Dodge WC series

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Dodge WC series
Dodge WC Half-ton 4x4.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Dodge
Production 1940–1945
Body and chassis
Class Military vehicle
Layout Front engine, four-wheel drive / six-wheel drive
Chronology
Predecessor VC series

The Dodge WC series was a range of light military trucks produced by Dodge during World War II. The series included weapon carriers, telephone installation trucks, ambulances, reconnaissance vehicles, mobile workshops and command cars. They were replaced after the war by the Dodge M-series vehicles. WC was a Dodge model code: W for 1941 and C for half-ton rating. The C code was retained for the ¾ ton and 1½ ton 6×6 Dodges.[1]

History and design[edit]

1936 Dodge pickup showing its influence on the military models

Dodge began producing light trucks immediately upon its formation in 1914. For the first few years these were based largely on the existing passenger cars, later specific chassis and body designs were used. Light- and medium-duty models were offered first, then a heavy-duty range was added during the 1930s and 1940s. Dodge produced its first prototypes of dedicated military trucks in late 1939: the 1/2 ton 4x4 VC series. Production of the VC series started in 1940.[2] At the outset of World War II, Dodge produced the G-505 WC ½ ton series of military light trucks in 38 individual models, thousands of some models were produced, while only a few of some others were made. The WC ½ ton trucks replaced the 1940 VC-1 to VC-6 ½ton Dodge trucks which were also part of the G505 series. 79,771 of the ½ ton trucks were produced during late 1940–1942 under War Department contracts. WC models 1 to 50 were part of the 1/2 ton range and were 80% interchangeable in service parts with the later 3/4 ton models.[1]

Common features of the 1/2 ton trucks were:

  • Drive: 4×4
  • Wheelbase: 116 in (123 in for ambulances)
  • Track width: 59.375 in
  • Tires: 7.50x16
  • Brakes: Hydraulic
  • Engine: 6 cyl, in-line, L-head
  • Transmission: 4 forward/1 reverse, manual
  • Transfer case: Single speed

The Dodge G-502 ¾ ton 4×4 trucks were first introduced in late 1941. Standard vehicles in the ¾ ton 4×4 class were the WC-51 / WC-52 Weapons Carrier, Telephone Installation Trucks, WC-53 Carryall, and the WC-54 Ambulance. In the cargo trucks, the WC51 was identical to the WC52 but did not have the front bumper-mounted winch.[3]

Models[edit]

The table includes data on the relation between identification numbers and types of body fitted.[4] For comparison, earlier Dodge military trucks of the 1/2 ton range are included.

T202 T203 T207 T211 T214 T215 T112 T118
Pick-up (closed cab) VC3 VF401/VF402, VF404/VF405 WC1 WC12, WC14 WC40, WC25, WC47 WC38, WC47
Pick-up (open cab) VC5 WC3/WC4 WC13 WC51/WC52 WC21, WC22
Pick-up (no rear seats) VC4 WC5
Carry-all VC6 WC10 WC17 WC53 WC26, WC48 WC36, WC48
Dump truck VF403, VF406
Reconnaissance VC1 WC6/WC7 WC15 WC56/WC57 WC23/WC24
Radio truck VC2 WC8 WC16 WC58/WC64 WC54 WC25
Van WC11 WC19 WC42, WC49 WC37, WC49
Mobile workshop WC60 WC41
Maintenance WC60 WC43
Portee WC55
Ambulance VF407 WC9 WC18 WC54 WC27
Telephone line installation WC59 WC43 WC 39, WC50
Closed cab (without body) WC20 WC41 WF31

In the case of vehicle identifications separated by a slash, the first number refers to a vehicle not fitted with a winch, and the second to a vehicle fitted with a winch. Numbers separated by a comma indicate similar models but with different secondary details.

Engines[edit]

Vehicle code Bore (mm) Stroke (mm) Capacity (cm3) Compression ratio Torque (N m) Power (HP)
T202 79.4 111.1 3294 6.7:1 208 79
T203 85.7 114.3 3957 6.5:1 255 99
T207 82.6 111.1 3567 6.5:1 222 78
T211 82.6 111.1 3567 6.5:1 222 78
T214 82.6 117.5 3772 6.7:1 244 92
T215 82.6 117.5 3772 6.7:1 249 99
T223 82.6 117.5 3772 6.7:1 244 92

Model descriptions[edit]

1/2 ton series[edit]

WC1, WC5, WC12, WC14, WC40[edit]

Closed cab, two seater pickups with a nominal carrying capacity of a 1,000 lb (450 kg).

