Capital Region International Airport

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Capital Region International Airport
CapitalRegionIntlAirport-Logo.gif
CapitalRegionInternationalFAADiagram.pdf
FAA Airport Diagram
IATA: LANICAO: KLANFAA LID: LAN
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner/Operator Capital Region Airport Authority
Serves Lansing, Michigan
Location DeWitt Township,
Clinton County, Michigan,  United States
Focus city for Sun Country Airlines
Elevation AMSL 861 ft / 262.4 m
Coordinates 42°46′43.1″N 84°35′10.3″W / 42.778639°N 84.586194°W / 42.778639; -84.586194Coordinates: 42°46′43.1″N 84°35′10.3″W / 42.778639°N 84.586194°W / 42.778639; -84.586194
Website www.flylansing.com
Map
LAN is located in Michigan
LAN
LAN
Location of airport in Michigan
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
10R/28L 8,506 2,593 Asphalt
10L/28R 3,601 1,098 Asphalt
6/24 5,002 1,525 Asphalt/Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Total passengers 418,850 Increase 8%
Total enplanements 210,859 Increase 7%
Total cargo (metric tons) 20,044 Decrease 1%
Aircraft operations 31,788 Decrease 13%
Sources: FAA,[1][2] Michigan DOT[3]
For other airports with this name, see Capital City Airport.

Capital Region International Airport (IATA: LANICAO: KLANFAA LID: LAN), formerly Lansing Capital City Airport, is a public, Class C airport located 3 miles (5 km) northwest of downtown Lansing in DeWitt Township, Michigan. Small areas of the airport are located in Watertown Township, Delta Township, and the city of Lansing.[note 1]

The airport is owned and operated by the Capital Region Airport Authority, an eight-member governing board. Three members represent Ingham County and three members represent the City of Lansing. Two ex officio members represent Eaton County and Clinton County.[4] The Airport Authority also oversees nearby Jewett Field (TEW) in Mason, Michigan.[5]

The Airport Authority reports 418,850 people flew to or from the airport in 2013, three percent fewer than 2008 and a 36 percent decrease since 2000.[3] Capital Region International Airport is a focus city for Sun Country Airlines.[6]

History[edit]

Early 1900s[edit]

The first recorded flight in Lansing took place on October 15, 1911, at an old racecourse (now the Red Cedar Golf Course). More than 20,000 spectators watched pilot Jimmy Ward perform stunts in the Shooting Star, his Curtiss biplane.[7] In 1919 the first airfield in Lansing opened approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) west of downtown. The second airfield opened the following year 2.5 miles (4.0 km) south of downtown.[note 2] From 1922 to 1926 Lansing's airport was Creyts Field, located 1 mile (1.6 km) west of the current airport. The 80 acres (32 ha) field was operated by Chamber of commerce Secretary Charley Davis. In 1925 Lt Harry Warner arrived in Lansing to help Davis and others select the current site for Capital City Airport.[8] The selected site was a 300 acres (121 ha) state-owned hayfield and marsh (known as Chandler's Marsh), originally planned to be a boys' vocational school.[9]

The dedication of Capital City Airport was held on the weekend of July 14–15, 1928, and attended by 70,000 people, including arctic explorer George Hubert Wilkins and aviator Carl Eielson. Pilots from Selfridge Field and members of the Michigan National Guard 107th Observation Squadron performed in an exhibition air show.[10] A Stinson Detroiter plane arrived at the airport with Lansing's first air mail delivery on July 5, 1928. Mayor Laird J. Troyer, Chamber of Commerce President Alton J. Hager, and airport committee chairman Clyde B. Smith, among others, were present to witness the plane's arrival.[11] Regular cargo service from Capital City Airport began on July 17, 1928, via Transamerican Airlines. That day pilot C.V. Pickup departed with five sacks of mail en route to New York City. Lansing postmaster Walter G. Rogers was among those present to witness the event.[12]

In 1929 J.D. Foster completed construction on a 60-by-120-foot, 7,200 square feet (669 m2) aircraft hangar, the first building in what would become known as the Francis Aviation Complex at Capital City Airport. By the end of the year, fixed-base operators Foster Airways, SKF Air Service, Inc., and Wolverine Flying Service, Ltd. had constructed hangars at the airport.[13] Passenger service commenced on September 1, 1929, by Kohler Aviation Corp. to Detroit and Milwaukee. By 1934 Pennsylvania Airlines and Transport was providing air mail and passenger service to Detroit, Grand Rapids, Muskegon, and across Lake Michigan.[8][14] The Foster Hangar housed a flight school operated by Harvey Hughes from 1934 to 1936. In the late 1930s, Lansing aviator, Lt Arthur J. Davis, operated Michigan Airways, Inc. out of the hangar.[13]

During World War II Francis Aviation and Hughes Flying Service provided ground and flight training to 300 pilots per month as part of the U.S. Government's Civilian Pilot Training Program and War Training Service. The training included three weeks of instruction at Michigan State College and continued at Capital City Airport.[15]

In 1940 the original terminal building, a 100-by-100-foot concrete hangar and an adjoining office wing at the west end of the airport were built. The airport acquired 67 acres (27 ha) next to the north side of the airport and runway 6/24 was extended by 1,000 feet (305 m). Also in 1940 the airport unsuccessfully bid for an $8.4 million Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics.[14][16]

NOAA sectional chart of LAN airport,
September 1935[17]

1950s–1970s[edit]

Demand for air service led to the building of the current terminal building in 1959. The terminal has had several renovations and additions since then.[14] In April 1967 a new $38,000 observation room opened, where viewers can hear radio communications between pilots and control tower through a loud speaker.[16]

In the early 1960s Lansing Community College leased the Francis Aviation Complex at Capital City Airport. The college moved to a new facility near the airport terminal in 1974.[15] In March 1960 Francis Aviation Co. built two circular (roundtable) airport hangars costing $400,000 at the airport, believed to be the world's first.[18] In 1963 Capital City Airport served over 100,000 passengers for the first time; by 1968 airport usage had surpassed 250,000 passengers.[3] In April 1968 presidential candidate and Senator Robert F. Kennedy landed at Capital City Airport.[19] Later that year presidential candidate and Senator George McGovern landed at the airport.[20]

In 1970 Michigan Public Act 73 allowed the creation of the Capital Region Airport Authority, transferring jurisdiction of the airport from the State of Michigan to the Airport Authority.[4] The airport's first surveillance radar was installed in 1973. By 1977 the approach lighting system and instrument landing system for runway 10R was activated.[21] A Michigan historical marker was erected at the terminal for local aviator Philip Orin Parmelee in 1978.[22] From 1978 to 1991 fixed-base operator and aerial photography company White Star Photography purchased and operated from the Francis Aviation Complex.[15]

