Modern equipment of the British Army
Modern equipment of the British Army is a list of the equipment currently in use with the British Army. It includes small arms, combat vehicles, aircraft, boats, artillery and transport vehicles. The primary task of the British Army is to help defend the interests of the United Kingdom, but it can also serve as part of a North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) force, or a United Nations (UN) or any other multi-national force. To meet its commitments the equipment of the army is constantly updated and modified. To meet any shortage or requirement on operations the army can request equipment under an Urgent Operational Requirement (UOR) which supplements planned equipment programmes.
- 1 Infantry section equipment
- 2 Weapons
- 3 Personal equipment
- 4 Vehicles
- 5 Communications and reconnaissance equipment
- 5.1 Bowman
- 5.2 Mobile Artillery Battlefield Radar
- 5.3 GEOINT
- 5.4 MSTAR
- 5.5 Black Hornet Nano Unmanned Air Vehicle
- 5.6 Desert Hawk
- 5.7 Dragon runner
- 5.8 Tarantula Hawk
- 5.9 Surveillance System and Range Finder
- 5.10 Reacher Satellite Ground Terminal
- 5.11 Joint Operational Command System
- 5.12 Army Tactical Computer System
- 5.13 Falcon Secure Trunk Communication System
- 5.14 DII(F)
- 5.15 MegaVoice
- 5.16 Small SATCOM
- 5.17 Cormorant
- 5.18 Skynet (Satellite Network)
- 5.19 Computer Networks
- 6 Future equipment of the British Army
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Infantry section equipment
The infantry section normally has two four-man infantry fire teams. On operations each fire team can be equipped with the following:
- 1 × L85A2 rifle
- 1 × L85A2 with UGL (Under-slung Grenade Launcher)
- 1 × Minimi light machine gun
- 1 × L129A1 DMR
- 1 × 84mm Antitank Weapon
- 1 × Light Anti Structure Munition
- 4 × White Phosphorus smoke grenades
- 8 × high explosive grenades
- 4 × smoke grenades
- Vision systems
- 3 × Sight Unit Small Arms, Trilux (SUSAT) or FIST Lightweight Day Sight (LDS)
- 1 × Advanced Combat Optical Gunsight (ACOG) to be used with the L129A1 DMR
- 2 × image intensified Common Weapon Sights
- 1 × TAM 14 small Thermal Imaging System
- 1 × Head Mounted Night Vision System (HNVS)
- 2 × VIPER 2+ thermal imaging weapon sight
- 2 × commanders target locating system (CTLS)
- Communications equipment
- Heavy squad
Under normal conditions, an 8-man British infantry squad is armed with four L85 rifles, one with a grenade launcher, two L86 LSWs, and two FN Minimi light machine guns. For combat in Afghanistan, troops armed themselves more heavily, creating "heavy" squads. Weapons include:
- 1 × L85A2 rifle or L129A1 marksman rifle
- 1 × L85A2 with L123A2 UGL
- 2 × L86A2 LSWs, or 2 × L96A1 sniper rifles, or 2 × L115A3 sniper rifles
- Can have combination: 1 × L86A2 and 1 × L96A1, or 1 × L86A2 and 1 × L115A3, or 1 × L96A1 and 1 × L115A3
- 2 × L110A1 light machine guns
- 2 × L7A2 GPMGs
|Semi-automatic Pistol||The 9-mm Browning L9A1 is the general issue pistol for self-defence, to be replaced by the Glock 17 Gen 4. The Browning is a self-loading pistol using the standard NATO 9-mm round. It has been in service since 1954 and has proven to be a reliable, accurate and robust weapon.|
|L105A1 & L105A2
|Semi-automatic Pistol||Variants of the P226 SIG Sauer were procured as a replacement for the Browning in certain units, and as a UOR (Urgent Operational Requirement) for use in Afghanistan.
The L105A1 is the original P226, the L105A2 is the railed version and the L106A1 has an improved protective finish.[dead link]
The L107A1 is the P228 model, while the L117A1 is the P229.
|L131A1||Austria||Semi-automatic Pistol||~25,000||The Glock 17 has been procured, replacing the Brownings and SIGs as the British Army's new standard issue sidearm. Approximately 25,000 are being procured and are due in service during 2013/14.|
Rifles and shotguns
|Rifles and shotguns|
|United Kingdom||Assault Rifle
Light Support Weapon
|The standard issue rifle is the (Bullpup configuration) L85A2, known popularly as the SA80. The L85A2 can be fitted with a SUSAT 4× or ACOG 4×32 TA31A optical sights and a LLM01 laser aiming and torch attachment upon newly installed rail systems. Furthermore, they can also attach a Viper 2 Thermal Sight. It is fed by a 30 round lightweight polymer magazine.
The L86A2 Light Support Weapon (LSW) has a longer barrel, a bipod and shoulder strap fitted for greater range and accuracy. Many of the weapon's parts are interchangeable with the L85, including the same 30 round magazine. The LSW is capable of producing a high rate of accurate rapid fire at ranges up to 800 meters.