WC3, WC13, WC21[edit]

WC-13 with optional M24 machine gun mount.

Weapon carriers, two seater pickups with open cab. The open cab pickups could be fitted with an optional M24 machine gun mount,which bolted across the front of the bed. The mount could carry the M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle, as well as the M1919 Browning machine gun, and the M2 Browning machine gun.

  • Length: 181- 1/16 inches
  • Height: with top 88-1/8 inches
  • Weight: 4440 net
  • Width: 75-13/16 inches
  • Height:
  • Payload: 1300 LB

WC4, WC22[edit]

Dodge WC4 open cab with winch

Open cab weapons carrier, with Braden MU winch, and transverse seats, designed to tow the M3 anti-tank cannon as well as carry the gun crew and ammunition. This type was usually issued to early tank destroyer units. 5570 built.

  • Length: 191- 5/16 inches
  • Height: with top 88-1/8 inches
  • Weight: 4775 net
  • Width: 75-13/16 inches
  • Height:
  • Payload: 1000 LB

WC9, WC18, WC27[edit]

Dodge WC9

Entering production during 1941 to early 1942,[5] they were specifically designed to serve as military ambulances. These early variants are distinguishable from the later ones by having a curved radiator grille, while the later ones (WC51 onwards) featured a flat grille. These versions were given a longer 123 in (3,100 mm) wheelbase.

  • Length: 195 inches
  • Height: 90 inches
  • Weight: 5340 net
  • Width: 75-13/16 inches
  • Height:
  • Payload: 1300 LB

WC10, WC17, WC26, WC36, WC48[edit]

Carryall trucks with a nominal carrying capacity of a 1,000 lb (450 kg).

WC11, WC19, WC42[edit]

Panel trucks carrying radio and communication equipment.

WC6, WC8, WC15, WC16, WC23[edit]

Command cars.

WC25[edit]

Command car with radio 12 volt

WC7, WC24[edit]

Command car with winch

WC39, WC43, WC50[edit]

These models were built as signals trucks, designed to install and repair telephone lines, and were also known by the U.S. Signals Corps as the K-50 truck.

WC41[edit]

M1 emergency repair truck, Dodge WC41

Fitted with dual rear tires. Mostly employed as an emergency repair truck whose purpose was to provide mobile facilities for emergency ordnance repair. Other types of bodies were produced, such as an oil service vehicle. 902 of these chassis were built.

3/4 ton series[edit]

WC51[edit]

WC-51

WC51 Truck, Cargo, 3/4 ton, 4x4 w/o Winch Dodge (G502) Weapons Carrier. 123,541 were built. The open cab pickup could be fitted with an optional M24A1 machine gun mount, which bolted across the front of the bed. The mount could carry the M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle, the M1919 Browning machine gun, or the M2 Browning machine gun.

  • Length: 13 ft 11 in / 4.24 m
  • Height (with canvas cover): 6 ft 10 in / 2.08 m
  • Height (with top down): 5 ft 2 in / 1.57 m
  • Weight: 5,645 lbs / 2 560 kg net
  • Width: 6 ft 11 in / 2.11 m
  • Payload: 1,750 lbs / 800 kg

WC52[edit]

Dodge WC 52

WC52 Truck, Cargo, 3/4 ton, 4x4 w/Winch Dodge (G502) Weapons Carriers was identical to the WC51, but fitted with a Braden MU2 7,500 lb / 3 402 kg capacity winch at the front bumper. 59,114 built.

  • Length: 14 ft 9 in / 4,48 m
  • Height (with canvas cover): 6 ft 10 in / 2,08 m
  • Height (with top down): 5 ft 2 in / 1,57 m
  • Weight: 5,945 lbs / 2 697 kg net
  • Width: 6 ft 11 in / 2,10 m
  • Payload: 1,750 lbs / 800 kg
WC53

WC53[edit]

A carryall, mechanically it was virtually identical to the WC54 but was fitted with two windows on each side of its rear body. 8,400 WC53 Truck, 3/4 ton, 4x4 Dodge Carryall (G502) built.

