Justin Francis Rigali

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His Eminence
Justin Francis Rigali
Cardinal Archbishop Emeritus of Philadelphia
Justin cardinal rigali.jpg
See Philiadephia (Emeritus)
Appointed July 15, 2003
Installed October 7, 2003
Term ended July 19, 2011
Predecessor Anthony Bevilacqua
Successor Charles Chaput OFM Cap
Other posts Cardinal-Priest of S. Prisca
Episcopal Liaison to CMSWR[1]
Orders
Ordination April 25, 1961
by James Francis Aloysius McIntyre
Consecration September 14, 1985
by John Paul II
Created Cardinal October 21, 2003
by John Paul II
Rank Cardinal-Priest
Personal details
Born (1935-04-19) April 19, 1935 (age 79)
Los Angeles, California
Nationality American
Denomination Roman Catholic
Previous post
  • Archbishop of St. Louis (1994–2003)
  • Apostolic Administrator of Scranton sede vacante (2009–2010)
Motto VERBUM CARO FACTUM EST
(The Word Became Flesh)
Coat of arms {{{coat_of_arms_alt}}}
Styles of
Justin Rigali
Coat of arms of Justin Francis Rigali.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal

Justin Francis Rigali (born April 19, 1935) is an American cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He was the eighth Archbishop of Philadelphia, having previously served as Archbishop of St. Louis from 1994 to 2003. Rigali was elevated to the cardinalate in 2003.

Early life and career[edit]

The youngest of seven children, Justin Rigali was born in Los Angeles, California, to Henry Alphonsus and Frances Irene (née White) Rigali.[2] Two of his siblings entered the religious life as well; his sister Charlotte joined the Sisters of St. Joseph, and his brother Norbert the Jesuits.[2] Rigali attended Holy Cross School before entering the preparatory seminary in Hancock Park in 1949.[2] He studied philosophy and theology at Los Angeles College, Our Lady Queen of Angels Seminary in San Fernando and St. John's Seminary in Camarillo.[2] He was ordained to the priesthood by Cardinal James Francis McIntyre on April 25, 1961,[3] and then did pastoral work in Los Angeles and Downey.[2]

In 1961, Rigali earned a Bachelor of Sacred Theology degree from the Catholic University of America, where he is now a member of the Board of Trustees. In October of that year, he entered the graduate division of the Pontifical North American College in Rome, later obtaining a doctorate in canon law from the Pontifical Gregorian University in 1964.[2] He was also an assistant during the first two sessions (1962–1963) of the Second Vatican Council.[4] Rigali briefly returned to the United States in the summer of 1964, during which time he served as an associate pastor in Pomona.[2] Returning to Rome, he then studied at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy from 1964 to 1966 in preparation for his diplomatic work for the Vatican.

Rigali began his service in the English section of the Secretariat of State on November 25, 1964.[4] From September 1966 to February 1970, he was secretary of the Apostolic Nunciature to Madagascar, which also served as the apostolic delegation for the islands of Réunion and Mauritius in the Indian Ocean. He was named a Papal Chamberlain on July 11, 1967. On February 11, 1970, Rigali became director of the English section of the Secretariat of State and the English translator to the Servant of God Pope Paul VI, whom Rigali subsequently accompanied on several international trips.[4]

During his service at the Secretariat of State, Rigali was also a chaplain at a Carmelite monastery and a professor at his alma mater of the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy.[2] He accompanied Pope John Paul II on a number of international pastoral visits, including his first two journeys to the United States in 1979 (which included a trip to Rigali's future see of Philadelphia) and 1987. He was made a Prelate of Honor of His Holiness on April 19, 1980, and a magistral chaplain in the Order of the Knights of Malta on October 25, 1984.[4]

Episcopal career[edit]

