|This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2011)|
|Birth name||Clarence Anicholas Clemons, Jr.|
|Also known as||The Big Man|
January 11, 1942|
Norfolk County, Virginia (later Chesapeake)
|Died||June 18, 2011
West Palm Beach, Florida
|Occupation(s)||Musician, actor, athlete|
|Associated acts||E Street Band, Bruce Springsteen, Aretha Franklin, Furthur, Grateful Dead, Jackson Browne, Jerry Garcia Band, Narada Michael Walden, Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band, Aja Kim, Lady Gaga|
|Julius Keilwerth SX90R tenor saxophone, SX90R baritone saxophone and SX90II soprano saxophone|
Clarence Anicholas Clemons, Jr. (January 11, 1942 – June 18, 2011), also known as The Big Man, was an American musician and actor. He was reported to be 6'5" (195,5 cm) tall. From 1972 until his death, he was a prominent member of Bruce Springsteen's E Street Band, playing the tenor saxophone.
He released several solo albums and in 1985, had a hit single with "You're a Friend of Mine", a duet with Jackson Browne. As a guest musician he also featured on Aretha Franklin's classic "Freeway of Love" and on Twisted Sister's "Be Chrool to Your Scuel" as well as performing in concert with the Grateful Dead and Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band. As an actor Clemons featured in several films, including New York, New York and Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure.
He also made cameo appearances in several TV series, including Diff'rent Strokes, Nash Bridges, The Simpsons and The Wire. Together with his television writer friend Don Reo he published his semi-fictional autobiography told in third person, Big Man: Real Life & Tall Tales, in 2009. Clemons suffered a stroke on June 12, 2011, and died of complications from it on June 18. Three years following his death, Clemons, along with the rest of the E Street Band, was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
Born in Norfolk County (later the city of Chesapeake), Virginia, Clemons was the son of Clarence Clemons, Sr., a fish market owner, and his wife Thelma. He was the oldest of their three children. His grandfather was a Southern Baptist preacher and, as a result, the young Clemons grew up in a very religious background listening to gospel music.
When he was nine, his father gave him an alto saxophone as a Christmas present and paid for music lessons. He later switched to baritone saxophone and played in a high school jazz band. His uncle also influenced his early musical development when he bought him his first King Curtis album. Curtis, and his work with The Coasters in particular, would become a major influence on Clemons and led to him switching to tenor saxophone.
As a youth Clemons also showed potential as a football player, and graduated from Crestwood High School (now Crestwood Middle) before attending Maryland State College on both music and football scholarships. He played as a lineman on the same team as Emerson Boozer and attracted the attention of the Cleveland Browns, who offered him a trial. Clemons also tried out for the Dallas Cowboys. However, the day before, he was involved in a serious car accident which effectively ended any plans of a career in the National Football League. He would eventually be posthumously inducted into the university's Athletics Hall of Fame on February 24, 2012.
At age 18, Clemons had one of his earliest studio experiences, recording sessions with Tyrone Ashley's Funky Music Machine, a band from Plainfield, New Jersey, that included Ray Davis, Eddie Hazel and Billy Bass Nelson, all of whom later played with Parliament-Funkadelic. He also performed with Daniel Petraitis, a New Jersey and Nashville legend. These sessions were eventually released in 2007, by Truth and Soul Records as Let Me Be Your Man. While at Maryland State College Clemons also joined his first band, The Vibratones, which played James Brown covers and stayed together for about four years between 1961 and 1965. While still playing with this band he moved to Newark, New Jersey, where he worked as a counselor for emotionally disturbed children at the Jamesburg Training School for Boys between 1962 and 1970.