  • Length: 15 ft 6 in / 4,73 m
  • Height: 6 ft 9 in / 2,06 m
  • Weight: 5,700 lbs / 2 590 kg
  • Width: 6 ft 7 in / 2,00 m
  • Payload: 1,750 lbs / 800 kg
WC54

WC54[edit]

Main article: Dodge WC54

The WC54 Truck, 3/4 ton, 4x4 Ambulance Dodge (G502) was produced as an ambulance, but a few were modified to serve as radio/telephone trucks with the US Signal Corps.

  • Length: 16 ft 3 in / 4,95 m
  • Height: 7 ft 6 in / 2,30 m
  • Weight: 5,920 lbs / 2 685 kg
  • Width: 6 ft 6 in / 1,98 m
  • Payload: 1,800 lbs / 816 kg
WC55

WC55[edit]

The WC55 Truck, 3/4 ton, 4x4 Gun Motor Carriage Dodge (G502) was a modified WC52 designed to carry an M3A1 37mm antitank gun and shield mounted on its cargo bed; the WC55 and gun combination was designated M6 Fargo Gun Motor Carriage (GMC) with 37mm Anti-tank Gun (G121). 5,380 built, most later dismantled and returned to service as WC52 cargo trucks.

  • Length: 13 ft 11 in / 4,25 m
  • Height: 8 ft 2 in / 2,49 m to top of gun shield
  • Weight: 5,600 lbs / 2 540 kg
  • Width: 7 ft 2 in / 2,18 m
  • Payload: 80 rounds 37mm

WC56[edit]

WC56 command car without winch

The WC56 Truck, Command Reconnaissance, 3/4 ton, 4x4 w/o Winch Dodge (G502) was a command and reconnaissance vehicle akin to a large Willys Jeep. It did not prove popular as it was heavier and not as maneuverable as the Jeep, and its distinctive profile made it a target.

  • Length: 13 ft 10 in / 4,22 m
  • Height: 6 ft 9 in / 2,07 m
  • Weight: 5,335 lbs / 2 420 kg
  • Width: 6 ft 7 in / 2,00 m
  • Payload: 1,750 lbs / 800 kg

WC57[edit]

Dodge WC-57 command car with winch.

The WC57 Truck, Command Reconnaissance, 3/4 ton, 4x4 w/Winch Dodge (G502) was identical to the WC56 but fitted with a Braden MU2 5,000 lb / 2 268 kg capacity winch at the front bumper. 6,010 built.

  • Length: 14 ft 8 in / 4,46 m
  • Height: 6 ft 9 in / 2,07 m
  • Weight: 5,644 lbs / 2 560 kg
  • Width: 6 ft 7 in / 2,00 m
  • Payload: 1,750 lbs / 800 kg

WC58[edit]

The WC58 Truck, Radio, anti gravity, 3/4 ton, 4x4 w/Winch Dodge (G502) was identical to the WC57 but fitted with a scr radio set in front of the rear seat, and a 12-volt electrical system.

  • Length: 14 ft 7 in / 4.46 m
  • Height: 6 ft 9 in / 2.07 m
  • Weight: 5,335 lbs / 2 420 kg
  • Width: 6 ft 7 in / 2.00 m
  • Payload: 1,750 lbs / 800 kg

WC59[edit]

WC-59, 3/4-ton K-50 telephone truck with ladder on side.

The WC59 Truck, Telephone Maintenance, 3/4 ton, 4x4 Dodge (G502) was designed to install and repair telephone lines. Based on the same chassis as the WC54, but with a wheelbase increased by 50 cm. The spare wheel was carried behind the seats, with a step ladder fitted to where the spare wheel would have been. 549 were built. The bed was known by the Signal Corps as the K-50 truck, and was fitted to both Dodge and Chevrolet chassis.

  • Length: 16 ft 0 in / 4,88 m
  • Height: 6 ft 9 in / 2,06 m
  • Weight: 5,357 lbs / 2 430 kg
  • Width: 6 ft 6 in / 1,98 m
  • Payload: 1,750 lbs / 800 kg

WC60[edit]

The WC60 Emergency Repair Chassis, 3/4 ton, 4x4 Dodge (G502) was a mobile workshop designed for field maintenance. It featured the same body as the WC54 but with tool trunks that were accessible from the outside. 296 built.

