Charlotte, Michigan

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Charlotte, Michigan
City
Eaton County Courthouse
Eaton County Courthouse
Location of Charlotte, Michigan
Location of Charlotte, Michigan
Coordinates: 42°33′38″N 84°50′5″W / 42.56056°N 84.83472°W / 42.56056; -84.83472
Country United States
State Michigan
County Eaton
Government
 • Mayor Carrie (Singer) Burch
Area[1]
 • Total 6.50 sq mi (16.83 km2)
 • Land 6.45 sq mi (16.71 km2)
 • Water 0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
Elevation 909 ft (277 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 9,074
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 9,054
 • Density 1,406.8/sq mi (543.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 48813
Area code(s) 517
FIPS code 26-14820[4]
GNIS feature ID 0623117[5]
Website http://www.charlottemi.org/

Charlotte (/ʃɑrˈlɒt/ shar-LOT) is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 9,074. It is the county seat of Eaton County.[6]

Charlotte is in the central portion of the county, on the boundary between Eaton Township and Carmel Township, though politically independent of both. Interstate 69 serves the city, and connects it to the state capital of Lansing. It is located 21.5 miles (34.6 kilometers) from downtown Lansing.

History[edit]

According to the book "Michigan Place Names" by Walter Romig, the area that would become Charlotte was owned by the U.S. Government until 1832 when George Barnes purchased the land. Barnes in turn sold the land to Edmond B. Bostwick, a land speculator from New York City three years later in 1835. Bostwick then sold a portion of the land to H.I. Lawrence, Townsend Harris and Francis Cochran. These four men can be credited for developing the village which they named after Bostwick's wife, Charlotte. Jonathan Searles became the first postmaster on March 17, 1838.

Charlotte was incorporated as a village on October 10, 1863 and as a city on March 29, 1871. It was designated as the county seat when Eaton County was organized in 1837; however, due to a lack of population and buildings, county functions were conducted at Bellevue until 1840.

At various times Charlotte has had the unofficial names of Eaton Centre, and Carmel.

The Dolson automobile was manufactured in Charlotte from 1904 to 1907.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.50 square miles (16.83 km2), of which, 6.45 square miles (16.71 km2) of it is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) is water.[1]

Charlotte is situated on gently rolling prairie. The Battle Creek River has its northern bend in the south part of the city, entering from the southeast and exiting to the southwest. The northern part of the city is part of the Thornapple River watershed.

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 9,074 people, 3,661 households, and 2,291 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,406.8 inhabitants per square mile (543.2 /km2). There were 3,997 housing units at an average density of 619.7 per square mile (239.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.1% White, 1.2% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.9% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.6% of the population.

There were 3,661 households of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.8% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.4% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.97.

The median age in the city was 35.8 years. 26% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.5% were from 25 to 44; 23.6% were from 45 to 64; and 14% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 8,389 people, 3,249 households, and 2,124 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,403.8 per square mile (541.6/km²). There were 3,417 housing units at an average density of 571.8 per square mile (220.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.79% White, 0.94% African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 1.07% from other races, and 1.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.46% of the population.

There were 3,249 households out of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,473, and the median income for a family was $45,759. Males had a median income of $31,573 versus $27,019 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,066. About 7.8% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Charlotte Public Schools has two K-3 elementary schools, Parkview Elementary School and Washington Elementary School and 1 4-5 Upper Elementary School. It also has Weymouth Child Development Center, Charlotte Middle School and Charlotte High School

There are two parochial schools in the city. Charlotte Adventist Christian School serves grades 1 through 8 and is owned and operated by the Charlotte Seventh-day Adventist Church and is a part of the Seventh-day Adventist education system. St. Mary Elementary School is run by Saint Mary Catholic Church and serves K-6 students.

There is one alternative education school, The Annex. In addition, special needs children are served by the Eaton Intermediate School District.

