Midland, Michigan

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Midland, Michigan
City
Flag of Midland, Michigan
Flag
Official seal of Midland, Michigan
Seal
Location of Midland, Michigan
Location of Midland, Michigan
Coordinates: 43°36′56″N 84°14′50″W / 43.61556°N 84.24722°W / 43.61556; -84.24722Coordinates: 43°36′56″N 84°14′50″W / 43.61556°N 84.24722°W / 43.61556; -84.24722
Country United States
State Michigan
Counties Midland, Bay
Incorporated 1887
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Mayor Maureen Donker
Area[1]
 • City 35.69 sq mi (92.44 km2)
 • Land 33.70 sq mi (87.28 km2)
 • Water 1.99 sq mi (5.15 km2)
 • Urban 30.69 sq mi (79.48 km2)
Elevation 636 ft (193 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • City 41,863
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 42,020
 • Density 1,242.2/sq mi (479.6/km2)
 • Urban 49,387
 • Metro 82,874
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 48640, 48641, 48642, 48667, 48670, 48674, 48686[4]
Area code(s) 989
FIPS code 26-53780[5]
GNIS feature ID 0632282[6]
Website Official website

Midland is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan in the Tri-Cities region of the state. It is the county seat of Midland County.[7] The city's population was 41,863 as of the 2010 census. It is the principal city of the Midland Micropolitan Statistical Area and, in 2010, was named the #4 Best Small City to raise a family in by Forbes Magazine.[8]

History[edit]

By the late 1820s, Midland was established as a fur trading post of the American Fur Company supervised by the post at Saginaw. Here agents purchased furs from Ojibwe trappers. The Campau family of Detroit operated an independent trading post at this location in the late 1820s.[9]

The Dow Chemical Company was founded in Midland in 1897, and its world headquarters are still located there. Through the influence of a Dow Chemical plant opening in Handa, Aichi, Japan, Midland and Handa have become sister cities.[10] The Dow Corning Corporation and Chemical Bank are also headquartered in Midland.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 1,160
1880 1,529 31.8%
1890 2,277 48.9%
1900 2,363 3.8%
1910 2,527 6.9%
1920 5,483 117.0%
1930 8,038 46.6%
1940 10,329 28.5%
1950 14,285 38.3%
1960 27,779 94.5%
1970 38,176 37.4%
1980 37,035 −3.0%
1990 38,053 2.7%
2000 41,685 9.5%
2010 41,863 0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 41,863 people, 17,506 households, and 10,766 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,242.2 inhabitants per square mile (479.6/km2). There were 18,578 housing units at an average density of 551.3 per square mile (212.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.0% White, 2.0% Black, 0.3% Native American, 3.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.5% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.

There were 17,506 households of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.1% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.5% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.94.

The median age in the city was 38.3 years. 23.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.8% were from 25 to 44; 26.2% were from 45 to 64; and 15.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 41,685 people, 16,743 households, and 11,000 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,254.9 per square mile (484.5/km²). There were 17,773 housing units at an average density of 535.0 per square mile (206.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.38% White, 1.82% Black, 0.29% Native American, 2.69% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.92% of the population.

There were 16,743 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.4% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $48,444, and the median income for a family was $64,949. Males had a median income of $53,208 versus $31,098 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,818. About 5.5% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Midland uses the council-manager form of government. The council consists of five members elected from geographic wards. Council members serve a two-year term, and the full council is elected during odd years. The mayor and the mayor pro tem are chosen from the elected council by a vote of the council, who also appoint the city manager and city attorney, who serve at the pleasure of the council.[11]

Transportation[edit]

Scheduled airline service is available from MBS International Airport[12] near Freeland and Flint's Bishop International Airport.[13] The Jack Barstow Municipal Airport, dedicated May 30, 1936, is a general aviation airport operated by the city and available for private planes.[14]

There is no regularly scheduled public transportation (bus service). Residents can call in advance to schedule pickup or return transport within the county by one government sponsored agencey, "Dial-A-Ride," offering transport within the city only. Then "County Connection" a private run public transport for those outside the city of Midland but still within Midland County both for a nominal fee. Both also offer reduced fare rides for elderly and youth.[15]

A limited number of taxicab companies operate in the city, but must be requested by phone.

Geography[edit]

While the vast majority of the city exists within Midland County, a small portion of the city extends into Bay County. Most of the city's area is incorporated from Midland Township.