1980s–1990s[edit]

USGS topographic map of LAN airport,
July 1980[23]
An April 1998 USGS aerial photograph of
Capital Region International Airport[24]

In 1980 a 5,300 square feet (492 m2) airport fire station was built. An air carrier terminal apron reconstruction followed in 1982. Between 1988 and 1990 runway 14/32 was decommissioned and became taxiway F.[21]

In January 1987 United Airlines announced it was ending flights between Chicago O'Hare International Airport (ORD) and Lansing on April 5, after nearly 56 years of service. United Express, operated by Air Wisconsin, resumed the service to Chicago.[25] In 1989 airport usage surpassed 500,000 passengers for the first time.[3]

During the 1990s the Francis Aviation Complex was demolished for airport expansion and for compliance with Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) regulations.[15] UPS Airlines began cargo service from Lansing in 1990.[26] In 1992 a major renovation, designed by Greiner, Inc., of the terminal building included the addition of 50,000 square feet (4,645 m2) to the facility.[27] The following year the public parking lot was reconstructed and a new airport surveillance radar (ASR-9) was activated.[21]

President Bill Clinton landed at the airport aboard Air Force One on July 22, 1999, to hold a forum on Medicare at Lansing Community College.[28]

2000s[edit]

Flight reductions[edit]

During the 2000s Lansing has seen flights reduced from 35 to 12 a day.[29] In May 2000 American Eagle Airlines ended its flights to Chicago-O'Hare, eliminating five daily flights and 23 positions at the Lansing airport.[30] Chicago Express/ATA Connection Airlines ended service from Lansing to Chicago Midway International Airport (MDW) in 2001. In October 2003 US Airways ended daily flights to its Pittsburgh hub.[31] Continental Airlines suspended its daily flights to Cleveland effective January 2004.[32] In 2005 Midwest Connect ended service to Milwaukee General Mitchell International Airport (MKE).[33] In September 2007 Continental Airlines announced three daily flights from Lansing to the airline's hub in Cleveland to begin in May 2008;[34] however, rising fuel costs and the delay of terminal expansion plans at Cleveland Hopkins International Airport (CLE) caused Continental to suspend these flights before they began.[35] Delta Air Lines announced in July 2008 that it was ending its three daily non-stop flights (via Comair) from Lansing to Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport (CVG) effective September 1, eliminating 26 jobs at Lansing's airport. Delta also offered non-stop flights (via Atlantic Southeast Airlines) from Lansing to Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport (ATL) from 2005 to 2007.[36]

Low cost airlines[edit]

Several low cost carriers had flights at Lansing with varying success. In July 2003 Allegiant Air began nonstop flights from Lansing to Las Vegas McCarran International Airport (LAS). The addition of the low cost carrier enabled the average fare from Lansing to drop by 35 percent.[37] Over the next few years, Allegiant added flights to Orlando-Sanford (SFB) – the airline's second market from Orlando-Sanford – in May 2005 and St. Petersburg-Clearwater (PIE) in December 2006.[38] In November 2008 Allegiant announced that it would depart Lansing's airport and move to nearby Grand Rapids Gerald R. Ford International Airport (GRR) effective January 2009, citing reduced competition from Detroit Metro Airport and financial incentives as the reasons for the move.[39] In July 2004 Independence Air began nonstop flights from Lansing to Washington, D.C.'s Dulles International Airport (IAD).[40] Northwest Airlines soon followed with similar flights to Dulles. Up to 11 direct flights a day were offered from Lansing to Washington, D.C. between the two airlines, with some flights as low as $29. Independence Air left the Lansing market in January 2005, citing high fuel prices and heavy competition from Northwest.[41] In June 2005 Northwest moved their Lansing flights from Dulles to Reagan National Airport (DCA). By January 2006 Northwest canceled this route, leaving Lansing with no direct flights to Washington, D.C.[42] In March 2009 start-up carrier JetAmerica (previously known as Air Azul) announced direct flights starting in July 2009 between Lansing, Newark, and Baltimore.[43] However, after delaying the start of flights, the company folded on July 17 without operating a single flight.[44]

LAN airport on the Detroit Sectional Chart[45]

International flights[edit]

There have been several attempts at establishing international passenger service at the airport. In April 2004 Laker Airways Bahamas Ltd. announced flights from Lansing to the Bahamas, with an intermediate stop at Rickenbacker International Airport (LCK) in Columbus, Ohio, to begin that fall.[46] In January 2008 Kenny Tours announced non-stop flights from Lansing to Shannon, Ireland, dubbed Shamrock Express, to begin in June 2008.[47] In both cases, the service was canceled before flights began.[48] Apple Vacations announced in July 2009 that starting in December they will offer weekly seasonal flights to Cancún, Mexico on USA3000 Airlines. These are the first non-stop international flights from Lansing.[49]

Facility upgrades and closures[edit]

In 2005 a 750 feet (229 m) extension to runway 10R/28L was completed.[50] By November 2008 a 500 feet (152 m) extension to the runway – now 8,506 feet (2,593 m) – was completed to allow for larger aircraft to use the airport. The $9.9 million project required the temporary closure of nearby DeWitt Road.[51]

In January 2008 Capital Region International Airport was designated as an International Port of Entry into the United States, with Customs and Border Protection officers on duty to process international passengers and air freight. By May 2009 a new 14,000 square feet (1,301 m2) federal inspection station opened in the terminal, capable of processing 200 passengers per hour.[52]

In March 2009 the Federal Aviation Administration announced the planned consolidation of radar control for Lansing's airport, as well as that of airports in Grand Rapids and Muskegon, to nearby Kalamazoo/Battle Creek International Airport in 2013. The cost-saving move will occur upon completion of Kalamazoo Airport's new air traffic control tower (TRACON). Despite the consolidation, each airport will still maintain its own air traffic control tower.[53]

In November 2009 Lockheed Martin, operator of the flight service station located at Capital Region International Airport, announced the closing of the service station, effective February 2010. The Lansing station was one of 13 to close nationwide and provided 25 jobs and $120,000 in annual rent to the airport.[54]

2010s[edit]

Low cost airlines[edit]

In June 2010 Apple Vacations and Sun Country Airlines announced seasonal flights to Cancún, Mexico (CUN/MMUN); Montego Bay, Jamaica (MBJ/MKJS); Fort Myers (RSW); Orlando (MCO); and Las Vegas (LAS) beginning in December.[55]