On June 8, 1985, Rigali was appointed President of the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy and Titular Archbishop of Volsinium by Pope John Paul II.[3] He received his episcopal consecration on the following September 14 from Pope John Paul himself, with Archbishops Eduardo Martínez Somalo and Achille Silvestrini as co-consecrators, in the cathedral of Albano.[3] He selected as his episcopal motto: Verbum Caro Factum Est, meaning, "The Word Became Flesh" (John 1:14). He became a member of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre on October 13, 1986.[4]

From 1985 to 1990, in addition to his role of President of the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, Rigali held a number of positions within the Roman Curia, serving in the Secretariat of State, Council for the Public Affairs of the Church, Congregation for Bishops, and Pontifical Council for the Laity.[2] He was named Secretary of the Congregation for Bishops by John Paul II on December 21, 1989; as Secretary, he served as the second-highest official of that dicastery. Rigali was later made Secretary of the College of Cardinals by John Paul II on January 2, 1990, and served on the Permanent Interdicasterial Commission, Pontifical Commission for Latin America, and Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. During the same time, he was also engaged in pastoral service to a number of parishes and seminaries in Rome.[2]

Archbishop of St. Louis[edit]

On January 25, 1994, Pope John Paul II named Rigali the seventh Archbishop of St. Louis, Missouri. Succeeding Archbishop John L. May, he was formally installed by Bernardin Cardinal Gantin, then the Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for Bishops, on March 15 of that same year.[3] The newly installed Archbishop Rigali became a member of the Knights of Columbus on November 7, 1994. During his tenure at St. Louis, once known as the "Rome of the West," Archbishop Rigali showed a great interest in schools, visiting every high school in the archdiocese.[5] However, Archbishop Rigali opposed collective bargaining by teachers, and opposed any efforts they made to organize. Archbishop Rigali was widely credited as an able administrator and effective fundraiser, although his popularity dimmed as his tenure continued.[5]

In January 1999, Archbishop Rigali hosted the pastoral visit of Pope John Paul to St. Louis, the only such visit to a single diocese in the United States during the pontificate.[5] John Paul reportedly decided to be hosted by the Archdiocese of St. Louis because of his longtime close friendship with Rigali.[5]

Archbishop of Philadelphia[edit]

Rigali was later appointed the eighth Archbishop of Philadelphia by Pope John Paul II toward the end of his pontificate on July 15, 2003,[3] replacing the retiring Anthony Bevilacqua.[6] Prior to Archbishop Rigali's installation in Philadelphia on October 7, 2003, it was announced on September 28 that he would be elevated to the College of Cardinals, a customary privilege for the archbishops of Philadelphia. Archbishop Rigali was created Cardinal-Priest of Santa Prisca in the consistory of October 21, 2003.

Cardinal Rigali was the only American cardinal to serve as a concelebrant at the 2005 funeral mass for John Paul II. He was also one of the cardinal electors who participated in the ensuing papal conclave, which selected Pope Benedict XVI, as well as the following conclave, which selected Pope Francis. Cardinal Rigali remains eligible to vote in any future conclaves that begin before his 80th birthday on April 19, 2015.

In September 2007, the Cardinal was named by Pope Benedict XVI as a member of the Congregation for Bishops, the curia department that puts forward to the Pope the names of those considered to be appropriate choices to be appointed as bishops.

Cardinal Rigali turned 75 in 2010, the age at which Bishops (or Cardinals) must submit a letter of resignation to the Pope, although it is not required to be accepted at that time.

On June 16, 2011, the Cardinal was appointed Pope Benedict XVI's special envoy to the celebrations at Prachatice in the Czech Republic for the 200th anniversary of the birth of Saint John Neumann, the fourth Bishop of Philadelphia and thus Rigali's predecessor. Neumann, the second American citizen to be canonized (after St. Frances Xavier Cabrini), was born in Prachatice, came to the United States and was ordained there in 1836, and in 1848 became a naturalized United States citizen.[7]

It was announced on July 19, 2011 that Denver Archbishop Charles J. Chaput, OFM Cap, would succeed Rigali in his position as Archbishop of Philadelphia. Chaput's installation took place on September 8, 2011.[8] Rigali served as the Apostolic Administrator of Philadelphia until Chaput's official installation.[9] After the installation, Cardinal Rigali will begin his time of retirement in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Knoxville, Tennessee, where he has been invited to live (the current Bishop of Knoxville, Richard Stika, served as a Vicar General and Chancellor of the Archdiocese of St. Louis when Cardinal Rigali was the Archbishop there from 1994 to 2003).

