Federation of Arab Republics

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Federation of Arab Republics
اتحاد الجمهوريات العربية
Ittiħād Al-Jumhūriyyāt Al-`Arabiyya

 

 

1972–1977
 

 

Flag Coat of arms
The Federation of Arab Republics in 1972.
Capital Tripoli (Libya)
Cairo (Egypt)
Damascus (Syria)
Languages Arabic
Religion Islam
Christianity
Government Confederal republic
Historical era Cold War
 -  Referenda held 1 September 1971
 -  Federation established 1 January 1972
 -  Disestablished 19 November 1977
Area
 -  1977 2,947,171 km² (1,137,909 sq mi)
Population
 -  1977 est. 52,703,600 
     Density 17.9 /km²  (46.3 /sq mi)
Currency Libyan dinar
Egyptian pound
Syrian pound
Today part of  Egypt
 Libya
 Syria

The Federation of Arab Republics (Arabic: اتحاد الجمهوريات العربية Ittiħād Al-Jumhūriyyāt Al-`Arabiyya)[1] was an attempt by Libya's Muammar Gaddafi to merge Libya, Egypt and Syria in order to create a United Arab state. Although approved by a referendum in each country on 1 September 1971,[2] the three countries disagreed on the specific terms of the merger. The federation lasted from 1 January 1972 to 19 November 1977.

It is not to be confused with the United Arab Republic (1958–1961), which was a single sovereign state uniting Egypt and Syria.

Referendums[edit]

Three simultaneous referendums on the Federation of Arab Republics were held on 1 September 1971, in Egypt, Libya and Syria.[3] In the Egyptian referendum the proposal was approved by 99.9% of voters,[4] in the Libyan referendum it was approved by 98.6% of voters,[5] whilst in Syria 96.4% voted in favour.[6]

Other Federations of Arab Republics[edit]

"Federation of Arab Republics" could refer to five different proposals:

  • Federation between Egypt, Libya and Sudan (1969/70–1971)
  • Federation between Egypt, Libya and Syria (1971/72–1974/77)
  • Union between Egypt and Libya within the Federation (1972–1973/74)
  • Union between Egypt and Syria within the Federation (1976–1977)
  • Federation between Egypt, Sudan and Syria (1977)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The literal translation is "Union of Arab Republics".
  2. ^ Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p336 ISBN 0-19-829645-2
  3. ^ Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p336 ISBN 0-19-829645-2
  4. ^ Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p340 ISBN 0-19-829645-2
  5. ^ Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p528 ISBN 0-19-829645-2
  6. ^ Syrien, 1. September 1971 : Bildung der Vereinigten Arabischen Republik Direct Democracy (German)