|Star Wars character|
Ray Park as Darth Maul in Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace.
|Portrayed by||Ray Park (Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace and Star Wars Battlefront: Elite Squadron)|
|Voiced by||Peter Serafinowicz (Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace and Lego Star Wars: The Video Game)
Gregg Berger (Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (video game))
David W. Collins (Star Wars: The Force Unleashed and Star Wars Battlefront: Elite Squadron)
Stephen Stanton (Star Wars: Battlefront 2)
Jess Harnell (Star Wars: Demolition, Star Wars: Galactic Battlegrounds and Star Wars: Racer Revenge)
Sam Witwer (Star Wars: The Clone Wars)
Darth Maul is a fictional character in the science fiction saga Star Wars. He serves as Sith Lord Darth Sidious' first apprentice who is trained as a master of wielding a double-bladed lightsaber. He is the main antagonist of Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (portrayed by martial artist Ray Park and voiced by Peter Serafinowicz) and one of the main antagonists for Star Wars: The Clone Wars (voiced by Sam Witwer).
Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace 
On Tatooine, Maul intercepts Qui-Gon while approaching the Queen's starship. While Anakin Skywalker gets onboard, Qui-Gon engages Maul in a lightsaber duel. But the Jedi Knight manages to get away from the Sith Lord behind.
During the film's climactic scene, Maul fights the Qui-Gon and Obi-Wan. During the fight against the two Jedi, he stabs Qui-Gon in the stomach with his lightsaber, fatally injuring the Jedi Knight during the duel. Maul then knocks Obi-Wan into a reactor chasm; at the last minute, however, the Jedi Padawan uses the Force to propel himself out of the chasm, equipping himself with his master's lightsaber. Obi-Wan quickly slices Maul in half from the waist. Maul's body separates into two pieces and falls into the chasm.
Star Wars: The Clone Wars 
On Star Wars: The Clone Wars which is set after Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones but before Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith, Darth Maul's origins was elaborated as a warrior of the Nightbrother clan on the planet Dathomir, who inhabit the planet alongside the dominant Nightsister clan, a society of women who practice witchcraft and are led by Mother Talzin. The tattoos covering his body are described as the markings of a warrior (in contrast to earlier sources which identify his bodyart as the markings of a Sith Lord). Maul was also aware of Sidious' master plan involving the Clone Wars.
Maul was later revealed to have two brothers: Savage Opress and Feral. Opress was taken into the Nightsisters' custody and used their magic to turn him into a ruthless beast under their control; to complete the transformation, Opress murdered Feral. Opress then becomes entangled in a power struggle between Count Dooku and Asajj Ventress, but breaks free from both of their control. With no one to lean on, Opress returned to Mother Talzin and learned about Maul, and sought to find him.
Having survived his bisection in The Phantom Menace, Maul was striving to survive by any means and ended up on the junk planet Lotho Minor in the Outer Rim and turned into a cyborg with an arachnid-like lower half, and managed to survive with the help of Anacondan Morley. Over the decade, Maul's mind sank into a melancholy insanity before he was found by Opress. Opress's presence causes Maul to remember his downfall by Obi-Wan Kenobi and resolves to have his revenge. Brought back to Dathomir in the aftermath of the Nightsisters' slaughter by Dooku's forces, Maul undergoes a purging of his madness and is given a new pair of robotic legs crafted by Talzin's magic. With his mind restored, Maul learns from his brother that the Clone Wars have started without him. Then, with the help of Opress, proceeds to extract revenge on Obi-Wan by luring him into a trap by attacking a small village on an outer rim planet named Iridonia, knowing that the Jedi will come to assist.
However, Asajj's unexpected appearance to collect a high bounty placed on Opress thwarts this plan. Kenobi and Ventress duel Maul and Opress in the cargo bay of Opress's stolen ship but soon realize that they are outmatched and are forced to flee via the cockpit escape vessel. Maul decides not to pursue the jettisoned pod but to wait for another opportunity, realizing that the Jedi already know of his continued existence through the Force.