The story of how Clemons first met Bruce Springsteen has entered into E Street Band mythology. "The E Street Shuffle" with a monologue about how they met and the event was also immortalized in "Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out". They allegedly met for the first time in September 1971. At the time Clemons was playing with Norman Seldin & the Joyful Noyze at The Wonder Bar in Asbury Park, New Jersey. Seldin was a Jersey Shore musician/entrepreneur who, as well as playing piano and leading various bands, had his own record label, Selsom Records. In 1969, Clemons had recorded an eponymous album with this band. In 2008, tracks from this album were reissued on an anthology, Asbury Park — Then And Now, put together by Seldin. It was Karen Cassidy, lead vocalist with the Joyful Noyze, who encouraged Clemons to check out Springsteen, who was playing with the Bruce Springsteen Band at the nearby Student Prince. Clemons recalled their meeting in various interviews:
One night we were playing in Asbury Park. I'd heard The Bruce Springsteen Band was nearby at a club called The Student Prince and on a break between sets I walked over there. On-stage, Bruce used to tell different versions of this story but I'm a Baptist, remember, so this is the truth. A rainy, windy night it was, and when I opened the door the whole thing flew off its hinges and blew away down the street. The band were on-stage, but staring at me framed in the doorway. And maybe that did make Bruce a little nervous because I just said, "I want to play with your band," and he said, "Sure, you do anything you want." The first song we did was an early version of "Spirit in the Night". Bruce and I looked at each other and didn't say anything, we just knew. We knew we were the missing links in each other's lives. He was what I'd been searching for. In one way he was just a scrawny little kid. But he was a visionary. He wanted to follow his dream. So from then on I was part of history.
Well before this meeting, however, Clemons and Springsteen had moved within the same circle of musical acquaintances. Norman Seldin had managed and promoted several local bands, including The Motifs who featured Vinnie Roslin, later to play with Springsteen in Steel Mill. On April 22, 1966, Seldin had also organized a battle of the bands competition at the Matawan-Keyport Roller Drome in Matawan, New Jersey. Springsteen was among the entrants playing with his then band, The Castiles. Billy Ryan, who played lead guitar with The Joyful Noyze, also played in The Jaywalkers with Garry Tallent and Steve Van Zandt. Clemons himself had also played with Tallent in Little Melvin & The Invaders.
In July 1972, Springsteen began recording his debut album Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J. and during breaks from recording, he jammed with Clemons and The Joyful Noyze on at least two occasions at The Shipbottom Lounge in Point Pleasant, New Jersey. When Springsteen then decided to use a tenor saxophone on the songs "Blinded by the Light" and "Spirit in the Night," he called Clemons. By October Springsteen was ready to tour and promote Greetings… and he put together a band featuring Clemons, Tallent, Danny Federici and Vini Lopez. Clemons played his last gig with Norman Seldin & The Joyful Noyze at the Club Plaza in Bayville, New Jersey, on October 21, 1972. Four days later Clemons made his debut with the formative E Street Band at an unadvertised, impromptu performance at The Shipbottom Lounge. Throughout the 1970s and 1980s Clemons featured prominently on Springsteen albums. On Born to Run he provided memorable saxophone solos on the title track, "Thunder Road" and "Jungleland" while Darkness on the Edge of Town featured notable solos on "Badlands" and "The Promised Land". The River saw Clemons feature on songs such as "The Ties That Bind", "Sherry Darling", "I Wanna Marry You", "Drive All Night" and "Independence Day" while Born in the U.S.A. saw solos on "Bobby Jean" and "I'm Goin' Down".
At the end of shows, while recognizing members of the E Street Band, Springsteen referred to Clemons as "The Biggest Man You Ever Seen". He sometimes changed this depending on where the E Street Band performs — at their 2009 concert in Glasgow he introduced Clemons as "the biggest Scotsman you've ever seen".
Clemons' final recordings with Springsteen and the E Street Band were featured on Springsteen's 2012 album, Wrecking Ball, and previously unreleased material featuring Clemons also appeared on the 2014 release High Hopes. In April 2014, the E Street Band were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Clemons' widow accepted on his behalf.