The L22A2 is a shortened carbine used primarily by vehicle crews and Royal Marine Fleet Protection. It, once again, uses the same 5.56mm round and 30 round magazine.
|L123A1||Germany||Underslung Grenade Launcher||~2,000||The Heckler & Koch L123A1 is an under slung grenade launcher or UGL for the SA80. There is normally one per fire team or 6 per platoon. This was added upon the H&K refit to the SA80 as well as an urgent operational requirement for Afghanistan. Part of the FIST program, it is set to receive potential upgrades including an optical sight and airbursting rounds similar to the American XM25.|
|L119A1||Canada||Assault Rifle||~2,500||The Colt Canada C8 carbine is chambered to fire the standard 5.56×45mm NATO C77 cartridge, The C8 is used by the Pathfinder platoon of the Parachute Regiment and United Kingdom special forces, it has also been reported to have been used by the special forces support group (SFSG). They also use an underslung 40mm grenade launcher, the L17A1. Also in use by Special Forces is the C8 CQB Varient and has been spotted in some videos of the Special Air Service in Afghanistan.|
|L129A1||United States||Sharpshooter Rifle||~2,000||A sharpshooter rifle based on Law Enforcement Internationals 7.62-mm calibre LM7, was chosen by the MoD as a replacement for the AI L96 used by designated marksmen/sharpshooters. The L129A1 7.62×51mm calibre, longer range (800 m), semi-automatic rifle, will replace the bolt action Accuracy International L96 in the Sharpshooter role. A total of 440 Sharpshooter rifles were initially bought as a £1.5m urgent operational requirement, however since then at least 1500 rifles have been delivered. It is the first new infantry combat rifle to be issued for more than 20 years. The standard weapon sight is the ACOG with 400 of them on order.|
|L118A1||United Kingdom||Sniper Rifle||Entering use in 1985, the L96 (The original name of the system) was one of the primary marksman/sniper rifles of the British Army. Specially designed to work as well in arctic conditions for the needs of the Royal Marines, it also features a 10-round magazine and an effective pinpoint range of around 800m. It has mostly been replaced in frontline service in Afghanistan by the L129A1 due to the long barrel of the L96 being ill-suited to the regular close quarters battles. The name L118A1 specifically is referring to an improved varient of the L96 that is still in service alongside its replacement, the L115A3.|
|L115A3||United Kingdom||Sniper Rifle||~600||Nearly 600 of the long-range rifles have been ordered to replace the L96. The L115A3 has a scope that can magnify the target up to 25 times, a suppressor to reduce flash and noise, a folding stock and a five-round magazine. With a range of about a mile, the new weapon is being rolled out alongside the broader Sniper System Improvement programme. The L115A3 Long Range Rifle fires an 8.58-mm bullet, which is heavier than the 7.62mm round of the L96, and is less likely to be deflected by wind over extremely long ranges.
The British Army using this rifle currently holds the record for the longest sniper shot in history at 2,475m by Corporal of Horse Craig Harrison.
The British Armed Forces also use the .50 BMG variant of the AWM, the AW50. However this is in service with the Royal Navy for the Royal Marines and not formally listed with the British Army.
|M82A1||United States||Anti-materiel Rifle||~200||The Barrett M82 is a .50 calibre recoil-operated, semi-automatic anti-matériel rifle. The British Army uses the M82A1 version.|
|L128A1||Italy||Semi-automatic Shotgun||The Combat Shotgun is a semi-automatic, tubular magazine fed weapon chambered for the 12 gauge cartridge. It has a capacity of eight rounds and a maximum effective range of 140 metres for solid shot and 40 metres for buckshot.|
|L74A1||United States||Pump-action shotgun||Used primarily by the British Special Forces as a breaching shotgun.|
|Used by British Special Forces|
|HK53||Germany||Carbine||The HK53 is used by only specialist teams, predominantly by the SAS and SBS for CQB as it fires a 5.56 x 45mm NATO round for countering body armour. (As opposed to the lighter MP5 9mm) It has also seen use at Camp Bastion by UKSF or close protection units.|
|HK417||Germany||Battle Rifle||~500||The HK417 is a 7.62-mm rifle. Used by Royal Military Police Close Protection Unit, United Kingdom Special Forces and special forces support group (SFSG).|
Suppressed Submachine gun
|The MP5 is widely used within the United Kingdom Special Forces in multiple variants, from the standard submachine gun (as famously used in the Iranian Embassy siege) to the more easily concealable MP5K Machine Pistol and the suppressed MP5SD. (Pictured) All variants in UK service use the 9×19mm Parabellum round. The weapon is also in service with the fleet protection group of the Royal Marines for inter-boat combat.|
|MAC-10||United States||Machine pistol||Used by the Special Air Service as a highly concealable and very high rate of fire weapon, often from close protection details.|
|L108A1/L110A1||Belgium||Light Machine Gun||The L108A1light machine gun (LMG) is a 5.56x45mm NATO calibre belt-fed machine gun. It is used primarily with its bipod so it can provide a level of sustained fire not possible with the LSW with its 30-round magazine. The L110A1 is the "paratrooper" version, equipped with a shortened barrel and a collapsible stock and is now issued one per four man infantry fireteam.|
|L7A2||Belgium||General-purpose Machine Gun||The L7 General-Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) is a 7.62×51mm NATO–calibre weapon. It is the UK's version of the FN MAG.|
|L2A1||United States||Heavy Machine Gun||The L2 Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) of the British Army is a version of the M2 Browning. It is a 12.7×99mm NATO (.50 BMG) calibre weapon. It can be mounted on a tripod or on pedestal mounts on vehicles.|
|L134A1||Germany||Grenade Machine Gun||The Heckler & Koch 40-mm Grenade Machine Gun (GMG) provides a high rate of fire combined with the fragmentation effect of a mortar. The GMG is usually mounted on Jackal (MWMIK) vehicles but can also be used from tripods.|
|M6-895||Austria||60 mm Mortar||~1,900||The Hirtenberger M6-895 60-mm Mortar was procured as an UOR. It can be fired in both the direct and indirect roles at a rate of 1–12 rounds a minute and can be operated in the hand-held mode. The 640 60-mm Mortar has been procured as a UOR to replace the current 51-mm Mortar on current operations.|