In October 2010 the airport was awarded a U.S. Department of Transportation Small Community Air Service Development grant, worth $750,000, to help reestablish nonstop flights from Lansing to Washington, D.C. These grants are designed to promote air service development from smaller markets. Washington, D.C. is the number one end destination from Lansing, according to the Capital Region Airport Authority.[31][56][57] In December Sun Country Airlines announced that it would offer non-stop flights from Lansing to Minneapolis (MSP) and Washington-Reagan National Airport (DCA) beginning in April 2011.[58] The announcement followed the airline being awarded two landing slots at the Washington, D.C. airport by the USDOT. The Minneapolis route is expected to reduce the fares from Lansing-Minneapolis an average of 34 percent, and the Washington, D.C. flights reduced by an average of 21 percent.[59]

In May 2011 Apple Vacations and Sun Country Airlines announced seasonal weekly flights to Punta Cana, Dominican Republic (PUJ/MDPC) beginning in December and discontinued flights to Fort Myers and Las Vegas (the latter would resume in December 2012). In June 2012 similar seasonal flights to Puerto Vallarta, Mexico (PVR/MMPR) were announced starting in February and Montego Bay flights were discontinued.[60] In August 2012 Allegiant Air announced the return of twice-weekly flights to Orlando-Sanford (SFB) beginning in November.[61]

In May 2013 Apple Vacations announced that Frontier Airlines will operate their seasonal international flights from Lansing, replacing Sun Country Airlines.[62] President Barack Obama landed at the airport aboard Air Force One on February 7, 2014, to sign the 2014 U.S. Farm Bill at Michigan State University.[63]

Facility upgrades[edit]

A Concierge Travel Center opened at the airport in May 2010, offering the ability to book airline tickets, cruises, tours, car rentals, and hotel rooms.[64]

In July 2011 Eastern Michigan University announced that its flight-training program would begin operating out of the Lansing airport in September, coinciding with the elimination of Lansing Community College's aviation flight program.[65] The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) installed a full-body millimeter wave scanner at the airport in October.[66]

Current and future development[edit]

The Mid-Michigan Business Travel Coalition, Inc., formerly the Lansing Regional Business Travel Trust, was formed by the Airport Authority and the Lansing Regional Chamber of commerce in 2004. A coalition of the local business, education, and government community, the Travel Coalition seeks to promote the airport through negotiations with air carriers and area promotions.[56][67][68]

In December 2011 the airport, city of Lansing, and DeWitt Township received Next Michigan Development Corporation – or Aerotropolis – designation, designed to encourage economic development within 1 mile (1.6 km) of the airport. The plan includes a 50-year 425 land, tax, and services agreement between the city and township.[69]

Master Plan[edit]

The airport's most recent Master Plan was released in December 2006. The Plan identifies four major goals for the airport: Retain and expand scheduled passenger flights, increase charter operations, increase corporate and general aviation activities, and increase cargo activities.[70] In order to achieve these goals, the airport over the long term endeavors to, among other things:

  • Construct a new terminal building at the airport
  • Interim terminal improvements including additional passenger loading bridges, rental car, and baggage claim facilities, and passenger security screening improvements
  • Construct a new control tower
  • Construct a new 9,000 feet (2,743 m) runway and connector taxiway to replace the existing 10L/28R runway
  • Extend the existing 6/24 runway to 7,785 feet (2,373 m)
  • Expand vehicle parking lot parking areas
  • Local road improvements for better access to nearby freeway I-69
  • Expand the existing business park at the airport
  • Cargo and sort facility expansions
  • T-hangar and access taxiway expansions for general aviation[70]

Port Lansing[edit]

Main article: Port Lansing

The airport received U.S. Port of entry status in January 2008. The name "Port Lansing" reflects this designation. Capital City Airport was renamed "Capital Region International Airport" to emphasize the Port of Entry status. By June an interim U.S. Customs Inspection Station was established. To promote increased international commerce in and around the airport, a Foreign Trade Zone was activated, effective August 24, 2009.[71] The Foreign Trade Zone includes 840 acres (3.40 km2; 1.31 sq mi) of property near the terminal and runways. The trade zone allows goods to be delivered there duty-free – with reduced, deferred, or eliminated customs fees – providing a competitive advantage to companies doing business within the trade zone.[72]

The Port Lansing Global Logistics center, a $6 million 48,000 square feet (4,459 m2) cargo warehouse and cross-docking facility, opened at the airport in October 2012.[73] According to the Airport Authority, the airport has over 100 acres (0.40 km2; 0.16 sq mi) of land available for immediate development.

Facilities and operations[edit]

Capital Region International Airport covers 2,160 acres (8.74 km2; 3.37 sq mi). Located at the boundary of three counties, most of the airport lies in DeWitt Township (Clinton County), with small portions in Watertown Township (Clinton County), Delta Township (Eaton County), and the city of Lansing (Ingham County).[note 1]

Terminal[edit]

An April 2007 USGS aerial photograph of
Capital Region International Airport[74]
Drive along front of airport terminal building
Airport terminal with short term parking lot in foreground

The current terminal building, constructed in 1959, is 161,500 square feet (15,004 m2) and has four floors. The lower two floors are passenger levels. The third floor houses the airport's administrative offices and the fourth floor contains the control tower. The terminal has nine gates, including six jetways. Located in the terminal is the Capital Market, a gift shop featuring many items unique to mid-Michigan. Café Lan, on the first level of the terminal, is a full service restaurant and grill serving breakfast, lunch, and dinner. The Concierge Travel Center offers the ability to book airline tickets, cruises, hotels, tours, foreign currency exchange, and limousine rentals.[64] The Spartan Pub, on the second level, is a cocktail bar and coffee shop (serving Biggby Coffee brand) with a deli menu. A business center is located near gate 6, and it provides complimentary wireless (SSID "CRAA") Internet access.[75]

Aeronautics[edit]

The Michigan Department of Transportation Office of Aeronautics is located along the airport's southeast ramp.[76] The Michigan State Transportation Commission meets at the airport monthly; the Michigan Aeronautics Commission meets at the airport bimonthly.[77]

Runways[edit]

Capital Region International Airport has three runways:

  • Runway 10R/28L: 8,506 feet (2,593 m) x 150 feet (46 m), Surface: Asphalt, grooved, ILS equipped
  • Runway 6/24: 5,002 feet (1,525 m) x 120 feet (37 m), Surface: Asphalt/Concrete, grooved
  • Runway 10L/28R: 3,601 feet (1,098 m) x 75 feet (23 m), Surface: Asphalt

Parking[edit]

