European Parliament election, 2009 (Netherlands)

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Netherlands European Parliament election, 2009
Netherlands
2004 ←
4 June 2009 → 2014
25 seats to the European Parliament
Turnout 36,9%
Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Netherlands

The European Parliament election of 2009 in the Netherlands was the election of the delegation from the Netherlands to the European Parliament in 2009 and took place on June 4, 2009. Seventeen parties competed in a D'Hondt type election for 25 seats. (down from 27) For the first time, also all Dutch residents of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba were entitled to vote.

Background[edit]

Political cooperation[edit]

The ChristianUnion and SGP formed a common list ChristenUnie/SGP for the European Parliament election. Moreover several parties formed an electoral alliance:

  1. CDA/European People's Party and ChristianUnion/SGP, with 1.223.773 votes
  2. VVD/European Liberal-Democrats and Democrats 66, with 1.034.065 votes
  3. PvdA/European Social-Democrats and GreenLeft, with 952.711 votes

All three alliances would be liable for a remainder seat, because all parties involved got a seat in the European parliament. Without the alliance between the Dutch Labour Party and Greenleft, GreenLeft would have only two seats and PVV five.[dubious ] The rest of the electoral alliances had no effect on the overall result.[dubious ]

New electorate[edit]

The Netherlands Antilles and Aruba were granted the right to vote in the European Parliament election by a verdict of the Council of State which stated that it is illegal to make a difference in law between people with Dutch nationality in Europe and outside. The government granted all persons of Dutch nationality voting rights for European elections. Before the verdict, only people who had lived in the Netherlands for 10 years or longer were allowed to vote. This ruling increased the number of people entitled to vote by 210,000. Only 20,944 people registered to vote from the islands in this election. The turnout of registered voters in the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba was 77% (rest of the world 66%)[1] This new right, does not change the position of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba. They are not part of the European Union and they do not need to adopt European law.[2]

Before this election, people placed under a guardian where not allowed to vote. Usually a person has the status of guardian because the ward is incapable of caring for their own interests. A ruling of the Council of State decided that this was not allowed under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. It is not known how many people this affected, as there is no central register.[3]

Treaty of Lisbon[edit]

Further information: Treaty of Lisbon

According to the Treaty of Lisbon, the Netherlands will get a 26th seat in the European parliament. Because this treaty had not yet been ratified by all member states at the time of the elections, this seat could not be given to a party this time. The State Ssecretary for the Interior, Ank Bijleveld-Schouten, made a proposal for allocating it if the Lisbon treaty were to be ratified by all members states, but it had not been accepted by parliament at the time of the election. According to the proposal made by the government, the seat will be awarded to the Party for Freedom.

The Party for the Animals is contesting the proposal, claiming that the minister ignored part of the Electoral Council's opinion. They raised their objection after the official results came in. {Undser the Electoral Council's opinion, the Party for Animals would have gained the seat.[4] Several parties in the States-General have already stated that this is changing the election rules after the elections and, if they wanted to change the rules, the opposition had missed their chance by not contesting them before the elections. They had thus de facto agreed to the proposal.[5][6] Advice has been asked from the Council of State on the matter. If the election had been for 26 seats rather than 25 from the start, the seat would have been awarded to the Party for Freedom.[1] On 9 October the Dutch cabinet announced that the 26th seat will be awarded to the Party for Freedom. Giving them a total of 5 seats when the Lisbon treaty comes into effect.[7]

Treaty of Nice[edit]

Further information: Treaty of Nice

At present, the exact number of seats allocated to each country is determined by the Treaty of Nice, and is adjusted by the accession treaty of each new member. This last occurred with the enlargement in 2007. Hence no change to the seats occurs without ratification by all member states. According to the treaties, the maximum number of members in the Parliament is 732. However, allocation takes no account of any enlargements expected during the Parliamentary term. Hence, when Romania and Bulgaria joined in 2007, the number of seats temporarily rose to 785, but drop back to 736 at the 2009 election. Because of this, the Netherlands had 27 in 2004 but only 25 in 2009.

Turnout[edit]

Turnout was with 36,9% a little lower than in 2004 . (39,26%) A total of 12,378,500 people were entitled to vote. Of these 4,573,743 did so.

