|— City —|
|• Mayor||Richard B. Sangster|
|• Total||7.00 sq mi (18.13 km2)|
|• Land||6.80 sq mi (17.61 km2)|
|• Water||0.20 sq mi (0.52 km2)|
|Elevation||591 ft (180 m)|
|• Estimate (2011)||4,826|
|• Density||715.7/sq mi (276.3/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0623135|
The name of the city shares the name of the county and probably has its origin from the Cheboygan River, although the precise meaning is no longer known. It may have come from an Ojibwe word zhaabonigan meaning "sewing needle". Alternatively, the origin may have been "Chabwegan," meaning "a place of ore."
The city is at the mouth of the Cheboygan River on Lake Huron. US 23 connects with I-75 at Mackinaw City and the Mackinac Bridge, about 15 miles (24 km) to the northwest. Rogers City is about 41 miles (66 km) to the southeast. M-27 runs south from the city along the north shore of Mullett Lake to I-75 at Indian River about 18 miles (29 km) to the southwest. M-33 runs due south along the east shore of Lake Mullett to M-68 about 20 miles (32 km) to the south.
Cheboygan was originally an Ojibwe settlement. In 1844, Jacob Sammons, a cooper from Fort Mackinac, chose the old native camping ground (then called "Shabwegan") as the site for his cabin. He recruited other settlers, and a post office named "Duncan" was established in 1846. The area became known as Cheboygan in 1870. It was incorporated as a village in 1871 and as a city in 1889. It was made the county seat in 1853. There was a theater built in town in 1877.
Part of what is today the city of Cheboygan was known as Duncan or Duncan City when given a post office in 1850 as a result of the building of sawmills in this area. Duncan was made the county seat in 1853 and the location of the federal land office in 1855. The county seat shifted to Cheboygan in about 1870. Later Duncan was included within the expanded boundaries of Cheboygan.
In approximately 1890, Cheboygan became the home port for ferryboats to nearby Bois Blanc, an island in the Straits of Mackinac. The Kristen D is a ferry which operates between Cheboygan and Bois Blanc Island. Early in the 20th century, it was home to the pioneering brass era cyclecar maker, Flagler.
In 1944, Cheboygan became the home port of the former U.S. Coast Guard cutter and icebreaker Mackinaw, serving from 1944-2006. Beginning in 2006, the port continued this role as the home dock of the new Mackinaw, a successor cutter.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.00 square miles (18.13 km2), of which, 6.80 square miles (17.61 km2) of it is land and 0.20 square miles (0.52 km2) is water.
 Tourist attractions
 State trunklines
 County-designated highways
- Indian Trails provides daily intercity bus service between St. Ignace and Bay City, Michigan. This route doubles as the Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach service for the area.
 2010 census
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,867 people, 2,025 households, and 1,164 families residing in the city. The population density was 715.7 inhabitants per square mile (276.3 /km2). There were 2,415 housing units at an average density of 355.1 per square mile (137.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.8% White, 1.0% African American, 4.6% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.
There were 2,025 households out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.7% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.5% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.84.
The median age in the city was 40.8 years. 22.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.6% were from 25 to 44; 26% were from 45 to 64; and 19% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.
 2000 census
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,295 people, 2,146 households, and 1,349 families residing in the city. The population density was 779.5 per square mile (301.1/km²). There were 2,365 housing units at an average density of 348.2 per square mile (134.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.80% White, 0.51% African American, 4.12% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 2.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.44% of the population.
There were 2,146 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 18.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,033, and the median income for a family was $32,692. Males had a median income of $28,417 versus $19,559 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,318. About 15.8% of families and 19.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.0% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.
 Famous former residents
- Debbie Massey, golfer. Winner of three LPGA Tour events
- Scott Sigler, 1988 graduate of CAHS. Contemporary American author of science fiction and horror.
- Wally Stocker, Rock guitarist. Best known as the former lead guitarist with The Babys.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Michigan County names per the Michigan government.[dead link] Compare History of the name "Sheboygan"[dead link] and List of Michigan county name etymologies.
- "Bibliography on Cheboygan County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
- Romig, Walter (1986) . Michigan Place Names. Detroit, Michigan: Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1838-X.
- Romig, Michigan Place Names, p. 165
- Plaunt Transportation, Inc., Bois Blanc Island Ferry.
- It was a 900 pd (408 kg) vehicle which cost US$450. Clymer, p.166.
- "BAY CITY-ALPENA-CHEBOYGAN-ST. IGNACE". Indian Trails. March 19, 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-03.
- Cheboygan - Matthew J. Friday - Google Books
- City of Cheboygan
- Cheboygan Area Chamber of Commerce
- Website for the local newspaper, the Cheboygan Daily Tribune
- Cheboygan: Change in a Small Town 1844-2001
- Great Lakes Coast Watch
- Website for the USCGC Mackinaw, home ported in Cheboygan