Darth Maul and Savage Opress return in the fifth season's premiere episode with the former clarifying to the latter they they are master and apprentice rather than equals and siblings as they kill any one standing in their way as they attempt to set up a place of power within the criminal underworld. Opress is not too keen on the idea of master and apprentice, but Maul quickly overwhelms his brother in lightsaber combat. Needing followers, the brothers travel to Florrum where they manage to convince Weequay pirate Jiro and his crew to join him and in turn betray their leader Hondo Ohnaka. But experienced from past situations, Hondo is not easily fazed as Maul's recruitable fell apart with the arrival of Obi-Wan and Adi Galia, the latter killed by Savage before his arm is sliced off by Obi-Wan. With his legs blown off by the pirates and their ship damaged, Maul and Savage escape in an escape pod. The pirates assume that the brothers are dead as they are not found in the wreckage of their ship, but Obi-Wan thinks otherwise as Maul had survived being cut in half. The Jedi then takes this to Palpatine, but dismisses it as Maul has yet to prove to be a threat to the Republic and the situation appears to be a personal matter for Obi-Wan. Yoda, Mace Windu, and Anakin Skywalker, who were present when Obi-Wan spoke to the chancellor, reluctantly agree with Palpatine, but as the Jedi walk away, Palpatine smirks, implying that he may have plans for his former apprentice.
Maul and Savage are later found by the Death Watch Mandalorians led by Pre Vizsla, who gives Maul a new set of legs and Savage a new arm. Seeing this as an opportunity to get revenge on Obi-Wan, Maul offers Vizsla the chance to reclaim Mandalore, using his unsavory methods to recruit the Black Sun (after having Savage kill off its previous chain of command), spice traders connected to Coruscant's crime families, and the Hutt Council after impressing Jabba with his determination. From there, he engineered Vizsla's rise to power by having his army of thugs attack Mandalore and have the Death Watch arrest them to make themselves look like heroes and demonize Duchess Satine's policy. But having expected Vizsla to betray them after they do his dirty work, allowing himself to be arrested, Maul decides to replace Vizsla with Almec, a prime minister who Satine locked away for corruption. Easily breaking free, Maul challenges Vizsla to a duel to take over Death Watch and Mandalore, killing him and claiming Vizsla's darksaber. He wins the loyalty of most Death Watch members while Vizsla's second-in-command Bo Katan retreats along with those loyal to their previous leader. From there, Maul anticipated Satine being broken out of prison and her attempt to contact the Jedi Council as part of his plan to get Obi-Wan to Mandalore. Once Obi-Wan arrives and fails to escape with Satine, Maul captures him and kills Satine right before the Jedi to make him suffer rather than kill him straight away, then sends him to a jail cell so he can agonize. However, as Obi-Wan is freed by the Night Owl rebels, Darth Sidious arrives on Mandalore, and Maul senses his former master. Sidious states to be impressed with his former apprentice's survival, but as Maul claims he did all this to return to Sidious' side, the master declares the student a rival and uses the Force to push and choke the Zabraks. In retaliation, the brothers draw their lightsabers, but Sidious also pulls out two of his own and engages them, promptly killing Savage in the duel. Maul immediately rushes to his brother's side and Savage, in his dying breath, states he was not worthy of being his brother's apprentice and never was. After Savage dies, Sidious reminds Maul the Rule of Two and that he had been replaced. Enraged, Maul pulls out his darksaber and lashes out at Sidious, but Sidious easily gains the upper hand by telekinetically throwing Maul about. Maul pleads for mercy, but Sidious ignores him and fires a continuous stream of lightning at Maul. As Maul cries in agony, Sidious states that he won't kill Maul as he may be of use to him.
Star Wars literature 
As portrayed in the novel Darth Plagueis, Darth Plagueis sends his apprentice Sidious to the Force-rich world of Dathomir as a way of denying him his craving to visit a Force-rich Sith homeworld. A Dathomiri witch, or Night-sister, senses Palpatine's Force ability and approaches him. She assumes he is a Jedi and begs him to take her Zabrak infant son. She realizes Palpatine is not a Jedi, and explains how she is trying to save him from the threat of a Nightsister mother named Talzin so he can live freely; Maul's father was killed by tradition. It is implied that Maul has a twin brother and that Talzin is only aware of one child. Palpatine realizes the infant is strong in the Force and that the risk is too great for him to be found by the Jedi.
As portrayed in the novel Darth Maul: Shadow Hunter, Maul is kidnapped from his Jedi training by Sidious at an early age, and is trained as a Sith, having Sith tattoos put all over his body. Maul initially goes on countless missions of terror for his master, killing politicians, crime bosses, merchants and warlords.
Several sources depict Maul returning from the dead in several different forms. The story "Resurrection" from Star Wars Tales 9 depicts a duplicate of Maul created by a cult (via an unspecified process) with the cult intending for Maul to replace Darth Vader as they believe that Vader is too tainted by his past as Anakin to be a true Sith, only for this Maul to be killed by Vader. The story "Phantom Menaces" in Star Wars Tales #17 (set after Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi) depicts Luke Skywalker visiting Maul's home planet of Iridonia in an ambassadorial capacity, where he faces a "solid state hologram" of Maul projected from Maul's salvaged brain as part of a scientist's attempt to recreate Maul as Iridonia's 'champion', Luke shutting down the life-support systems keeping the brain alive as he recognises the disruption that Maul's existence is causing in the Force.
