Finland-Swedish Sign Language

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Finland-Swedish Sign Language
finlandssvenskt teckenspråk (Swedish)
suomenruotsalainen viittomakieli (Finnish)
Native to Finland
Ethnicity Finland-Swedes
Native speakers
150  (2001)[1]
? British Sign
Language codes
ISO 639-3 fss
Glottolog finl1235[2]

Finland-Swedish Sign Language (FinSSL) is a moribund Deaf sign language of in Finland. It is now used only in private settings by older adults who attended the only Swedish school for the deaf in Finland (in Porvoo/Borgå), which was established in the mid 19th century but closed in 1993. FinSSL is said to be a distinct language; however, "Finland-Swedish Deaf have few problems understanding Finnish signers" (London 2004). There had been, moreover, continuous input from Swedish Sign Language over its history.


  1. ^ Finland-Swedish Sign Language at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Finland-Swedish Sign Language". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.