|L16|| United Kingdom
|81 mm Mortar||~470||The L16 81mm mortar is a medium calibre weapon which is operated by a three man team. It is often vehicle-borne, and in mechanised infantry battalions is mounted and fired from an FV432 vehicle.|
Anti-tank and anti-structure weapons
|Anti-tank and anti-structure weapons|
|MBT LAW||Sweden||Anti-tank Weapon||~14,000||The Main Battle Tank Light Armour Weapon (MBT LAW) is a disposable, man-portable, short range fire-and-forget anti-tank guided missile system. The MBT LAW has a top attack mechanism that fires a shaped charge directly down through the weaker top of a tank and thus is capable of hitting even virtually obscured targets by ignoring any cover in front of it.|
|AT4||Sweden||Anti-tank Weapon||Small quantities of AT4 and HP projectiles purchased.|
|FGM-148 Javelin||United States||Anti-tank Weapon||300 Launchers
|The FGM-148 Javelin anti-tank guided weapon system has been procured as the replacement for the Milan system. It has a range of about 2500 m and is capable of defeating explosive-reactive armour with a tandem High Explosive Anti Tank (HEAT) warhead. It is currently thought that the Javelin is capable of penetrating most armoured vehicles.|
|L72A9||United States||Anti-structure Weapon||Apart from the L72A9 LASM (light anti-structures missile) being effective against light armour and soft-skinned vehicles, the weapons primary use is against bunkers, buildings and other fixed positions.|
|FIM-92 Stinger||United States||Man-portable Air-Defence System||Used primarily by specialist units including the British special forces, the Stinger is a lighter and more portable alternative to the much heavier Starstreak system.|
|M18 Claymore mine||United States||Anti-personnel mine||Used throughout the British Army for specialist and defensive purposes. Has been in use within Afghanistan, with at least one confirmed detonation in anger by the Royal Gurkha Rifles. Corporal Dip Prasad Pun defended an outpost from 30 Taliban attackers by himself, incorporating a claymore mine into the defence.|
The standard helmet is the Mk.6; it is in the process of being replaced by the Mk.7. The Mk.7 helmet is equipped with a new harness that keeps the helmet more stable on the head when night vision equipment is fitted. It is also better integrated with new weapon sights, making it easier to use in a variety of fighting positions.
Since 2006 troops in Afghanistan (and until 2009 Iraq), have been issued with Osprey body armour. This has provided much better protection than previous body armour systems. The new Osprey Assault body armour, which is currently replacing Osprey, will provide the same ballistic protection, while improving the comfort of personnel on operations in Afghanistan. It has all the stopping power of the current body armour but is closer fitting, less bulky and is easier to move in. It is specifically developed to meet the British Army's requirements, using cutting edge materials and manufacturing technology.
The Multi-Terrain Pattern is designed and intended to perform consistently across a wide range of environments. A wide range of camouflage colours were trialled in Britain, Cyprus, Kenya and Afghanistan, ultimately the Crye's "Multicam" pattern was determined to be the best performing, across the widest range of environments (by a significant margin) and was subsequently selected as the basis for the new British MTP camouflage, and combined with the existing British DPM pattern. The MTP pattern itself was not trialled against other patterns and its adoption was based solely on its similarity to the original Crye Multicam pattern.
New standard issue boots have been bought by the MOD for the Army, Royal Navy and RAF. Armed Forces personnel will have a newly designed range of brown combat boots to replace the black and desert combat footwear they currently wear. Personnel will have the choice of five different boots depending on where they are based and what role they are in.
- Desert Combat – worn by dismounted troops conducting medium to high levels of activity in desert type environments with temperatures exceeding 40 °C
- Desert Patrol – worn by drivers/armoured troops conducting lower levels of activity in desert type environments exceeding 40 °C
- Temperate Combat – worn by dismounted troops for medium to high levels of activity in temperate (European) climates
- Patrol – worn by mounted troops (drivers/armoured troops) taking part in lower levels of activity in temperate (European) climates
- Cold Wet Weather – worn by dismounted troops for medium to high levels of activity in temperatures down to −20 °C.
Each of the five boot types comes in two different styles, so personnel can wear whichever one is more comfortable for them. The new brown boots, which have been developed to match the Multi Terrain Pattern uniform worn by service personnel, will be made in two different fittings designed for the first time to take account of the different shapes of men and women's feet. The current black boots will carry on to be worn with most non-camouflage uniforms as well as units on parade in full dress uniform, such as regiments performing ceremonial duties in central London.
Personal Role Radio
A Personal Role Radio (PRR) is distributed to every member of an eight-strong infantry section.
Personal Load Carrying Equipment
Soldiers need to carry ammunition, water, food and protective equipment. They use Personal Load Carrying Equipment (PLCE), a tough, modular system of camouflaged belt, yoke and pouches. To this can be added two small rucksacks and a large rucksack for additional carrying capacity, when required.
Future Integrated Soldier Technology
Primarily a future goal, the FIST system is in gradual deployment for some of its elements. Introduction of the MBT LAW, Javelin and new SA80 based sights were already aims of the program and entered service in Afghanistan. The British Soldier has changed almost all of his kit in some way since 2003, not all of it related to FIST but much of it shared with the programs aims. VIPER-II Thermal Sights were introduced under FIST aims as were the CTLS. Future technology is to include networked helmet and/or wrist mounted displays connected to laptops, tablets, to drones and weapons sights within an open architecture system similar to that being brought into service with British vehicles. Enhanced lethality of the 40mm UGL for airbursting rounds is also a potential element along with lighter power systems for the entire FIST system.