In 2005, Dark Horse Comics published Star Wars: Visionaries, a compilation of comic art short stories written and illustrated by members of the Revenge of the Sith art department and ILM artists. One story "Old Wounds", considered to be non-canonical to Star Wars lore, depicts Maul surviving his bisection at Obi-Wan's hands, replacing his missing bottom half with cybernetic replacements. He then follows Obi-Wan throughout the galaxy, finally tracking him down on Tatooine a few years after the events of Revenge of the Sith. He engages Obi-Wan in a lightsaber duel but is killed by a blaster bolt to the head from Owen Lars.
Concept and creation 
Series creator George Lucas had described Darth Maul as "a figure from your worst nightmare". Designer Iain McCaig thus offered Lucas a design based on a nightmare of his, which was rejected, but later inspired the Nightsister Sith witch Asajj Ventress in later Star Wars tales. One day, McCaig was trying to make "Sith Lord versions" of the art department crew, and drew David Dozoretz, head of the animations group, with a circuit board on his face. Lucas was intrigued by the circuit board idea, and McCaig started producing similar caricatures.
After getting frustrated with a drawing of production designer Gavin Bocquet, McCaig started covering it in tape. Both he and Lucas liked the result, described as "a kind of Rorschach pattern". The final drawing had McCaig's own face, with a pattern based on three things: a concept of a "flayed flesh face", face-painting of African tribes and further Rorschach experimentation (dropping ink onto paper, folding it in half then opening).
Darth Maul's head originally had feathers, based on prayer totems, but the Creature Effects crew led by Nick Dudman interpreted those feathers as horns, modifying his features into those common in popular Christian and other depictions of the Devil.
His clothing was also modified, from a tight body suit with a muscle pattern to the Sith robe based on samurai pleats, because the lightsaber battles involved much jumping and spinning. Another concept had Maul a masked figure, something that could rival Darth Vader, while the senatorial characters would sport painted and tattooed faces. It was later decided to apply this to Maul rather than the senator.
Darth Maul was protrayed by Ray Park in The Phantom Menace, voiced by Peter Serafinowicz in the movie as well as Lego Star Wars: The Video Game, Gregg Berger for the video game adaptation, Jess Harnell in Star Wars: Racer Revenge as well as Star Wars: Galactic Battlegrounds and Star Wars: Demolition, Stephen Stanton in Star Wars: Battlefront II, Clint Bajakian in Star Wars: Super Bombad Racing, David W. Collons in Star Wars The Force Unleashed and Star Wars Battlefront: Elite Squadron, and Sam Witwer for Star Wars: The Clone Wars as well as Star Wars: Brisksaber. Savage Opress is voiced by Clancy Brown.
Popular culture 
Since the release of The Phantom Menace, Darth Maul has proven to be a popular character. IGN named Darth Maul the 16th greatest Star Wars character, noting, "Of the countless characters to walk in and out of the Star Wars saga, none look or act more badass than Darth Maul."
Darth Maul related merchandise was popular among Hasbro Star Wars toy lines, with plastic recreations of his double bladed lightsaber and various action figures in his likeness developed. Darth Maul has been the focal point of the toy marketing campaign surrounding the 2012 re-release of The Phantom Menace, being featured on the packaging for the toy line. The character's double-bladed lightsaber has influenced several homages and parodies, including an appearance in The Simpsons episode "Treehouse of Horror X" and a similar weapon being featured in the video game series Ratchet and Clank. The character was also an unlockable character in the video game Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 3.
- Mark "RorMachine" Cassidy - 10/18/2011 (2011-10-18). "Sam Witwer To Voice Darth Maul In Star Wars: The Clone Wars". Comicbookmovie.com. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
- "Maul, Darth". Star Wars Databank. Lucasfilm. Retrieved 2011-09-24.
- Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace
- Star Wars: The Clone Wars (2008 TV series)
- Valby, Karen. "Entertainment Weekly - Darth Maul Lives!". Insidetv.ew.com. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
- Star Wars: The Clone Wars Season 5, episode 1, "Revival"
- Designing a Sith Lord[dead link]
- Moyers, Bill (1999-04-26). "Of Myth And Men". Time Magazine. Retrieved 2009-04-20.
- "Darth Maul- #16". Ign.com. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
- Star Wars New Line Look for 2012
- Darth Maul in the Official StarWars.com Encyclopedia
- Darth Maul on Wookieepedia: a Star Wars wiki
- Savage Opress on Wookieepedia: a Star Wars wiki
- Feral on Wookieepedia: a Star Wars wiki