Claiborne County, Mississippi
|Claiborne County, Mississippi|
Claiborne County courthouse in Port Gibson, Mississippi
Location in the state of Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
|Largest city||Port Gibson|
|• Total||501.36 sq mi (1,299 km2)|
|• Land||486.77 sq mi (1,261 km2)|
|• Water||14.59 sq mi (38 km2), 2.91%|
|• Density||23/sq mi (9/km²)|
The county is named after William Claiborne, the second governor of the Mississippi Territory. According to the United States Census Bureau, this county has the third-largest percentage of black residents of any U.S. county, with blacks comprising an 84% majority of the population. The area was long a center of cotton plantations and related agriculture. Claiborne County was home to a little-known but profound African-American civil rights struggle during the middle of the 20th century.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 501.36 square miles (1,298.5 km2), of which 486.77 square miles (1,260.7 km2) (or 97.09%) is land and 14.59 square miles (37.8 km2) (or 2.91%) is water.
- U.S. Route 61
- Mississippi Highway 18
- Mississippi Highway 547
- Mississippi Highway 548
- Natchez Trace Parkway
- Warren County (north)
- Hinds County (northeast)
- Copiah County (southeast)
- Jefferson County (south)
- Tensas Parish, Louisiana (west)
||Warren County||Hinds County|
|Tensas Parish, Louisiana|
|Jefferson County||Copiah County|
National protected area
- Natchez Trace Parkway (part)
As of the census of 2000, there were 11,831 people, 3,685 households, and 2,531 families residing in the county. The population density was 24 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 4,252 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.11% Black or African American, 15.18% White, 0.05% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.10% from other races, and 0.41% from two or more races. 0.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,685 households out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.50% were married couples living together, 26.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.30% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.35.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 23.10% from 18 to 24, 22.30% from 25 to 44, 17.90% from 45 to 64, and 10.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 85.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $22,615, and the median income for a family was $29,867. Males had a median income of $28,777 versus $20,140 for females. The per capita income for the county was $11,244. About 27.90% of families and 32.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.80% of those under age 18 and 28.00% of those age 65 or over. Claiborne County has the eighth lowest per capita income in Mississippi and the 67th lowest in the United States.
Notable natives and residents
- James Monroe Trotter, born into slavery in Grand Gulf, first man of color to be promoted to lieutenant in the US Army during the American Civil War, first to be hired by the USPS, and appointed in 1886 as Recorder of Deeds in Washington, D.C.
Sites of interest
- Claiborne County Courthouse
- Grand Gulf Nuclear Generating Station
- Grand Gulf Military State Park (Mississippi)
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 3, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Minorities now in the majority in nearly 10% of U.S. counties", Lexington Herald-Leader August 8, 2007, p. A8
- Crosby, Emilye. A Little Taste of Freedom: The Black Freedom Struggle in Claiborne County, Mississippi. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press. 2005. ISBN 0-8078-5638-X.
- "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 3, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.