Topography[edit]

  • According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.69 square miles (92.44 km2), of which, 33.70 square miles (87.28 km2) is land and 1.99 square miles (5.15 km2) is water.[1]
  • Midland is part of the Flint/Tri-Cities.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Midland, Michigan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 61
(16)
65
(18)
79
(26)
91
(33)
95
(35)
104
(40)
106
(41)
104
(40)
98
(37)
89
(32)
79
(26)
64
(18)
106
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 31
(−1)
32
(0)
42
(6)
57
(14)
70
(21)
80
(27)
85
(29)
82
(28)
75
(24)
63
(17)
47
(8)
34
(1)
58.2
(14.5)
Average low °F (°C) 16
(−9)
14
(−10)
23
(−5)
35
(2)
46
(8)
55
(13)
59
(15)
57
(14)
51
(11)
40
(4)
31
(−1)
20
(−7)
37.3
(2.9)
Record low °F (°C) −24
(−31)
−30
(−34)
−20
(−29)
5
(−15)
23
(−5)
24
(−4)
38
(3)
32
(0)
26
(−3)
17
(−8)
1
(−17)
−16
(−27)
−30
(−34)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.6
(41)
1.5
(38)
1.9
(48)
2.3
(58)
3.1
(79)
2.7
(69)
2.5
(64)
2.7
(69)
2.8
(71)
2.5
(64)
2.1
(53)
1.7
(43)
27.4
(696)
Source: Weatherbase[16]

Education[edit]

Midland Public Schools

  • Midland Academy of Advanced & Creative Studies - K-12 College Preparatory[17]
  • Secondary Schools
    • Education and Training Connection (ETC)
    • Windover High School - home of the Bull Dogs

Sites of interest[edit]

Midland Center for the Arts

Midland has many cultural opportunities in fields ranging from music and theater to science and the arts. The Midland Center for the Arts delivers hands-on exhibits in science, art and technology, at the Alden B. Dow Museum of Science and Art. The Center also provides two state-of-the-art auditoriums for audiences of 400 to 1500 to enjoy everything from the Midland Symphony Orchestra and Center Stage Theatre, to professional programming through MATRIX: Midland.

Midland County Historical Societies Heritage Park provides an opportunity to explore Midland County's history through a variety of avenues. The Herbert D. Doan Midland County History Center houses a research library, gift shop and the interactive Dorothy Dow Arbury Midland County History Gallery, which provides hands on exhibits for exploring Midland County's history. Also located at Heritage Park is the Herbert H. Dow Historical Museum, which explores the history and growth of the Dow Chemical Company founded in Midland by Herbert H. Dow. Also located on the campus is the Bradley Home Museum and Carriage House; this 1874 house built by Benjamin F. Bradley allows visitors to see an historic home and furnishings of its time. The Carriage House holds an extensive collection of sleighs and carriages, and it has the largest working blacksmith shop in the Mid-Michigan area.

Midland City parks number 72[18] with over 3,000 acres (1,200 ha) of park land. Seven are classified as Regional Parks, typically larger than 200 acres; seven are considered Community Parks, normally over 15 acres; Neighborhood Parks number 19, usually from five to ten acres in size, located within residential areas; and the 36 Mini-Parks are mostly less than an acre. Other city-owned land includes pathways, undeveloped areas intended for "passive recreation", waterfront areas and protected natural areas.[19]

Skaters of all skill levels use Midland’s new 107,000-square-foot (9,900 m2) Civic Arena, which has two NHL-sized rinks and one Olympic-sized rink. A BMX track is located in Midland’s Stratford park. Winner of a 2005 Michigan Cool Cities grant (a grass-roots, volunteer-based training program to revitalize a downtown area), Downtown Midland offers dining, shopping and entertainment for the whole family.

Walkers, joggers, bikers, and skaters can use the Pere Marquette Rail-Trail, a ribbon of asphalt stretching 30 miles (50 km) to the neighboring city of Clare. Midland County’s system of natural pathways continues to expand with the recent addition of the Chippewa Trail, which connects to the Pere Marquette trail. The Chippewa Trail ends at the Chippewa Nature Center. This has a territory of more than 1,000 acres (400 ha) of deciduous and coniferous woods, rivers, ponds, wetlands (marsh, fen, bog, and swamp) and upland fields.

Also in the recreation mix are two golf courses, the Midland Community Center (with multiple swimming pools and exercise facilities), the West Midland Family Center, the North Midland Family Center, the Midland Gymnastics Training Center, the Midland Community Tennis Center and the Midland Curling Center.