The airport has both short and long term parking lots, with a combined capacity of 1,500 parking spaces. There is a 15 minute grace period in the short term parking lot. The short term lot is closer to the terminal building, though the long term lot generally provides lower rates.[78] Several area hotels participate in the airport's "Park and Fly" program, in that they offer special room rates and free shuttle service for airport patrons.[79]

Aircraft operations[edit]

For the 12-month period ending July 31, 2012, the airport had 40,178 total aircraft operations (a 7 percent decrease from 2008 and a 48 percent decrease from 2007), with an average of 110 per day. 51% of the aircraft operations were general aviation, 38% were air taxi, 7% were scheduled commercial, and 4% were military. Of the 85 aircraft based at the airport, 64% were single-engine, 25% were multi-engine, 6% were jet aircraft, 4% were helicopters, and the remaining were gliders and military aircraft.[80]

Passenger aircraft landings dropped from 12,224 in 2000 to 3,623 in 2009, according to the Capital Region Airport Authority.[56] In March 2012 the average daily seats on domestic departures from the airport was 912, a 24.9 percent increase from March 2011.[81]

On-Time Performance for Domestic Flights at Capital Region International Airport[82]
Year Departure % Arrival %  % canceled
2005 84% 76% 3.3%
2006 81% 73% 3.5%
2007 76% 69% 5.2%
2008 78% 72% 4.5%
2009 87% 81% 2.7%
2010 85% 77% 3.1%
2011 75% 71% 7.6%
2012 77% 71% 4.1%
2013 81% 73% 2.9%

Airlines and destinations[edit]

The following passenger airlines fly to and from Capital Region International Airport:

Airlines and Destinations served from Lansing (as of February 2013)
Airlines Destinations
Allegiant Air Orlando/Sanford
Apple Vacations operated by Aeroméxico Seasonal: Cancún (begins December 28, 2014)[60]
Apple Vacations operated by Frontier Airlines[note 3] Seasonal: Cancún, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana
Delta Connection Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul
Seasonal: Atlanta[83]
Sun Country Airlines Minneapolis/St. Paul, Washington-National
United Express Chicago-O'Hare

The majority of Delta Connection and United Express passenger flights serving the airport are on Bombardier CRJ200 and Embraer ERJ 145 regional airliners. Allegiant Air flights are on McDonnell Douglas MD-80 aircraft. Frontier Airlines flights are on Airbus A319-100 aircraft.[84] Sun Country Airlines flights are on Boeing 737-700 and Boeing 737-800 aircraft.[55]

Passenger statistics[edit]

The peak year for passenger activity at Capital Region International Airport was in 1997 with 720,365 total passengers.[3] In 1990 the airport had 149,939 total aircraft operations.[2]

Passenger and Aircraft Operation Totals for Capital Region International Airport[2][3]
Year  Total passengers (% change) Aircraft Operations (% change)
2000
656,703(−8.7%)
113,420(−7.2%)
2001
523,152(−20.3)
101,061(−10.9%)
2002
514,299(−1.7%)
93,628(−7.4%)
2003
534,280(+3.9%)
92,580(−1.1%)
2004
650,915(+21.8%)
95,396(+3.0%)
2005
609,901(−6.3%)
81,607(−14.5%)
2006
557,417(−8.6%)
80,645(−1.2%)
2007
497,824(−10.7%)
75,136(−6.8%)
2008
429,639(−13.7%)
46,538(−38.1%)
2009
265,967(−38.1%)
42,162(−9.4%)
2010
257,350(−3.2%)
42,466(+0.7%)
2011
358,307(+39.2%)
38,287(−9.8%)
2012
389,600(+8.7%)
36,438(−4.8%)
2013
418,850(+7.5%)
31,788(−12.8%)
Top Non-Stop Domestic Destinations from
Capital Region International Airport
(July 2013 – June 2014)[82]
Rank Airport Total passengers Carriers
1 Detroit, MI (DTW) 74,000 Delta
2 Minneapolis/St. Paul, MN (MSP) 57,000 Delta, Sun Country
3 Chicago, IL (ORD) 31,000 United
4 Washington, D.C. (DCA) 16,000 Sun Country
5 Orlando, FL (SFB) 14,000 Allegiant
6 Atlanta, GA (ATL) 1,000 Delta
Top Passenger Carriers at Capital Region International Airport
(July 2013 – June 2014)[82]
Carrier Total passengers  % share
Endeavor 150,000 39.23%
ExpressJet 67,140 17.62%
Sun Country 64,240 16.85%
Chautauqua 30,060 7.89%
Allegiant 27,140 7.12%
Other 43,030 11.29%
Top International Routes from
Capital Region International Airport
(April 2013 – March 2014)[85]
Rank Airport Total passengers Carriers
1 Cancun, Mexico (CUN) 6,144 Frontier
2 Punta Cana, Dominican Republic (PUJ) 2,378 Frontier
3 Puerto Vallarta, Mexico (PVR) 2,325 Frontier
Largest Markets from Capital Region International Airport
Passengers Daily Each Way (PDEW) – Year-End 1st Quarter 2010[31]
Rank Market (Airports) PDEW
1 Washington, D.C. (DCA/IAD/BWI) 37.8
2 New York (LGA/JFK/EWR) 19.8
3 Los Angeles (LAX/SNA/ONT/BUR/LGB) 12.4
4 Minneapolis (MSP) 9.5
5 Chicago (ORD/MDW) 8.6
6 Atlanta (ATL) 8.4
7 Orlando (MCO/SFB) 8.0
8 Dallas (DFW/DAL) 7.4
9 Las Vegas (LAS) 7.4
10 San Francisco (SFO/OAK/SJC) 7.0
11 Boston (BOS) 7.0
12 Denver (DEN) 6.7
13 Miami (MIA/FLL/PBI) 6.5
14 Seattle (SEA) 5.6
15 St. Louis (STL) 5.5
Rank Market (Airports) PDEW
16 Phoenix (PHX/AZA) 5.4
17 Houston (IAH/HOU) 5.0
18 Philadelphia (PHL) 4.7
19 Raleigh-Durham, NC (RDU) 4.6
20 Tampa-St. Petersburg (TPA/PIE) 4.1
21 Nashville, TN (BNA) 4.1
22 Kansas City (MCI) 4.0
23 Fort Myers (RSW) 4.0
24 San Diego (SAN) 3.9
25 Hartford, CT (BDL) 3.1
26 Portland, OR (PDX) 3.1
27 Sacramento (SMF) 2.7
28 Charlotte, NC (CLT) 2.5
29 San Antonio (SAT) 2.3
30 Omaha, NE (OMA) 2.3

Competition[edit]