Highest turnout in municipalities:

  1. Rozendaal: 65,70%
  2. Schiermonnikoog: 58,20%
  3. Bloemendaal: 55,90%
  4. Abcoude: 54,90%
  5. Haren: 54,80%

Lowest turnout in municipalities:

  1. Rucphen: 22,30%
  2. Reiderland: 26,20%
  3. Reusel-De Mierden: 27,40%
  4. Den Helder: 27,50%
  5. Spijkenisse: 27,90%

Results[edit]

According to the European Commission, the publication of national results prior to Sunday evening is illegal. However, all the municipalities in the Netherlands published the results on Thursday, so the media was able to give an almost complete national result, only minus votes cast abroad.[8] The complete and official result were published the June 11, 2009.[9] The same happened after the elections in 2004.[10]

Dutch political parties[edit]

The Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) managed to remain the biggest party (5 seats), despite losing 2 seats.
The biggest winners were the Party for Freedom (up 4 seats) and Democrats 66 (up 2). The biggest loser was the Labour Party, which lost more than half its seats (down 4). The ChristianUnion-SGP was in the Independence/Democracy group, but this did not meet the requirements for European Parliament groups and was dissolved. The ChristianUnion and SGP entered into talks with the European Conservatives after the elections. The SGP was asked to change their stance on women's issues, but declined. After that the ChristianUnion joined the European Conservatives on its own. Thus the ChristianUnion and Reformed Political Party (SGP) split into two group in the European parliament, after 25 years of cooperation.

e • d Summary of the 4 June 2009 European Parliament election results in the Netherlands
Lists Votes % Change Seats Change
List National Party EU Party EP Group
list Christian Democratic Appeal Christen-Democratisch Appèl EPP EPP 913.233 20,05 −4,33 5 −2
list Party for Freedom Partij voor de Vrijheid none NI 772.746 16,97 +16,97 4 +4
list Labour Party Partij van de Arbeid PES S&D 548.691 12,05 −11,60 3 −4
list People's Party for Freedom and Democracy Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie ELDR ALDE 518.643 11,39 −1,81 3 −1
list Democrats 66 Democraten 66 ELDR ALDE 515.422 11,32 +7,08 3 +2
list GreenLeft GroenLinks EGP Greens-EFA 404.020 8,87 +1,53 3 +1
list Socialist Party Socialistische Partij none EUL/NGL 323.269 7,10 +0,13 2 ±0
list ChristianUnion – Reformed Political Party ChristenUnie–SGP ECPM / none ECR / EFD 310.540 6,82 +0,91 2 ±0
list Party for the Animals Partij voor de Dieren none 157.735 3,46 +0,32 0 ±0
list European Whistle-Blower Party Europese klokkenluiderspartij none 21.448 0,47 +0,47 0 ±0
list Newropeans Newropeans none 19.840 0,44 +0,44 0 ±0
list Libertas Libertas Libertas.eu EFD 14.612 0,32 +0,32 0 ±0
list Liberal Democratic Party Liberaal Democratische Partij none 10.757 0,24 +0,24 0 ±0
list The Greens De Groenen EGP Greens-EFA 8.517 0,19 +0,19 0 ±0
list Solidara none 7.533 0,17 +0,17 0 ±0
list Europe Cheap! & Sustainable Europa Voordelig! & Duurzaam none 4.431 0,10 +0,10 0 ±0
list Party for European politics Partij voor Europese Politiek none 2.427 0,05 +0,05 0 ±0
Total valid votes 4.553.864 100 25 -2
Invalid votes 9.866
Blank votes 10.013
Total votes 4.573.743
Electorate 12.378.500
Turnout 36,9%
Source: [11][dead link][citation needed]

European groups[edit]

The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe became the biggest group in the Netherlands, after an electoral loss for the parties in European People's Party–European Democrats and European Socialists group.
The European Greens–European Free Alliance lost a seat, despite GreenLeft winning a seat. This because Europe Transparent, which sat in the European Greens-EFA group did not take part this election. Newcomer Party for Freedom is not part of a European group and is under Non-Inscrits. The ChristianUnion-SGP was in the Independence/Democracy group, but this group did not meet the requirements to be a group in the European Parliament and was dissolved. The ChristianUnion and SGP entered talks with the European Conservatives after the elections. The SGP was asked to chance their stance on women's issues, but declined. After that the ChristianUnion joined the European Conservatives on its own. The ChristianUnion and Reformed Political Party split after 25 years cooperation into two groups in the European parliament.


