Modern equipment of the British Army
|British Army portal|
Modern equipment of the British Army is a list of the equipment currently in use with the British Army. It includes small arms, combat vehicles, aircraft, watercraft, artillery and transport vehicles. The primary task of the British Army is to help defend the interests of the United Kingdom, but it can also serve as part of a North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) force, or a United Nations (UN) or any other multi-national force. To meet its commitments the equipment of the army is constantly updated and modified. To meet any shortage or requirement on operations the army can request equipment under an Urgent Operational Requirement (UOR) which supplements planned equipment programmes.
- 1 Infantry section equipment
- 2 Weapons
- 3 Personal equipment
- 4 Vehicles
- 4.1 Armoured
- 4.2 Engineering
- 4.3 Artillery and air-defence
- 4.4 Logistics
- 4.5 Miscellaneous
- 4.6 Aircraft
- 4.7 Watercraft
- 5 Future equipment of the British Army
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Infantry section equipment
The infantry section normally has two four-man infantry fire teams. On operations each fire team is usually equipped with the following:
- 1 × L85A2 rifle
- 1 × L85A2 rifle with L123A2 UGL (under-slung grenade launcher)
- 1 × L129A1 DMR rifle or 1 × L115A3 sniper rifle or 1 × L86A2 Light Support Weapon (LSW)
- 1 × L110A2 Minimi light machine gun
- 1 × AT4 84mm anti-tank weapon
- 1 × L72A9 light anti-structure munition
- 4 × L84 White phosphorus smoke grenades
- 8 × L109A1 High explosive grenades
- 4 × L132A1 Smoke grenades
- Vision systems
- 3 × Sight Unit Small Arms, Trilux (SUSAT) or SpecterOS Lightweight Day Sight (LDS)
- 1 × Advanced Combat Optical Gunsight (ACOG) to be used with the L129A1 DMR rifle
- 2 × Image intensified Common Weapon Sights
- 3 × Laser Light Module Vario Ray Adaptive Target Acquisition Module
- 1 × TAM-14 small Thermal Imaging System
- 1 × Head mounted Night Vision System (HNVS)
- 2 × VIPER 2+ thermal imaging weapon sight
- 2 × Commanders target locating system (CTLS)
- Communications equipment
- Heavy squad
Under normal conditions, an 8-man British infantry section is armed with four L85A2 rifles, one with an under-slung grenade launcher, two L86A2 light support weapons (LSW), and two L110A2 Light Machine Guns. For combat in Afghanistan, troops armed themselves more heavily, creating "heavy" squads. Weapons include:
- 1 × L85A2 rifle or L129A1 marksman rifle
- 1 × L85A2 rifle with L123A2 UGL (under-slung grenade launcher)
- 2 × L86A2 LSW's, or 2 × L115A3 sniper rifles
- Can have combination: 1 × L86A2 and 1 × L115A3
- 2 × L110A2 light machine guns
- 2 × L7A2 GPMGs
|Semi-automatic pistol||9mm||Standard issue pistol. It is a self-loading, semi-automatic pistol chambered in 9mm NATO. It has been in service since 1954 and is currently being replaced by the Glock 17 Gen 4.|
|L105A1 & L105A2
|Semi-automatic pistol||9mm||Variants of the SIG Sauer P226 were purchased as an interim replacement for the L9A1 as an UOR for use in Afghanistan. Although purchased as an interim weapon, they will continue to be used until the end of their life cycles.|
|L131A1||Austria||Semi-automatic pistol||9mm||New standard issue pistol, replacing the L9A1 'Browning' and eventually the SIG Sauer. Around 25,000 have been purchased.|
Assault, battle rifles
|United Kingdom||Assault rifle
|5.56×45mm||The L85A2 (IW) is the standard assault rifle. It can be fitted the: SUSAT, ACOG or Thermal Viper 2 sights. A LLM-Vario Ray laser aiming module can be attached. Other attachments for the L85A2 include the L123A1 Underslung Grenade Launcher (UGL) which is complemented by the new 'Rapid Acquisition Aiming Module' for better accuracy and range.
