County executive

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A county executive is the head of the executive branch of government in a county. This position is common in the United States.

The executive may be an elected or an appointed position. When elected, the executive typically functions either as a voting member of the elected county government, or may have veto power similar to other elected executives such as a governor, president or mayor. When appointed, the executive is usually hired for a specific period of time, but frequently can be dismissed prior to this. The position of an appointed county executive is analogous to that of a city manager, and is similar to a chief administrative officer, depending on the state. The executive is generally given full responsibility for the total operation of all departments based on general directives provided by the elected county government that hired the executive.[citation needed]

States with county executives[edit]

State Counties Applicable law
Alaska Aleutians East, Anchorage Municipality, Bristol Bay, Denali, Fairbanks North Star, Haines, Juneau (City & Borough), Kenai Peninsula, Ketchikan Gateway, Kodiak Island, Lake and Peninsula, Matanuska-Susitna, North Slope, Northwest Arctic, Sitka (City & Borough), Skagway (City & Borough), Wrangell (City & Borough), Yakutat (City & Borough) Alaska State Constitution, Article X[1]
California Los Angeles[2] (CEO), Orange[3] (County Executive Officer), Sacramento,[4] Santa Clara[5]
Delaware New Castle[6]
Georgia Athens-Clarke (Mayor),[7] DeKalb (CEO)[8]
Illinois Will[9]
Kentucky Counties are headed by an elected executive known as the County Judge/Executive.[10] Kentucky Constitution, Section 144[11]
Maryland Anne Arundel,[12] Baltimore,[13] Harford,[14] Howard,[15] Montgomery,[16] Prince George's,[17] Wicomico[18]
Michigan Bay,[19] Macomb, Oakland,[20] Wayne[21] Optional Unified Form of County Government,[22] Charter Counties[23]
Missouri Jefferson[24] Jackson[25] St. Charles[26] St. Louis (County)[27]
New Jersey Atlantic[28] Bergen,[29] Essex,[30] Hudson,[31] and Mercer[32] counties have elected county executives, and Union County has an appointed county manager.[33] Optional County Charter Law[33]
New York Albany,[34] Broome,[35] Chautauqua,[36] Chemung,[37] Dutchess,[38] Erie,[39] Monroe,[40]Montgomery County, New York,[41] Nassau,[42] Oneida,[43] Onondaga,[44] Orange,[45] Putnam,[46] Rensselaer,[47] Rockland,[48] Schenectady (Manager), Suffolk,[49] Ulster,[50] Westchester[51] Municipal Home Rule Law[52]
Ohio Cuyahoga,[53] Summit[54] Alternative County Government Law[55]
Pennsylvania Allegheny,[56] Erie,[57] Lehigh,[58] Northampton[59] Home Rule Charter and Optional Plans Law
Tennessee State law provides that counties are headed by an elected county executive who uses the title of "county mayor." Exceptions are the three counties (Davidson, Moore, and Trousdale) that have consolidated city-county government, where the position is not used, and certain counties where a private act of the state legislature authorizes the executive to use the previous title of "county executive." Historically, the position was called "county judge."[60] Tennessee Code Annotated 5-6-101[60]
Utah Salt Lake (Mayor)
Virginia Albemarle,[61] Fairfax, Prince William Code of Virginia Title 15.2 Chapters 5-8[62]
Washington King,[63] Pierce,[64] Snohomish,[65] Whatcom[66]
Wisconsin Brown,[67] Dane,[68] Fond du Lac,[69] Kenosha,[70] Manitowoc,[71] Milwaukee,[72] Outagamie,[73] Portage,[74] Racine,[75] Waukesha,[76] Winnebago[77] Wisconsin Constitution, Article IV, sections 23 and 23a[78]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Article 10: Local Government". Retrieved 2009-01-22. 
  2. ^ "Los Angeles County Chief Executive website". Retrieved 2009-10-13. 
  3. ^ "Orange County Executive website". Retrieved 2009-10-13. 
  4. ^ "Sacramento County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  5. ^ "Office of the Santa Clara County Executive website". Retrieved 2010-01-12. 
  6. ^ "New Castle County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  7. ^ "Unified Athens-Clarke County Commission website". Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  8. ^ "DeKalb County Chief Executive website". Archived from the original on 2008-05-23. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  9. ^ "Will County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  10. ^ http://kcjea.org/history_judge_executive.html
  11. ^ http://lrc.ky.gov/lrcpubs/IB59.pdf
  12. ^ "Anne Arundel County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  13. ^ "Baltimore County website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  14. ^ "Harford County website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  15. ^ "Howard County website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  16. ^ "Montgomery County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  17. ^ "Prince George's County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  18. ^ "Wicomico County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-06-20. [dead link]
