Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Group
|Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
|European Parliament group|
|Name||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
|Formal name||Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
|European parties||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party,
European Democratic Party
|Associated organisations||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe,
|From||20 July 2004|
|Preceded by||ELDR Group|
|Chaired by||Guy Verhofstadt|
The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Group (ALDE/ADLE) is the current liberal–centrist political group of the European Parliament. It is made up of MEPs from two European political parties, the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (formerly the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party) and the European Democratic Party, which collectively form the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.
ALDE is one of the three oldest Groups, dating its unofficial origin back to September 1952 and the first meeting of the Parliament's predecessor, the Common Assembly. Founded as an explicitly Liberal Group, it has expanded its remit to cover the different centrist traditions of each new Member State as they acceded to the Union, progressively changing its name in the process.
It is the fourth-largest Group in the Parliament and did participate in the Grand Coalition (the coalition designed to provide a majority) for the Sixth Parliament (2004–2009).
The ALDE Group can trace its unofficial ancestry back to the Liberal members present at the first meeting of the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community (the Parliament's predecessor) on 10 September 1952, but the Group was officially founded as the Group of Liberals and Allies on 23 June 1953.
As the Assembly grew into the Parliament, the French Gaullists split from the Group on 21 January 1965 and the Group started the process of changing its name to match the liberal/centrist traditions of the new member states, firstly to the Liberal and Democratic Group in 1976, then to the Liberal and Democratic Reformist Group on 13 December 1985, then to the Group of the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party on 19 July 1994 to match the European political party of the same name.
In 1999, the Group partnered with European People's Party–European Democrats (EPP-ED) group to form the Grand Coalition for the Fifth Parliament. The customary split of the Presidency of the European Parliament between Groups in the Coalition meant that the Group achieved its first President of the European Parliament on 15 January 2002, when Pat Cox was elected to the post to serve the latter half of the five-year term. The Group lost its Grand Coalition status after the 2004 elections.
On 13 July 2004 the Group approved a recommendation to unite with MEPs from the centrist and social-liberal political party at the European level called the European Democratic Party (EDP) founded by François Bayrou's Union for French Democracy, the Labour Party of Lithuania and Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy of Italy.
The Group accordingly became the Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) on 20 July 2004, to match the eponymous transnational political alliance, although the two European-level parties remained separate outside the European Parliament. The MEP Graham Watson of the British Liberal Democrats became the first chair of ALDE.
Membership by party in Sixth, Seventh and Eighth Parliaments
The national parties that are members of ALDE are as follows:
National party in national language
|Austria||NEOS – The New Austria and Liberal Forum||Neos – Das Neue Österreich und Liberales Forum||ALDE||-|
|Belgium||Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats||Open Vlaamse Liberalen en Democraten||ALDE|
|Reformist Movement||Mouvement Réformateur||ALDE|
|Bulgaria||National Movement for Stability and Progress||Latin: Nacionalno Dviženie Za Stabilnost I Văzhod
Cyrillic: Национално движение за стабилност и възход
|Movement for Rights and Freedoms||Latin: Dvizhenie Za Prava I Svobodi
Cyrillic: Движение за права и свободи
|Croatia||Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats||Hrvatska narodna stranka – liberalni demokrati||ALDE||-||-|
