’s ban on smoking in public places has led to 8% drop in consumption". BMJ. Retrieved 2010.