Mitsubishi Chariot

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Mitsubishi Chariot
1991-1994 Mitsubishi Chariot.jpg
1992–1994 Mitsubishi Chariot
Overview
Manufacturer Mitsubishi
Production 1983–2003
Body and chassis
Class Large MPV
Chronology
Successor Mitsubishi Grandis[1]

The Mitsubishi Chariot is a large multi-purpose vehicle (MPV) produced by the Japanese manufacturer Mitsubishi Motors from 1983 to 2003. It was based on the SSW concept car first exhibited at the 23rd Tokyo Motor Show in 1979,[2] and named for the battle chariots used during the times of the ancient Greek and Roman Empires.[3]

Internationally, it has been sold under various names, including Mitsubishi Space Wagon, Mitsubishi Nimbus and Mitsubishi Expo. The Chariot has been sold as the under the Dodge and Plymouth brands as the Colt Vista Wagon, as captive imports in North America, and as the Eagle Vista Wagon in Canada. It has also been manufactured under license as the Hyundai Santamo and Mitsubishi Savrin in Asia.

First generation (1983–1991)[edit]

First generation
Mitsubishi Space Wagon front 20071025.jpg
Overview
Also called Mitsubishi Nimbus (Aus)
Mitsubishi Space Wagon
Dodge/Plymouth Colt Vista
Eagle Vista Wagon (Canada)
Production 1983–1991
Assembly Okazaki, Aichi, Japan
Porirua, New Zealand
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door station wagon
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 1,597 cc G32B I4 (D02W)
1,755 cc G37B I4 (D05W)
1,795 cc G62B I4 (D03W)
1,997 cc G63B I4 (D04W/D08W)
1,795 cc D65T I4 turbodiesel (D09W)
Transmission 3-speed automatic
5-speed manual
4x2-speed "Super-Shift" manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,625 mm (103.3 in)
FWD: 2,624 mm (103.3 in)
AWD: 2,629 mm (103.5 in)
Length 4,490 mm (176.8 in)
1989-1991: 4,486 mm (176.6 in)
Width 1,645 mm (64.8 in)
1989-1991: 1,646 mm (64.8 in)
Height 1,525 mm (60.0 in)
FWD: 1,519 mm (59.8 in)
AWD: 1,585 mm (62.4 in)
Curb weight 1,133kg

The first generation of Chariot (D0#W-series) was produced from February 1983 to May 1991 with a choice of SOHC straight-4 powerplants ranging from the 1.6-liter 4G32 to the 2.0-liter 4G63 petrol engines, or the 1.8 liter 4D65T turbodiesel (from October 1984), mated to a five-speed manual or three-speed automatic transmission.[4] It occupied the market segment previously served by the Mitsubishi Galant station wagon.

The Chariot's wheelbase was 2,625 millimetres (103.3 in), while overall length ranged from 4,295–4,485 millimetres (169.1–176.6 in) depending on market and equipment level, which was within compliance with Japanese regulations concerning exterior dimensions and engine displacement size.

From June 1984, a version with permanent four-wheel drive was also offered,[4] while Japanese customers could also get the 4G62 engine in the MR Turbo version from July 1983 until the 1987 model year (1,795 cc, 135 PS or 99 kW at 5,800 rpm).[5] This version could reach 175 km/h (109 mph), and was also available with the 3-speed automatic.[6]

In Australia, where it was marketed as the "Nimbus", it won the 1984 Wheels Car of the Year award in its debut year.[7] The Nimbus model codes were "UA" (1984), "UB" (1986), and "UC" (1987).

