Dead Man's Folly
|Dead Man's Folly|
Dust-jacket illustration of the US (true first) edition. See Publication history (below) for UK first edition jacket image.
|Cover artist||Not known|
|Publisher||Dodd, Mead and Company|
|Publication date||October 1956|
|Media type||Print (hardback & paperback)|
|Pages||216 pp (first edition, hardback))|
|Preceded by||Hickory Dickory Dock|
|Followed by||The Burden|
Dead Man's Folly is a work of detective fiction by Agatha Christie and first published in the US by Dodd, Mead and Company in October 1956 and in the UK by the Collins Crime Club on 5 November of the same year. The US edition retailed at $2.95 and the UK edition at twelve shillings and sixpence (12/6). It features Hercule Poirot and Ariadne Oliver.
Poirot is summoned to Nasse House in Devon by Ariadne Oliver, who is staging a Murder Hunt as part of activities in a summer fête the next day. At Nasse House, Mrs. Oliver explains that small aspects of her plans for the Murder Hunt have been changed by requests from people in the house rather deviously, until a real murder would not surprise her.
The owner of Nasse House is George Stubbs, a wealthy man who has adopted the title of "Sir". His much younger wife is the beautiful Hattie, Lady Stubbs. She shows interest in fine clothes and jewellery, appearing simple to all but her husband's secretary. Hattie was introduced to him a year earlier by Amy Folliat, the surviving member of the family who owned the estate for centuries. Widowed before the War began, she lost her two sons during the War. With death duties very high post-war, she had to sell the ancestral home and grounds to keep it intact. She took on the orphaned Hattie, introducing her in society. Mrs. Folliat rents the lodge on the estate so long her home. Michael Weyman, an architect, is on site to design a tennis court; he criticises the inappropriate location of a recently built folly. Sir George shouts at young tourists who cross his property in hopes of a short cut across his estate to the river ferry, including a Dutch woman, an Italian woman, and a man wearing a shirt decorated with turtles.
On the day of the fête, Hattie reads out a letter from her cousin, Etienne de Sousa, who will visit that day; she is upset by his abrupt visit. A local Girl Guide, Marlene Tucker, plays the part of the victim in the Murder Hunt; she waits in the boathouse to pose as the dead victim when a player finds the key to enter. Her first visitor is Miss Brevis with a tray of refreshments at tea time at Hattie's request. In the company of Mrs. Oliver, Poirot discovers the corpse of Marlene in the boathouse. Hattie cannot be found. Mrs. Oliver produces an abundance of theories to explain the murder and the disappearance, while the police and Poirot narrow the field from all attending the fête, to those familiar with the Murder Hunt.
The investigation focuses first on Etienne de Sousa and briefly on Amanda Brewis. Further confusion is added by the behaviour of the Legges, staying in a cottage on the estate and whose marriage is in trouble due to his behaviour. He has a shady connection with a young man in a turtle shirt who has been seen in the grounds. (It later becomes clear that this red herring is connected with Legge's early political leanings in his career as an "atom scientist".)
With weeks of no progress, Poirot visits Devon again, learning that Hattie is still missing and Merdell, the old boatman, dead by accident was Marlene's grandfather. He puts together several stray clues: Marlene's grandfather had seen a woman's body in the woods; she received small sums of money used to make small purchases, now in her younger sister's possession; Merdell had commented significantly to Poirot that there would "always be Folliats at Nasse House". Now it is three murders, Poirot tells the police, who find the evidence to support his solution.
In the dénouement, Poirot explains all in a conversation with Mrs. Folliat, who, as Poirot suspected, knows much more than she has let on. Sir George Stubbs is really Mrs. Folliat's younger son, James, a war deserter. Amy had paired him with the orphan young woman Hattie, who gained her wealth on her marriage, not penniless as Mrs. Folliat first said. James fleeced Hattie of her money to establish his new identity and to purchase the old family home, all of which his mother was aware. Unknown, however, to Mrs. Folliat, James had married a young Italian woman after deserting the war, thus his marriage to Hattie was bigamous. The evening he and Hattie came to Nasse House was the real Hattie's only time there. James killed her, and his legal first wife played the role of Hattie from the next morning. The real Hattie is buried on the grounds.