Capital Region International Airport competes with nearby Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport (DTW), Grand Rapids Gerald R. Ford International Airport (GRR), and the recent growth of Flint Bishop International Airport (FNT). In addition, the Michigan Flyer provides motorcoach service roundtrip from nearby East Lansing to Detroit Metro Airport 12 times daily.[86] In 2006 the Capital Region Airport Authority estimated that the airport lost approximately 162,000 passengers that year to nearby competing airports. The airport lost about $53 million in annual revenue as a result of the passenger losses.[87] According to the Airport Authority, a January 2010 leakage study found that 550,000 of the 873,000 airline tickets sold from mid-Michigan in 2009 were to travelers using other Michigan airports: 45% of travelers flew (originated) from Detroit Metro Airport, 37% from Lansing, 8% from Grand Rapids, and 7.6% from Flint. This resulted in an economic loss of $108 million to the Mid-Michigan region. The lost revenue to Lansing's airport was approximately $17 million.[31][88]

In March 2009 the Lansing State Journal cited a 2008 Michigan State University study finding that passengers out of Capital Region International Airport feel the airport is convenient to use, but more than two-thirds of those surveyed also flew from other Michigan airports during the previous year. This is despite 84% of passengers being satisfied with the airline service offered at Lansing's airport, a drop from 93% passenger satisfaction in 2002. The 2008 study noted that 49% of travelers thought Lansing's airport was more expensive to fly out of than Detroit Metropolitan Airport; 13% of travelers thought Lansing was less expensive.[89] The same study in 2002 found that 41% of travelers thought that Lansing was more expensive to fly out of than Detroit, and 14% thought Lansing was less expensive.[90]

Forbes Magazine in February 2009 ranked Capital Region International Airport tied for the 18th most expensive airport to fly from in the United States, with an average fare of 35¢ per mile. The magazine ranked two other Michigan airports as more expensive. Cherry Capital Airport (TVC) in Traverse City was ranked second (41¢ per mile), and MBS International Airport (MBS) northwest of Saginaw was tied for the 11th most expensive airport in the country (36¢ per mile).[91]

An April 2011 a New York Times study determined that the average fare from Capital Region International Airport was overpriced by $117. The regression analysis, based on third quarter 2010 data from the USDOT Bureau of Transportation Statistics, considered factors such as market size and average distance to destination. Fares at other Michigan airports were overpriced to a lesser extent: MBS airport by $114, Detroit Metro by $25, and Grand Rapids by $9; Flint airport was underpriced by $42. Kalamazoo airport fares were overpriced by $187.[92]

Average Domestic Passenger Fares for Capital Region International Airport
and other nearby airports (origin cities)[93]
Year Lansing (LAN) Detroit (DTW) Grand Rapids (GRR) Flint (FNT) Kalamazoo (AZO) Saginaw (MBS)
2006 $370.61 $322.83 $413.74 $298.89 $472.93 $441.26
2007 $364.39 $307.29 $420.68 $281.37 $471.01 $441.08
2008 $397.75 $334.18 $463.96 $314.89 $517.32 $481.39
2009 $434.59 $313.67 $409.85 $275.23 $500.55 $434.69
2010 $482.76 $353.75 $377.29 $298.40 $563.92 $470.47
2011 $433.59 $378.55 $400.11 $334.90 $579.23 $474.77
2012 $417.92 $404.96 $445.80 $372.96 $599.39 $465.86
2013 $391.67 $422.25 $442.34 $367.80 $575.49 $546.03

Airports included are within 100 miles (160 km) or a 100-minute drive of LAN. Source: Airline Origin & Destination Survey, RITA, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, USDOT

Cargo[edit]

Cargo tenants at Capital Region International Airport moved 44,189,278 pounds (20,043,919 kg) of cargo in 2013.[3]

Airlines Destinations
Air Cargo Carriers Seasonal: Louisville, Milwaukee, Warsaw (IN)
Ameriflight Seasonal: Escanaba, Louisville, Marquette, Milwaukee
Martinaire Cadillac, Caro, Columbus-Rickenbacker, Detroit, Escanaba, Gaylord, Harbor Springs, Iron Mountain, Kalamazoo, Ludington, Marquette, Milwaukee, Muskegon, Pellston, Saginaw, South Bend, Traverse City, West Branch
UPS Airlines Louisville
Seasonal: Chicago-Rockford, Cleveland, Columbus-Rickenbacker, Detroit, Philadelphia

Cargo statistics[edit]

The peak year for total cargo activity at Capital Region International Airport was in 2007 with 65,415,031 pounds (29,671,759 kg) of cargo.

Cargo warehouse and logistics center near freight ramp
Cargo Totals for Capital Region International Airport[3]
Year Total Cargo (lbs)  % change
2000 64,844,276 +5.3%
2001 52,756,663 −18.6%
2002 49,997,799 −5.2%
2003 50,106,933 +0.2%
2004 52,791,955 +5.4%
2005 54,340,061 +2.9%
2006 60,057,174 +10.5%
2007 65,415,031 +8.9%
2008 53,341,818 −18.5%
2009 42,045,568 −21.2%
2010 41,022,051 −2.4%
2011 41,479,938 +1.1%
2012 44,522,950 +7.3%
2013 44,189,278 −0.7%

General and corporate aviation[edit]

Capital Region International Airport is served by two fixed-base operators.

  • AvFlight provides charter, cargo, and freight services as well as aircraft maintenance. They operate a 24-hour facility at the airport with satellite weather, deicing, and fuel services.
  • Beacon Aviation offers aircraft maintenance, inspections, and avionics certification, services, and autopilot installations.[96]

The Eastern Michigan University Eagle Flight Centre, located at the southwest end of the airport, offers flight-training programs.[65]

In addition to nearby Mason Jewett Field (TEW) located 15 miles (24.1 km) southeast, other local general aviation airports include University Airpark (41G) 6 miles (9.7 km) northeast in Bath Township and Abrams Municipal Airport (4D0) 6 miles (9.7 km) west in Watertown Township, Michigan.