A single 1.8-litre GLX version, with manual or automatic transmission was assembled from CKD kits in New Zealand by importer Todd Motors (later Mitsubishi NZ Ltd).[citation needed]

The rebadged Dodge and Plymouth Colt Vista, or in Canada, the Eagle Vista Wagon (1989-1991), were introduced in August 1983 as a 1984 model and they were offered in North America until 1991. The Colt Vista was originally available only with front-wheel drive and the 2.0-liter 4G63 engine producing 88 hp (66 kW) in US trim. Transmissions were the "Twin-Stick" (4x2 gears), a five-speed manual, or a three-speed automatic.[8] In later years, power crept up to 98 hp (73 kW) and permanent four-wheel drive became an available option. Top speed was 155 km/h (96 mph), 150 km/h (93 mph) for the 4WD.[9] The Dodge/Plymouth Colt/Eagle Summit wagons replaced the Vista.

Second generation (1991–1997)[edit]

Second generation (UF)
1993 Mitsubishi Expo white front.jpg
Overview
Also called Hyundai Santamo
Mitsubishi Expo
Mitsubishi Nimbus
Mitsubishi Space Wagon
Production 1991–1997
Assembly Okazaki, Aichi, Japan
Porirua, New Zealand
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door station wagon
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive
Related Mitsubishi RVR
Powertrain
Engine 1,997 cc I4
2,350 cc I4 (USA)
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 1992-94: 2,720 mm (107.1 in)
1995-97: 2,720 mm (107.1 in)
Length 1992-94: 4,515 mm (177.8 in)
1995-97: 4,555 mm (179.3 in)
Width 1,695 mm (66.7 in)
Height 1992-94: 1,580 mm (62.2 in)
1995-97: 1,670 mm (65.7 in)

The second generation, from 1991 to 1997, was enlarged in every dimension, offering a longer wheelbase, and greater length, width, and height, while still remaining in the Japanese Governments regulations concerning vehicle exter dimensions and engine displacement. It retained the 4G63B four-cylinder engine, but phased out the 4G37B and replaced the old turbodiesel with a newer and larger 1,997 cc 4D68T powerplant, and in 1993 a 2,350 cc 4G64 was added to the range. A five-speed manual, or four-speed automatic could be specified, and in high-end models an INVECS electronically controlled four-speed auto with "fuzzy logic" was also available.

A limited production 4WD and turbocharged version was offered only in Japan, called the "Resort Runner GT", which borrowed the powertrain from the Lancer Evolution and the Galant VR-4, offering the 4G63 engine, producing 230 PS (169.2 kW; 226.9 bhp) with the manual transmission, and 220 PS (161.8 kW; 217.0 bhp) with the automatic transmission. It was a continuation of the first generation 1.8MR, also installed with a turbocharged engine from 1983 through 1987.

It continued the previous seating arrangement of three rows of seats, capable of seating seven people. The middle row can be slid forward or back to accommodate multiple seating arrangements. The second and third row have solid bench seat cushions with seat backs that are split 50:50; the second row seatbacks can be both folded down upon the seat cushions or reclined completely flat with the third row seat cushion. The second row can also be slid forward to provide access to the third row.

Again, from 1992, a single GLX model was assembled in New Zealand, with manual or automatic transmissions, at Mitsubishi's Porirua plant. Due to the partnership that existed between Chrysler Motors and Mitsubishi Motors during this time period, this generation of Chariot shares a similar appearance with the sales leader Dodge Caravan and Plymouth Voyager, and was sold in North America as the Mitsubishi Expo. Mitsubishi's decision to offer a MPV instead of an SUV was also shared with the Mazda MPV without the increased ground clearance. This vehicle was also sold on a shorter wheelbase, in a version marketed as the Mitsubishi RVR.

In Korea, Hyundai Precision & Ind. Co. built a rebadged version of the second generation Mitsubishi Chariot between 1996 and 2002 that was called Hyundai Santamo and Galloper Santamo. According to the corresponding article on Korean Wikipedia, the Hyundai Santamo name was an acronym, meaning "SAfety aNd TAlented MOtor".