On 16 December 2013 he was removed from the Congregation for Bishops by Pope Francis.[10]

Apostolic Administrator of Scranton[edit]

On August 31, 2009, Cardinal Rigali became the Apostolic Administrator (sede vacante) to the Diocese of Scranton following the Pope's acceptance of the resignations of Bishop Joseph Martino and Bishop John Dougherty, Auxiliary Bishop of Scranton. Rigali served eight months as the Apostolic Administrator of the Diocese of Scranton. His delegate was Joseph C. Bambera, who became the tenth Bishop of Scranton on April 26, 2010, bringing Rigali's administration of Scranton to an end.

Views[edit]

Gay marriage[edit]

In June 2006, Cardinal Rigali traveled to the White House along with Archbishop John J. Myers of Newark and Cardinal Seán Patrick O'Malley, OFM Cap, of Boston to attend a press conference by President George W. Bush to support a constitutional amendment initiative in the U.S. Senate banning gay unions or marriages.

Abortion[edit]

As chairman of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops' Pro-Life Committee, he remarked during the annual Washington, D.C. pro-life rally in January 2007 that "there are reasons for rejoicing" in the pro-life cause: the growing participation by young people and a heightened awareness of the issue's intense and growing moral sensitivity among them, who will eventually have a contribution to make to societal issues. He has publicly endorsed the Pregnant Women Support Act, which he praised for offering "an authentic common ground" that "will proved many kinds of life-affirming support for pregnant women and their unborn children."[11]

He was the principal celebrant at the Vigil Mass for the March for Life on January 21, 2009.[12]

He said that the decision by the University of Notre Dame to have President Obama deliver the commencement speech at its graduation ceremony and receive an honorary degree was "most unfortunate" and the reasoning behind it "evades common sense."[13]

Conscience rights[edit]

In November 2009, Cardinal Rigali, with several other Roman Catholic prelates, signed an ecumenical statement known as the Manhattan Declaration, which stated:

Because the sanctity of human life, the dignity of marriage as a union of husband and wife and the freedom of conscience and religion are foundational principles of justice and the common good, we are compelled by our Christian faith to speak and act in their defense. In this declaration we affirm:

  1. the profound, inherent, and equal dignity of every human being as a creature fashioned in the very image of God, possessing inherent rights of equal dignity and life;
  2. marriage as a conjugal union of man and woman, ordained by God from the creation, and historically understood by believers and non-believers alike, to be the most basic institution in society and;
  3. religious liberty, which is grounded in the character of God, the example of Christ, and the inherent freedom and dignity of human beings created in the divine image.[14]

and declared:

We are Christians who have joined together across historic lines of ecclesial differences to affirm our right—and, more importantly, to embrace our obligation—to speak and act in defense of these truths. We pledge to each other, and to our fellow believers, that no power on earth, be it cultural or political, will intimidate us into silence or acquiescence.

Through the centuries, Christianity has taught that civil disobedience is not only permitted, but sometimes required. There is no more eloquent defense of the rights and duties of religious conscience than the one offered by Martin Luther King, Jr., in his Letter from a Birmingham Jail. Writing from an explicitly Christian perspective, and citing Christian writers such as Augustine and Aquinas, King taught that just laws elevate and ennoble human beings because they are rooted in the moral law whose ultimate source is God Himself.[14]

Stem cell research[edit]

In March 2009, he described President Barack Obama's lifting of George W. Bush's restrictions on embryonic stem cell research as "a sad victory of politics over science and ethics."[15]

Ordination of women[edit]

In April 2009, he denounced the ordination ceremony of two women in Roxborough, calling it a "pseudo-ordination" that "denigrates the truth entrusted to the Church by Christ himself."[16]

Communications[edit]

He has a weekly series of Lenten discourses on YouTube. In the beginning of 2010 an official Facebook page was launched for Cardinal Rigali.