|Based on the corresponding tables below|
|Armoured Fighting Vehicles|
|Main Battle Tanks
Infantry Fighting Vehicles
Armoured Personnel Carriers
Infantry Mobility Vehicles
|Military Logistics Vehicles||~17,682|
|Land Rover Wolf||~12,000|
|Other Military Vehicles||~5256|
Armoured fighting vehicles
|Armoured fighting vehicles|
|Challenger 2||United Kingdom||Main Battle Tank
In Climate Controlled Storage
|The Challenger 2 (CR2) is the British Army's battle proven main battle tank, it replaced the Challenger 1 that served with distinction on operations in the Gulf War and the Balkans. 227 out of 407 Challenger 2 tanks remain in operational service, the rest have been placed in storage. Despite many years of hard fighting in urban combat, not one tank or crewman has ever been lost to enemy fire and is reputed to have the toughest armour of any MBT in the world.|
|United Kingdom||Infantry Fighting Vehicle
Armoured Command Vehicle
Combat Repair Vehicle
Armoured Recovery Vehicle
Artillery Observation Vehicle
Artillery Command Vehicle
|The Warrior IFV has the speed and performance to keep up with Challenger 2 Main Battle Tanks over the most difficult terrain, and the firepower and armour to support infantry in the assault. Warrior will be upgraded in a 1 billion pound deal with Lockheed Martin UK. The Warrior will receive an improved turret and new stabilised 40mm cannon using cased telescopic ammunition with five different kinds of shells. From armour piercing to high explosive with airbursting modes available.|
FV432 81mm Mortar Carrier
|United Kingdom||Armoured Personnel Carrier
Combat Repair Vehicle
|The FV 430 family of armoured fighting vehicles entered service with the British Army in the 1960s, but regular maintenance and improvements including a new power train have enabled this old workhorse to remain in service into the 21st Century.|
|United Kingdom||Armoured Recce, Light Tank
Armoured Personnel Carrier
Armoured Command Vehicle
Armoured Recovery Vehicle
Armoured Anti-aircraft Vehicle
|While some publications point to a lower amount of Scimitars, the numbers included are made up from the additional Scimitar Mk2's that were inducted for service in Afghanistan. They include slat armour, additional IED protection and enhanced communication elements to bring the number to the higher quantity listed here. These were made from ex-Spartan chassis as they were retired. The CVRT series is a light platform of multi-role chassis' that carry out many tasks in the British army. Slated to be replaced by the Future Rapid Effect System.|
|United States||Infantry Mobility Vehicle
Infantry Mobility Vehicle
Armoured Tactical Support
|Mastiff is the 6×6 wheel-drive infantry fighting vehicle variant of the Cougar vehicle. The Ridgback 4×4 wheel-drive infantry fighting vehicle, is nearly two metres shorter but, crucially, a metre slimmer than Mastiff, which allows troops greater access and mobility within built-up environments. Wolfhound is an Armoured tactical support variant of the Mastiff. It has a larger load-carrying ability, and will mainly operate in the logistical role, moving ammunition for Light Guns, or carrying Bulky Stores.|
|Viking|| United Kingdom
|Infantry Mobility Vehicle||158||The Viking All Terrain Vehicle (Protected) ATV(P) is the third generation of articulated vehicles produced by BAE Systems Hagglunds of Sweden. Another 21 are on order to serve as carriers for the Watchkeeper UAV stations. 99 will be upgraded to serve as future frontline elements and are already considered the "core fleet" with all others being converted to support elements in Parliament Information. These will be mostly in the Royal Marines formations.|
|Warthog||Singapore||Infantry Mobility Vehicle||115||Warthog is the British Army version of the ST Kinetics Bronco ATTC. With its added payload capacity and heavier protection, it was purchased for urgent service in Afghanistan Post-Afghanistan they will be maintained as part of the Royal Artillery in UAV support, providing heavier armoured transportation when needed as well.|
|United Kingdom||Infantry Mobility Vehicle
Armoured Tactical Support
|The Jackal 4×4 wheel-drive is used for reconnaissance, rapid assault, fire support and convoy protection. Many are used in a stripped down variant by the Special Forces under various names, which previously had not been declared in fleet sizes. While Coyote, a larger 6×6 wheel-drive variant is used as a tactical support vehicle.|
|Foxhound||United Kingdom||Infantry Mobility Vehicle||400||The Foxhound is a new armoured patrol vehicle that is intended to replace the current Land Rover Snatch. It design is specifically suited to providing protection from Improvised Explosive Devices (IED)s and so-called 'roadside bombs'. The vehicle is due to start operations by 2011. The Ministry of Defence have been adding extra Foxhounds to the fleet ever since they entered service. At DSEI 2013, a new contract extension was announced to acquire a further 24 Foxhounds that would bring the total number to 400.|
|Land Rover RWMIK||United Kingdom||Infantry Mobility Vehicle||371||While the Jackal has replaced the WMIK almost entirely, a significant fleet of RWMIK's (upgraded with additional armour over the original WMIK) has been maintained for use by both the special forces and Army Reserves. Able to mount a GPMG, M2 Browning or HK GMG along with an additional GPMG, they are used for reconnaissance, fire support and light rapid assault.|
|Land Rover Snatch/VIXEN
Land Rover "Panama"
|United Kingdom||Infantry Mobility Vehicle
Unmanned Route Clearance
|The 485 Land Rover Snatch 2s in the British Army are a Protected Patrol Vehicle, based on the Land Rover Heavy Duty Chassis. This upgraded vehicle includes armour for troops on the front-line facing IEDs and Mines. The Army has a total of 12,000+ Land Rover as it is their main light utility/patrol vehicle.
