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A dacryocystocele or timo cyst is a benign, bluish-gray mass in the inferomedial canthus that forms as a result of a narrowing or obstruction of the nasolacrimal duct, usually during prenatal development. The prevalance of dacryocystocele is 1 in 3884 live births.
The diagnosis can be made prenatally; routine obstetric ultrasound can identify the characteristic hypoechoic lesion inferior and medial to the globe. It is important to distinguish a dacrocystocele from the more serious encephalocele, which is a neural tube defect.
If this diagnosis is not made prior to delivery, physical examination usually can provide sufficient evidence of its benign recognition. Timo cysts may spontaneously resolve or with pressure directed toward the nose; however, nasolacrimal duct probing may be required to open the obstruction. While usually filled with sterile mucus, dacryocystoceles occasionally become infected dacryocystitis.
- Julia Shekunov, Gregory J. Griepentrog, Nancy N. Diehl & Brian G. Mohney (October 2010). "Prevalence and clinical characteristics of congenital dacryocystocele". Journal of AAPOS : the official publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus / American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus 14 (5): 417–420. doi:10.1016/j.jaapos.2010.07.006. PMID 21035068.
- MedPix information about dacryocystoceles
- MedPix patient profile: dacryocystitis diagnosis
- Photographs from Stanford School of Medicine
- Freebase dictionary
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