Ground transportation[edit]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

On July 17, 1985, a single-engine plane, piloted by a passenger, landed at the airport after the pilot suffered a fatal heart attack. The plane, which departed from Flint, Michigan, incurred a damaged nose and blown tire upon landing. The pilot of a nearby plane flew alongside and guided the troubled aircraft to the airport.[99]

In February 1988 Kenneth Hasson, of Los Angeles, was arrested for bringing 30 pounds (13.6 kg) of cocaine, worth $11 million, through the airport. Hasson and an accomplice were sentenced to life terms in prison.[100]

On May 20, 1990, a Piper PA-28-181 crashed in East Lansing on approach to the Lansing airport, fatally wounding the pilot. The single-engine plane, en route from Mason, Michigan, encountered instrument problems and cloudy conditions.[101]

On February 11, 1991, a Glasair 3 two-passenger plane skidded off a runway into a field after experiencing problems with the landing gear. The plane caught fire; however, the pilot and passenger were not injured.[102]

On August 23, 1991, about 250 hamsters and gerbils shipped from Mississippi chewed through packing boxes, escaped, and scattered throughout Lansing's airport.[103]

On September 27, 1993, a Midwest Flying Service Aero Commander 690A twin-engine turbo prop crashed near Lansing en route to Battle Creek, Michigan (BTL) shortly after take off. The plane was experiencing electrical problems and reportedly changed direction and altitude continually before colliding with trees. The crew of two was killed.[104]

On June 6, 1996, Continental Express flight 3123 from Cleveland sustained minor damage from a small cockpit fire en route to Lansing. The Beech 1900 aircraft landed safely in Lansing with no injuries to the two crew and 16 passengers.[105]

On November 24, 2004, Northwest Airlines Flight 1933 from Detroit slid off the runway into a field. The flight had been delayed due to inclement weather. No injuries were reported.[106]

On July 22, 2007, Northwest Flight 619 to Minneapolis had to return to Lansing after takeoff due to smoke appearing in the cockpit. No injuries were reported.[107]

On April 18, 2008, a Beech twin-engine airplane flying from Tomahawk, Wisconsin, sustained heavy damage when its landing gear retracted while landing. No serious injuries to the pilot and passenger were reported.[108]

On July 5, 2009, a Cessna single-engine airplane made an emergency landing after circling the airport for 45 minutes due to faulty landing gear. The plane was damaged; the pilot and two passengers were not injured.[109]

On February 14, 2010, Delta Connection flight 3679 with 35 passengers returned to the airport terminal after a passenger became unruly and tried to exit the plane while taxiing prior to takeoff. The Bombardier CRJ200, en route to Detroit, was delayed for three hours. The passenger was detained by airport police and Federal Bureau of Investigation agents.[110]

On June 10, 2010, a Transportation Security Administration (TSA) official noticed a deceased person in a vehicle parked in the airport's long term parking lot. The driver, a victim of a suicide, parked the vehicle on February 25 and was not in plain view.[111]

On November 27, 2012, a Cessna 177RG lost power during takeoff on runway 10R/28L. The plane made an emergency glide landing on the west end of the runway, closing the runway for one hour and canceling a Delta Connection flight from Detroit. The pilot and two passengers were hospitalized with back pain.[112][113]

