Max Mallowan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Sir Max Edgar Lucien Mallowan, CBE (6 May 1904 – 19 August 1978) was a prominent British archaeologist, specialising in ancient Middle Eastern history, and the second husband of Dame Agatha Christie.

Life and work[edit]

Born Edgar Mallowan in Wandsworth on 6 May 1904,[1] he was the son of Frederick Mallowan and his wife Marguerite (née Duvivier). He was educated at Rokeby School and Lancing College (where he was a contemporary of Evelyn Waugh) and studied classics at New College, Oxford.

He first worked as an apprentice to Leonard Woolley at the archaeological site of Ur (1925–31), which was thought to be the capital of Mesopotamian civilization. It was at the Ur site, in 1930, that he first met Agatha Christie. He married Christie that year. In 1932, after a short time working at Nineveh with Reginald Campbell Thompson, Mallowan became a field director for a series of expeditions jointly run by the British Museum and the British School of Archaeology in Iraq. His excavations included the prehistoric village at Tell Arpachiyah, and the sites at Chagar Bazar and Tell Brak in the Upper Khabur area (Syria). He was also the first to excavate archaeological sites in the Balikh Valley, to the west of the Khabur basin.

Following the outbreak of the Second World War he served with the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve in North Africa, being based for part of 1943 at the ancient city of Sabratha. He was commissioned as a pilot officer on probation in the Administrative and Special Duties Branch on 11 February 1941,[2] promoted flying officer on 18 August 1941,[3] flight lieutenant on 1 April 1943.[4] At some point he also held the rank of wing commander, as when he finally resigned his commission on 10 February 1954, he was permitted to retain that rank in retirement.[5]

After the war, in 1947, he was appointed Professor of Western Asiatic Archaeology at the University of London, a position which he held until elected a fellow of All Souls College, Oxford in 1962. In 1947, he also became director of the British School of Archaeology in Iraq (1947–1961) and directed the resumption of its work at Nimrud (previously excavated by A. H. Layard), which he published in Nimrud and its Remains (2 volumes, 1966). Mallowan gave an account of his work in Twenty-five Years of Mesopotamian Discovery (1956) and his wife Agatha Christie described his work in Syria in Come, Tell Me How You Live (1946).

Agatha Christie died in 1976 and the following year Mallowan married Barbara Hastings Parker, an archaeologist, who had been his epigraphist at Nimrud and Secretary of the British School of Archaeology in Iraq.

Honours[edit]

Mallowan was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 1960 Queen's Birthday Honours,[6] and knighted in 1968.[7][8] He and Dame Agatha Christie were among the small number of married couples, each of whom held knightly honours in their own right.

Death[edit]

He died, aged 74, in Wallingford, Oxfordshire. His widow Barbara, Lady Mallowan, died in Wallingford in 1993, aged 85.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Index of Births England and Wales, 1837-1915
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 35106. p. 1528. 14 March 1941. Retrieved 7 September 2009.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 35292. pp. 5668–5669. 14 March 1941. Retrieved 7 September 2009.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 36059. p. 2777. 15 June 1943. Retrieved 7 September 2009.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 40234. p. 4249. 16 July 1954. Retrieved 7 September 2009.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 42051. p. 3983. 3 June 1960. Retrieved 7 September 2009.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 44600. p. 6300. 31 May 1968. Retrieved 7 September 2009.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 44717. p. 21305. 15 November 1968. Retrieved 7 September 2009.
  9. ^ Deaths England and Wales 1984-2006 (subscription required)

Further reading[edit]

  • Cameron, George G. "Sir Max Mallowan, 1904–1978: [Obituary]", The Biblical Archaeologist, Vol. 42, No. 3. (Summer, 1979), pp. 180–183.
  • Christie Mallowan, Agatha. Come, Tell Me How You Live: An Archaeological Memoir. New York: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1976 (hardcover, ISBN 0-396-07320-4); New York: Vintage/Ebury, 1983 (hardcover, ISBN 0-370-30563-9); New York: HarperCollins, 1999 (paperback, ISBN 0-00-653114-8); Pleasantville, NY: Akadine Press, 2002 (with introduction by David Pryce-Jones; paperback, ISBN 1-58579-010-9).
  • Mallowan, M.E.L. Mallowan's Memoirs. New York: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1977 (hardcover, ISBN 0-396-07467-7). Reprinted as Mallowan's Memoirs: Agatha and the Archaeologist. New York: HarperCollins, 2002 (paperback, ISBN 0-00-711704-3).

External links[edit]