Midland’s Dow Gardens feature 100-acre (40 ha) of flower and vegetable gardens, plus an arboretum. These were the original gardens of the Herbert H. Dow homestead and are open for tours. In addition, the Alden B. Dow Home and Studio offers tours of this landmark American architect’s unique and influential style. Alden Dow designed the Grace A. Dow Memorial Library, Midland's public library named in his mother's honor.

More than 100 places of worship county-wide represent a variety of denominations and architectural styles, earning Midland the nickname "City of Beautiful Churches".[20] Midland’s Volunteer Center recruits upwards of 2,000 volunteers each year, and the United Way of Midland County supports 25 community organizations.

List of notable places[edit]

Retail[edit]

The city's major shopping district is located north of town, on Eastman Avenue near US-10. There are several Big-box stores located here, as well as the Midland Mall, which includes Barnes & Noble, JCPenney, Target, Younkers, Dunhams, and Sears. Midland also has a downtown on Main Street which includes local restaurants, artist co-ops, and local retail.

Infrastructure[edit]

Power[edit]

In 1967, Dow Chemical attained criticality on a 100 kW nuclear research reactor at the Midland facility, primarily as a neutron source and to irradiate samples.[25] The reactor continues to operate.[26]

In 1968, Consumers Power began construction of a nuclear power plant in Midland, primarily for the Dow Chemical Company. The project's budget was $257 million, with completion anticipated in 1972. Extreme construction problems caused years of delays and costs soared. The Three Mile Island accident in 1979 resulted in a massive change in nuclear regulatory requirements and system redesign. When it was revealed that the containment buildings were settling and foundation cracks were discovered, Dow cancelled their contract with Consumers Power, and the project was abandoned in 1984. The $4.1 billion investment nearly bankrupted Consumers Power. However, in 1985, Consumers Power formed a partnership with eight other companies to convert Midland's abandoned nuclear plant into a gas-fired power plant. Transformation of the plant began in 1986 and was completed at a cost of $500 million. The Midland Cogeneration Venture began producing power in 1991 and that success restored faith in Consumers Power.[27][28] The facility now produces 10% of the power consumption for the lower peninsula of Michigan.[29]

Historical markers[edit]

Midland County Courthouse

There are four recognized Michigan historical markers in the city.[30]

Awards[edit]

Midland has been recognized repeatedly at the national level for its business friendly attitude and high quality of life. A sampling includes.

  • Top Ten Metropolitan Areas for Economic Growth with a population under 200,000: Third Place. Business Facilities magazine[31]
  • Top Ten Alternative Energy Leaders: Third Place, Business Facilities[31]
  • Best Communities for Cultivating Entrepreneurs: Five-Star Honoree (2010), Top Honoree (2009) (University of Michigan-Dearborn eCities initiative)[citation needed]
  • Best Small Cities to Raise a Family: Fourth Place [32]
  • Best Tennis Town in America (U.S. Tennis Association, 2009)[citation needed]
  • 100 Best Communities for Young People: Honoree (America’s Promise Foundation, 2009 and 2008)[citation needed]
  • Michigan Companies to Watch Competition: 15 small business winners from 2006-2009 (Michigan Small Business and Technology Development Center and the Edward Lowe Foundation)[citation needed]
  • Of 380 metropolitan areas in the United States examined by the National Insurance Crime Bureau, the Midland Micropolitan Statistical Area had the lowest rate of vehicle theft.[33]

Notable people[edit]

Sports[edit]

Midland is home to many recreational sporting facilities and organizations. These include the civic ice arena which hosts 2 NHL and one Olympic-sized rinks, a skate park downtown, and the Midland Community Tennis Center and its 32 courts. The tennis center also hosts a USTA Pro Circuit event and was part of the USTA award to Midland as America's Best Tennis Town 2009.[35]

Midland is also host to the following professional sports teams.

Club Sport League Venue Logo
Great Lakes Loons Baseball Midwest League Dow Diamond
Tri City Barbarians Rugby Michigan Rugby Football Union St. Charles Park

Local media[edit]

Midland Community Television Network (Cable Channels 96,97,98,& 99) is the City of Midland's public, government, and education access cable television channel group. As Midland's only TV station, it is the purpose of MCTV to provide the people and organizations in the Midland area with an opportunity to be involved in using the television medium to inform, communicate, educate, and entertain. Midland Community Television Network is a service of the City of Midland serving the residents of the City of Midland and outlying areas through Charter Cable. MCTV is funded through Cable TV franchise fees paid by Charter Communications to the City of Midland for use of the public rights-of-way. Franchise fees are composed of a small percentage of cable subscriber fees. MCTV is a non-profit, non-commercial organization open to the citizens of the city or county of Midland.