Outside of his work with the E Street Band, Clemons recorded with many other artists and had a number of musical projects on his own. The best known of these are his 1985 vocal duet with Jackson Browne on the Top-20 hit single "You're a Friend of Mine", and his saxophone work on Aretha Franklin's 1985 Top-10 hit single "Freeway of Love". He was managed briefly in the 1980s by former Crawdaddy editor Peter Knobler, whose wedding Clemons played with his band, Clarence Clemons & the Red Bank Rockers. During the 1980s Clemons also owned a Red Bank, New Jersey, nightclub called Big Man's West. He toured in the first incarnation of Ringo Starr & The All-Starr Band in 1989, singing "You're a Friend of Mine" (dueting with Billy Preston) and an updated rap arrangement of "Quarter to Three." In the mid-1990s, he recorded a Japan-only CD release called Aja and the Big Man "Get It On" with Los Angeles singer/songwriter Aja Kim. In the 2000s, Clemons along with producer Narada Michael Walden, put together a group called The Temple of Soul, releasing a single called "Anna". He also recorded with philanthropic teen band Creation. Clemons collaborated with Lady Gaga on the songs "Hair" and "The Edge of Glory" from her album Born This Way, providing a saxophone track and solo. Clarence Clemons occasionally sat in with the Grateful Dead and as recently as April 2011, sat in on several tunes with the Grateful Dead "spinoff" band Furthur during a concert in Boca Raton Florida. Just days before he suffered a major stroke, he shot a music video with Lady Gaga for "The Edge of Glory".
Clemons appeared in several movies and on television, making his screen debut in Martin Scorsese's 1977 musical, New York, New York in which he played a trumpet player. He played one of the 'Three Most Important People In The World' in the 1989 comedy film Bill and Ted's Excellent Adventure. In 1985, Clemons was a special guest star in Diff'rent Strokes episode "So You Want to Be a Rock Star", in which he played the role of Mr. Kingsley, a young saxophonist helping Arnold Jackson to learn to play his sax. He has also been a guest voice in an episode of The Simpsons. In 1990, he co-starred in the pilot episode of Human Target, a Rick Springfield action series intended for ABC. He also played the role of Jack in Swing starring opposite Lisa Stansfield and Hugo Speer, directed by Nick Mead. He appeared alongside Michael McKean and David Bowe as a miner in one episode of musician "Weird Al" Yankovic's children's television show The Weird Al Show. He made a cameo appearance in 1999's sequel to Blues Brothers, Blues Brothers 2000 as part of the meatl section of super blues band The Louisiana Gator Boys. He appeared in the episode Michael's band of Damon Wayans' television show, My Wife And Kids as a musician and performed an original composition, co written with bassist, Lynn Woolever, called "One Shadow In The Sun". Clemons twice appeared as a Baltimore youth-program organizer in HBO's crime drama The Wire. He appeared in an episode of Brothers and in the "Eddie's Book" episode of 'Til Death as himself.
Marriages and family
Clemons was married five times. He had four boys: Clarence "Nick" Clemons III, Charles, Christopher, and Jarod.
Clemons was a strong advocate and supporter of Home Safe, a non-profit organization helping victims of child abuse and domestic violence. Each year, Home Safe serves more than fifteen thousand infants, children and families in south Florida.
From 2005 until his death, Clemons hosted an annual charity event for Home Safe called The Classic Rock & Roll Party. Through these events, Clemons helped raise over $2.5 million for Home Safe. In addition to raising funds for Home Safe programs, Clemons would also personally visit abused children at Home Safe's campuses to give them words of encouragement and practical advice about life.
Clemons's monumental efforts on behalf of Home Safe earned him the President's Volunteer Service Award in 2010.
On October 22, 2009, Little Kids Rock, a nonprofit dedicated to restoring and revitalizing music education in public schools, presented Clemons with the inaugural "Big Man of the Year Award" at the Right to Rock charity benefit. He helped raise money to put musical instruments and curriculum into underfunded public schools across the country. He also performed "Jailhouse Rock" with a student band from the Bronx, in addition to a number with legendary producer, John Colby.
Clemons suffered a stroke on June 12, 2011. He underwent two surgeries after which he was declared in serious but stable condition. According to Rolling Stone magazine, he had been showing signs of recovery. However, Clemons died from complications caused by the stroke on June 18, 2011. Upon announcement of Clemons' death, New Jersey Governor Chris Christie ordered all state flags to be lowered to half staff in his honor.
Bruce Springsteen said of Clarence Clemons: "Clarence lived a wonderful life. He carried within him a love of people that made them love him. He created a wondrous and extended family. He loved the saxophone, loved our fans and gave everything he had every night he stepped on stage. His loss is immeasurable and we are honored and thankful to have known him and had the opportunity to stand beside him for nearly forty years. He was my great friend, my partner, and with Clarence at my side, my band and I were able to tell a story far deeper than those simply contained in our music. His life, his memory, and his love will live on in that story and in our band."