For post-secondary students, Olivet College is 10.4 miles (16.7 km) to the south and Michigan State University is 25.2 miles (40.6 km) to the northeast. The University of Michigan is located 82.1 miles (132.1 km) southeast. Lansing Community College is located 22 miles (35 km) to the northeast, and features cooperative relationships with a number of other Universities around the state.

Further education/training can also be obtained at the Southridge Vocational Center.

Charlotte School Bands[edit]

For almost 100 years the Charlotte High School Marching Band has been a major cultural icon for the city of Charlotte. What began as the dream of six Charlotte students in the early 1920s has exploded into a powerhouse music program of hundreds of 6th–12th grade students. The High School Marching Band participated in the Holland Tulip Time Festival Band Revue from 1937–1991 (when Holland officials discontinued the Band Review) receiving their 50th First Division rating in 1989. The band has traveled to: Mexico, Edmonton, Chicago, Washington, D.C., Florida, Atlanta, St. Louis, Missouri, Chattanooga, Tennessee, Gatlinburg, Tennessee, and Virginia Beach. Of the eight National Band Festivals attended by the bands, Charlotte has been awarded Superior ratings consistently and has received six National Festival First Place awards.

Transportation[edit]

Grand Trunk Depot, Charlotte, Michigan built in 1885.

Highways[edit]

Air[edit]

Rail[edit]

  • Charlotte was once serviced by the Grand Trunk Western Railroad& the Michigan Central Railroad. The original Michigan Central Railroad depot still stands at 430 N. Cochran Ave. and at various times has operated as a restaurant, ice cream parlor, and coffee shop.

Entertainment[edit]

A popular attraction is the Murder Mystery Dinner Train operated by the Old Road Railroad. While enjoying a leisurely trip through the countryside, a five course meal is served as theatrical entertainers perform a comical, and interactive murder mystery.

Theatres[edit]

The Eaton Theatre opened as a single screen in 1930 and is located downtown (235 S. Cochran). It was closed for a short time in 1960 and was later twinned by Beechler Theatres. Built during the Art Deco era it was totally modernized when it was twinned. It still has the large square marquee and the vertical sign, however the balcony area was transformed into a separate upstairs room to house a second screen.

The Charlotte Performing Arts Center (opened October 2004) is an 825-seat performance and instructional venue located at 378 State St. The auditorium is fully accessible with restrooms on all levels. The facility is fully air conditioned, and features an orchestra pit, "cushioned" stage floor, climate controlled storage, professional quality acoustical engineering, high-capacity electrical system for lights and sound with video projection capability on a large screen. The Charlotte Performing Arts Center hosts nationally-known events, as well as rental events and Charlotte Public School District events.

City Parks[edit]

The city of Charlotte has many wonderful parks[citation needed]. City Parks are open May 1 thru October 31. These include: Bennett Park (1225 S. Cochran), Dean Park (526 W. Stoddard), Gateway Park (N. Cochran and Packard), Lincoln Park (Lincoln St. and W. Shepherd), Oak Park (230 St. Clinton/Seminary St.), Snell Park (Upland and E. Shepherd), Southridge Park (312 W. Third), and U.S. Veterans Memorial Park (1501 S. Cochran).

Lincoln Park contains a Skate Park and Disc Golf Course. By the water tower nearby (at 619 W. Shepherd) there is a sled hill and ice skating rink, as well as a small outdoor dirt track for RC racing (aka Lincoln Park Raceway; added late 2013).

Tennis Courts and Gobel Football field are located at 1149 S. Cochran.

A popular sled hill known locally as Kane's Hill (named after the Kane family who lived nearby and operated Kane's Heating Services) is located on Gale St. between Church St. and E. Lovett St.

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Charlotte has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ Former Bronco Great Rocco Moore Passes Away - WMUBroncos.com—Official Web Site of Western Michigan Athletics
  8. ^ Rocco Moore NFL Football Statistics - Pro-Football-Reference.com
  9. ^ Climate Summary for Charlotte, Michigan

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°33′49″N 84°50′09″W / 42.56361°N 84.83583°W / 42.56361; -84.83583