Gahanna, Ohio

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Gahanna, Ohio
City
Motto: Live, Work, Play
Location of Gahanna within Ohio
Location of Gahanna within Ohio
Location of Gahanna within Franklin County
Location of Gahanna within Franklin County
Coordinates: 40°1′36″N 82°52′9″W / 40.02667°N 82.86917°W / 40.02667; -82.86917Coordinates: 40°1′36″N 82°52′9″W / 40.02667°N 82.86917°W / 40.02667; -82.86917
Country United States
State Ohio
County Franklin
Government
 • Mayor Rebecca W. Stinchcomb
Area[1]
 • Total 12.60 sq mi (32.63 km2)
 • Land 12.43 sq mi (32.19 km2)
 • Water 0.17 sq mi (0.44 km2)
Elevation[2] 794 ft (242 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 33,248
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 33,828
 • Density 2,674.8/sq mi (1,032.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 43230
Area code(s) 614
FIPS code 39-29106[5]
GNIS feature ID 1064696[2]

Gahanna (gah-HAN-a) is a city in Franklin County, Ohio, United States. It is a suburb of Columbus, Ohio. The population was 33,248 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Gahanna is located at 40°1′36″N 82°52′9″W / 40.02667°N 82.86917°W / 40.02667; -82.86917 (40.026713, -82.869131).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.60 square miles (32.63 km2), of which, 12.43 square miles (32.19 km2) is land and 0.17 square miles (0.44 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 235
1890 207 −11.9%
1900 276 33.3%
1910 294 6.5%
1920 347 18.0%
1930 417 20.2%
1940 425 1.9%
1950 596 40.2%
1960 2,717 355.9%
1970 12,400 356.4%
1980 16,398 32.2%
1990 27,791 69.5%
2000 32,636 17.4%
2010 33,248 1.9%
Est. 2012[7] 33,828 1.7%
US Census[8]

The median income for a household in the city was $72,813, and the median income for a family was $85,348.[9] Males had a median income of $51,391 versus $35,922 for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,040. About 2.2% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 33,248 people, 13,037 households, and 9,151 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,674.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,032.7/km2). There were 13,577 housing units at an average density of 1,092.3 per square mile (421.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.1% White, 11.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 3.1% Asian, 0.9% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population.

There were 13,037 households of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 29.8% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the city was 39.4 years. 25.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.4% were from 25 to 44; 30.3% were from 45 to 64; and 11.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 32,636 people, 11,990 households, and 8,932 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,632.8 people per square mile (1,016.2/km²). There were 12,390 housing units at an average density of 999.5 per square mile (385.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.46% White, 8.14% African American, 0.20% Native American, 3.25% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.32% of the population.

There were 11,990 households out of which 40.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.4% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.5% were non-families. 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.9% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.

Education[edit]

The city of Gahanna is in the Gahanna-Jefferson Public School District. The school colors are blue and gold.[10] Gahanna has seven elementary schools, three middle schools, and only one high school: Lincoln High School.[11] However, there are also several private education options, including the Columbus Academy, located on Cherry Bottom Road, and Gahanna Christian Academy, on N.Hamilton Road, as well as various parochial schools.[12]

History[edit]

Gahanna was founded along the Big Walnut Creek in 1849 by John Clark of Ross County from 800 acres (320 ha) of land that his father, Joseph Clark, had purchased from Governor Worthington in 1814.[13] Clark named his property the Gahanna Plantation, from which the City of Gahanna derives its name.[14] The name Gahanna is derived from a Native American word for three creeks joining into one and is the former name of the Big Walnut Creek.[15] The City of Gahanna's Official Seal refers to this confluence of three creeks with the inscription "Three In One".

Gahanna maintained a considerable rivalry with the town of Bridgeport.[16] Located directly across Granville Street from Gahanna and also along the banks of the Big Walnut Creek, Bridgeport was founded in 1853 by Jesse Baughman, a former Franklin County Commissioner.[17] The two towns eventually put aside their differences and merged into one. They adopted the name Gahanna as there was already another town of Bridgeport in Ohio. In March 1881, 55 citizens of Gahanna petitioned Franklin County to incorporate the village. The incorporation was granted in June and was recorded on August 8, 1881.[18] The Village then held its first mayoral election and on October 6, 1881, swore in its first mayor, L. John Neiswander.[19]

Economy[edit]

In recent years, Gahanna has worked hard at revitalizing the downtown "Olde Gahanna" section of the city. In October 2004, Gahanna's new Creekside Gahanna redevelopment and park extension project began, making way for everything from public spaces and restaurants to residences and office space. As of late 2007, the project businesses began to open. The area includes a 389-space public parking garage. The multi-million dollar project is expected to bring in up to 150 new residents as well as bolster tourism to the area.[20]

Gahanna also has an aggressive brownfields assessment and redevelopment program that includes the development of a community-wide brownfields inventory, the cleanup of a major abandoned landfill, and city-initiated assessments and demolition of abandoned or environmentally suspect properties.

The largest brownfields redevelopment project to date[when?] is the closure of the Bedford I Landfill, completed in late 2007. The closure was a result of a 2005 public-private development partnership with the non-profit Central Ohio Community Improvement Corporation to remediate and redevelop the abandoned Bedford I Landfill. The 200-acre (0.81 km2) site was transformed into Central Park of Gahanna, a major new business campus that features office buildings, golf academy, conference center, and retail businesses. Funding for this major project included $3,000,000 from the Clean Ohio Redevelopment Fund, $200,000 from the US EPA,[21] $150,000 from the Community Development Block Grant program, significant assistance with assessment, stormwater remediation, and staff time from Gahanna, and other investments by the Central Ohio CIC.

Gahanna was listed as #96 of the Top 100 Best Places to Live in 2007 by Money magazine.[22]

Among the companies based in Gahanna is the utility company AEP Ohio.[23]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/39/3929106.html
  8. ^ Data in historical population table from Annual Report of the Secretary of State to the Governor of Ohio ; "American Factfinder". US Census Bureau. .
  9. ^ American FactFinder
  10. ^ http://gahannafootball.webs.com/YOUTH%20FOOTBALL%20CAMP%20FORM2012.pdf
  11. ^ gahannaschools.org
  12. ^ Gahanna Schools - Gahanna, OH | GreatSchools
  13. ^ Black City Info - Gahanna, Ohio - African American Business, Events and City Guide
  14. ^ Gahanna
  15. ^ About Gahanna | Gahanna Area Chamber of Commerce
  16. ^ Community > History : City of Gahanna, Ohio
  17. ^ Jesse BAUGHMAN
  18. ^ http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/us/A0819992.html
  19. ^ Gahanna, OH Real Estate :: ConnectRealty.com
  20. ^ "Development > Creekside Gahanna : City of Gahanna, Ohio". Retrieved 2011-07-30. 
  21. ^ "EPA gives Gahanna grant to redevelop landfill". Columbus Business First. 2006-05-16. Retrieved 2011-07-30. 
  22. ^ Ashford, Kate; Bartz, Andrea; Cox, Jeff; Fitch, Asa; Gandel, Stephen; Hyatt, Josh; Kelley, Rob; Knight, Kathleen et al. (2007). "Best Places to Live: Top 100". Money. Retrieved 2011-07-30. 
  23. ^ About AEP Ohio
  24. ^ "CNNSI.com - Olympic Sports - U.S. Women's Olympic Swim Team - Thursday September 07, 2000 12:06 PM". CNN. 
  • History of Gahanna:including Mifflin and Jefferson townships. Gahanna: Rocky Fork Print. Co., 1976.

External links[edit]