George/James and his first wife eliminated all who might reveal their true identities. Marlene Tucker learned the true identity of George Stubbs from her grandfather, so both were murdered, separately. The day before the fête, the first wife took on another identity as an Italian tourist staying in the nearby hostel. She switches between the two roles frequently over 24 hours. The fake Hattie sends Amanda Brewis to bring refreshments to Marlene shortly before the girl was murdered to assure no witness to the murder. She kills Marlene then changes to the tourist guise, tossing the large hat she wore as Hattie in the river. Then James's wife leaves the area as the Italian tourist with a rucksack. The day of Marlene's murder had been selected to cast suspicion upon Etienne, who had written weeks earlier of his visit, as he told Inspector Bland. He had grown up with the real Hattie and would not be fooled by the first wife in disguise. Two weeks later, Merdell drowned at the river with help from James.
Neither the arrests of the culprits nor whether or not Mrs. Folliat herself faces any legal charges is mentioned in the novel, which focuses on the despair of Amy Folliat in her allocution to Poirot. The story ends with the sounds of the police smashing up the Folly to locate and exhume Hattie's body.
List of Characters
- Hercule Poirot, the Belgian private detective
- Ariadne Oliver, the celebrated author
- Inspector Bland, the investigating officer
- Sergeant Frank Cottrell, a policeman in the case
- Constable Bob Hoskins, a policeman in the case
- Sir George Stubbs, owner of Nasse House
- Hattie, Lady Stubbs, George's wife
- Etienne de Sousa, Lady Stubbs's cousin
- Amanda Brewis, George’s secretary
- Amy Folliat, whose family previously owned Nasse House
- Mr Masterton, member of Parliament
- Mrs Masterton, his wife
- Captain Jim Warburton, agent for Mr Masterton
- Michael Weyman, an architect
- Alec Legge, an atomic physicist
- Sally Legge, his wife
- Marlene Tucker, a Girl Guide
- Marylin Tucker, Marlene's younger sister
- Mr and Mrs Tucker, Marlene and Marylin's parents
- Merdell, the 92 year old boatman
- Henden, the butler
- A young Italian woman on holiday, a hiker with rucksack
- A young Dutch woman on holiday, a hiker with rucksack
- A young man in a shirt with turtles on it
Literary significance and reception
Anthony Quinton began his review column in the Times Literary Supplement of 21 December 1956, writing, "Miss Agatha Christie's new Poirot story comes first in this review because of this author's reputation and not on its own merits, which are disappointingly slight. They consist almost wholly in the appearance yet once more of certain profoundly familiar persons, scenes and devices. Poirot is on hand with his superb English, based, one supposes, on the middle line in the French lessons in the Children's Encyclopaedia, but the little grey cells are rather subdued." He set up the basics of the plot and then continued, "The solution is of the colossal ingenuity we have been conditioned to expect but a number of the necessary red herrings are either unexplained or a little too grossly ad hoc. People are never candid about their vices so there is no need to take seriously the protestations of detective addicts about their concern with the sheer logic of their favourite reading. What should be the real appeal of Dead Man's Folly, however, is not much better than its logic. The scene is really excessively commonplace, there are too many characters and they are very, very flat."
The anonymous review in The Times of 15 November 1956, was also somewhat damning; "Dead Man's Folly is not Miss Agatha Christie at her best. The murder and the solution of it are ingenious, but then, with Miss Christie, they always are, and it is pleasant to watch M. Hercule Poirot at work again. The character drawing is flat and facile, however, and the dialogue, always Miss Christie's weak point, disastrous."
Maurice Richardson of The Observer (18 November 1956) pointed out the similarity between the house portrayed in the book and Christie's own and summed up, "Stunning but not unguessable solution. Nowhere near a vintage Christie but quite a pleasing table-read."
Robert Barnard: "Highly traditional recipe, but not done with the same conviction as in the thirties. Nobody much is what they seem, and old sins cast long shadows. Mrs Oliver looms large here, as she was frequently to do from now on, both in Poirot books and in others."
Film, TV or theatrical adaptations
First adapted to film with Peter Ustinov and Jean Stapleton starring as Poirot and Oliver in a 1986 adaptation set in the present-day. It was shot largely on location at West Wycombe Park in Buckinghamshire.