Midland is the city of license of two FM radio stations serving the Tri-Cities (Saginaw/Bay City/Midland) area. WKQZ ("Z93") is an active rock station owned by Citadel Broadcasting and broadcasting at 93.3 FM. WUGN is a non-commercial station at 99.7 FM owned by Family Life Communications, broadcasting adult-contemporary Christian music and teaching.

WMPX (1490 AM) is Midland's "hometown" locally-owned radio station, owned by Steel Broadcasting and airing an adult standards ("Timeless Classics") format satellite-fed from ABC Radio. WMPX has an FM simulcast station in Beaverton, Michigan, WMRX (97.7 FM), which airs a small amount of local weekend programming separate from the AM. Other area stations include WEJC (88.3 FM) in White Star, Michigan, which airs contemporary Christian music and is affiliated with the Lansing-based "Smile FM" network; WPRJ (101.7 FM) in Coleman, Michigan, a Christian CHR station known as "The Fuse"; and country music station WGDN (103.1 FM) in nearby Gladwin, Michigan.

Midland is also served by radio and television stations from Saginaw, Bay City, Flint, Mount Pleasant, and Houghton Lake.

Midland's main newspaper is the Midland Daily News.

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  4. ^ "Midland, Michigan Zip Code Map". Retrieved 21 April 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Midland, Michigan
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  8. ^ The Best Small Cities To Raise A Family Forbes, Retrieved 1-19-2011
  9. ^ History of Saginaw County, Michigan (Chicago: Charles C. Chapman & Co., 1881) p. 126
  10. ^ "Sister City Relationships - Handa, Japan". City of Midland, Michigan. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  11. ^ "City Council Your Elected Representatives". City of Midland, Michigan. Retrieved 28 June 2012. 
  12. ^ MBS International Airport
  13. ^ Flint Bishop International Airport
  14. ^ "Jack Barstow Municipal Airport" City of Midland, City Engineering Department
  15. ^ Dial-A-Ride homepage
  16. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Saginaw, Michigan, United States of America". July 2011. Retrieved November 29, 2007. 
  17. ^ "Midland Academy of Advanced & Creative Studies". Retrieved November 3, 2013. 
  18. ^ "Parks Division homepage". City of Midland, Michigan. Retrieved 10 April 2013. 
  19. ^ "Parks & Recreation Master Plan 2010-2015". 2010. City of Midland, Michigan. Retrieved 10 April 2013. 
  20. ^ Maddex, Diane. Alden B. Dow: Midwestern Modern (Midland, Michigan: Alden B. Dow Home and Studio, 2007) p. 22, 80. ISBN 0-393-73248-7; ISBN 978-0-393-73248-1
  21. ^ http://www.mcfta.org/C_MCFTA/index.html
  22. ^ "USTA Outstanding Facility Awards, showing history of past recipients". United States Tennis Association. Retrieved 2008-09-11. [dead link]
  23. ^ "RCW Trainers - Midwest Section". United States Tennis Association. Retrieved 2008-09-11. , Midland Community Tennis Center was awarded Midwest USTA Organization of the Year in 2005
  24. ^ "Satellite photo". Google Maps. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  25. ^ Safety Evaluation Report related to the renewal of the facility license for the research reactor at the Dow Chemical Company U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, April 1989
  26. ^ [1]
  27. ^ Hylton, Richard D.: "Market Place; Nuclear Write-Off To Success Story" New York Times, September 25, 1989
  28. ^ Lascari, Tony: "Former Midlander, ‘Pioneer for the Environment’, dies at 92" Midland Daily News, January 15, 2011
  29. ^ "Midland Cogeneration Venture" EQT Private Equity Funds, Investments
  30. ^ Michigan Historical Markers
  31. ^ a b Business Facilities, summer 2010
  32. ^ Forbes magazine, fall 2010
  33. ^ "2013 Hot Spots Report". National Insurance Crime Bureau. Retrieved December 2014. 
  34. ^ "CAMP, David Lee, (1953 - )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  35. ^ 2009 Best Tennis Town Retrieved 2010-5-18

External links[edit]

Media related to Midland, Michigan at Wikimedia Commons