Photo gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
1. 1a 1b Approximately 218 acres (88 ha) of airport property are located in Watertown Township, 39 acres (16 ha) are in the city of Lansing, and 14 acres (6 ha) are in Delta Township.[114]
2. 2 The first airfield (1919) was bounded by South Everett Drive to the west, West Kalamazoo Street to the north, South Jenison Avenue to the east, and West St Joseph Street to the south, near present-day J. W. Sexton High School. The second (1920) was bounded by South Cedar Street to the west, East Holmes Road to the north, South Pennsylvania Avenue to the east, and West Cavanaugh Road to the south.[9]
3. 3 Apple Vacations books the Lansing flights to Cancún, Puerto Vallarta, and Punta Cana, flown by Frontier Airlines.[60][62][84]
Footnotes
  1. ^ Passenger Boarding (Enplanement) and All-Cargo Data for U.S. Airports, Federal Aviation Administration, FAA.gov
  2. ^ a b c Air Traffic Activity System (ATADS), Federal Aviation Administration. ATADS : Airport Operations : Standard Report, FAA.gov, Retrieved January 23, 2014
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Michigan Department of Transportation. Measures of Michigan Air Carrier Demand, Michigan.gov, Retrieved January 23, 2014
  4. ^ a b About CRAA, FlyLansing.com, Retrieved March 16, 2011
  5. ^ Ingham County. Capital Region International Airport Authority, Ingham.org, Retrieved July 6, 2012
  6. ^ Sun Country Airlines. Flight Reservations, suncountry.com, Retrieved May 16, 2012
  7. ^ MacLean 2003, p. 77
  8. ^ a b Morris 1976, p. 106
  9. ^ a b Darling 1950, pp. 230–231
  10. ^ MacLean 2003, p. 78
  11. ^ Manassah 1986, p. 49
  12. ^ Peckham 1997, p. 49
  13. ^ a b Tyler 1995, p. 2
  14. ^ a b c CRAA 2006, p. 1.1
  15. ^ a b c d Tyler 1995, p. 3
  16. ^ a b Ceasar 1976, pp. 251–253
  17. ^ Night Flying Chart 9MN, from United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Office of Coast Survey Historical Map & Chart Project, historicalcharts.noaa.gov, Retrieved June 4, 2010
  18. ^ Lansing airport to get first circle hangars, Owosso Argus-Press, Google News, March 11, 1960, Retrieved March 5, 2013
  19. ^ Nixon 2004, p. 107
  20. ^ George McGovern at the Capital City Airport, Capital Area District Library, cadl.org, Retrieved March 6, 2011
  21. ^ a b c CRAA 2006, p. 1.2
  22. ^ Ashlee 2005, p. 97
  23. ^ Lansing, Michigan, United States 01 July 1980, from United States Geological Survey The National Map, msrmaps.com, Retrieved April 26, 2010
  24. ^ Aerial image as of April 23, 1998 from USGS The National Map, msrmaps.com, Retrieved September 9, 2009
  25. ^ Associated Press. United Will End Lansing Service, Ludington Daily News, Google News, January 19, 1987
  26. ^ Murray, Stefanie (July 4, 2004). "Growth has airport officials, business leaders expecting skyward profits". Lansing State Journal. p. D1. 
  27. ^ Architecture: the AIA Journal (American Institute of Architects) 87 (1–4). 1998. 
  28. ^ Pickler, Nedra. Associated Press. Clinton in Lansing Today to Discuss Medicare, Owosso Argus-Press, Google News, July 22, 1999, Retrieved April 20, 2010
  29. ^ Epstein, Victor. Associated Press. New low-cost airline targets smaller markets, USA Today, May 27, 2009
  30. ^ American Eagle Discontinues Lansing Service, thetracon.com, March 7, 2000
  31. ^ a b c d Capital Region Airport Authority. Proposal Under the Small Community Air Service Development Program Docket DOT-OST-2010-0124, regulations.gov, August 27, 2010, Retrieved July 13, 2011
  32. ^ Associated Press. Capital City Airport loses Continental as carrier, USA Today, January 19, 2004
  33. ^ Ingham County Board of Commissioners. County Services Minutes, ingham.org, March 21, 2006
  34. ^ Press Release. Continental Airlines to Inaugurate Services at Lansing with New Nonstop Flights to Cleveland Hub, September 14, 2007, web.archive.org flylansing.com archived on October 23, 2010, Retrieved October 1, 2012
  35. ^ Grant, Alison. Hopkins Expansion Curtailed As Continental Hits Bumpy Times, The Plain Dealer, May 8, 2008
  36. ^ Polzin, Kevin. Delta Ending Service to Lansing, Mich., Lansing State Journal, usatoday.com, July 8, 2008, Retrieved September 16, 2009
  37. ^ "Lansing and Allegiant Air, What a Pair!" (pdf) (Press release). Lansing, Michigan: Allegiant Air. July 10, 2006. Retrieved April 13, 2013. 
  38. ^ "Allegiant Air Announces Second Market from Orlando Sanford" (pdf) (Press release). Sanford, Florida: Orlando Sanford International Airport. March 29, 2005. Retrieved April 13, 2013. 
  39. ^ Stephenson, John W. Low-Price Airline Allegiant Moving From Lansing to Grand Rapids Airport, Muskegon Chronicle, mlive.com, November 10, 2008
  40. ^ New Airline for Capital City Airport, WILX.com, June 14, 2004
  41. ^ Stock, Susan. Independence Air Ends Flights to Michigan airport, Lansing State Journal, usatoday.com, November 22, 2004
  42. ^ Murray, Stefanie. Northwest Will End Lansing to D.C. Flights, Lansing State Journal, WZZM13.com, November 26, 2005
  43. ^ Steele, Jeremy W. Lansing to Add Flights to NYC, D.C. Areas, Lansing State Journal, lsj.com, March 13, 2009
  44. ^ Associated Press. Jet America Grounded, WTVG, 13abc.com, July 17, 2009, Retrieved March 16, 2011
  45. ^ LAN Capital Region International Airport, SkyVector.com, Retrieved May 30, 2010
  46. ^ Murray, Stefanie. Airline Plans Lansing-to-Bahamas Flights in Fall, Lansing State Journal, yahoo.com, April 2004
  47. ^ Press Release. New non-stop flights to start from Lansing's Capital City Airport to Ireland, January 14, 2008, web.archive.org flylansing.com archived on October 23, 2010, Retrieved October 1, 2012
  48. ^ Shamrock Express Delayed, WILX.com, March 27, 2008
  49. ^ Press Release. Apple Vacations announces new non-stops from Lansing to Cancun on USA 3000 Airlines, July 1, 2009, web.archive.org flylansing.com archived on October 23, 2010, Retrieved October 1, 2012
  50. ^ CRAA 2006, p. 7.1
  51. ^ Press Release. Dewitt Road Opens Friday Following Expansion Of Main Runway At Capital Region International Airport, October 22, 2008, web.archive.org flylansing.com archived on October 23, 2010, Retrieved October 1, 2012
  52. ^ Press Release. US Federal Inspection Station Opening May 26, PortLansing.com, Retrieved October 6, 2009
  53. ^ Russon, Gabrielle. FAA to Transfer Radar Controllers to Kalamazoo, Kalamazoo Gazette, mlive.com, April 1, 2009, Retrieved September 7, 2009
  54. ^ Domsic, Melissa. Lansing's Flight Service Station to Close, Lansing State Journal, lsj.com, November 25, 2009, Retrieved December 2, 2009
  55. ^ a b Press Release. Apple Vacations & Sun Country Airlines Announce New Air Service From Lansing, June 30, 2010, web.archive.org flylansing.com archived on December 15, 2010, Retrieved October 1, 2012
  56. ^ a b c Domsic, Melissa. Infrequent Fliers: Lansing Airport Fighting for Business, Lansing State Journal, lsj.com, March 26, 2010, Retrieved March 30, 2010
  57. ^ United States Department of Transportation. Small Community Air Service Development Program Fiscal Year 2010 Grant Selections, dot.gov, Retrieved October 30, 2010
  58. ^ Domsic, Melissa. Sun Country Reviving Nonstop Route From Lansing to D.C., Lansing State Journal, usatoday.com, December 13, 2010, Retrieved December 23, 2010
  59. ^ Press Release. Sun Country Airlines Wins Non-Stop Slots For New Air Service From Lansing To Reagan Washington D.C. National (DCA), December 10, 2010, web.archive.org flylansing.com archived on December 15, 2010, Retrieved October 1, 2012
