Federal Correctional Institution, Sheridan
|Location||Sheridan, Oregon, United States|
|Security class||Medium-security (with minimum-security prison camp)|
|Population||1,350 (480 in prison camp)|
|Managed by||Federal Bureau of Prisons|
The Federal Correctional Institution, Sheridan (FCI Sheridan) is a medium-security United States federal prison for male inmates in Oregon. Opened in 1989, it is operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, a division of the United States Department of Justice. The facility also includes a detention center housing male offenders and an adjacent minimum-security satellite prison camp also for male offenders. FCI Sheridan is located in northwestern Oregon in Sheridan.
Sheridan, Oregon, began campaigning to be the site of the first federal prison in Oregon in 1981. Then Senator Mark Hatfield and Congressman Les AuCoin worked to help get Sheridan selected as the site for the prison. Federal prison officials began looking at sites around Sheridan to build a proposed $50 million minimum and medium security prison in 1985. Plans called for the prison to be built on farmland south of the city. Some local residents opposed building the facility near Sheridan and created a group to fight the government. In August 1986, the 182-acre (74 ha) location south of Sheridan was approved by the Federal Bureau of Prisons. These early plans called for a 250 person minimum security unit, a 550 person minimum security unit, with a total cost of $48 million. The Delphian School's campus was also a candidate for the location of the prison.
State and county governments expanded Sheridan's urban growth boundary to include the prison site in 1986, which opponents then fought in court. These efforts, along with two ballot measures in November 1986, all failed, and groundbreaking for construction was held in March 1987. Local businesses and the city had sought the prison to provide jobs in the area. Sheridan expanded its water and wastewater treatment systems at a cost of $2.2 million as part of the project.
FCI Sheridan opened in May 1989 with George Killinger as the warden. Oregon's first federal prison cost $52 million to build. Construction began in 1987 with a design to hold 550 inmates at the prison portion and an additional 256 camp prisoners. Portland's Hoffman Construction Company built the prison for the federal government. The prison was officially dedicated on August 24, 1989. FCI Sheridan experienced a riot in September 1993 that destroyed one building when inmates set it on fire. Another lockdown occurred in September 2003 when 40 prisoners were involved in fights using homemade weapons. In December 1994, an additional 300 beds were added to the facility as a federal detention center for housing pre-trial inmates. The separate facility from the main prison cost $10 million to build.
The Oregon Legislature passed a law in 1999 that prevented inmates in federal prisons from voting in local elections. Since Oregon had never had a federal prison, only state prisoners had previously been barred from voting. In 2000, the U.S. Census Bureau mistakenly listed the prison population in one census tract instead of the correct census tract. Oregon Secretary of State Bill Bradbury used the incorrect data when re-drawing the state’s legislative districts as is done after each census. This small error of about 2000 people was enough to throw off the districts beyond their margin of acceptance and the Oregon Supreme Court ruled the Secretary must re-draw the boundary lines to match the correct data. The city also counts the prison population as part of the city’s official population.
FCI Sheridan houses approximately 1900 total inmates. This includes the main medium security detention facility and a smaller minimum security prison camp. The facility is designed in a style that resembles college campuses that are meant to foster rehabilitation. Buildings housing inmates have white exteriors with red-colored roofs. These concrete, two-story structures are modeled after dormitories. The factory buildings have roof lines that are meant to mimic the area's agricultural architecture. The prison industry (UNICOR) was a wood shop for the manufacturing of furniture until being closed down in 2006. Furniture included desks and office chairs. Inmates at the minimum security camp can study to work as landscape gardeners and personal fitness trainers after their release from prison. This is the only federal prison in Oregon.
In April 2007, federal prosecutors indicted 13 people, including a correction officer, James Stephen Rolen, at FCI Sheridan, on charges involving bribery and conspiracy to smuggle heroin, marijuana and drug paraphernalia into the prison. Mr. Rolen was subsequently convicted and in March 2008 was sentenced to 24 months in federal prison, followed by 2 years of supervised release.
In March 2012, Rafael Hall, a 24-year-old inmate, died at FCI Sheridan. Hall and 30 other alleged members of the Rolling 60s, a subset of the Crips street gang, were arrested during an anti-gang operation involving the Portland Police Bureau and the FBI in December 2011. Hall was awaiting trial on charges of cocaine distribution and had pleaded not guilty. The Yamhill County Medical Examiner subsequently ruled the death a suicide. The charges against Hall were dismissed due to his death.