The Panama project converted a dozen Land Rovers set to be sold off into unmanned remote control platforms to scout ahead of convoys to aid in mine detection and clearance as part of the Talisman convoy units.
|Vector||United Kingdom||Infantry Mobility Vehicle||153||The Vector provides good protection and, importantly, increased mobility and capacity compared to the Snatch Landrover, which makes it very suitable for the rugged terrain and long patrol distances in Afghanistan.|
|Husky||United States||Armoured Tactical Support||327||The Husky is an armoured tactical support vehicle providing commanders with a highly mobile and flexible load carrying vehicle. It is equipped with a machine gun.|
|Panther||Italy||Armoured Command & Recce||401||Panther is in use with various Commanders/Officers for Armoured, Armoured Recce and Armoured Infantry Units. Panther is also be used as the Commander's vehicle for Engineer Troops, Anti-Tank, Mortar and supporting fire platoons. Option for 400 more vehicles.|
|TPz Fuchs||Germany||APC & Biological Warfare||11||The Fuchs vehicles were initially given to the UK for the first Gulf War, since when they have been upgraded to be one of the most technologically advanced vehicles of their type in the world. They are manned by a crew of four, Commander, Driver and two Operators. The Fuchs were the first British vehicles into Iraq of the main ground force during the first Gulf War. The vehicle is fully amphibious with a speed through water of 10 kts. It used to be part of the armoured arm of the CBRN Regiment which facilitates freedom of movement while the Land Forces advance. Initially put into storage after the Invasion of Iraq, they have been brought back into testing for service reintroduction in light of chemical weapon use once more. Fuchs is stated in the Army 2020 plan, given the reversion of the CBRN Regiment to the Royal Air Force Regiment.|
|Saxon||United Kingdom||Infantry Mobility Vehicle||(147)||Retired from the front line, 147 Saxons are kept in reserve storage within the UK and have seen use prior to their reserve standing in Iraq, Afghanistan and Northern Ireland. Used for rapidly transporting soldiers in a protected environment from small arms, shrapnel and mines. They can also operate as a battlefield ambulance and mortar platform among other secondary roles.|
|United Kingdom||Armoured Repair & Recovery
Vehicle Launched Bridge
Minefield Breaching Vehicle
|A family of AVREs (Armoured Vehicle Royal Engineers) based on the Challenger 2 MBT chassis. The Challenger Armoured Repair and Recovery Vehicle (CRARRV) is a highly evolved armoured vehicle designed to recover and repair damaged tanks on the battlefield. Titan is a new armoured engineer vehicle designed to enable troops and vehicles to cross gaps of up to 60 metres by laying a selection of close support bridges. Along with Trojan it gives a common heavy armour fleet based on the Challenger 2 chassis. Trojan is an armoured engineer vehicle designed to open routes through complex battlefield obstacles and clear a path through minefields. Trojan also utilizes the Python Minefield Breaching System, of which the British Army has 53.|
|Terrier||United Kingdom||Combat Engineering Vehicle||60||Terrier is a new replacement for the Combat Engineering Tractor, acquired in 2013. It removes obstacles, digs earthworks and aids in ditch crossing. Compared to the CET, it features faster speeds, heavier armour and can be remotely controlled from far distances. It is also capable of utilising one of the 53 Python Minefield Breaching Systems|
|Shielder minelaying system||United Kingdom||Anti-tank System||29||The Shielder Anti-Tank System gives commanders the facility to create anti-tank barriers quickly and effectively.|
|Buffalo||United Kingdom||Mine-protected Clearance||18||The Buffalo mine protected vehicle is a wheeled armored vehicle built by Force Protection Inc. It was designed based on the successful South African Casspir mine-protected vehicle.|
Artillery and air-defence
|AS-90||United Kingdom||Self-propelled Howitzer||89||155mm.|
|L118 light gun||United Kingdom||Towed Howitzer||138||The 105 mm Light Gun is used by the Parachute and Commando Field Artillery Regiments of the British Army.|
|MLRS||United States||Rocket Artillery||42||The Guided Multiple Launch Rocket System (GMLRS), nicknamed the '70 km Sniper', provides pinpoint accuracy, delivering a 200 lb (91 kg) high explosive warhead to its target. It has twice the range of other artillery systems used by the British Army. Due to its devastating results, it has been often referred to as the 'GSRM' instead, standing for 'Grid Square Removal System.'|
|Exactor||Israel||Ultra-long Range ATGM||14||Exactor is a previously classified purchase of Spike-NLOS pods mounted on an M113 chassis, with a range of up to 26 km with a large anti-tank missile. The system is used primarily for precise indirect attack at long ranges when other systems, such as an M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System might have caused too much collateral. Exactor has secured funding via the Royal Artillery to be brought into the core budget, with options to be remounted on a less specialist and more expeditionary focused chassis.|
|Rapier||United Kingdom||SAM System
|24||Rapier Field Standard C is a technologically advanced Short Range Air Defence System (SHORAD) and is in service with the Royal Artillery.|
|Starstreak||United Kingdom||SAM System
|Starstreak LML: Is fired from a Lightweight Multiple Launcher (LML) which holds three missiles ready for firing and can be used as either a stationary launch unit or mounted on a light vehicle such as the Land Rover Wolf. Starstreak can also be used as a surface attack weapon, capable of penetrating the frontal armour of even IFVs.
Starstreak SP HVM: Mounted on the Alvis Stormer AFV with an eight round launcher and internal stowage for a further 12 missiles. The Starstreak HVM (High Velocity Missile) is designed to counter threats from very high performance, low-flying aircraft and fast 'pop up' strikes by helicopters. Approximately 22 Stormers have been moved into controlled storage, with 62 remaining in operation.
|Oshkosh HET 1070F||United States||Military Logistics Vehicle||157||The Oshkosh HET 1070F is the Heavy Equipment Transporter (HET) of the British Army. The Heavy Equipment Transporters are capable of carrying a 72-tonne Main Battle Tank and are responsible for the strategic transportation of armoured vehicles over land.|
|Oshkosh Wheeled Tanker||United States||Military Logistics Vehicle||762||The Oshkosh Wheeled Tanker forms the backbone of the British Army's Bulk Fuel and Water transportation. The Tanker can be fitted with enhanced blast-proof armour for driver protection and General Purpose Machine Guns.|
|Leyland DROPS (MMLC)
Foden DROPS (IMMLC)
|United Kingdom||Military Logistics Vehicle||9,288||The Leyland MMLC is the Medium Mobility Load Carrier (MMLC) using a standard pallet and rack system and forms the logistic backbone of the British Army.
