Duke of Lancaster's Regiment

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The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment
(King's, Lancashire and Border)
Duke of lancaster's.jpg
Cap badge of the Duke of Lancaster's Regiment
Active 1 July 2006-
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Branch  British Army
Type Line Infantry
Role 1st Battalion - Light Infantry
2nd Battalion - Light Infantry
4th Battalion - TA Reserve
Size Three battalions
Part of King's Division
Garrison/HQ RHQ - Preston
1st Battalion - Catterick
2nd Battalion - Weeton
4th Battalion - Preston
Nickname Lions of England
Motto "Nec Aspera Terrent" (Latin) "Difficulties be Damned"
March Quick -John Peel
Slow - The Red Rose
Anniversaries Ladysmith (28 February),
St George's Day (23 April),
Waterloo (18 June)
Commanders
Colonel in Chief HM The Queen, Duke of Lancaster
Colonel of
the Regiment
Brigadier M T Griffiths CBE ADC
Insignia
Tactical Recognition Flash LANCS TRF.svg
Arm Badge Glider
From King's Own Royal Border Regiment
Abbreviation LANCS

The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment (King's, Lancashire and Border) (LANCS) is an infantry regiment of the line within the British Army. It recruits throughout the North West of England.

History[edit]

The regiment's formation was announced on 16 December 2004 by Geoff Hoon and General Sir Mike Jackson as part of the restructuring of the infantry, when it was initially to be known as the King's, Lancashire and Border Regiment. The regiment was given its new name in November 2005. Initially formed of three regular army battalions, it was eventually reduced to two regular battalions, plus a Territorial Army battalion. The regiment was formed through the merger of three single battalion regiments:[1]

The regiment was formed on 1 July 2006. Initially, on formation, the regiment contained three regular battalions, with each battalion simply being renamed:

  • 1st Battalion, Queen's Lancashire Regiment - 1st Battalion, The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment
  • 1st Battalion, King's Regiment - 2nd Battalion, The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment
  • 1st Battalion, King's Own Royal Border Regiment - 3rd Battalion, The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment

The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment was formed to serve as the county regiment for the following counties:

In March 2007, the 3rd Battalion was disbanded, with its personnel dispersed to the other two, leaving the final roll of two regular battalions and one TA battalion.[2]

The 2nd Battalion moved to Cyprus in August 2008: as a resident battalion in Cyprus the 2nd Battalion completed over 15 months on operations in Afghanistan as the Theatre Reserve Battalion from August 2009 to November 2010.[3] Although the 2nd battalion is now based at Weeton it was again deployed to Afghanistan between April and October 2013.[4]

Battle honours[edit]

Infantry regiments are permitted to display 43 battle honours from the two world wars on the Queen's Colour and 46 honours from other conflicts on the Regimental Colour. Upon amalgamation, the Duke of Lancaster's Regiment had to choose from the total list of honours of its three antecedents which honours would be displayed on its new colours. The chosen honours were:[5]

  • Queen's Colour
    • Mons; Retreat from Mons; Marne 1914, 18; Aisne 1914, 18; Messines 1914, 17, 18; Ypres 1914, 15, 17, 18; Neuve Chapelle; Loos; Somme 1916, 18; Arras 1917, 18; Scarpe 1917, 18; Cambrai 1917, 18; Lys; Hindenburg Line; Vittorio Veneto; Macedonia 1915-18; Sari Bair; Gallipoli 1915-16; Megiddo; Kut al Amara 1917; Baghdad; Kilimanjaro; Dunkirk; Normandy Landing; Falaise; Arnhem 1944; Lower Maas; Ourthe; Reichswald; Defence of Habbaniya; Tobruk 1941; Madagascar; Gueriat el Atach Ridge; Landing in Sicily; Anzio; Cassino II; Malta 1940-42; Singapore Island; Chindits 1943; North Arakan; Chindits 1944; Imphal; Kohima; Nyaungu Bridgehead; Burma 1943-45
  • Regimental Colour
    • Namur 1695; Gibraltar 1704-5; Blenheim; Ramillies; Oudenarde; Malplaquet; Dettingen; Louisburg; Guadeloupe 1759; Quebec 1759; Maida; Monte Video; Vimiera; Corunna; Arroyo dos Molinos; Tarifa; Badajoz; Salamanca; Vittoria; St Sebastian; Pyrenees; Nivelle; Nive; Guadeloupe 1810; Java; Bladensburg; Niagara; Waterloo; Bhurtpore; Candahar 1842; Cabool 1842; Maharajpore; New Zealand 1845-47; Alma; Inkerman; Sevastopol; Canton; Delhi 1857; Lucknow; New Zealand 1860-68; Abyssinia; Ahmad Khel; Afghanistan 1878-80; Defence of Kimberley; Defence of Ladysmith; Relief of Ladysmith; Afghanistan 1919; Korea 1952-53; The Hook 1953

