Lincoln County, Mississippi
|Lincoln County, Mississippi|
Location in the state of Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Abraham Lincoln|
|• Total||588.17 sq mi (1,523 km2)|
|• Land||585.71 sq mi (1,517 km2)|
|• Water||2.47 sq mi (6 km2), 0.42%|
|• Density||57/sq mi (22/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Lincoln County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 23rd Decennial United States Census of 2010, the population was 34,869. Its county seat is Brookhaven. Created April 7, 1870, in the political turmoil of the Reconstruction following the Civil War, from portions of the previously adjoining counties of Lawrence, Pike, Franklin, Copiah, and Amite Counties, it was named by the Reconstruction-era state government for the 16th President of the United States who was Abraham Lincoln, (1809-1865, served 1861-1865). At times, during the later 19th and 20th Centuries, when the white-domnating southern Democratic Party was in political, economic and social power, succeeding the post-Civil War and Reconstruction-era of the Republican Party's dominating governments of white Northerners and southern Blacks, the county name then was considered an embarrassment. (see History of Mississippi).
Lincoln County comprises the Micropolitan Statistical Area, of Brookhaven, Mississippi which is included in the Jackson-Vicksburg-Brookhaven - Combined Statistical Area, and the county is southwest of the state capital of Jackson.
According to the 22nd Decennial United States Census for 2000, the county has a total area of 588.17 square miles (1,523.4 km2), of which 585.71 square miles (1,517.0 km2) (or 99.58%) is land and 2.47 square miles (6.4 km2) (or 0.42%) is water.
- Copiah County (north)
- Lawrence County (east)
- Walthall County (southeast)
- Pike County (south)
- Amite County (southwest)
- Franklin County (west)
- Jefferson County (northwest)
||Jefferson County||Copiah County|
|Franklin County||Lawrence County|
|Amite County||Pike County||Walthall County|
National protected area
- Homochitto National Forest (part), supervised by the United States Forestry Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
As of the 22nd Decennial United States Census of 2000, (which precedes the large changes and increases reflected in the figures, resulting from the substantial annexations and tripling of the size of the City of Brookhaven, the county seat, from late 2007, which would be reflected in the newer 23rd Decennial United States Census of 2010) - there were 33,166 people, 12,538 households, and 9,190 families residing in the county. The population density was 57 people per square mile (22/km²). There were 14,052 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 69.38% White, 29.67% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 0.37% from two or more races. 0.69% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 12,538 households out of which 34.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.90% were married couples living together, 14.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.70% were non-families. 24.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.70% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $27,279, and the median income for a family was $33,552. Males had a median income of $29,060 versus $18,877 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,961. About 16.00% of families and 19.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.80% of those under age 18 and 17.10% of those age 65 or over.
The Board of Supervisors governing Lincoln County, currently (June 2006) has the following members:
- District 1: Rev. Jerry Wilson (vice-president)
- District 2: Bobby J. Watts
- District 3: Nolan Earl Williamson
- District 4: Doug Moak
- District 5: Gary Walker (president)
The offices of president and vice-president on the county supervisors rotate annually.
A substantial amount of governing authority for the County (which does not have "home rule") is delegated to the representatives and state senators serving in the Mississippi State Legislature, with its House of Representatives of Mississippi and State Senate of Mississippi and the executive branch office of the Governor of Mississippi.
Lincoln County is home to an above-average number of millionaires. The telecommunications giant business of MCI Worldcom, with its Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and founder Bernard Ebbers resided near Brookhaven prior to his conviction in the business and financial scandal that collapsed the company, and sent him to prison.
Lincoln County is served by the local newspaper Daily Leader, printed daily except Monday and Saturday with its website: http://www.zwire.com and also by the larger daily newspaper from the state capital of Jackson, "The Clarion-Ledger" which serves the larger central state metropolitan area and the entire State of Mississippi.
The county is served by two separate public school districts, a private school, and a couple of smaller so-called "Christian" or religious/private schools. The Lincoln County Public School District consists of four K-12 schools of elementary, middle school, and high school levels. These include Loyd Star, Bogue Chitto, West Lincoln and Enterprise. The Brookhaven School District with its 1983-1984 "National Blue Ribbon" award-winning Brookhaven High School as its flagship school, serves children living in the city limits of Brookhaven, which were recently vastly expanded and tripled the size of the City in 2007.
- Dry counties
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Lincoln County, Mississippi
- Edgar Godbold, president of two colleges and Lincoln County native
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.