Various artists reacted on stage to the death of Clemons.
At an Eddie Vedder concert in Hartford, Connecticut on Saturday, June 18, 2011, Vedder played tribute to Clarence during Pearl Jam song "Better Man". Eddie wished Clemons well, and shortly thereafter was notified by a sound tech that he had died. During a subsequent performance on the Late Show with David Letterman, Vedder played a ukulele with "Clarence" written across the front of it.
Before singing "Moment of Surrender" at the U2 concert in Anaheim on Saturday, June 18, 2011, Bono paid tribute to Clemons, who had died earlier that day. Bono read lyrics from Springsteen's "Jungleland" near the end of the song, and he repeated them at the song's conclusion. Bono repeated this dedication and tribute during "Moment of Surrender" at the U2 concert in New Jersey on Tuesday, June 21, 2011 and again in Baltimore on Wednesday, June 22.
New Jersey rock band Bon Jovi performed "Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out" as the first encore during their concert in Horsens, Denmark on June 19, 2011. While playing that song photos of Clarence were shown on the giant video screen behind the band.
Jimmy Buffett added verses that included Clemons in "The Stories We Can Tell" during his final encore during his concert in June 21, 2011. The rest of the band left the stage and it was Buffett playing and singing alone.
During Southside Johnny's annual July 4 weekend concert at the Stone Pony in Asbury Park, New Jersey, he and Miami Steve spoke of Clemons. Afterwards, Eddie Manion played Clemons' famous "Jungleland" solo while a projector screened showed images of the Big Man.
On July 17, 2011, a tribute concert was held at the Wonder Bar in Asbury Park, New Jersey. Bruce Springsteen performed a 45 minute set playing some of Clemons' songs. Clarence's son (Clarence III), who goes by Nick, opened the show with his band, The Nick Clemons Band.
On October 1, 2011, a major, first-class tribute to Clemons took place at the Seminole Hard Rock Hotel & Casino in Hollywood, Fla. Traditionally an annual charity event hosted by Clemons, called The Classic Rock & Roll Party, the event paid tribute to Clemons' life and all he did for Home Safe, a non-profit organization helping victims of child abuse and domestic violence.
In January 2012, Clemons' hometown of Norfolk, Virginia paid tribute with memorial concerts, featuring members of the E Street Band. The concert took place at The NorVa concert hall.
In the week that marked a year anniversary of his passing, pop star Lady Gaga dedicated her performances of "The Edge of Glory" to Clemons during her Australian stint of the Born This Way Ball. She was noted in saying that the day he passed was also the day he first watched the film clip for The Edge of Glory. She was also noted in saying that a day doesn't go by that she doesn't think about him and that she misses him so much.
On July 28, 2012, in Gothenburg, Sweden, Bruce Springsteen and the E street band performed "Jungleland" for the first time on the Wrecking Ball Tour, with Clarence's nephew Jake Clemons playing the saxophone solo and the song being dedicated to The Big Man.
- Clarence Clemons & the Red Bank Rockers
- Rescue (1983)
- Clarence Clemons
- Hero (1985)
- A Night With Mr. C (1989)
- Peacemaker (1995)
- Aja and the Big Man
- Get It On (1995)
- Clarence Clemons & Temple of Soul
- Bruce Springsteen
- Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J. (1973)
- The Wild, the Innocent & the E Street Shuffle (1973)
- Born to Run (1975)
- Darkness on the Edge of Town (1978)
- The River (1980)
- Born in the U.S.A. (1984)
- Live/1975–85 (1986)
- Tunnel of Love (1987)
- Chimes of Freedom (1988)
- Greatest Hits (1995)
- Blood Brothers (1996)
- Tracks (1998)
- 18 Tracks (1999)
- Live in New York City (2001)
- The Rising (2002)