The L22A2 is a shortened carbine used primarily by vehicle and helicopter crews for self-defence.
|L86A2||United Kingdom||Light support weapon||5.56×45mm||The L86A2 (LSW) is the standard light support weapon. It features a longer barrel, a bipod and a shoulder strap for greater range and accuracy. Many parts are interchangeable with the L85, including the same magazine. The LSW is capable of a high rate of accurate rapid fire at ranges up to 1,000 meters. It is currently being upgraded with picatinny rails and a new muzzle, stock and bipod.|
|L119A1||Canada||Assault rifle||5.56×45mm||Available in two variants: the C8 SFW and the shorter C8 CQB. The weapon is used by the specialist pathfinders unit of the Parachute Regiment as well as the UKSF, Royal Military Police Close Protection Unit, and the SFSG. Attachments include the L17A1. Will be upgraded to the L119A2 which features upgraded custom parts.|
|L129A1||United States||Sharpshooter rifle||7.62×51mm||The primary designated marksman rifle. It is equipped with an ACOG optical sight for long-range engagements. At least 1,500 rifles had been delivered by May 2013. There is also a Sniper No.2 version of the L129A1, with 12x Schmidt & Bender sights and a suppressor, to be used by the second man in sniper teams.|
|HK417||Germany||Sharpshooter rifle||7.62×51mm||Battle rifle used by the Royal Military Police Close Protection Unit, the UKSF and the SFSG|
|L128A1||Italy||Semi-automatic shotgun||12-gauge||Has a capacity of eight rounds and a maximum effective range of 140 m (460 ft) for solid shot and 40 m (130 ft) for buckshot.|
|L74A1||United States||Pump-action shotgun||12-gauge||Used by UKSF as a breaching shotgun.|
|United Kingdom||Sniper rifle||7.62×51mm||Improved variant of the L96 that entered service in 1985. The rifle has an effective range of around 800 meters and is designed to perform in both desert and arctic conditions. In recent years, the L118A1 has largely replaced by the L129A1 and the L115A3 in front-line service. The L118A1 AWC is used exclusively by the SAS. The weapon is compact with a folding stock and a suppressor. It can be disassembled into a small suitcase for covert operations.|
|L115A3||United Kingdom||Sniper rifle||.338 Lapua Magnum||Primary sniper rifle. It is equipped with a 25x scope, a suppressor, a folding stock, and a five-round magazine. The .338 Lapua Magnum "is heavier than the 7.62mm round of the L118A1, and is less likely to be deflected by wind over extremely long ranges." The effective range of the L115A3 is in excess of 1,100 m (3,600 ft).|
|L121A1||United Kingdom||Anti-materiel rifle||.50 BMG||The L121A1 (AW50F) is intended to engage a variety of targets including radar installations, light vehicles (including light armoured vehicles), field fortifications, boats and ammunition dumps. The standard ammunition combines a penetrator, high explosive and incendiary effect in a single round. Used by the SAS.|
|L82A1||United States||Anti-materiel rifle||.50 BMG||Recoil-operated, semi-automatic anti-materiel rifle. The British Army uses the M82A1 version.|
|Germany||Submachine gun||9mm||Widely used within the UKSF, SFSG and the Royal Military Police Close Protection Unit. The weapon comes in multiple variants, from the standard L91A1 and the suppressed L92A1 (pictured), to the more easily concealable L80A1 and L90A1 which are stockless and have vertical foregrips.|
|Belgium||Light machine gun||5.56mm
|Standard "FN Minimi" variant and the British Army's designated light machine gun. The weapon is belt-fed and equipped with a bipod. The L110A2 and L110A3 are known as the "FN Minimi Para" and are equipped with a shortened barrel and a collapsible stock, with one issued per four man infantry fireteam.
The Minimi 7.62 is the latest version of the weapon to enter front-line service. It is designed to fire 7.62mm rounds.