The Foden IMMLC is the Improved Medium Mobility Load Carrier and is used primarily as an ammunition carrier in support of AS90 155mm self-propelled guns.
|Bedford TM 6-6
Bedford TM 4-4
|United Kingdom||Military Logistics Vehicle||The Bedford TM 6-6 is a 12-ton, six wheel military logistics vehicle equipped with a crane and a flat bed section for the transportation of supplies. It entered service in 1986 and is now being replaced by more modern vehicles such as the MAN Support Vehicles. The Bedford TM 4-4 is a smaller four wheel military logistics vehicle armed with a 7.62mm GPMG. It is used as a troop transport and supply vehicle.|
|MAN Support Vehicle||Germany||Military Logistics Vehicle||7,285||The MAN family of support vehicles are gradually replacing all 4-tonne, 8-tonne and 14-tonne cargo vehicles currently in service. They have good mobility and the ability to be fitted with armour and General Purpose Machine Guns. 7,285 were ordered in April 2010.|
|Pinzgauer 716M||United Kingdom||Military Logistics Vehicle||190||The Pinzgauer 716M is a four-wheel–drive transporter used by the Royal Artillery to tow the L118 Light gun and the Rapier missile system. It is also used as a small logistics vehicle; the armoured version is known as the Vector.|
|Alvis Unipower||United Kingdom||Tank Bridge Transporter||139||The TBT has the same cross-country performance as a tank even when fully loaded. It can carry 1 × No 10 Bridge or 2 × No 12 Bridges. It can drop off and load bridges independently, but it cannot recover them.|
Mobile Artillery Monitoring
|Primarily used by the Royal Marines, the Bv206 focusses on arctic training and all-terrain utility mobility. They are also capable of mounting 81mm Mortars and acting as a battlefield casualty evac.
MAMBA is operated by the Royal Artillery as an assistance asset of artillery direction and monitoring with a counter-battery capability.
|Land Rover Wolf
Land Rover Pulse
|United Kingdom||Multipurpose Utility Vehicle
|Numerous variants of the Land Rover are used such as the Land Rover Wolf Truck Utility Light and Medium (Higher Specification), the Land Rover Defender Truck Utility Light and Medium and a version fitted as a Battlefield Ambulance, using the Land Rover Defender 127" chassis.|
|All-Terrain Mobility Platform||United Kingdom||All-Terrain Vehicle||It is a lightweight, 6-wheeled vehicle used by airborne and air-mobile forces of the British Army. It is amphibious and exerts low ground pressure enabling it to traverse rough terrain whilst carrying up to 8 troops (and 2 crew), a standard NATO pallet or other stores and ammunition. A GPMG may also be fitted to create an effective mobile fire support platform.|
|Springer||United States||All-Terrain Vehicle||78||Designed as a light-role load carriage platform, the Springer is based on the US-made Tomcar. The 4×2 vehicle can self-load a 1t pallet. Each vehicle is equipped with an 8,000 lb (3,600 kg) self-recovery winch and sand ladders, which act as loading ramps for a cargo pallet.|
|Grizzly 450 Quad Bikes||Japan||All-Terrain Vehicle||Yamaha Grizzly 450s quad bikes are used for light transport for things such as mortars, ammunition and general supplies.|
|Motorcycles|| United States
|Despatches/Liaison||~500||Harley Davidson MT350E and Honda R250 motorcycles are used by dispatch riders and for a variety of liaison and traffic control tasks.|
|United Kingdom||Surveillance aircraft||16||The Britten-Norman Islander and Defender are light aircraft used for airborne reconnaissance and command. They have a range of 380 nautical miles and can carry two crew and six passengers. Also has a limited use in transporting personnel.|
|Westland Apache|| United States
|Attack helicopter||66||The Westland Apache was designed to hunt and destroy tanks and can operate in all weathers, day or night. It carries a mix of weapons including rockets, Hellfire missiles and a 30-mm chain gun. The British version changed the engines for more powerful Rolls-Royce RTM332's to allow it to operate with both full fuel and munitions loads. With the installation of a new defensive suite (that enabled an Apache to dodge a guided missile in Libya), more powerful CRV7 Rockets, folding rotors, maritime/arctic hardening and additional pilot stowage space it is an extensive difference from the American model.|
|Westland Lynx AH7
Westland Lynx Mk9A
|United Kingdom||Battlefield Helicopter||50
|The Westland Lynx is a battlefield utility helicopter although it has been used for both anti–tank and reconnaissance operations. The addition of door gunners has allowed Lynx to operate in the very close air support role. The AH7 aircraft are going to be replaced by 34 Wildcat. The AH9s have been upgraded to AH9A standard. The Lynx is renowned for its agility and versatility in almost any role while also being the fastest service helicopter in the world.|
|Westland Wildcat||United Kingdom||Battlefield helicopter||5||34 aircraft have been ordered. Currently used for training. The Wildcat will enter operational service in 2014. The Wildcat brings enhancements in ISTAR ability, range and payload capacity over the Lynx AH7 as well as operating an advanced system architecture for cross communication between air and ground.|
|Bell 212 HP||United States||Battlefield helicopter||8||Used in the jungle areas of Belize and Brunei.|
|Eurocopter Dauphin||France||Special forces helicopter||5||The Eurocopter Dauphin is used in support of United Kingdom Special Forces. 8 Flight Army Air Corps attached to SAS.|
|Westland Gazelle||United Kingdom||Reconnaissance helicopter||35||The Westland Gazelle is a small single-engined helicopter primarily used for observation and reconnaissance. It is an older aircraft type and is not deployed on current combat roles. Capability to be replaced by Watchkeeper UAV.|