The novel was adapted with David Suchet as Poirot, as part of the series of Agatha Christie's Poirot. It guest-starred Sean Pertwee (Sir George Stubbs), Stephanie Leonidas (Hattie Stubbs), Sinéad Cusack (Amy Folliat), Rebecca Front (Amanda Brewis), Tom Ellis (D.I. Bland), Martin Jarvis (Captain Warburton), Rosalind Ayres (Mrs Warburton), and Zoë Wanamaker in her sixth and final appearance as Ariadne Oliver. This was the last episode of the series to be filmed (although not the last to air), with production completed in June 2013. The telefilm was shot mainly at Agatha Christie's home, Greenway Estate, the setting she used, along with its old boathouse on the River Dart, for the novel. The adaptation has some major differences with the novel as written by Christie. For instance, Mrs Masterton becomes Captain Warburton's wife, Mrs Warburton, and the characters of George the valet, Miss Lemon, the turtle-shirted man, and Marlene's parents are deleted (Marlene's sister, Marilyn, is reappropriated as an older sister named Gertie, who serves the same function as Marilyn in the novel). The solution is also altered slightly. James Folliat – a war deserter in the novel – is here a wayward womaniser whom Mrs Folliat sends to South Africa, where he fakes his death in an aviation accident and returns to Nasse in the identity of Sir George Stubbs. Finally, the novel concludes ambiguously, whereas the adaptation is more explicit about the fates of Amy and James Folliat: Poirot allows Mrs Folliat to see her son, and when she does, she orders him to do as she says. A few minutes later, gunshots are heard, implying that Mrs Folliat killed her son and then herself, or that perhaps James killed his mother on her instruction and then turned the gun on himself (this is not depicted or stated explicitly). Poirot both acknowledges and approves of this murder-suicide with the final word of the episode: "Bon."
Video game adaptation
On 15 October 2009, I-play released a downloadable hidden object game based on Dead Man's Folly (see the external links).
- 1956, Dodd Mead and Company (New York), October 1956, Hardback, 216 pp
- 1956, Collins Crime Club (London), 5 November 1956, Hardback, 256 pp
- 1957, Pocket Books (New York), Paperback, 178 pp
- 1960, Fontana Books (Imprint of HarperCollins), Paperback, 192 pp
- 1966, Pan Books, Paperback, 189 pp
- 1967, Ulverscroft Large-print Edition, Hardcover, 205 pp
The novel was first serialised in the US in Collier's Weekly in three abridged instalments from 20 July (Volume 138, Number 2) to 17 August 1956 (Volume 138, Number 4) with illustrations by Robert Fawcett.
In the UK the novel was first serialised in the weekly magazine John Bull in six abridged instalments from 11 August (Volume 100, Number 2615) to 15 September 1956 (Volume 100, Number 2620) with illustrations by "Fancett".
- Czech: Hra na vraždu (Game of Murder)
- Dutch: Zoek de moordenaar (Seek the murderer)
- Finnish: Kuolleen miehen huvimaja
- French: Poirot joue le jeu (Poirot plays the game)
- German: Wiedersehen mit Mrs. Oliver (Mrs. Oliver revisited)
- Hungarian: Gloriett a hullának (Folly for the Dead Body)
- Italian: La sagra del delitto (The Crime Party)
- Indonesian: Kubur Berkubah (Domed Tomb)
- Japanese: Shitai no ayamachi (死者のあやまち The Corpse's Mistake )
- Norwegian: Leken blir alvor (The play gets Serious)
- Portuguese: Poirot e o Jogo Macabro (Poirot and the Macabre Game), Jogo Macabro (Macabre Game)
- Spanish: El Templete de Nasse House (The Pavilion of Nasse House)
- Russian: Причуда (=Prichuda, A Folly), Причуда мертвеца (=Prichuda mertvetsa, Dead Man's Folly), Конец человеческой глупости (=Konets chelovecheskoy gluposti, End of Human Foolishness)
- Turkish: Sonuncu Kurban (The last victim)
- American Tribute to Agatha Christie
- Chris Peers, Ralph Spurrier and Jamie Sturgeon. Collins Crime Club – A checklist of First Editions. Dragonby Press (Second Edition) March 1999 (p. 15)
- George Worsley (2008). "England's Lost Homes" 52 (8). History Today. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- The Times Literary Supplement, 21 December 1956 (p. 761)
- The Times, 15 November 1956 (p. 13)
- The Observer, 18 November 1956 (p. 12)
- Barnard, Robert. A Talent to Deceive – an appreciation of Agatha Christie (Revised edition; p. 191). Fontana Books, 1990; ISBN 0-00-637474-3
- "David Suchet to star in final Poirot adaptations". BBC.co.uk. 14 November 2011. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
- Dead Man's Folly at the Internet Movie Database Season 13 Episode 3 expected release 30 October 2013; retrieved 26 October 2013
- Henry Chu (19 July 2013). "David Suchet bids farewell to Agatha Christie's Poirot". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
- Holdings at the British Library (Newspapers – Colindale). Shelfmark: NPL LON LD116.
- Dead Man's Folly at the official Agatha Christie web site
- Dead Man's Folly (1986) at the Internet Movie Database
- Dead Man's Folly (2013) at the Internet Movie Database
- Agatha Christie: Dead Man's Folly game at I-Play web site