  • Length: 15 ft 6 in / 4.73 m
  • Height: 7 ft 5 in / 2.26 m
  • Weight: 5,952 lbs / 2 700 kg
  • Width: 6 ft 10 in / 2.08 m
  • Payload: 1,750 lbs / 800 kg

WC61[edit]

WC61/K-50B

The WC61 Light Maintenance Truck, 3/4 ton, 4x4 Dodge (G502) was designed to install and repair telephone lines. Replacement for the WC59, the WC61 had the step ladder fitted to the roof, the spare wheel was fitted behind the seats, and the tool trunks were accessible from the outside. 58 built. The US Signal Corps referred to these as the K-50B truck.

  • Length: 15 ft 6 in / 4,73 m
  • Height (without ladder): 7 ft 5 in / 2,26 m
  • Weight: 5,952 lbs / 2 700 kg
  • Width: 6 ft 10 in / 2,08 m
  • Payload: 1,750 lbs / 800 kg

WC62[edit]

Dodge WC-62 1.5 ton with no winch.

The WC62 Truck, Cargo and Personnel Carrier, 1 1/2 ton, 6x6 w/o Winch Dodge (G507) Weapons Carrier was based on a lengthened WC51 with an extra axle added. 23,092 built (both WC62 and WC63 variants). One prototype produced as an armored car.[6]

  • Length: 17 ft 11 in / 5.47 m
  • Height (with canvas cover): 7 ft 3 in / 2.21 m
  • Height (with top down): 5 ft 2 in / 1.57 m
  • Weight: 6,925 lbs / 3 141 kg
  • Width: 6 ft 11 in / 2.11 m
  • Payload: 3,300 lbs / 1500 kg

WC63[edit]

WC63 1½ TON 6×6 with winch

The WC63 Truck, Cargo and Personnel Carrier, 1 1/2 ton, 6x6 with Winch Dodge (G507) Weapons Carrier was based on a lengthened WC51 with an extra axle added. Identical to the WC62 but fitted with a Braden MU2 7,500 pound capacity winch.

  • Length: 18 ft 9 in / 5,72 m
  • Height (with canvas cover): 7 ft 3 in / 2,21 m
  • Height (with top down): 5 ft 2 in / 1,57 m
  • Weight: 7,175 lbs / 3 250 kg
  • Width: 6 ft 11 in / 2,10 m
  • Payload: 3,300 lbs / 1500 kg

WC64[edit]

The WC64 KD Truck, 3/4 ton, 4x4 Ambulance Dodge (G502) was an ambulance based on the same chassis as the WC54 but with a knock-down body designed to increase the amount of vehicles that could be shipped at the same time. 3,500 were built between the beginning of 1945 and the end of the war.[7]

Former operators[edit]

 Austria
 Belgium
 Brazil
Free France France
 Greece
 Iran
 Norway
 Portugal
 Philippine Commonwealth
Commonwealth of the Philippines Philippine Republic
 United Kingdom
 United States
 Soviet Union
  Switzerland
  • The Swiss Army bought several hundred after World War II, mainly 3/4t, a few 1/2t and only ten 1 1/2t. WC54 ambulances served until 1960.[8]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Some parts of this article are translated from French and Portuguese Wikipedia, tables are from Italian Wikipedia.

  • Fred W. Crismon. US military wheeled vehicles. Victory WW2 Publishing Ltd. Minneapolis (MN-USA) (2001) ISBN 0-9700567-1-0
  • T. Richards and R.M. Clarke. Dodge WW2 military portfolio 1940-45. Brookland Books LTD (Surrey, UK) ISBN 1-85520-533-5
  1. ^ a b "Truck, 1/2 ton, 4x4, Dodge WC (G505)". Olive-drab.com. Retrieved 2013-06-06. 
  2. ^ "Pages of Interest to 4x4ers: 4x4 History - Where It All Began". Dog-walker.us. Retrieved 2013-06-06. 
  3. ^ "Dodge Military Trucks". Olive-drab.com. Retrieved 2013-06-06. 
  4. ^ T. Richards and R.M. Clarke, op. cit. pg 24-26
  5. ^ "Dodge WC9 WC18 WC27 Truck, 1/2 ton Ambulance". Olive-drab.com. Retrieved 2013-06-06. 
  6. ^ "Fargo 6x6 Armored Truck ndex". Warwheels.net. Retrieved 2013-06-06. 
  7. ^ "History". Pinodesign.nl. Retrieved 2013-06-06. 
  8. ^ "Swissmotor / Dodge". Swissmotor.com. Retrieved 2013-06-06. 

General references[edit]

External links[edit]