Moore County, Tennessee

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Moore County, Tennessee
Moorecountycourthouse.jpg
Moore County Courthouse in Lynchburg, Tennessee
Map of Tennessee highlighting Moore County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded 1872
Named for William Moore, state legislator[1]
Seat Lynchburg
Largest city Lynchburg
Area
 • Total 130 sq mi (338 km2)
 • Land 129 sq mi (335 km2)
 • Water 1.2 sq mi (3 km2), .93%
Population
 • (2010) 6,362
 • Density 44/sq mi (17/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Moore County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,362.[2] It forms a consolidated city-county government with its county seat of Lynchburg[3]. With 130 square miles (340 km2), it is the second-smallest county in Tennessee, behind only Trousdale.

Moore County is part of the Tullahoma, Tennessee, Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Moore County was established in 1871 from parts of Lincoln, Bedford and Franklin counties, and named in honor of General William Moore, an early settler and long-time member of the state legislature.[1] The new county originally contained about 300 square miles, but Lincoln County sued and successfully reclaimed a portion of its land, reducing the new county's size.[1]

Moore County has been home to whiskey distilleries since the 1820s. By 1875, fifteen distilleries were operating in the county. At the end of the 20th century, the Jack Daniel Distillery in Lynchburg was the county's primary source of revenue.[1]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 130 square miles (340 km2), of which 129 square miles (330 km2) is land and 1.2-square-mile (3.1 km2) (0.9%) is water.[4] The county is located partially on the rugged Highland Rim, and partially in the flatter Nashville Basin.[1]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 6,233
1890 5,975 −4.1%
1900 5,706 −4.5%
1910 4,800 −15.9%
1920 4,491 −6.4%
1930 4,037 −10.1%
1940 4,093 1.4%
1950 3,948 −3.5%
1960 3,454 −12.5%
1970 3,568 3.3%
1980 4,510 26.4%
1990 4,721 4.7%
2000 5,740 21.6%
2010 6,362 10.8%
Est. 2012 6,339 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[2]
Age pyramid Moore County[6]

As of the census[7] of 2010, there were 6,362 people, 2,492 households, and 1,841 families residing in the county. There were 2,492 occupied housing units. The racial makeup of the county was 95.4% White, 2.3% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. 1.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,492 households out of which 27% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.8% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.1% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, male or female. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 20, 14.8% from 20 to 34, 20.5% from 35 to 49, 22.1% from 50 to 64, and 18.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.3 years.

Per 2000 Census data, the median income for a household in the county was $36,591, and the median income for a family was $41,484. Males had a median income of $31,559 versus $20,987 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,040. 9.6% of the population and 7.8% of families were below the poverty line. 11.7% are under the age of 18 and 12.1% are 65 or older.

Economy[edit]

Moore County is the location of the Jack Daniel Distillery, whose famous brand of Tennessee whiskey is marketed world-wide. Despite the operational distillery, the county is a dry county.[8] This status dates to the passage of state prohibition laws in the early 20th century. While federal prohibition ended in 1933 with the repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment, state prohibition laws remain in effect. All Tennessee counties are dry by default, though any county can end become "wet" by passing a county-wide "local option" referendum. Moore County has yet to pass such a referendum.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Megan Dobbs Eades, "Moore County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 11 March 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 6, 2013. 
  6. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  8. ^ Locke, Michelle (January 9, 2013). "Some states unhappy about the idea of happy hours". Yahoo! News. Retrieved 7 April 2014. 
  9. ^ "Jack Daniel Distillery," Moore County News. Retrieved: 28 October 2013.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°17′N 86°22′W / 35.28°N 86.36°W / 35.28; -86.36