- The Essential Bruce Springsteen (2003)
- Hammersmith Odeon London '75 (2006)
- Magic (2007)
- Magic Tour Highlights (2008)
- Working on a Dream (2009)
- The Promise (2010)
- Wrecking Ball (2012)
- High Hopes (2014)
- Lady Gaga
- Born This Way (2011)
- Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band
- Blues (1987)
- Oro incenso e birra (1989)
- Zucchero (1991)
- Diamante (1994)
- Spirito Divino (1995)
- Selected Others
- Dan Hartman: Images (1976)
- Southside Johnny & The Asbury Jukes: I Don't Wanna Go Home (1976)
- Pezband: Pezband (1977)
- Ronnie Spector & The E Street Band: "Say Goodbye To Hollywood" / "Baby, Please Don't Go" (1977)
- Scarlet Rivera: Scarlet Rivera (1977)
- Intergalactic Touring Band: Intergalactic Touring Band (1977)
- Carlene Carter: Two Sides to Every Woman (1979)
- Janis Ian: Night Rains (1979)
- Musicians United for Safe Energy: No Nukes (1979)
- Michael Stanley Band: Heartland (1980)
- Joan Armatrading: Me Myself I (1980)
- Various artists: In Harmony 2 (1981)
- Greg Lake: Greg Lake (1981)
- Schwartz: Schwartz (1981)
- Blue Steel: Nothing But Time (1981)
- Little Steven & The Disciples Of Soul: Men Without Women (1982)
- Hawks: 30 Seconds Over Otho (1982)
- Ian Hunter: All of the Good Ones Are Taken (1983)
- Steel Breeze: Heart on the Line (1983)
- Silver Condor: Trouble At Home (1983)
- Michael Stanley: Poor Side of Town (1984)
- Aretha Franklin: Who's Zoomin' Who? (1985)
- Twisted Sister: Come Out and Play (1985)
- Soundtrack: Porky's Revenge (1985)
- Artists United Against Apartheid: Sun City (1986)
- Jersey Artists For Mankind: "We've Got The Love" / "Save Love, Save Life" (1986)
- Gloria Estefan: Let It Loose (1987)
- Various artists: A Very Special Christmas (1987)
- Narada Michael Walden: Divine Emotions (1988)
- The Four Tops: Indestructible (1988)
- Todd Rundgren: Nearly Human (1989)
- Herman Brood: Freeze (1990)
- Soundtrack: Home Alone 2: Lost in New York (soundtrack) (1992)
- Lisa Stansfield et al.: Swing – Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (1999)
- Joe Cocker: Unchain My Heart (1990)
- Nils Lofgren: Silver Lining (1991)
- Alvin Lee: Zoom (1992)
- Roy Orbison: King of Hearts (1992)
- Jim Carroll: A World Without Gravity: Best of The Jim Carroll Band (1993)
- Dave Koz: Lucky Man (1993)
- Great White: Sail Away (1994)
- Luther Vandross: This is Christmas (1995)
- Craig and Co.: My Newish Jewish Discovery (1997)
- Various artists: Humanary Stew – A Tribute to Alice Cooper (1999)
- Nick Clemons Band: In the Sunlight (2001)
- Creation: World Without Windows (2005)
- Bruce Benson: A Healing Prayer (2007)
- Tyrone Ashley's Funky Music Machine: Let Me Be Your Man (2007)
- Stormin' Norman & Friends: Asbury Park — Then And Now (2008)
- Lady Gaga: The Edge of Glory (2011)
- Lady Gaga: Hair (2011)
- New York, New York (1977)
- Cecil Powell
- Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure (1989)
- One of the Three Most Important People in the World
- Fatal Instinct (1993)
- Blues Brothers 2000 (1998)
- The Louisiana Gator Boys
- Swing (1999)
- Diff'rent Strokes
- Mr. Kingsley: "So You Want to Be a Rock Star" (1985)
- Jake and the Fatman
- Blue Danny Boyd: "Why Can't You Behave?" (1989)
- The Flash (1990)
- Darrell Hennings: "Honor Among Thieves" (1990)
- Nash Bridges
- Big Barry in three episodes : "25 Hours of Christmas", "Aloha Nash" and "Javelin Catcher" (1996)
- The Sentinel
- Workman: "Dead Drop" (1997)
- The Weird Al Show
- Miner: "Mining Accident" (1997)
- Leo Duquesne: "The Getaway" (1998)
- Penn & Teller's Sin City Spectacular
- one episode (1998)
- The Simpsons
- Narrator: "Grift of the Magi" (1999)
- My Wife and Kids
- Johnny Watson: "Micheal's Band" (2003)
- The Wire
- 'Til Death
- Himself : "Eddie's Book" (2009)
- "Clarence Clemons: A Big Man by Every Definition." Norfolk Virginian-Pilot. June 20, 2011. Retrieved June 21, 2011.