  60. ^ a b c "Lansing, MI Flight Schedule". Apple Vacations. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  61. ^ VanHulle, Lindsay. Allegiant Air coming back to Lansing, Lansing State Journal, lsj.com, August 14, 2012, Retrieved August 14, 2012
  62. ^ a b VanHulle, Lindsay (May 31, 2013). "Frontier Airlines to fly out of Lansing to Mexico, Dominican Republic". Lansing State Journal. Retrieved June 1, 2014. 
  63. ^ Klug, Fritz (February 7, 2014). "Air Force One has landed in Lansing; President Barack Obama heads to MSU". MLive. Retrieved March 14, 2014. 
  64. ^ a b Press Release. Fly Lansing Concierge Travel Center Opens at the Capital Region International Airport, May 13, 2010, web.archive.org flylansing.com archived on December 15, 2010, Retrieved October 1, 2012
  65. ^ a b Larcom, Geoff. Eastern Michigan University and Eagle Flight Centre to begin flight training in the Lansing community, Eastern Michigan University Press Release, emich.edu, July 6, 2011, Retrieved July 7, 2011
  66. ^ Doty, Steve. Lansing Capitol Airport Receives New Full-Body Scanner, WILX.com, October 19, 2011, Retrieved December 19, 2013
  67. ^ Stine, Randy J. Advocates for Change, Greater Lansing Business Monthly, lansingbusinessmonthly.com, July 2008, Retrieved April 1, 2010
  68. ^ Domsic, Melissa. Delta Fares in Lansing Get Some Price Cuts, Lansing State Journal, lsj.com, October 2, 2010, Retrieved October 3, 2010
  69. ^ Anders, Melissa. Lansing Airport Lands Key Designation for 'Aerotropolis', Lansing State Journal, lsj.com, December 25, 2011, Retrieved January 10, 2012
  70. ^ a b Master Plan, FlyLansing.com, December 2006
  71. ^ What is a Foreign Trade Zone?, PortLansing.com, Retrieved October 6, 2009
  72. ^ Press Release. Capital Region International Airport Designated Foreign Trade Zone, August 24, 2009, web.archive.org flylansing.com archived on December 15, 2010, Retrieved October 1, 2012
  73. ^ Wittrock, Angela (October 30, 2012). "Port Lansing's $6M global logistics center opens at Capital Region International Airport". MLive. Retrieved October 31, 2012. 
  74. ^ USGS TNM 2.0 Viewer from USGS The National Map, viewer.nationalmap.gov, Retrieved July 6, 2010
  75. ^ Amenities, FlyLansing.com, Retrieved July 5, 2012
  76. ^ Michigan Department of Transportation. MDOT Aeronautics Location, Michigan.gov, Retrieved August 26, 2010
  77. ^ Michigan Department of Transportation. MDOT Aeronautics Michigan Aeronautics Commission, Michigan.gov, Retrieved August 26, 2010
  78. ^ Parking, FlyLansing.com, Retrieved July 5, 2012
  79. ^ Park and Fly Hotels, FlyLansing.com, Retrieved July 5, 2012
  80. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for LAN (Form 5010 PDF), AirportIQ, gcr1.com, effective January 10, 2013
  81. ^ Couch, William, Barbara Hansen, and Carey, Anne. Airline Schedule Changes at U.S. Airports, USA Today, usatoday.com, January 9, 2012, Retrieved January 21, 2012
  82. ^ a b c Research and Innovative Technology Administration (July 14, 2014). Lansing, MI: Capital City (LAN) Scheduled Services except Freight/Mail (Report). Bureau of Transportation Statistics, U.S. Department of Transportation. http://www.transtats.bts.gov/airports.asp?pn=1&Airport=LAN&Airport_Name=Lansing,_MI:_Capital_City&carrier=FACTS. Retrieved Sep 15, 2014.
  83. ^ Creager, Ellen; VanHulle, Lindsay (November 25, 2013). "Flights down, fares up at Michigan airports". Lansing State Journal. Retrieved November 25, 2013. 
  84. ^ a b "Apple Vacations announces non-stop flights via Frontier Airlines from Lansing's Capital Region International Airport" (Press release). Apple Vacations. May 30, 2013. Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  85. ^ Office of Aviation Analysis. U.S. International Air Passenger and Freight Statistics Report (Report). U.S. Department of Transportation. http://www.dot.gov/policy/aviation-policy/us-international-air-passenger-and-freight-statistics-report. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  86. ^ Anders, Melissa (November 15, 2013). "Michigan Flyer now has increased bus service between East Lansing, Ann Arbor and Detroit airport". MLive. Retrieved November 19, 2013. 
  87. ^ Capital Region Airport Authority Regional Market Development, Capital Region Airport Authority, ctlr.msu.edu, 2007
  88. ^ Selig, Robert F. Attend to Air Service Needs, Lansing State Journal, lsj.com, February 18, 2010, Retrieved February 19, 2012
  89. ^ Steele, Jeremy W. Lansing Airport Seen As Nice, But Costly, Lansing State Journal, WZZM13.com, March 4, 2009, Retrieved September 16, 2010
  90. ^ Press Release. Lansing Air Passengers Rate Capital City Airport High in Satisfaction, Security, Convenience, January 7, 2003, web.archive.org capitalcityairport.com archived on February 17, 2003, Retrieved July 14, 2010
  91. ^ Bruner, Jon; Zack O'Malley Greenburg. America's Rip-Off Airports, Forbes Magazine, Forbes.com, February 16, 2009, Retrieved September 4, 2009
  92. ^ Silver, Nate. Which Airports Have the Most Unfair Fares?, The New York Times, NYTimes.com, April 6, 2011, Retrieved August 25, 2011
  93. ^ Research and Innovative Technology Administration (2013). Average Domestic Airline Itinerary Fares By Origin City for 2013, Airline Origin and Destination Survey (Report). Bureau of Transportation Statistics, U.S. Department of Transportation. http://bts-ts-web1.bts.gov/averagefare/. Retrieved May 3, 2014.
  94. ^ Martinaire About Us, Martinaire.com, Retrieved September 17, 2009
  95. ^ Superior Aviation Charter Service, SuperiorAviation.com, Retrieved September 17, 2009
  96. ^ General & Corporate Aviation, FlyLansing.com, Retrieved July 5, 2012
  97. ^ CATA Schedules & Route Maps, Capital Area Transportation Authority, CATA.org, Retrieved July 5, 2012
  98. ^ Ground Transportation, FlyLansing.com, Retrieved July 5, 2012
  99. ^ Associated Press. Onlookers Cheer Passenger's Effort in Landing Aircraft, Owosso Argus-Press, Google News, July 18, 1985
  100. ^ Michigan High Court Taking Up Challenge to 'Drug Lifer' Law, Toledo Blade, Google News, May 10, 1992
  101. ^ Brief of Accident, National Transportation Safety Board, NTSB.gov, December 8, 1992, Retrieved June 3, 2011
  102. ^ Associated Press. No One Injured in Small Plane Crash, Ludington Daily News, Google News, February 12, 1991
  103. ^ Associated Press. 250 Gerbils Escape, Scatter at Airport, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Google News, August 24, 1991
  104. ^ Factual Report Aviation, National Transportation Safety Board, NTSB.gov, August 4, 1994
  105. ^ Factual Report Aviation, National Transportation Safety Board, NTSB.gov, February 6, 1997
  106. ^ LaFave, Nick. Plane Skids Off Runway at Capital City Airport, WILX.com, November 25, 2004
  107. ^ Aspiras, Jessica. Airplane Forced to Return to Airport, WILX.com, July 23, 2007
  108. ^ Factual Data Collection Report of Accident, National Transportation Safety Board, NTSB.gov, May 15, 2008
  109. ^ Teasley, Tiffany. Single Engine Plane Makes Emergency Landing At Local Airport, WILX.com, July 5, 2009
  110. ^ Kim, Katie. Man Helps Restrain Panicked Passenger on Delta Flight, WILX.com, February 15, 2010, Retrieved February 16, 2010
  111. ^ Police ID Woman in Suicide at Capital Region International Airport, Lansing State Journal, lsj.com, June 18, 2010, Retrieved June 18, 2010
  112. ^ Emergency Landing at Capital Region International Airport, WILX.com, November 28, 2012, Retrieved November 29, 2012
  113. ^ Pilot makes emergency landing at Lansing airport, Lansing State Journal, lsj.com, November 28, 2012, Retrieved November 29, 2012
  114. ^ CRAA 2006, p. 6.4 (281–283)
Bibliography
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External links[edit]