e • d Summary of the 4 June 2009 European Parliament elections in the Netherlands
European group Seats 2004 Seats 2009 Change
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe ALDE 5 6 +1
European People's Party EPP 7 5 -2
Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats PASD 7 3 -4
European Greens–European Free Alliance Greens-EFA 4 3 -1
European United Left–Nordic Green Left EUL-NGL 2 2 ±0
European Conservatives and Reformists ECR 0 1 +1
Europe of Freedom and Democracy EFD 2 1 -1
Non-Inscrits 0 4 +4
27 25 -2

Elected Members[edit]

20 members were elected by preference vote. 24 people got this amount, but not all could be appointed because either the party did not get enough seats or they got no seats.

Below are all the elected members of European parliament for the Netherlands. Members elected by preference votes are in bold. The following 25 MEPs were officially announced by the Central Electoral Commission on 11 June 2009:[1]

Christian Democratic Appeal

  1. Wim van de Camp, by 579,775 votes (top candidate)
  2. Ria Oomen-Ruijten, by 70,388 votes
  3. Corien Wortmann-Kool, by 48,270 votes
  4. Esther de Lange, by 43,406 votes
  5. Lambert van Nistelrooij, by 41,846 votes

Party for Freedom

  1. Barry Madlener, by 372,060 votes (top candidate)
  2. Geert Wilders, by 334,846 votes (has announced that he will not claim his seat) [12]
  3. Louis Bontes, by 6,751 votes
  4. Daniël van der Stoep, by 5,650 votes

Dutch Labour Party

  1. Thijs Berman, by 372,060 votes (top candidate)
  2. Emine Bozkurt, by 66,385 votes
  3. Judith Merkies, by 18,553 votes

People's Party for Freedom and Democracy

  1. Hans van Baalen, by 367,796 votes (top candidate)
  2. Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, by 52,184 votes
  3. Toine Manders, by 34,973 votes

Democrats 66

  1. Sophie in 't Veld, by 433,957 votes (top candidate)
  2. Marietje Schaake, by 18,662 votes
  3. Gerben-Jan Gerbrandy, by 18,107 votes

GreenLeft

  1. Judith Sargentini, by 321,744 votes (top candidate)
  2. Bas Eickhout, by 13,782 votes
  3. Marije Cornelissen, by 14,486 votes

Socialist Party

  1. Dennis de Jong, by 194,359 votes (top candidate)
  2. Kartika Liotard, by 32,426 votes

ChristianUnion – Reformed Political Party

  1. Peter van Dalen (ChristianUnion), by 209,947 votes (top candidate)
  2. Bastiaan Belder (Reformed Political Party), by 53,450 votes

Members not elected, but enough preference votes:

Remainder seats[edit]

Four remainder seats were allocated in this order:[1]

  1. CDA/European People's Party and ChristianUnion/SGP electoral alliance, given to ChristianUnion – Reformed Political Party
  2. VVD/European Liberal-Democrats and Democrats 66 electoral alliance, given to the Democrats 66
  3. Socialist Party
  4. PvdA/European Social-Democrats and GreenLeft electoral alliance, given to GreenLeft

MEPs in 2009-2014[edit]

Below is a list of members of the European Parliament for the period 2009-2014 as a result of this election.