- Clemons Sonaré
- Ben Sisario (June 18, 2011). "Clarence Clemons, Springsteen's Soulful Sideman, Dies at 69". The New York Times, A24. Retrieved July 1, 2011.
- Jon Pareles (June 19, 2011). "The Big Man, Much More Than Springsteen's Sideman". The New York Times, C1. Retrieved July 1, 2011.
- Billboard, http://www.billboard.com/articles/news/267058/clarence-clemons-tells-springsteen-tales-in-big-man-book
- Staff report (May 25, 1995). Death notice: Clarence A Clemons Sr. The Virginian-Pilot
- Carpenter, Brown (February 24, 2006). Local teacher was an active participant in desegregation. The Virginian-Pilot
- Sisario, Ben (June 18, 2011). "Clarence Clemons, E Street Band Saxophonist, Dies at 69". The New York Times.
- Saxophone player set for Super show
- Backstreets No.17 Summer 1986
- Marsh, Dave (1981). Born to Run: The Bruce Springsteen Story. p. 277. ISBN 0-440-10694-X.
- "UMES Announces 2012 Athletic Hall of Fame Class," University of Maryland Eastern Shore Athletics, Thursday, January 26, 2012.
- Truth & Soul, Digging in Music History
- Brucebase 1970–71
- Norman Seldin
- Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out lyrics
- French Springsteen fansite
- The Motifs
- Backstreets No.31 Winter 1990
- Garry Tallent family tree
- Brucebase 1972
- Brucebase, On The Tracks: Greetings sessions
- Clarence Clemons fansite
- Andy Greene (February 18, 2011). "Exclusive: How E Street Band Saxophonist Clarence Clemons Ended Up on Lady Gaga's New Album". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
- "Clemons looks for new Boss". Star-News. July 8, 1990. p. 2D.
- "The Wire" Moral Midgetry (2004) – Full cast and crew
- "The Wire" Hamsterdam (2004) – Full cast and crew
- "Clarence Clemons Suffers From A Stroke".
- Andy Greene (June 13, 2011). "Clarence Clemons Reportedly Showing Signs of Recovery". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 20, 2011.
- Greene, Andy (June 18, 2011). "E Street Band's Clarence Clemons Dies at 69". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- Clarence Clemons of E Street Band dies. The Journal Gazette. Retrieved 2011-06-22
- Clarence Clemons The Daily Telegraph
- Gibson, Ginger (June 21, 2011). "Christie orders flags in N.J. be flown at half-staff following death of Springsteen saxophonist Clarence Clemons". New Jersey Online. Advance Digital. Retrieved June 22, 2011.
- "Bruce Springsteen's Statement on Clarence Clemons Passing: 'Loss is Immeasurable'". Billboard.biz. Retrieved June 20, 2011.
- "Phish Setlist 2011-06-19".
- "U2 Pays Tribute To Clarence Clemons, Who Died Saturday At 69".
- http://www.nj.com/entertainment/music/index.ssf/2011/07/u2_pays_tribute_to_clarence_cl.html. Missing or empty
- ((cite web|url=http://weblogs.baltimoresun.com/entertainment/midnight_sun/blog/2011/06/review_u2_with_florence_and_th.html |title=Review: U2 at M&T Bank Stadium June 22))
- Clarence Clemons' death provokes music world response, tributes | NJ.com
- "Stars pay tribute to Clarence Clemons – The Marquee Blog". CNN. June 20, 2011.
- Clarence Clemons at the Internet Movie Database
- Official site
- The Best of Clarence Clemons – public radio special
- VH1 site
- Clarence Clemons at the Internet Movie Database
- Interview with Chorus and Verse (Jan. 2004)
- Interview Clarence Clemons on Meeting Bruce Springsteen on YouTube
- Remembering Clarence Clemons — slideshow.Life
- Clarence Clemons; findagrave.com database
- "Remembering Springsteen's Saxman, Clarence Clemons" On Point
- "Bruce Springsteen's Eulogy for Clarence Clemons". Rolling Stone. June 29, 2011.