|Cyprus||Democratic Party||Greek: Δημοκρατικό Κόμμα
Latin: Dimokratikó Kómma
Turkish: Demokrat Parti
|Czech Republic||ANO 2011||?||-||-|
|Denmark||Venstre - Denmark's Liberal Party||Venstre - Danmarks Liberale Parti||ALDE|
|Danish Social Liberal Party||Det Radikale Venstre||ALDE||-|
|Estonia||Estonian Centre Party||Eesti Keskerakond||ALDE|
|Estonian Reform Party||Eesti Reformierakond||ALDE|
|Finland||Centre Party||Finnish: Suomen Keskusta
Swedish: Centern i Finland
|Swedish People's Party||Finnish: Suomen ruotsalainen kansanpuolue
Swedish: Svenska Folkpartiet i Finland
|France||Democratic Movement||Mouvement Démocrate||EDP|
|CAP21||Citoyenneté Action Participation Pour Le XXIe Siècle||none||-||-|
|Civic Alliance for Democracy in Europe||Alliance Citoyenne Pour La Démocratie En Europe||ALDE||-||-|
|Union of Democrats and Independents||Union des démocrates et indépendants||EDP||-||-|
|Germany||Free Democratic Party||Freie Demokratische Partei||ALDE|
|Free Voters||Freie Wähler||EDP||-||-|
|Hungary||Alliance of Free Democrats||Szabad Demokraták Szövetsége - A Magyar Liberális Párt||ALDE||-||-|
|Ireland||Fianna Fáil||-||ALDE||-||- [b]|
|Marian Harkin (Independent)||-||EDP|
|Italy||Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy (note: merged into PD in 2007)||Democrazia È Libertà - La Margherita||EDP||-||-|
|Italy of Values||Italia Dei Valori||ALDE||-|
|Alliance for Italy||Alleanza Per L'Italia||EDP||-|
|Italian Radicals||Radicali Italiani||ALDE||-||-|
|Latvia||Latvia's First Party/Latvian Way||Latvijas Pirmā Partija / Latvijas Ceļš||ALDE||-|
|Lithuania||Labour Party||Darbo Partija||ALDE|
|Liberal and Centre Union||Liberalų Ir Centro Sąjunga||ALDE||-||-|
|Liberal Movement||Liberalų Saįūdis||ALDE||-|
|Luxembourg||Democratic Party||Luxembourgish: Demokratesch Partei
French: Parti Démocratique
German: Demokratische Partei
|Netherlands||People's Party for Freedom and Democracy||Volkspartij Voor Vrijheid En Democratie||ALDE|
|Democrats 66||Democraten 66||ALDE|
|Poland||Democratic Party – demokraci.pl||Partia Demokratyczna - Demokraci.pl||ALDE||-||-|
|Paweł Piskorski (Independent)||-||none||-||-|
|Marek Czarnecki (Independent)||-||none||-||-|
|Romania||National Liberal Party||Partidul Naţional Liberal||ALDE[c]|
|Slovakia||People's Party – Movement for a Democratic Slovakia||Ľudová Strana - Hnutie Za Demokratické Slovensko||EDP||-||-|
|Slovenia||Liberal Democracy of Slovenia||Liberalna Demokracija Slovenije||ALDE||-|
|Zares – Social Liberals||Zares - Socialno-Liberalni||ALDE||-||-|
|Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia||Demokratična stranka upokojencev Slovenije||none||-||-|
|Spain||Democratic Convergence of Catalonia||Convergència Democràtica de Catalunya||ALDE|
|Basque Nationalist Party||Partido Nacionalista Vasco||EDP|
|Union, Progress and Democracy||Unión, Progreso y Democracia||none||-||-|
|Citizens – Party of the Citizenry||Ciudadanos-Partido de la Ciudadanía||none||-||-|
|Sweden||Liberal People's Party||Folkpartiet Liberalerna||ALDE|
|United Kingdom||Liberal Democrats||-||ALDE|
|Total ALDE Party||70||74||46|
- The Democratic Party left the ALDE for S&D in 2009.
- The sole Fianna Fáil member sits with the European Conservatives and Reformists group.
- The PNL joined the European People's Party following the European Parliamentary election of 2014. One PNL member rejoined the ALDE group a few days into the new Parliament.
Membership at formation
In September 1952, the third-largest grouping in the Common Assembly was the Liberal grouping with 11 members. The Group of Liberals and Allies was officially founded on 23 June 1953. By mid-September 1953, it was again the third-largest Group with 10 members.
ALDE is a coalition of liberal and centrist MEPs. It does not have formal subgroups, although the MEPs fall naturally into two informal subgroups, depending on whether they associate with the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party or the European Democratic Party.
The Bureau is the main decision making body of the ALDE Group and is composed of the leaders of the delegations from each member state that elects ALDE MEPs. The Bureau oversees the ALDE Group's main strategy and policies and is headed by a chair (referred to as the Leader). The day-to-day running of the Group is performed by its secretariat, led by its Secretary-General.