In addition to the displayed honours, the regimental colour will also display four emblems from the antecedents regiments:

  • Lion of England - displayed top left; from the King's Own Royal Border Regiment
  • White Horse of Hanover - displayed top right; from the King's Regiment
  • Red Rose charged with the Prince of Wales's feathers - displayed bottom left; from the Lancashire Regiment (Prince of Wales's Volunteers)
  • Red Rose charged with the Royal Crest - displayed bottom right; from the Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire)

In addition, the Regimental Colour also features a Sphinx to distinguish the battle honour "Egypt" and a Dragon for the honour "China".

Golden threads[edit]

The regiment has brought forward a number of Golden Threads from its antecedents, as displays of its history and heritage:[6]

  • Lion of England - the English Lion, facing inwards as worn by the King's Own Royal Border Regiment, has been adopted as the regiment's collar badge. The Lion of England is known as the regiment's "Ancient Badge" and provides inspiration for the regimental nickname - first adopted by the 2nd Battalion in August 2009 - "Lions of England".
  • Glider Flash - the glider awarded, 1949,[7] as an honour to the King's Own Royal Border Regiment is worn on the sleeve of No. 1 and No. 2 dress. The glider also forms the regiment's tactical recognition flash.
  • Fleur-de-Lys - the fleur-de-lys worn by the King's Regiment is featured on the regiment's buttons.

Kingsman[edit]

Uniquely in the British army the Duke of Lancaster's Regiment uses the rank Kingsman (Kgn) instead of Private, a tradition inherited from the King's Regiment (itself having inherited the tradition from the King's Regiment (Liverpool)). Its use has been officially sanctioned since 1951, but it was informally used prior to this for over one hundred years.[5]

Alliances[edit]

Order of precedence[edit]

Preceded by
Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment
Infantry Order of Precedence Succeeded by
Royal Regiment of Fusiliers

Lineage[edit]

Lineage
The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment (King's, Lancashire and Border) The King's Own Royal Border Regiment The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster)
The Border Regiment The 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot
The 55th (Westmorland) Regiment of Foot
The King's Regiment The King's Regiment (Liverpool)
The Manchester Regiment The 63rd (West Suffolk) Regiment of Foot
The 96th Regiment of Foot
The Queen's Lancashire Regiment The Lancashire Regiment (Prince of Wales's Volunteers) The East Lancashire Regiment The 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot
The 59th (2nd Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot
The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) The 40th (2nd Somersetshire) Regiment of Foot
The 82nd Regiment of Foot (Prince of Wales's Volunteers)
The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) The 47th (Lancashire) Regiment of Foot
The 81st Regiment of Foot (Loyal Lincoln Volunteers)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Duke of Lancaster's Regiment". Retrieved 26 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "Actions, movements and quarters". King's Own Royal Regiment Museum. Retrieved 26 April 2014. 
  3. ^ "Duke of Lancaster's Regiment". British Army units 1945 on. Retrieved 26 April 2014. 
  4. ^ "Duke of Lancs deploy". ITV. 2 April 2013. Retrieved 26 April 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Regimental Handbook". Duke of Lancaster's Regiment. Retrieved 26 April 2014. 
  6. ^ "Duke of Lancaster's Engraved Gold Polished Plated Pocket Watch". Retrieved 26 April 2014. 
  7. ^ army.mod.uk Duke of Lancasters Regiment history- page 17, paragraph 6

External links[edit]