|Elbit Hermes 450||Israel||ISTAR UAV||8 (12)||The British Army operates 8 Hermes 450 UAVs in Afghanistan to assist operations and has flown 87,000 flight hours. This UAV forms the basis of the Watchkeeper drone and the version used by the British Army is the only Hermes in the world to have laser gyroscopes in its inertial navigation system. Currently operated by 32nd Regiment Royal Artillery. Twelve total were purchased, with eight remaining in current service. The status of the other 4 is unknown as to whether they crashed, were sold or are simply in storage during theatre drawdown. Will eventually be replaced by Watchkeeper.|
|Thales Watchkeeper WK450||United Kingdom||ISTAR UAV||54||The Watchkeeper WK450 is an advanced ISTAR UAV with twin payloads that can operate in all weathers and can take off and land automatically. WK450 has a maximum payload capacity of 150 kilogrammes. Which will include day and night sensors, a flir, a zoom television camera, a laser range finder and target designator and a combined synthetic aperture radar and ground moving target indicator. Entered service in 2011 and currently on operational trials with the Royal Artillery.|
|Mk 6 Assault Boat||United Kingdom||Assault Boat||The Mk 6 Assault Boat is a glass reinforced plastic boat, operated by the Royal Engineers which can be carried by four men. It is designed to carry up to 10 fully equipped troops or 1,043 kg of stores, it also makes a useful light ferry when fitted with an outboard motor.[dead link]|
|Rigid Raider||United Kingdom||Raiding Craft||The Rigid Raider is a series of rigid hulled raiding craft, operated mainly by the Royal Engineers and Royal Marines, but also by the Royal Logistic Corps. The Mk 3 craft is capable of 30 knots and can be beached during assaults. It is also used in support of bridging operations.|
|Combat Support Boat||United Kingdom||Combat Support Boat||The Combat Support Boat (CSB) is a powerful, versatile craft designed to support both bridging and amphibious operations. Powered by water jet propulsion it has a shallow draught. It is generally operated by the Royal Engineers as a general-purpose boat in support of diving operations, ship-to-shore re-supply and inland riverine patrols.[dead link]|
|Ramped Craft Logistic||United Kingdom||Landing Craft||4||Ramped Craft Logistic (RCL) is operated by the Royal Logistic Corps for amphibious operations and is designed to deliver men and material onto beaches.[dead link]|
|Mk 4 Army Workboat||United Kingdom||Amphibious Support||4||Army Workboats (WB41 Storm, WB42 Diablo, WB43 Mistral, WB44 Sirocco) are operated by the Royal Logistic Corps as small tugs and general purpose workboats in support of amphibious operations.|
|MEXEFLOTE||United Kingdom||Amphibious Landing Raft||Mexeflote rafts are operated by the Royal Logistic Corps for amphibious operations and are designed to deliver vehicles and material between ship and shore.|
|M3 Amphibious Rig||Germany||Bridging System||38||M3 Amphibious Rigs are used for heavy river crossing and are driven directly into the water itself. They are capable of supporting the weight of even a Challenger 2 Main Battle Tank.|
Communications and reconnaissance equipment
Mobile Artillery Battlefield Radar
The Mobile Artillery Battlefield Radar is a weapon-locating radar. It is air portable, and deployed with 5 Regt, RA. It automatically detects and locates (both firing positions and impact) multiple artillery, rockets and mortars.
A deployable geospatial intelligence unit, this allows for situational awareness on a wide scale. With GEOINT exploitation and map production capabilities from strategic to tactical levels, it can update frontline troops with digital map updates for cohersive intelligence across the entire battlefront. Mounted on MOWAG Duro II trucks, the British Army has taken delivery of 11 GEOINT Stations with 3 vehicle mounted tactical distribution systems.
MSTAR is a lightweight all-weather battlefield radar designed to detect helicopters, vehicles and infantry to a range in excess of 20 km. MSTAR is used by artillery Observation Parties (OPs) to detect where artillery shells are landing in relation to the target. It weighs 30 kg and is either stand alone or mounted in a vehicle.
Black Hornet Nano Unmanned Air Vehicle
The Black Hornet Nano UAV measures 10 cm x 2.5 cm and provides troops with local situational awareness. The Black Hornet is equipped with a camera which gives troops reliable full-motion video and still images it can be used to peer around corners or over walls and other obstacles to identify any hidden dangers and the images are displayed on a handheld terminal. 160 units will be purchased under current plans. (With a total of 162 now in service.) Each unit consists of 2 UAVs for a total of 324 Black Hornet Nanos in British service.
The Desert Hawk, in service with 32nd Regiment Royal Artillery, allows for local area reconnaissance and base perimeter protection. Made of a lightweight material, it is capable of rough landings without major damage and is driven by a pusher quiet propeller. Equipped with three cameras, it can transmit real time video to a small laptop carried by the operators. There are 222 individual Desert Hawk UAVs in service, with 12 support systems. Within Afghanistan they have flown 27,500 combined hours in service.
Dragon Runner is a lightweight, man portable, robot capable of detecting a variety of explosive devices without putting the operator in danger, which helps bomb disposal experts find and deactivate improvised explosive devices (IEDs). The version purchased is tracked, with a controllable manipulation arm and a very rugged design to be thrown from vehicles, over fenced and through windows without damage. Around 100 were purchased for use in the British Army.
The Tarantula Hawk is a lightweight robot used primarily for situational awareness and IED detection from the air or close to the ground. They are most commonly mounted on Mastiff's under the varient "Protected Eyes" that also includes an ISTAR periscope and remote weapon system. This is part of the Talisman mine detection program and, upon locating a suspected area, the Mastiff will remotely deploy the Tarantula Hawk to investigate ahead of the convoy. Five systems were ordered initially for testing before many more were acquired upon successful integration into Talisman. There are 18 T-Hawks in service with the Talisman Convoys.