Notable inmates (current and former)
|Inmate Name||Register Number||Status||Details|
|Mohamed Osman Mohamud||73079-065||Currently awaiting sentencing.||US citizen from Somalia; convicted in 2013 of attempting to use of a weapon of mass destruction for trying to detonate what he thought was a car bomb supplied by undercover FBI agents posing as members of Al-Qaeda at a Christmas tree lighting in Portland, Oregon in 2010.|
|Inmate Name||Register Number||Status||Details|
|Jeffrey R. MacDonald||00131-177||Transferred to FCI Cumberland in 2003.||U.S. Army medical officer and a member of the Special Forces Green Berets who was convicted in 1979 of killing his wife and two children.|
|Harold James Nicholson||49535-083||Transferred to Florence ADX, the federal supermax prison in Colorado.||Highest-ranking CIA officer to be convicted of espionage; pleaded guilty in 1997 to passing classified information to Russia from 1994 to 1996; pleaded guilty in 2010 to attempting to collect payments from Russian agents for his past espionage activities.|
|Swango, MichaelMichael Swango||08352-424||Transferred to Florence ADX, the federal supermax prison in Colorado.||Physician and serial killer; pleaded guilty in 2000 to fatally poisoning four patients; has been linked to scores of other deaths.|
|Inmate Name||Register Number||Status||Details|
|Tre Arrow||70936-065||Released from custody in 2009 after serving a 78-month sentence.||Member of the ecoterrorist group Earth Liberation Front; convicted on several arson charges.|
|Russell Cline||67512-065||Released in 2012 after serving 5 years.||Convicted of fraud and money laundering in connection with Orion International, Inc.; also paid $33 million in restitution.|
|Stacey Koon||99752-012||Released from custody in 1995 after serving 14 months.||Former LAPD sergeant; convicted in 1993 of federal civil rights violations in connection with the 1992 beating of Rodney King; his acquittal in state court sparked the 1992 Los Angeles riots.|
|Tom Anderson||15340-006||Released from custody in 2009 and 2011.||Former members of the Alaska House of Representatives; convicted of extortion, bribery, conspiracy, and money laundering as a result of the Alaska political corruption probe.|
|Duane Reed Moore||47129-112||Sentenced to 77 months, was released in August 2013.||Adult film actor with the stage name Tony Eveready; convicted in 2008 of being a felon in possession of a firearm and cocaine possession.|
|Wiederhorn, AndrewAndrew Wiederhorn||67914-065||Released from custody in 2005.||Founder of the now-defunct Wilshire Credit Corporation; convicted of misusing pension funds and filing a false tax return.|
- Mortenson, Eric (May 20, 1989). "Sheridan becomes a prison town". Register-Guard. pp. 1A and 4A. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- Associated Press (June 20, 1985). "New federal prison considered at Oregon site". Spokane Daily Chronicle. p. C3. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- UPI (Jan 2, 1986). "Guard's wife fights federal prison plan". The Bulletin. pp. A5. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- "Federal prison approved for Oregon site". Register-Guard. August 16, 1986. pp. 5A. Retrieved 2009-08-22.[dead link]
- "Delphian School inspected". Register-Guard. November 2, 1984. p. 5A. Retrieved 2009-08-26.
- Associated Press (February 20, 1987). "Decision awaited on prison plan". Register-Guard. pp. 12C. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- Associated Press (March 23, 1987). "What will prison do to Sheridan?". Register-Guard. p. 3C. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- "Federal prison brings in money to parched Sheridan community". The Oregonian. May 1, 1989.
- Painter, Jr. John. Inmates arrive at Oregon’s first federal prison. The Oregonian, May 24, 1989.
- Lockdown continues at Sheridan prison. The Oregonian, September 6, 1993.
- Sheridan prison remains locked down. The Oregonian, September 27, 2003.
- Prison staff offers tours of new jail. The Sun, December 7, 1994.
- Associated Press (August 16, 1999). "City breathes easier; inmate voting banned". Register-Guard. p. 4C. Retrieved 2009-08-22.[dead link]
- Bradbury gives court new map on redistricting. The Oregonian, November 29, 2001.
- Hartung v. Bradbury, 332 Or. 570, 33 P.3d 972 (2001)
- BOP: Weekly Population Report 03/22/2007. U.S. Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on March 22, 2007.
- FCI Sheridan. U.S. Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on March 22, 2007.
- Litterick, David (May 27, 2006). "Wall Street life: Swap pinstripes for prison stripes, and you may learn something". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- Bella, Rick. Many near prison unconcerned over rioting or future safety. The Oregonian September 4, 1993.
- "31 arrested this weekend in Portland gang sweep". The Oregonian. December 20, 2011.
- Associated Press (January 31, 2013). "Jury finds suspect in Christmas tree bomb plot guilty of terrorism, rejecting entrapment claim". Fox News. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
- "Oregon Resident Convicted in Plot to Bomb Christmas Tree Lighting Ceremony in Portland". US Department of Justice. January 31, 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
- Keeler, Bob. "Keeler: Jeffrey MacDonald, the Green Beret who killed his family, reasserts his innocence". newsday.com. Newsday. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
- "`Fatal Vision' Subject Now In Oregon Prison". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. September 15, 1991. Retrieved January 30, 2013.
- Blythe, Anne. "Jeffrey MacDonald revives push to prove his innocence". newsobserver.com. The News & Observer Publishing Company. Retrieved January 30, 2013.
- "C.I.A. Traitor, Saying He Wanted Cash for Family, Gets 23 Years". The New York Times. June 6, 1997.
- "CIA turncoat sentenced to 23 years in prison". CNN.
- "Twice Convicted Ex-CIA Spy Gets 8 More Years". Huffington Post. January 18, 2011.
- "Life In Jail For Poison Doctor". CBS News.
- "Tre Arrow to get official sentence today". katu.com. August 12, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-21.
- Tomlinson, Stuart (June 4, 2008). "Radical environmentalist Tre Arrow gets 78-month prison term". OregonLive.com. Retrieved 2008-08-21.
- Judge tells con man to return millions. The Oregonian, January 12, 2007.
- Newton, Jim (October 13, 1993). "Powell, Koon Surrender to Begin Prison Sentences". Los Angeles Times.
- Tom Anderson: Former legislator set to enter Oregon federal prison Dec. 3. adn.com. Retrieved on March 22, 2007.
- Alaska Star staff (January 16, 2008). "Kott ordered to prison today". Alaska Star. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
- The Law News Network. LawFuel (2008-08-26). Retrieved on 2010-12-19.
- Porn Star 'Tony Everready' Gets 6 Years in Prison for Gun, Cocaine Possession – Local News | News Articles | National News | US News. FOXNews.com (2008-08-27). Retrieved on 2010-12-19.
- Wiederhorn returns as Fog Cutter's chief. The Oregonian, October 13, 2005.