Coahoma County, Mississippi

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Coahoma County, Mississippi
Map of Mississippi highlighting Coahoma County
Location in the state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
Founded February 9, 1836
Seat Clarksdale
Largest city Clarksdale
Area
 • Total 583.14 sq mi (1,510 km2)
 • Land 554.15 sq mi (1,435 km2)
 • Water 28.99 sq mi (75 km2), 4.97%
Population
 • (2010) 26,151
 • Density 54/sq mi (21/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Entering Coahoma County from Helena-West Helena, Arkansas on U.S. Route 49

Coahoma County is a county located in the Mississippi Delta region of the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,151.[1] Its county seat is Clarksdale.[2]

The Clarksdale Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Coahoma County.

History[edit]

Coahoma County was established February 9, 1836, and is located in the northwestern part of the state in the fertile Yazoo Delta region. The name "Coahoma" is a Choctaw word meaning "red panther." The act creating the county defined its limits as follows:

Beginning at the point where the line between townships 24 and 25 of the surveys of the late Choctaw cession intersects the Mississippi River, and running thence up the said river to the point where the dividing line between the Choctaw and Chickasaw tribes of Indians intersects the same; thence with the dividing line to the point where the line between ranges two and three of the survey of the said Choctaw cession intersects the same; thence with said range line, to the line between townships 24 and 25 aforesaid, and thence with the said township line to the beginning.[citation needed]

In the early days of the county, before the construction of railways or extensive roadways inland, the Mississippi River was the primary transportation route, and the first three county seats were each located on the river. In 1836, Port Royal was designated as the first county seat.[3] In 1841, high waters on the Mississippi River flooded Port Royal, and in 1842 the county seat was moved to the town of Delta.[4] High waters on the Mississippi also flooded Delta, and in 1850 the county seat was moved to Friars Point,[4] which had a population of about 1,000 in 1920, and received its name in honor of Robert Friar, an early settler. As nearby Clarksdale grew in population and influence, it challenged Friars Point's hold on the county government, and in 1892, Coahoma County was divided into two jurisdictions, one going to Friars Point and the other to Clarksdale. In 1930, the county seat was given exclusively to Clarksdale,[5] which had a population of 7,500 in 1920. Clarksdale is now the largest and most important city in the county, and was named for John Clark, a brother-in-law of Governor James L. Alcorn, whose home, Eagle’s Nest, was in this county.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 583.14 square miles (1,510.3 km2), of which 554.15 square miles (1,435.2 km2) (or 95.03%) is land and 28.99 square miles (75.1 km2) (or 4.97%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,290
1850 2,780 115.5%
1860 6,606 137.6%
1870 7,144 8.1%
1880 13,568 89.9%
1890 18,342 35.2%
1900 26,293 43.3%
1910 34,217 30.1%
1920 41,511 21.3%
1930 46,327 11.6%
1940 48,333 4.3%
1950 49,361 2.1%
1960 46,212 −6.4%
1970 40,447 −12.5%
1980 36,918 −8.7%
1990 31,665 −14.2%
2000 30,622 −3.3%
2010 26,151 −14.6%
Est. 2012 25,709 −1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 26,151 people residing in the county. 75.5% were Black or African American, 22.9% White, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 0.5% of some other race and 0.5% of two or more races. 1.1% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 30,622 people, 10,553 households, and 7,482 families residing in the county. The population density was 55 people per square mile (21/km²). There were 11,490 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 27.28% White, 65.21% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. 6.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,553 households out of which 36.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.20% were married couples living together, 28.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.10% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.42.

In the county the population was spread out with 33.00% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 19.10% from 45 to 64, and 12.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 84.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $22,338, and the median income for a family was $26,640. Males had a median income of $26,841 versus $19,611 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,558. About 29.80% of families and 35.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.90% of those under age 18 and 31.50% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cahoma County MS 001.jpg

Education[edit]

Coahoma County was previously in the service area of the Mississippi Delta Community College (MDCC). As a result of the 1995 Mississippi Legislature session, Coahoma County is no longer in the MDCC service area.[9]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 3, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Sansing, David G.; Jones, Walker W.; Bush, Jason R. (April 2004). "Unequal Justice: An Unintended Consequence in Mississippi Counties with Two Judicial Districts". Mississippi Law Journal. 
  4. ^ a b Kerstine, Margery (January 7, 2011). "Cotton-Family-Religion: Jewish Life in Coahoma County Mississippi, Delta History from 1836 to 1941, Prologue: 1721 to 1867". Margery Kerstine. 
  5. ^ Nelson, Lawrence J. (1999). King Cotton's Advocate: Oscar G. Johnston and the New Deal. University of Tennessee Press. 
  6. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 3, 2013. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "The History of MDCC." Mississippi Delta Community College. Retrieved on October 18, 2010.
  10. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis Who's Who. 1967. 

Coordinates: 34°14′N 90°36′W / 34.23°N 90.60°W / 34.23; -90.60