The senior staff of ALDE as of July 2012 are as follows:
|Sophia in 't Veld||Vice-President||Netherlands|
|Pavel Telička||Vice-President||Czech Republic|
|Fernando Maura Barandiarán||Vice-President||Spain|
|Marielle de Sarnez||Vice-President||France|
|Izaskun Bilbao Barandica||Vice-President||Spain|
|Catherine Bearder||Member||United Kingdom|
|Philippe De Backer||Member||Belgium|
|José Inácio Faria||Member||Spain|
|Alexander Graf Lambsdorff||Member||Germany|
|António Marinho e Pinto||Member||Portugal|
|António Marinho e Pinto||Member||Portugal|
|Morten Helveg Petersen||Member||Denmark|
|Francisco Sosa Wagner||Member||Spain|
|Ramon Tremosa i Balcells||Member||Spain|
|Johannes Cornelis van Baalen||Member||Netherlands|
The chairs of ALDE and its predecessors from 1953 to the present are as follows:
|1957||1968||"Pleven" (René Pleven?)|||
|2 February 1970||15 March 1973||Cornelis Berkhouwer|||
|9 October 1978||16 July 1979||Jean-François Pintat|||
|17 July 1979||27 June 1984||Martin Bangemann|||
|24 July 1984||24 July 1989||Simone Veil|||
|25 July 1989||11 December 1991||Valéry Giscard d'Estaing|||
|27 January 1992||18 July 1994||Yves Galland|||
|19 July 1994||2 August 1998||Gijs de Vries|||
|9 September 1998||14 January 2002||Pat Cox|||
|16 January 2002||31 June 2009||Graham Watson|||
|1 July 2009||present||Guy Verhofstadt|||
Along with the other political groups, ALDE has been analysed by academics on its positions regarding various issues. Those positions are summarized in this article. That article characterizes ALDE as cohesive, gender-balanced centrist Euroneutrals that cooperate most closely with the EPP, are ambiguous on hypothetical EU taxes and supportive of eventual full Turkish accession to the European Union.
- "At your service". Europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 2014-06-28.
- Wolfram Nordsieck. "Parties and Elections in Europe". Parties-and-elections.eu. Retrieved 2014-06-28.
- "ALDE on Europe Politique". Europe-politique.eu. Retrieved 2010-06-18.
- Andreas Staab (24 June 2011). The European Union Explained, Second Edition: Institutions, Actors, Global Impact. Indiana University Press. pp. 67–. ISBN 978-0-253-00164-1. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
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- David Phinnemore; Lee McGowan (26 June 2013). A Dictionary of the European Union. Routledge. p. 277. ISBN 978-1-135-08127-0. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
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- European Parliament archive entry for Simone Veil (incl. Membership)
- "Group names 1999". Europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 2010-06-18.
- "Directorate-General for the Presidency - CARDOC unit and archives - Description of the main holdings and collections" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-06-18.
- "Position of the political groups in mid-September 1953". CVCE. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
- "ALDE website article "Bureau"". Alde.eu. Retrieved 2010-06-18.
- Archived article 003730_1 from the Archive of European Integration
- European Parliament archive entry for Cornelis Berkhouwer (incl. Membership)
- European Parliament archive entry for Jean-François Pintat (incl. Membership)
- European Parliament archive entry for Martin Bangemann (incl. Membership)
- "ALDE Group press release "ALDE Group backs Watson to continue as Leader", dated 29 November 2006". Alde.eu. 2006-11-29. Retrieved 2010-06-18.
- European Parliament archive entry for Valery Giscard d'Estaing (incl. Membership)
- European Parliament archive entry for Yves Galland (incl. Membership)
- European Parliament archive entry for Gijs de Vries (incl. Membership)
- European Parliament archive entry for Pat Cox (incl. Membership)
- European Parliament archive entry for Graham Watson (incl. Membership)
- ALDE Group in the European Parliament : Guy Verhofstadt elected unopposed as new ALDE group leader[dead link]
- ALDE Group in the European Parliament (official website)
- ALDE Group in the European Parliament's channel on YouTube