|L7A2||Belgium||General-purpose machine gun||7.62mm||British Army version of the Belgian FN MAG.|
|L1A1||United States||Heavy machine gun||.50 BMG||British Army version of the American M2 Browning. It can be attached to both armoured vehicles and tripods.|
|L134A1||Germany||Grenade machine gun||40mm||Has a 320rpm rate of fire and an effective range of 1,500 m (4,900 ft)-2,000 m (6,600 ft). It is used for suppression of enemy infantry and can be mounted on both armoured vehicles and tripods.|
|M6-895||Austria||Mortar||60mm||Procured as an UOR. It can be fired in both the direct and indirect roles at a rate of 1–12 rounds a minute and can also be operated in the hand-held mode. Around 1,900 of the 60mm mortars were purchased as a UOR to replace the older 51mm Mortar that served on operations.|
|L16A2|| United Kingdom
|Mortar||81mm||Operated by a three man team. It is often vehicle-borne, and in mechanised infantry battalions is mounted and fired from an FV432 vehicle. Around 470 in service.|
Anti-armour, structure and air
|MBT LAW|| Sweden
|Anti-tank weapon||150mm||Disposable, man-portable, short range fire-and-forget anti-tank guided missile system. It is designed to "knock out any main battle tank in just one shot by striking it from above."|
|FGM-148 Javelin||United States||Anti-tank weapon||127mm||Man-portable medium range anti-tank missile system. It fires a High Explosive Anti Tank (HEAT) warhead and is capable of penetrating explosive-reactive armour.|
|ILAW||Sweden||Anti-tank weapon||84mm||Small quantities of AT4 CS HP projectiles have been purchased.|
|Anti-Structures Munition||Israel||Anti-structure weapon||90mm||Disposable, man-portable guided anti-structure weapon. It is designed to destroy hardened structures such as bunkers, buildings and other fixed positions.|
|L72A9||United States||Anti-structure weapon||66mm||Primarily used against bunkers, buildings and other fixed positions, but also effective against light armour and soft-skinned vehicles.|
|Starstreak MANPAD||United Kingdom||Anti-air weapon||22mm x 3||Alongside the LML and Stormer mounted versions, the British Armed Forces also possess the high speed Starstreak Missile on a shoulder mounted and man portable launcher. This can also be used as a surface attack weapon, capable of penetrating the frontal armour of even IFVs.|
Grenades and mines
|L109A1||Switzerland||Frag grenade||Fuse||British version of the Swiss HG 85 Grenade. It differs from the original in that it has a matte black safety clip similar to the American M67 grenade. It contains 155g of high explosive and has a lethal range of 10 m (33 ft). Detonation is after a 3-4 second fuse.|
|M18 Claymore mine||United States||Anti-personnel mine||Remote||Used for specialist and defensive purposes. Has seen use within Afghanistan. Will be replaced with the Fixed Directional Fragmentation Weapon (FDFW), a Finnish designed mine that has yet to be formally identified.|
|L9A8 Bar Mine||United Kingdom||Anti-tank mine||Pressure||Primary anti-tank mine. During the Gulf War it was found to be highly resistant to mine plows, simply rotating under it to detonate below the vehicle, disabling some M60 tanks of the USMC after Iraq captured L9s from the Kuwaiti Army.|
The standard helmet in service is the Mk.7 which replaced the older Mk 6 helmet. The Mk.7 helmet is equipped with a new harness that keeps the helmet more stable on the head when night vision equipment is fitted. It is also better integrated with new weapon sights, making it easier to use in a variety of fighting positions.
Since 2006 troops in Afghanistan (and until 2009 Iraq), have been issued with Osprey body armour. This has provided much better protection than previous body armour systems. The new Osprey Assault body armour, which is currently replacing Osprey, will provide the same ballistic protection, while improving the comfort of personnel on operations in Afghanistan. It has all the stopping power of the current body armour but is closer fitting, less bulky and is easier to move in. It is specifically developed to meet the British Army's requirements, using cutting edge materials and manufacturing technology.
The Multi-Terrain Pattern is designed and intended to perform consistently across a wide range of environments. A wide range of camouflage colours were trialled in Britain, Cyprus, Kenya and Afghanistan, ultimately the Crye's "Multicam" pattern was determined to be the best performing, across the widest range of environments (by a significant margin) and was subsequently selected as the basis for the new British MTP camouflage, and combined with the existing British DPM pattern. The MTP pattern itself was not trialled against other patterns and its adoption was based solely on its similarity to the original Crye Multicam pattern.
New standard issue boots have been bought by the MOD for the Army, Royal Navy and RAF. Armed Forces personnel will have a newly designed range of brown combat boots to replace the black and desert combat footwear they currently wear. Personnel will have the choice of five different boots depending on where they are based and what role they are in.
- Desert Combat – worn by dismounted troops conducting medium to high levels of activity in desert type environments with temperatures exceeding 40 °C
- Desert Patrol – worn by drivers/armoured troops conducting lower levels of activity in desert type environments exceeding 40 °C
- Temperate Combat – worn by dismounted troops for medium to high levels of activity in temperate (European) climates
- Patrol – worn by mounted troops (drivers/armoured troops) taking part in lower levels of activity in temperate (European) climates
- Cold Wet Weather – worn by dismounted troops for medium to high levels of activity in temperatures down to −20 °C.
Each of the five boot types comes in two different styles, so personnel can wear whichever one is more comfortable for them. The new brown boots, which have been developed to match the Multi Terrain Pattern uniform worn by service personnel, will be made in two different fittings designed for the first time to take account of the different shapes of men and women's feet. The current black boots will carry on to be worn with most non-camouflage uniforms as well as units on parade in full dress uniform, such as regiments performing ceremonial duties in central London.
The current British L3A1 socket bayonet is based on the FN FAL Type C socket bayonet with a clip-point blade. It has a hollow handle that fits over the SA80/L85 rifles muzzle and slots that lined up with those on the flash eliminator. The blade is offset to the side of the handle to allow the bullet to pass beside the blade. It can also be used as a multi-purpose knife and wire-cutter when combined with its scabbard. The scabbard also has a sharpening stone and folding saw blade.
Personal Role Radio
A Personal Role Radio (PRR) is distributed to every member of an eight-strong infantry section.
Personal Load Carrying Equipment
Soldiers need to carry ammunition, water, food and protective equipment. They use Personal Load Carrying Equipment (PLCE), a tough, modular system of camouflaged belt, yoke and pouches. To this can be added two small rucksacks and a large rucksack for additional carrying capacity, when required. The PLCM is due to be upgraded to the new VIRTUS tactical vest next year, with testing with selected units currently taking place.
PLCE is now very unlikely to be spotted on the front-lines as it is replaced by Osprey body armour, though due to its durability and the quantity produced it is and will be used in training for decades to come, much like the outdated ALICE system in the United States Marine Corps.
Future Integrated Soldier Technology
The Future Integrated Soldier Technology (FIST) is a programme under development by the Ministry of Defence. The programme is designed to achieve enhanced military effect through the used of advanced technologies improving the situational awareness, lethality and survivability of soldiers. Ultimately, the programme is part of the wider British Armed Forces doctrine of network-enabled capability. As well as linking into the new technology for the soldier it is designed to link in with other new communications including Cormorant and Talon as well at the UK UAV project called Watchkeeper. FIST is similar to the American Future Force Warrior concept.
35,000 sets of kit are expected to be bought and issued between 2015 and 2020. This equipment is designed to bring the British infantryman up to standards and link with new technology currently employed, including the new underslung grenade launcher for the SA80 and the deployed Bowman communications network. It is not intended that every soldier be equipped with FIST: instead unit commanders will request FIST kits as necessary and so they can be tailored to the situation and mission aims.
|FV4034 Challenger 2||United Kingdom||Main battle tank
Driver training tank
|A total of 386 main battle tanks and 22 driver training tanks were delivered. 269 remain in operational service, including; 22 driver training tanks and 247 main battle tanks. Up to 138 additional tanks have been placed into climate controlled storage. 20 Challenger tanks have recently been taken out of storage and back into service for exercises in Poland.
The Challenger 2 equips the heavy armoured cavalry regiments.
|United Kingdom||Armoured reconnaissance vehicle
Armoured personnel carrier
Armoured command vehicle
Armoured recovery vehicle
|The CVR(T) is a series of armoured fighting vehicles based on a common multi-role chassis. The series first entered service in the 1970s and are now slated to be replaced by the new FRES Specialist Vehicle.
The CVR(T) family predominately equips the armoured cavalry regiments in the British Army.
|United Kingdom||Infantry fighting vehicle
Armoured command vehicle
Armoured repair vehicle
Armoured recovery vehicle
Artillery observation vehicle
Artillery command vehicle
|The Warrior is designed with the speed, mobility and armour to keep up with the Challenger 2 in armoured formations. The Warrior family will be upgraded in a £1bn deal with Lockheed Martin UK; it will receive an improved turret and new stabilised 40mm CTA International cannon.
The Warrior is in service with armoured infantry battalions.
|United Kingdom||Armoured personnel carrier
Armoured command vehicle
Armoured repair vehicle
|Despite entering service during the 1960s, the FV430 series have been in front line service for over 50 years. A recent upgrade programme has "uparmoured" the fleet, which now offers the same levels of protection as the FV510 Warrior. The Bulldog family of vehicles will be replaced by the FRES Support Vehicle and the FRES Utility Vehicle.
The FV430 series is currently in service with the armoured infantry and mechanized infantry battalions.
| United Kingdom
|Protected mobility vehicle
Protected mobility vehicle
Protected mobility vehicle
Protected support vehicle
|The Cougar and Mastiff are 6×6 variants, while the Ridgback is a smaller 4×4 variant. They provide protection and firepower to infantry forces and can be equipped with either a 12.7mm heavy machine gun or 40mm grenade machine gun. The Wolfhound is a 6×6 armoured tactical support variant of the Mastiff. Following withdrawal from Afghanistan, the MoD has committed to bring 400 Mastiffs, 160 Ridgbacks, and 125 Wolfhounds into the core budget. These vehicles are slated to eventually be replaced by the FRES Utility Vehicle.
As part of Army 2020, these vehicles will replace the Bulldog in equipping mechanized infantry battalions (heavy protected mobility battalions).
|Foxhound||United Kingdom||Protected mobility vehicle||400||Lighter and smaller PMV when compared to other protected vehicles (such as the Mastiff). It is designed for enhanced mobility and fighting in compact urban areas. Despite its weight of 7.2 tons (about 3 times the weight of the average family car) it can exceed speeds of 70 mph.
As part of Army 2020, the Foxhound equips the light protected mobility battalions.
|United Kingdom||Reconnaissance vehicle
Protected support vehicle
|The Jackal is used for reconnaissance, rapid assault, fire support and convoy protection. It is also used in various different configurations by the SAS. The Coyote is a larger 6×6 tactical support vehicle. The MoD has committed to bringing 400 Jackal and 70 Coyotes into the core budget.|
|Land Rover RWMIK
Land Rover Snatch
Land Rover Panama
|United Kingdom||Reconnaissance vehicle
Protected patrol vehicle
|The Land Rover RWMIK is a very lightly armoured fire support platform based on the standard Land Rover Wolf chassis. Its low weight make it highly mobile and ideal for reconnaissance roles and Special Forces. The Land Rover Snatch is based on the "Heavy Duty Chassis" which features much higher levels of armour and protection against IED's. The Panama is an unmanned Land Rover Snatch fitted with IED detecting radar and used within the Talisman Convoys.|
|Vector|| United Kingdom
|Protected patrol vehicle||153||The Vector is a 6×6 lightly armoured protected patrol vehicle with a high degree of mobility.|
|Husky||United States||Protected support vehicle||338||Features a high degree of protection against IEDs. It is used to supply food, water and supplies to those on front-line, escorting convoys and protected patrol. The MoD have committed to bring 325 Husky vehicles into the core budget.|
|Panther||Italy||Command and control||401||In use with various heavy, medium and light armour formations. Panther is also used as the command vehicle for Engineer Troops, Anti-Tank, Mortar and supporting fire platoons. An option for 400 more vehicles exists.|
|Warthog||Singapore||UAV support||115||Amphibious and all-terrain vehicle. Following withdrawal from Afghanistan, the Warthog will be upgraded and transferred to the 32nd Regiment and 47th Regiment of the Royal Artillery where they will be used to support UAV operations. The MoD has committed to bring 100 Warthogs into the core budget.|
|Viking|| United Kingdom
|UAV support||21||Amphibious and all-terrain vehicle. 21 were ordered in 2007 to support operations with the Watchkeeper UAV. Operated by the Royal Artillery.|
|TPz Fuchs||Germany||CBRN reconnaissance||11||Previously formed part of the Joint CBRN Regiment.|
|United Kingdom||Armoured vehicle-launched bridge
Assault breacher vehicle
|The Titan is an armoured bridge launcher with the capability to deploy a bridge up to 60 meters long. It is based on the Challenger 2 chassis. Trojan is also based on the Challenger 2 chassis and is designed to breach through enemy defences such as walls or fortifications and clear paths through minefields. The Trojan is equipped with the Python Minefield Breaching System.|
|Alvis Unipower TBT||United Kingdom||Tank bridge transporter||137||The TBT has the same cross-country performance as a tank even when fully loaded. It can carry 1 × No 10 Bridge or 2 × No 12 Bridges. It can deploy, drop off and load bridges independently, but it cannot recover them.|
|CRARRV||United Kingdom||Armoured recovery vehicle||75||Based on the Challenger 1 chassis and is designed to recover and repair damaged or incapacitated tanks.|
|Terrier||United Kingdom||Combat engineering vehicle||60||Provides mobility support (obstacle and route clearance), counter-mobility (digging of anti-tank ditches and other obstacles) and survivability (digging of trenches and Armoured Fighting Vehicle slots). A total of 60 vehicles were ordered with deliveries to be completed mid 2014.|
|Alvis Shielder||United Kingdom||Anti-tank mine layer||29||Designed to dispense anti-tank mines to create barriers and deny access to enemy armour. The vehicle holds a total of 40 canisters, with each canister holding 6 mines. The Shielder has been withdrawn from active service after "a capability review decision".|
|Buffalo||United States||Mine-protected clearance||19||Mine resistant ambush protected (MRAP) armoured vehicle which forms part of the British Army's Talisman counter-IED system.|
|JCB HMEE||United Kingdom||Mine-protected clearance||13||Heavily armoured excavator. It forms part of the Talisman counter-IED system. The MoD has committed to bring the HMEE along with all related Talisman elements (Minewolf, Tarantula Hawk, Buffulo, Panama and Talon) into the core budget.|
C vehicle fleet
The job of the Royal Engineers is to restrict the enemy's ability to advance while also allowing friendly combat forces the freedom maneuver as necessary. Other tasks undertaken is bomb disposal, the construction of fortifications, runways, roads and bridges and the improvement of existing infrastructure to support operations -such as improving existing roads for logistic convoys. To achieve this the Royal Engineers operate a large diverse fleet of vehicles. At present, the C vehicle fleet is provided by a private finance initiative (PFI) and consists of some 2,500 vehicles of over 160 types of "earthmoving plant, Engineer Construction Plant (ECP) and rough terrain Materials Handling Equipment (MHE)."
The provider of the PFI is Amey Lex Consortium (ALC), which was awarded a 15 year contract in 2005 for £600 million. The handing over of the C vehicle fleet to a PFI has improved overall efficiency, with ALC selecting common chassis for multiple roles and significantly reducing equipment types. This has lead to reduced training needs in personnel, comonality of spares and an overall reduction in the logistic footprint and cost of maintenance. ALC maintains the fleet at various degrees of readiness, with a large pool of the vehicles being modified and adapted for military use -however, the majority of the fleet is maintained at commercial standards. The fleet is dispersed worldwide to accommodate both existing and future operations. When in use, the vehicles are essentially being "hired on an ad hoc basis". To help sustain the C vehicle fleet on operations, the PFI includes a logistics support package.
Artillery and air-defence
|L131 AS-90||United Kingdom||Self-propelled artillery||89||The L131 AS-90 is a 155mm self-propelled howitzer and is the largest piece of field artillery in the British Army. The L131 is operated by five field regiments of the Royal Horse Artillery and Royal Artillery, including the: 1st Regiment Royal Horse Artillery, 19th Regiment Royal Artillery and the 26th Regiment Royal Artillery. Each regiment typically has 18 guns.|
|L118 Light Gun||United Kingdom||Towed howitzer||138||The L118 Light Gun is used by the 3rd, 7th and the 29th field artillery regiments of the British Army. It can be towed by a medium-weight vehicle (such as a Pinzgauer) or carried around the battlefield underslung by a Puma or Chinook helicopter.|
|GMLRS||United States||Rocket artillery||42||The Guided Multiple Launch Rocket System (GMLRS), nicknamed the '70 km Sniper' or 'GSRM (Grid Square Removal System)', provides pinpoint accuracy, delivering a 200 lb high explosive warhead to its target. It has twice the range of other artillery systems used by the British Army. Operated by 39th Regiment Royal Artillery.|
|Rapier||United Kingdom||Surface-to-air missile system||24||The Rapier Field Standard C is a technologically advanced Short Range Air Defence System (SHORAD) which is compact, mobile and air-portable making it suitable for worldwide operations. It is a 24-hour, all-weather guided weapon system with the capability to engage two targets at once. Operated by the 16th Regiment Royal Artillery across 4 batteries, one of which is permanently attached to the Falkland Islands.|
|Starstreak LML||United Kingdom||Surface-to-air missile system||145||The Starstreak Lightweight Multiple Launcher (LML) is a short-range, highly mobile air defence system which holds 3 missiles ready for firing and can be used as either a stationary launch unit or mounted on a light vehicle such as a Land Rover. Starstreak can also be used as a surface attack weapon, capable of penetrating the frontal armour of even IFV's. Operated by 12th Regiment Royal Artillery.|
|Starstreak HVM||United Kingdom||Surface-to-air missile system
|The Starstreak SP HVM is mounted on the Alvis Stormer AFV with an 8 round launcher and internal stowage for a further 12 missiles. The Starstreak HVM (High Velocity Missile) is designed to counter threats from very high performance, low-flying aircraft and fast 'pop up' strikes by helicopters. An additional 22 systems are in climate controlled storage. Operated by 12th Regiment Royal Artillery.|
Mobile artillery monitoring battlefield radar
The Mobile Artillery Monitoring Battlefield Radar ( or Mobile Artillery Monitoring Battlefield Asset) is a counter-battery radar. It detects enemy artillery projectiles fired by one or more weapons and from their trajectories locates the position of the weapon that fired it. It has a detection range of up to 30 km and can process up-to 100 projectiles simultaneously. It is mounted on a Bandvagn 206 (Bv206) all-terrain vehicle. A total of five vehicles are operated by 5th Regiment Royal Artillery.
The Centurion C-RAM is a land based variant of the Phalanx CIWS 20mm gatling cannon. Covering a 1.2km square area, they intercept incoming artillery munitions via radar and FLIR guidance at a rate of 4,500 rounds per minute. At least six were acquired for deployment in Iraq with the British Army which are now contracted for eventual conversion by Babcock International into naval variants for use on the Queen Elizabeth Class Aircraft Carriers.
The Exactor is a previously classified purchase of Spike-NLOS pods originally mounted on an M113 chassis. The system is primarily used for precise indirect attacks at long ranges (26 km (16 mi)). Exactor is to be brought into the core budget, with options to be remounted on a less specialist and more expeditionary focused chassis. It is used as an ultra-long range anti-armour and anti-structure weapon, where the GMLRS would result in too much collateral damage. 18 such systems now exist within the Royal Artillery in six batteries of three, remounted on more mobile trailers.
|Oshkosh HET 1070F||United States||Military logistics vehicle||157||The Oshkosh HET 1070F is the Heavy Equipment Transporter (HET) of the British Army. The Heavy Equipment Transporters are capable of carrying a 72-tonne Main Battle Tank and are responsible for the strategic transportation of armoured vehicles over land.|
|Oshkosh Wheeled Tanker||United States||Military logistics vehicle||762||The Oshkosh Wheeled Tanker forms the backbone of the British Army's bulk fuel and water transportation. The Tanker can be fitted with enhanced blast-proof armour for driver protection and General Purpose Machine Guns.|
|MAN Support Vehicle||Germany||Military logistics vehicle||7,285||The MAN family of support vehicles are gradually replacing all 4-tonne, 8-tonne and 14-tonne cargo vehicles currently in service. They have good mobility and the ability to be fitted with armour and General Purpose Machine Guns. 7,285 were ordered in April 2010.|
|Leyland DROPS (MMLC)
Foden DROPS (IMMLC)
|United Kingdom||Military logistics vehicle||1,800||The Leyland MMLC is the Medium Mobility Load Carrier (MMLC) using a standard pallet and rack system and forms the logistic backbone of the British Army. The Foden IMMLC is the Improved Medium Mobility Load Carrier and is used primarily as an ammunition carrier in support of AS90 155mm self-propelled guns.|
|Bedford TM 6-6
Bedford TM 4-4
|United Kingdom||Military logistics vehicle||The Bedford TM 6-6 is a 12-ton, six wheel military logistics vehicle equipped with a crane and a flat bed section for the transportation of supplies. It entered service in 1986 and is now being replaced by more modern vehicles such as the MAN Support Vehicles. The Bedford TM 4-4 is a smaller four wheel military logistics vehicle armed with a 7.62mm GPMG. It is used as a troop transport and supply vehicle.|
|Pinzgauer|| United Kingdom
|Tactical support vehicle||190||The Pinzgauer 716M is 4×4 tactical support vehicle used by the Royal Artillery to tow artillery pieces such as the Rapier and L118 Light gun.|
|Mowag Duro II
Mowag Duro III
|United Kingdom||Communications, intel and bomb disposal||190||118 Duro II and 48 Duro III are operated by communications and intelligence units. A further six Duro II and 18 Duro III are tasked with mine clearance and bomb disposal units - these have become known as Tellar in British Army service.'|
|Land Rover Wolf
Land Rover Defender
|United Kingdom||Multipurpose utility vehicle||12,000||Numerous variants of the Land Rover are used such as the:|
|Land Rover Pulse||United Kingdom||Battlefield ambulance||119||The Land Rover battlefield ambulance has full medical facilities with the capacity to hold up to six seated casualties or four casualties on stretchers. The Vehicle can be air lifted and is amphibious.|
There are a number of all-terrain vehicles in service with the British Army. The Supacat ATMP is a lightweight 6×6 used by airborne and air-mobile forces. It can carry up to 8 troops ith a standard NATO pallet of stores and ammunition. The Springer all-terrain vehicle is as a light-role 4×2 load carriage platform which can self-load a 1 ton pallet. Each vehicle is equipped with an 8,000 lb (3,600 kg) self-recovery winch and sand ladders, which act as loading ramps for a cargo pallet. The Grizzly 450 quad bikes are used for light transport for things such as mortars, ammunition and general supplies. Finally, the Harley Davidson MT350E and Honda R250 motorcycles are used by dispatch riders and for a variety of liaison and traffic control tasks.