  19. ^ "Bay County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  20. ^ "Oakland County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  21. ^ "Wayne County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  22. ^ The Michigan Legislature. "MI Optional Unified Form of County Government". Retrieved 2010-01-02. 
  23. ^ The Michigan Legislature. "MI Charter County Act". Retrieved 2010-01-02. 
  24. ^ http://www.stltoday.com/news/local/metro/article_c47b48d1-b530-5dbb-8c5d-88a043881526.html
  25. ^ "Jackson County website". Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  26. ^ "St. Charles County website". Retrieved 2009-04-03. 
  27. ^ "St. Louis County website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  28. ^ "Atlantic County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  29. ^ "Bergen County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  30. ^ "Essex County website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  31. ^ "Hudson County Executive website". Archived from the original on 2008-05-07. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  32. ^ "Mercer County website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  33. ^ a b The League of Women Voters of New Jersey. "COUNTY GOVERNMENT IN NEW JERSEY". New Jersey Citizens' Guide to Government. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  34. ^ "Albany County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  35. ^ "Broome County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  36. ^ "Chautauqua County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. [dead link]
  37. ^ "Chemung County website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  38. ^ "Dutchess County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  39. ^ "Erie County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  40. ^ "Monroe County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  41. ^ ((cite web|url=http://www.montgomery.co.ny,
  42. ^ "Nassau County website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  43. ^ "Oneida County website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  44. ^ "Onondaga County Executive website". Archived from the original on 2008-04-14. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  45. ^ "Orange County website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  46. ^ "Putnam County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  47. ^ "Rensselaer County website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  48. ^ "Rockland County website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  49. ^ "Suffolk County website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  50. ^ Brooks, Paul (November 5, 2008). "Hein wins big as first Ulster County executive". Times-Herald Record (Ottaway Community Newspapers). Retrieved 2008-11-21. 
  51. ^ "Westchester County Executive website". Archived from the original on 2007-12-05. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  52. ^ "Chapter 36-a, Municipal Home Rule Law". New York State Consolidated Laws. New York State Legislature. Retrieved 2008-06-20. [dead link]
  53. ^ "Cuyahoga County website". Retrieved 2010-11-14. 
  54. ^ "Summit County website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  55. ^ "Title III, Chapter 302, ALTERNATIVE FORM OF COUNTY GOVERNMENT". Ohio Revised Code. Ohio General Assembly. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  56. ^ "Allegheny County website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  57. ^ "Erie County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  58. ^ "Lehigh County website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  59. ^ "Northampton County website". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  60. ^ a b 5-6-101. County mayor - term - title, Tennessee Code Annotated, amended as of 2007
  61. ^ "Albemarle County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  62. ^ "Title 15.2, Code of Virginia: Counties, Cities and Towns". Virginia Decoded. 
  63. ^ "King County Executive website". Archived from the original on 1999-09-10. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  64. ^ "Pierce County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  65. ^ "Snohomish County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  66. ^ "Whatcom County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  67. ^ "Brown County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  68. ^ "Dane County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  69. ^ "Fond du Lac County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  70. ^ "Kenosha County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  71. ^ http://www.co.manitowoc.wi.us/countyexec/default.asp?ID=29
  72. ^ "Milwaukee County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  73. ^ "Outagamie County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  74. ^ "Portage County Executive website". Archived from the original on 2008-05-31. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  75. ^ "Racine County Executive website". Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  76. ^ http://www.waukeshacounty.gov/page.aspx?SetupMetaId=14198&id=7410
  77. ^ http://www.co.winnebago.wi.us/county-executive
  78. ^ http://www.legis.state.wi.us/rsb/unannotated_wisconst.pdf