First Tymoshenko Government

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First Tymoshenko Government
10th Cabinet of Ukraine (since 1990)
Lesser Coat of Arms of Ukraine.svg
Date formed February 4, 2005
Date dissolved September 8, 2005
People and organizations
Head of government Yulia Tymoshenko
Deputy head of government Anatoliy Kinakh
Head of state Viktor Yushchenko
Number of ministers 22
Member party Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc
NUNS
Socialist Party of Ukraine
PPPU
Opposition party Communist Party of Ukraine
Opposition leader Petro Symonenko
History
Previous First Yanukovych Government
Successor Yekhanurov Government

The first Tymoshenko Government was appointed on February 4, 2005 by 373 Parliamentarians of the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian Parliament). It was supported (also by) opposition factions' Parliamentarians, including three Communists, 18 Social Democratic Party of Ukraine (united) members, 46 Regions faction members.[1][2]

September 8, 2005 Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko sacked the entire government after both Deputy Prime Minister Mykola Tomenko and presidential chief of staff Oleksandr Zinchenko spoke out that the government was "riddled with corruption".[3]

Composition[edit]

Party key Our Ukraine
Socialist Party of Ukraine
Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko
Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs of Ukraine
Office[4] Name minister[4] Party[4]
Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko
First Vice Prime Minister Anatoliy Kinakh[5]
Vice Prime Minister on European Accession Oleh Rybachuk
Vice Prime Minister on Humanitarian and Social Issues Mykola Tomenko
Vice Prime Minister on Administrative Reform Roman Bezsmertny
Minister of Education and Science Stanislav Nikolaenko
Minister of Transport and Communications Yevhen Chervonenko
Minister of Culture and Tourism Oksana Bilozir
Minister of Economics Sergei Terekhin
Minister of Labor and Social Policy Viacheslav Kyrylenko
Minister of Defense Anatoliy Hrytsenko
Minister of Health Safety Mykola Polischuk
Minister of Industrial Policy Volodymyr Shandra
Minister of Internal Affairs Yuriy Lutsenko
Minister of Agrarian Policy Oleksandr Baranivsky
Minister of Justice Roman Zvarych
Minister of Foreign Affairs Borys Tarasyuk
Minister of Family, Youth and Sport Yuriy Pavlenko
Minister of Finance Viktor Pynzenyk
Minister of Fuel and Energy Ivan Plachkov
Minister of Environmental Protection Pavlo Ihnatenko
Minister of Emergencies David Zhvania

Key economic achievements of Tymoshenko’s government[edit]

Increased salaries, pensions, scholarships;

Fulfilled one of the paragraphs of social program from Yushchenko’s election agenda on support for new families: in 2005 a social aid for a newborn child was increased 12 times;

“Contraband stop” campaign was launched. The campaign was accompanied by eradication of shadow schemes in business;

Call for nationalization and re-privatization of more than 3000 enterprises. Eventually the government nationalized and then re-privatized country’s biggest metallurgical plant “Kryvorizhstal”. In October 2005 it was sold for $4 billion to a new owner, which was an impressive amount compared to $8.5 billion received by the government from privatization between 1991 and 2004;

On June 16, 2005 president Viktor Yushchenko, speaker of the Verkhovna Rada Volodymyr Lytvyn and Yulia Tymoshenko signed a memorandum on guarantees of ownership rights and ensuring lawfulness for their implementation. According to Yushchenko, “Ukrainian government brought murky privatization practice to the end”;

Reaction to crises on internal market[edit]

In April–May 2005 Ukraine faced so called “meat, sugar and petrol crises” when prices for the abovementioned products went up by 30-50% over a couple of weeks. These crises allegedly resulted from a cartel conspiracy and it took Tymoshenko’s government about 1,5 month to get the prices down to the initial level with the help of “goods intervention” mechanism;

The meat crisis was caused by increased demand for meat as a result of increased salaries. Tymoshenko’s government lifted duties on imported meat, which dropped the speculative prices Tymoshenko’s political opponents (Yushchenko and Yanukovych) kept criticizing her for importing “low quality meet”. At that time Tymoshenko’s government made a decision to increase production of poultry, which eventually made Ukraine a poultry exporter.

The sugar and petrol crises were caused by a “cartel conspiracy” which increased prices for the abovementioned goods by 30-50%. Tymoshenko’s government organized import of cane sugar and dropped duties on oil products import. In a couple of months the prices stabilized. In 2006 Anti Monopoly Committee, who investigated the “sugar crisis” issued a conclusion which said that it was a cartel monopoly with a participation of Petro Poroshenko, then-head of the National Council of Security and Defense.

In May 2005, at the height of the petrol crisis, Viktor Yushchenko publicly sharply criticized Tymoshenko for “pressure on oil traders”.

References[edit]

External links[edit]