Surveillance System and Range Finder
This system allows a soldier to quickly establish the location and distance of enemy forces and gives the soldier advice as to the most appropriate mortar or artillery firepower to use in response. The system is all-weather, day and night system has built-in GPS.
Reacher Satellite Ground Terminal
- Reacher Large, mounted on a MOWAG Duro III
- Reacher Medium, mounted on a MOWAG Duro III
- Reacher RM, mounted on a BV206 vehicles (2 in service for use by the Royal Marines)
Joint Operational Command System
The JOCS provides digitised tools for controlling joint operations. With the formation of the Joint Rapid Reaction Force the requirement for a joint computer system was formed. This system provides a sophisticated operational picture, along with staff tools for controlling joint operations.
Army Tactical Computer System
The Army Tactical Computer System (ATacCS) provides the Army with a LAN and WAN based command and control system across the battlespace.
Falcon Secure Trunk Communication System
The Falcon Secure Trunk Communication System provides secure communications infrastructure for deployed formations and operating bases. it helps to deliver an information infrastructure that will provide the UK Armed Forces with the network enabled capability required in the 21st century. It is designed to operate with other communication and information systems such as Bowman, Cormorant and SKYNET V, and will be compatible with other NATO systems. The system provides the telephones and data distribution when deployed.
Defence Information Infrastructure is one of the largest information infrastructure programmes in Europe. It will provide a computing infrastructure and services that will enable sharing of information and collaborative working to a variety of groups and individuals including those that currently have limited or no connectivity. Ultimately it will provide around 300,000 user accounts on approximately 150,000 terminals across about 2,000 MoD sites worldwide. DII will be central to transforming the capability of the Armed Forces by providing Network Enabled Capability through a single network of information. It will extend into the operational arena, interface with battlespace systems and improve shared information between headquarters, battlefield support and the front line, allowing greater interoperability between the MoD and its allies.
DII is being delivered in Increments. Increment 1 will provide DII(F) to around 70,000 desktops and 200,000 user accounts. Increment 2 looks at Deployed services and services to the Above Secret environment. The service ranges geographically from the office environment in headquarters to forward deployed units anywhere in the world.
STG Media Systems has delivered 87 of the loudspeaker systems to Afghanistan for use at checkpoints and at public gatherings The ability to hear intelligible speech at 1 km allows the user to distance themselves from danger and warn the public about imminent actions being taken by, for example, IED clearance teams.
SMALL SATCOM capability consists of a SWE-DISH CCT-120 satellite ground terminal which is owned by Paradigm. The ground terminal uses the SKYNET5 network. this provides a service to users on operations worldwide. The satellite ground terminal is lightweight, easily air transportable and can be set up by a single trained operator in less than 30 minutes.
Cormorant system is a deployable communications network for the Joint Task Force Headquarters. it provides communications support for direct users at Joint Force and other deployed Command Headquarters. the system offers world-wide deployability and is an integral part of the broader Global Information Infrastructure concept.
Skynet (Satellite Network)
Skynet is a family of military satellites, which provide strategic communication services to the three branches of the British Armed Forces and to NATO forces engaged in coalition tasks.
- OVERTASK - On Operation HERRICK (Afghanistan), the OVERTASK network is used for strategic through to the tactical levels of command. this supports applications that deliver situational awareness, office tools and collaborative working.
- ARRC C2IS - As well as the core networks the HQ ARRC now have their own ARRC Command and Control Information System (ARRC C2IS) to provide a Battle Management System and office automation.
- J1/J4 IOS - In addition to OVERTASK, the J1/J4 Interim Operational Support (J1/J4 IOS) system is still in operation in Afghanistan but now serves significantly more users than it was originally designed for. J1/J4 IOS supports Restricted information transfer and applications such as Joint Personal Administration.
Future equipment of the British Army
There are several approved modernization programmes underway for the British Army:
- The Future Integrated Soldier Technology is a suite of equipment capable of enhancing an infantryman's effectiveness as part of the Future Soldier programme.
- The Future Rapid Effect System is a planned family of medium-weight armoured vehicles intended to replace the Saxon, FV432 and CVR(T) series of vehicles.
- A new unarmoured Support vehicle, is currently being introduced into service. There will be 6,928 cargo vehicles including unit support tankers, 288 recovery vehicles and 69 recovery trailers with the deployment planned for 2014.
- UK MOD has a requirement to acquire a new Modular Assault Rifle System (MARS) for deployment with certain military units from 2014.
- Royal Engineers equipment - For articles regarding the various equipment systems operated by the Royal Engineers.
- British Army
- Future of the British Army (Army 2020)
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- LASM (L72A9)
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- General Service Respirator - YouTube
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- Challenger 2
- British tanks to be sent to Germany for storage so army can sell land in UK
- Challenger 2 Information
- Warrior IFV
- http://www.armedforces.co.uk/army/listings/l0002.html British Army Equipment Sumary
- Warthog heads for UK UAV Support
- Snatch 2
- Unmanned Snatch
- Armed Forces UK
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- Janes Special Report on Exactor
- Logistic Vehicles of the British Army
- armedforces.co.uk - THE ROYAL LOGISTIC CORPS (RLC)
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- Mk 6 Assault Boat
- Combat Support Boat
- Ramped Craft Logistic
- MSTAR - British Army Website
- "DRAGON RUNNER bomb disposal robot". Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom). Retrieved 2010-02-03.
- Reacher Satellite Ground Terminal - British Army Website
- ATacCS - British Army Website
- DII - British Army Website
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- British Army regiments and weapons