Third generation (1997–2003)[edit]

Third generation (UG)
Mitsubishi Chariot Grandis.jpg
Mitsubishi Chariot Grandis
Overview
Also called Mitsubishi Nimbus
Mitsubishi Space Wagon
Mitsubishi Savrin
Production 1997–2003
Model years 1998-2003
Assembly Okazaki, Aichi, Japan
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door station wagon
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive, four-wheel-drive
Related Mitsubishi RVR
Kia Joice
Powertrain
Engine 2.0 L 4G63 I4 engine
2.4 L 4G64 I4 engine
3.0 L 6G72 V6
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,780 mm (109.4 in)
Length 4,650 mm (183.1 in)
Width 1998-2000: 1,775 mm (69.9 in)
2001-03: 1,780 mm (70.1 in)
Height 1,650 mm (65.0 in)

The third and final generation was introduced on October 17, 1997,[3] and was larger and heavier again. It was now known in its home market as the Chariot Grandis, after the French grandiose, to emphasise the increase in the car's size and quality as it moved from a ladder frame to monocoque construction,[7] using the company's RISE safety body.[3] Mitsubishi discontinued all other straight-4 engines in favour of a single gasoline direct injection version of the 4G64, while introducing a new 2972 cc SOHC 6G72 V6 powerplant, also GDI-equipped. For EUROPE, there where also available 2.0 4G63 SOHC 16 valve engine, which is well-known on 8-th generation Galant. The INVECS-II four-speed semi-auto[3] and 5-speed manual transmission where in options. Four-wheel-drive version was only available with 2.4 GDI and 5-speed manual transmission. Rear viscous-limited-slip differential was in option. Center differential is also with viscous-coupling-unit. Gearbox and transfer box look similar to Lancer Evolution, but still are different. For Japanese market, due to the engine size exceeding 2000cc, and the width exceeding 1.7 m, this generation was no longer in compliance with Japanese regulations, and buyers were now liable for additional yearly taxes, which affected sales. This generation was not sold in North America, as the Dodge Caravan and Plymouth Voyager were now sold in regular and extended length vehicles, with the longer models sold as Grand Caravan and Grand Voyager in addition to the Chrysler Town and Country. It was marketed as a large minivan as a result.

The Chariot Grandis was finally superseded by release of the Mitsubishi Grandis on May 14, 2003,[1] although production of the older vehicle continued until the following year for overseas markets.[10]

Production and sales figures[edit]

Year Production Sales
Domestic Export
1995 41,943 figures unavailable
1996 33,648
1997 59,448
1998 88,251
1999 63,010
2000 26,734 22,821 10,092
2001 15,907 10,472 7,018
2002 10,595 3,724 7,310
2003 4,043 49 4,536
2004 138 - 208

(Sources: Fact & Figures 2000, Fact & Figures 2005, Mitsubishi Motors website)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Mitsubishi Motors Releases New Grandis", Mitsubishi Motors press release, May 14, 2003
  2. ^ "The 23rd Tokyo Motor Show". Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association (JAMA). 
  3. ^ a b c d "Mitsubishi Motors Launches Chariot Grandis New-generation SUV", Mitsubishi Motors press release, October 13, 1997
  4. ^ a b Car Graphic: Car Archives Vol. 11, '80s Japanese Cars (in Japanese). Tokyo: Nigensha. 2007. p. 216. ISBN 978-4-544-91018-6. 
  5. ^ Auto Katalog 1987. Stuttgart: Vereinigte Motor-Verlage GmbH & Co. KG. 1986. pp. 238–239. 
  6. ^ World Cars 1985. Pelham, NY: The Automobile Club of Italy/Herald Books. 1985. pp. 361–362. ISBN 0-910714-17-7. 
  7. ^ a b "Used Car Review - Mitsubishi Nimbus 1984-2002", Bruce Newton, drive.com.au, May 10, 2005
  8. ^ 1984 Colt and Colt Vista (catalog), Chrysler Corporation, August 1983, pp. 14–15, 81-005-40011 
  9. ^ Mastrostefano, Raffaele, ed. (1990). Quattroruote: Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1990 (in Italian). Milano: Editoriale Domus S.p.A. p. 194. 
  10. ^ Fact & Figures 2005, Mitsubishi Motors website