Charity work[edit]

He is an honorary council member of the St. Louis, Missouri based humanitarian organization Wings of Hope.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.cmswr.org/about/episcopalliaison.html
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Cardinal Justin Francis Rigali Biography". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Philadelphia. May 2010. Retrieved June 30, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Cheney, David M (June 4, 2011). "Justin Francis Cardinal Rigali". Catholic-Hierarchy. Retrieved June 30, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Miranda, Salvador. "Rigali, Justin Francis". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. 
  5. ^ a b c d "1994–2000: A New Springtime of Faith". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Saint Louis. 
  6. ^ Stammer, Larry B. (July 16, 2003). "New Archbishop Named in Philadelphia". The Los Angeles Times. 
  7. ^ "Cardinal Rigali named envoy for St. John Neumann event". ZENIT. June 16, 2011. Retrieved June 30, 2011. 
  8. ^ Allen, Jr., John L. (July 18, 2011). "Pope taps Chaput for Philadelphia". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved July 19, 2011. 
  9. ^ "ARCHBISHOP CHARLES J. CHAPUT, O.F.M. CAP., NAMED ARCHBISHOP OF PHILADELPHIA". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Philadelphia. July 19, 2011. 
  10. ^ Yardley, Jim (December 16, 2014). "Pope Replaces Conservative U.S. Cardinal on Influential Vatican Committee". New York Times. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Cardinal Rigali praises House re-introduction of 'Pregnant Women Support Act', urges co-sponsorship" (Press release). USCCB Department of Communications. April 23, 2009. 
  12. ^ Westen, John-Henry (January 22, 2009). "Philadelphia Cardinal Rigali Warns of "Eternal" Consequences of Abortion at March for Life Mass". LifeSiteNews.com. Retrieved February 8, 2009. 
  13. ^ Gilbert, Kathleen (April 28, 2009). "Exclusive Interview: Cardinal Rigali Says Notre Dame Defence of Obama Honor 'Evades Common Sense'". LifeSiteNews.com. 
  14. ^ a b "Read the Declaration". Manhattan Declaration Inc. Retrieved June 30, 2011. 
  15. ^ "Cardinal Rigali Says Obama Stem-cell Policy Favors Politics Over Ethics". Catholic New York. March 12, 2009. 
  16. ^ O'Reilly, David (April 26, 2009). "Risking heresy to serve as priests". The Philadelphia Inquirer. [dead link]
  17. ^ "Our Supporters". Wings of Hope. Retrieved June 30, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Alfons Maria Stickler, S.D.B.
Titular Archbishop of Volsinium
June 8, 1985 – January 25, 1994
Succeeded by
Justo Mullor García
Preceded by
Cesare Zacchi
President of Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy
June 8, 1985 – December 21, 1989
Succeeded by
Karl-Josef Rauber
Preceded by
Giovanni Battista Re
Secretary for the Congregation for Bishops
December 21, 1989 – January 25, 1994
Succeeded by
Jorge María Mejía
Preceded by
John L. May
Archbishop of Saint Louis
January 25, 1994 – July 15, 2003
Succeeded by
Raymond Leo Burke
Preceded by
Anthony Bevilacqua
Archbishop of Philadelphia
July 15, 2003 – July 19, 2011
Succeeded by
Charles Chaput, O.F.M. Cap.
Preceded by
Alfonso López Trujillo
Cardinal-Priest of Santa Prisca
October 21, 2003 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent