Endeavour at Long Beach, CA. 1996
|Yacht Club:||Royal Yacht Squadron|
|America's Cup Year(s):||1934|
|Designer(s):||Charles Ernest Nicholson|
|Builder:||Camper and Nicholsons|
|Owner(s):|| Sir Thomas Sopwith 1934
Elizabeth Meyer 1984
L. Dennis Kozlowski 2000
Cassio Antunes 2006
|Length:||129 ft 6 in (39.47 m)(LOA)
88 ft 2 in (26.87 m)(LWL)
|Beam:||22 ft (6.71 m)|
|Draft:||14 ft 9 in (4.50 m)|
|Sail Area:||7,651 sq ft (710.8 m2)|
Endeavour is a 130-foot (40 m) J-class yacht built for the 1934 America's Cup by Camper and Nicholson in Gosport, Portsmouth Harbour, England. She was built for Thomas Sopwith who used his aviation design expertise to ensure the yacht was the most advanced of its day with a steel hull and mast. She was launched in 1934 and won many races in her first season including against the J's Velsheda and Shamrock V. She failed in her America's Cup challenge against the American defender Rainbow but came closer to lifting the cup than any other until Australia II succeeded in 1983.
Endeavour pioneered the Quadrilateral genoa, a twin clewed headsail offering great sail area and consequent power. This design is still in use in the J's today. The boat also featured a larger and improved spinnaker. However, the campaign was blighted by a strike of Sopwith's professional crew prior to departing for America. Forced to rely mainly on keen amateurs, who lacked the necessary experience, the campaign failed. This was one of the most contentious of the America's cup battles and prompted the headline: "Britannia rules the waves and America waives the rules."
Following the America's Cup she dominated the British sailing scene until, whilst being towed across the Atlantic to Britain in September 1937, she broke loose from her tow and was feared lost. She was eventually found and returned to England where she was laid up. For 46 years Endeavour languished through a variety of owners. In 1947, she was sold for scrap, saved only a few hours before her demolition was due. In the 1970s she sank in the River Medina, Isle of Wight. She was purchased for ten pounds and patched up enough to refloat. Until the mid-1980s she was on shore at Calshot Spit, an ex-seaplane base on the edge of the New Forest, Southern England. By this time she was in a desperate state, with only the hull remaining, lacking rudder, mast and keel.
In 1984 Endeavour was bought by Elizabeth Meyer, who undertook a five-year project to rebuild her. The initial work was undertaken where she lay to ensure that the hull was sufficiently seaworthy to be towed to the shipyard of Royal Huisman, in Holland, who designed and installed a new rig, engine, generator and mechanical systems and fitted the interior to a very high standard. Endeavour sailed again, on 22 June 1989, for the first time in 52 years.
After her rebuild she cruised extensively and in 1999 joined the rebuilt Velsheda and Shamrock V to compete in the Antigua Classics Regatta.
- "Endeavour I Adrift in Atlantic". Sydney Morning Herald. 17 September 1937. Retrieved 2009-01-16.
- Lloyd, Barbara (21 June 1989). "Re-launching a grand era". New York Times. Retrieved 2012-04-22.
- "Story of the J-Class Yachts". Retrieved 2011-05-10.
- Freifeld, Karen; Silver, Jim. "Kozlowski's 'Endeavour' Yacht Was Bought by Antunes". blommberg.com. Retrieved 2009-01-16.
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