The Special forces maintain a unique fleet of vehicles to support their covert operations. A total of 24 Bushmaster Protected Mobility Vehicles were purchased in May 2008 under a UOR for the SAS in Iraq and Afghanistan. It is fitted with additional armour, counter-IED electronics, and a .50 calibre machine gun mounted in a RWS. In addition, other vehicles known to be in service are; 60 Toyota Hilux for special forces mobility and 78 ACMAT VLRAs as tactical support vehicles to resupply and sustain special forces on operations.
|Britten-Norman Islander Mk1
Britten-Norman Islander Mk2
|United Kingdom||Surveillance aircraft||7||Light aircraft used for airborne reconnaissance and command, also has a limited use in transporting personnel. It has a range of 380 nautical miles and can carry two crew and six passengers.|
|Britten-Norman Defender||United Kingdom||Surveillance aircraft||9||Light aircraft used for airborne reconnaissance and command by the UK Special Forces. It has a range of 380 nautical miles and can carry two crew and six passengers. Also has a limited use in transporting personnel.|
|Westland Apache|| United States
|Attack helicopter||66||British version of the Apache; uses more powerful Rolls-Royce RTM332 engines to allow it to operate with both full fuel and munitions loads. It carries a mix of weapons including rockets, Hellfire missiles, and a 30-mm chain gun.|
|Westland Lynx AH7
Westland Lynx AH9A
|United Kingdom||Battlefield helicopter||50
|Utility helicopter, often used to provide close air support to ground forces with the use of machine guns. The AH7 aircraft are due to be phased out in 2015 and be replaced by 34 Wildcats, 4 of which are slated to be in the LAH configuration and operated by the Joint Special Forces Aviation Wing. The AH9 aircraft have been upgraded to AH9A standard as part of the UOR processes inspired by operations in Afghanistan.|
|Westland Wildcat||United Kingdom||Battlefield helicopter||21||A total of 34 aircraft have been ordered, 4 in the LAH configuration to be operated by the Joint Special Forces Aviation Wing. The Wildcat will enter operational service in 2014 but is currently used for training. The Wildcat brings enhancements in ISTAR ability, range and payload capacity over the Lynx AH7 as well as operating an advanced system architecture for cross communication between air and ground.|
|Bell 212 HP||United States||Battlefield helicopter||8||Used in the jungle areas of Belize and Brunei.|
|Eurocopter AS365N3 Dauphin II||France||Special forces helicopter||5||Used by No. 658 Squadron AAC in support of the United Kingdom Special Forces attached to the SAS.|
|Westland Gazelle AH1||United Kingdom||Reconnaissance helicopter||34||Small, single-engined helicopter primarily used for observation and reconnaissance.|
|Watchkeeper WK450||United Kingdom||ISTAR UAV||30||Advanced ISTAR UAV which can handle two payloads, operate in all weathers and can also take-off and land automatically. A total of 30 air vehicles and 14 ground systems have already been produced with an additional 24 air vehicles and one ground system to be delivered. Operated by 32nd Regiment Royal Artillery.|
|Ramped craft logistic||United Kingdom||Landing craft||Arromanches (L105)
|Operated by the Royal Logistic Corps for amphibious operations. Designed to deliver men and material onto beaches, it is capable of carrying and deploying the Challenger 2 MBT. The RCL has a full load displacement of 290 tonnes and a maximum speed of 10 knots.|
|Mk 4 Army Workboat||United Kingdom||Workboat||Storm (WB41)
Sirocco (WB44 )
|Operated by the Royal Logistic Corps as small tugs and general purpose work-boats in support of amphibious operations. They have a displacement of 48 tonnes and a maximum speed of 10 knots.|
The raiding craft in service with the British Army are operated in large numbers, predominately with the Royal Engineers and the Royal Logistic Corps for supporting both bridging and amphibious operations. These craft are highly versatile and often find themselves serving in environments ranging from the Arctic to the tropics.
Mexeflotes are amphibious landing raft operated by the Royal Logistic Corps for amphibious operations and are designed to deliver both armoured vehicles and material from ship to shore. They are deployed on the 16,160 tonne Bay-class landing ships of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary.
Future equipment of the British Army
- The Future Integrated Soldier Technology is a suite of equipment capable of enhancing an infantryman's effectiveness as part of the Future Soldier programme.
- The Future Rapid Effect System is a planned family of medium-weight armoured vehicles intended to replace the Saxon, FV432 and CVR(T) series of vehicles. This has been replaced by the Scout SV and its variants. An ABSV will replace the some vehicles like the mortar carriers in armoured infantry units
- The MAN Support vehicle, is currently being introduced into service. There will be 6,928 cargo vehicles including unit support tankers, 288 recovery vehicles and 69 recovery trailers with the deployment planned for 2014.
- UK MOD has a requirement to acquire a new Modular Assault Rifle System (MARS) for deployment with certain military units from 2014.
- Other equipment lists
- Royal Engineers bridging and trackway equipment
- British Army communications and reconnaissance equipment
- Unmanned systems of the British Army
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