Name National party EP Group Period Votes
Johannes "Hans" van Baalen      People's Party for Freedom and Democracy      ALDE 14 July 2009 – 367,796
Bastiaan "Bas" Belder      Reformed Political Party      EFD 20 July 1999 – 53,450
Thijs Berman      Labour Party      S&D 20 July 2004 – 372,060
Louis Bontes [13]      Party for Freedom      NI 14 July 2009 – 6,751
Emine Bozkurt      Labour Party      S&D 20 July 2004 – 66,385
Wim van de Camp      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP 14 July 2009 – 579,775
Marije Cornelissen      GreenLeft      G–EFA 14 July 2009 – 14,486
Peter van Dalen      ChristianUnion      ECR 14 July 2009 – 209,947
Bas Eickhout      GreenLeft      G–EFA 14 July 2009 – 13,782
Gerben-Jan Gerbrandy      Democrats 66      ALDE 14 July 2009 – 18,107
Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert [14]      People's Party for Freedom and Democracy      ALDE 20 July 2004 – 52,184
Dennis de Jong      Socialist Party      EUL–NGL 14 July 2009 – 194,359
Esther de Lange      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP 12 April 2007 – 43,406
Kartika Liotard [15]      Socialist Party (2009–2010) /      Independent      EUL–NGL 20 July 2004 – 32,426
Barry Madlener [16]      Party for Freedom      NI 14 July 2009 – 372,060
Toine Manders [17]      People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (2009–2013) /      Independent      ALDE 20 July 1999 – 34,973
Judith Merkies      Labour Party      S&D 14 July 2009 – 18,553
Lambert van Nistelrooij      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP 20 July 2004 – 41,846
Ria Oomen-Ruijten      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP 25 July 1989 – 70,388
Judith Sargentini      GreenLeft      G–EFA 14 July 2009 – 321,744
Marietje Schaake      Democrats 66      ALDE 14 July 2009 – 18,662
Laurence Stassen [18] [19]      Party for Freedom (2009–2014) /      Independent      NI 14 July 2009 – 17,880
Daniël van der Stoep [20]      Party for Freedom (2009–2011) /      Independent      NI 14 July 2009 – 5,650
Sophie in 't Veld      Democrats 66      ALDE 20 July 2004 – 433,957
Corien Wortmann-Kool      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP 20 July 2004 – 48,270
  1. ^ a b c d Uitslag verkiezing van de leden van het Europees Parlement van 4 juni 2009 Turnout in Netherlands Antilles and Aruba
  2. ^ Europees kiesrecht in Aruba en Nederlandse Antillen Dutch allowed to vote on the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba
  3. ^ Core data for 2009 elections
  4. ^ Dutch parliament asks advice from Council of State in NRC
  5. ^ Dutch labour party wants remainder seat for Party for Freedom in Telegraaf
  6. ^ Junior minister says: remainder seat "de facto" for Party for Freedom in Trouw
  7. ^ PVV krijgt vijfde zetel in Europarlement on Nu.nl
  8. ^ Verkiezingen Overzicht Europees Parlement Dutch municipalities will announce results on the evening of election day
  9. ^ Kiesraad stelt uitslag vast van verkiezingen Europees Parlement
  10. ^ Rechtsruck in Niederlanden on n-tv.de and German
  11. ^ Minutes Dutch EP election 2009 in .pdf and Dutch
  12. ^ Laurenca Stassen replaces Geert Wilders in EP TcTubantia (in Dutch)
  13. ^ Resigned in 2010, became a member of the Dutch Parliament (House of Representatives) after the 2010 election. Replaced by Lucas Hartong on 22 June 2010.
  14. ^ Resigned in 2010, became a member of the Dutch Parliament (House of Representatives) after the 2010 election. Replaced by Jan Mulder on 22 June 2010.
  15. ^ Withdrew her membership of the Socialist Party on 1 June 2010 after internal conflicts in the Socialist Party. Sits as an independent while still part of the EUL-NGL.
  16. ^ Resigned in 2012, became a member of the Dutch Parliament (House of Representatives) after the 2012 election. Replaced by Patricia van der Kammen on 27 September 2012.
  17. ^ Withdrew his membership of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy on 17 October 2013 to run as party leader of 50PLUS in the European Parliament election, 2014. Sits as an independent, while still part of the ALDE.
  18. ^ Geert Wilders, as "party list pusher" was chosen on the number of preferences votes, however he declined to join the European Parliament. Stassen took up his seat.
  19. ^ Withdrew her membership of the Party for Freedom on 21 March 2014 after allegedly discriminatory remarks by party leader Wilders. Sits as an independent.
  20. ^ Resigned in 2011 because he caused a car crash while drunk driving. Replaced by Auke Zijlstra on 13 September 2011. Van der Stoep returned to the Parliament in December 2011 because of seat increases provided for by the Treaty of Lisbon. As the first candidate on the Party for Freedom election list who did not have a seat in the European Parliament he was allowed to return to the Parliament. However, the Party for Freedom did not allow him to rejoin their delegation, and he currently sits as an independent.


References[edit]