Chhatarpur

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Chhatarpur
city
Chhatarpur is located in Madhya Pradesh
Chhatarpur
Chhatarpur
Coordinates: 24°54′57″N 79°34′56″E / 24.915709°N 79.582214°E / 24.915709; 79.582214Coordinates: 24°54′57″N 79°34′56″E / 24.915709°N 79.582214°E / 24.915709; 79.582214
Country India
State Madhya Pradesh
District Chhatarpur
Named for Maharaja Chhatrasal
Area
 • Total 50 km2 (20 sq mi)
Elevation 305 m (1,001 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 99,519
 • Density 1,242/km2 (3,220/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 471001
Telephone code 07682
Vehicle registration MP-16
Sex ratio 920 /
Website chhatarpur.nic.in

Chhatarpur is a city and a municipality in Chhatarpur district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Chhatarpur District.

History[edit]

Flag of Princely Chhatarpur

Chhatarpur was founded in 1785 and is named after the Bundela Rajput leader Chhatrasal, the founder of Bundelkhand independence, and contains his cenotaph. The state was ruled by his descendants until 1785. At that time the Ponwar clan of the Rajputs took control of Chhatarpur. The state was guaranteed to Kunwar Sone Singh Ponwar[1] in 1806 by the British Raj. In 1854 Chhatarpur would have lapsed to the British government for want of direct heirs under the doctrine of lapse, but was conferred on Jagat Raj as a special act of grace. The Ponwar Rajas ruled a princely state with an area of 1,118 square miles (2,900 km2), and population of 156,139 in 1901, which was part of the Bundelkhand agency of Central India. In 1901 the town of Chhatarpur had a population of 10,029, a high school and manufactured paper and coarse cutlery. The state also contained the British cantonment of Nowgaon.[2]

Rulers[edit]

[3]

Rajas[edit]

  • 1785 - 1816 Kunwar Sone Shah (b. ... - d. 1816)
  • 1816 - 1854 Partab Singh (b. ... - d. 1854)
  • 1854 - Nov 1867 Jaghat Singh (b. 1846 - d. 1867)
  • 1867 - 1895 Vishvanath Singh (b. 1866 - d. 1932)

Maharajas[edit]

  • 1895 - 4 Apr 1932 Vishvanath Singh (s.a.)
  • 5 Apr 1932 - 15 Aug 1947 Bhawani Singh (b. 1921 - d. 2006)

After the independence of India in 1947, the Rajas of Chhatarpur acceded to India, and Chhatarpur, together with the rest of Bundelkhand Agency, became part of the Indian state of Vindhya Pradesh. Vindhya Pradesh was merged into the state of Madhya Pradesh in 1956.

Geography[edit]

Chhatarpur is located at 24°54′N 79°36′E / 24.9°N 79.6°E / 24.9; 79.6.[4] It has an average elevation of 305 metres (1000 feet). It is located on the far north-east border of Madhya Pradesh, sharing its borders with the Banda district of Uttar Pradesh. It is 133 km from Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh and 233 km from Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh.

Panorama of Chhatarpur

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[5] Chhatarpur had a population of 99,519. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Chhatarpur has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 75% and female literacy of 62%. 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Economy[edit]

There is no large scale industry in Chhatarpur apart from a few small scale industries available, but these industries are not sufficient for giving enough employment for local people. The economy is mostly dependent on farming. The city however, has a growing private commercial sector, mainly retail businesses. There are many granite mining industries operating in Chhatarpur district.

Administration[edit]

Chhatarpur Police is a Law enforcing unit of MP Police which protects the world heritage monument "KHAJURAHO GROUP OF TEMPLES". District is divided in to 5 police subdivisions,with 34 Police Stations and 21 out posts.

Scenery[edit]

Peetambara Mandir is located on the Satai Road. One will find Railway line work going on on the way to the temple/

Peetambara Mandir

Education[edit]

Most of the colleges in Chhatarpur district are affiliated to University of Sagar, which is also known as Dr. Hari Singh Gaur University Sagar. They offer graduation and post graduation courses in the faculties of Arts, Science, Commerce, Education and Law. Government Maharaja P.G. College, Government Girls P.G. College and Saraswati College Of Computer Science, Veerangna avanti bai college also offers doctorate (PhD) programs in Arts and Science faculties.

Schools
  1. Saraswati H S School
  2. Kendriya Vidyalaya
  3. Christian English school
  4. Sanmati Vidya Mandir
  5. Maharishi Vidya Mandir
  6. Care English School
  7. Saint Joan English School
  8. Sanskar Public School
  9. Joyti Public School
  10. Shealing Public School
  11. Govt Excellence School
  12. Maria Mata Cconvent High School
  13. Delight English School
  14. Rani Durgawati Hr. Sec. School Choubey Colony Chhatarpur ( M. P. )
Colleges
  1. Maharaja College
  2. Engineering college: Pandit Dev Prabhakar Institute of Technology
  3. Digital Institute of Science & Technology
  4. Digital Degree College
  5. Pharmacy college: Dakhsh Institute for Pharmacy
  6. Law college: JL Nehru Law College
University
  1. Maharaja Chhatrasal Bundelkhand University

Transport[edit]

Chhatarpur can be reached by road only. The nearest railway stations are at Khajuraho (45 km), Harpalpur (55 km) Jhansi (125 km), Mauranipur (65  km) and Satna (140 km).The railway line work to chattarpur is in progress and the trial run of Engine was carried on 16/1/2014 .It is expected that the train service will start w.e.f. Nov 2014.The new train Bhopal Chattarpur intercity may be introduced along with a passenger train.

Radio and television station[edit]

Chhatarpur has got its own radio station of All India Radio (आकाशवाणी) under Prasar Bharati. It transmits at 675 kHz. Chhatarpur also has a Doordarshan's Hi power transmitter for TV which is located at Deri Road.

People[edit]

Tourism[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  3. ^ "Indian states before 1947 A-J". Rulers.org. Retrieved 2014-01-03. 
  4. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Chhatarpur". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2014-01-03. 
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]