Enfield Highway

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Coordinates: 51°39′43″N 0°02′28″W / 51.662°N 0.041°W / 51.662; -0.041

Enfield Highway
Enfield Highway is located in Greater London
Enfield Highway
Enfield Highway
 Enfield Highway shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ355975
London borough Enfield
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ENFIELD
Postcode district EN3
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Enfield North
London Assembly Enfield and Haringey
List of places
UK
England
London
Local shops in Enfield Highway

Enfield Highway is an area in the London Borough of Enfield, North London. It is roughly located in the area either side of Hertford Road (Enfield Highway) between Hoe Lane and The Ride.[1]

Etymology[edit]

Enfield Highway is marked thus on the Ordnance Survey map of 1822, it is a settlement mainly from the eighteenth century named from the kings highe way leading to London 1610, the highway being the Roman road Ermine Street (now the A1010 Hertford Road).[2]

The name of the hamlet along this stretch of road was recorded as "Cocksmiths End" in 1572 and in 1658.[3]

Education[edit]

Thomas Ford in his history of Enfield (1873) records the existence in Enfield Highway of "a school for 160 boys, with a master's house, built in 1872, near the Church, under a certificated master and three pupil teachers" and a "girls' and infants' school at the Highway,for 260 children, taught by a certificated mistress, and four pupil teachers."[4]

Library[edit]

A public library, built with the aid of a grant from the Carnegie Foundation was opened Enfield Highway in 1910. An enlarged lending library was added to the rear of the building in 1938. The borough's travelling library (started in 1947) was originally based there.[5]

Places of worship[edit]

St James' church

St James' Church, a brick gothic Commissioners' church designed by William Conrad Lochner, was consecrated in 1831[6] The first Anglican place of worship to be established in Enfield in addition to the parish church, St James' was built by subscription as a chapel of ease on land given by Woodham Connop. It was consecrated on 15 October by the Bishop of London, Charles Blomfield. A district was assigned to the church on 9 December 1833. It comprised the whole of the parish of east of a line drawn at a distance of 150 yards to the west of the main road from Edmonton to Cheshunt. The church was licensed for marriages in 1845.[7]

Open spaces[edit]

For King George's Field, see main article List of King George V Playing Fields (Greater London)

Durants Park was created in 1903 from the estate of the former manor house called Durrants. It was named after the family of Adam Durant from 1244.[2] It later became the home of the Wroth and Stringer families. The gatehouse of the manor survived until 1910.[8]

Wright's Almshouses[edit]

On the west side of the Hertford Road is a terraced row of six almshouses, with a stone tablet bearing the inscription: "These almshouses were erected and endowed by Mr. Charles Wright, of Enfield-highway, for the support of six poor widows, A.D. 1847." Wright built the almshouses a few years before his death in 1851, and by a deed of 1848 conveyed them to trustees, who were given the responsibility of choosing six poor widows, aged over sixty, with an income of no more £10 a year, and not receiving parochial relief, to occupy them. The widows were also to receive a sum of £10 annually, and one ton of coal each winter.[9] The almshouses form a grade II listed building.[10]

Politics[edit]

  • Enfield Highway forms part of the Enfield North parliamentary constituency. The local MP is Conservative politician Nick de Bois.

In popular culture[edit]

Some scenes in the BBC TV movie Learners were filmed around Enfield Highway.

Transport and locale[edit]

Nearest places[edit]

Nearest railway stations[edit]

Buses[edit]

London Buses routes 121, 191, 279, 307 and night route N279 serve Hertford Road, the main road of Enfield Highway.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.enfield.gov.uk/362/Enfield%20Highway.pdf Local Government Boundaries Map
  2. ^ a b Anthony David Mills (2001). Oxford Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280106-6. 
  3. ^ T F T Baker, R B Pugh (Editors), A P Baggs, Diane K Bolton, Eileen P Scarff, G C Tyack (1976). "Enfield: Growth before 1850". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 5: Hendon, Kingsbury, Great Stanmore, Little Stanmore, Edmonton Enfield, Monken Hadley, South Mimms, Tottenham. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  4. ^ Ford and Hodgson (1873), p.328
  5. ^ "Public Libraries in Enfield a history". London Borough of Enfield. 
  6. ^ http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=26957 Retrieved 16 April 2011
  7. ^ Ford and Hodgson (1873), p,313
  8. ^ http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=26951 Retrieved 16 April 2011
  9. ^ Ford and Hodgson (1873)
  10. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (200667)". Images of England. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

A photograph of the gatehouse at Durants from the Victoria and Albert Museum http://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O54060/photograph-national-photographic-record-and-survey/