Geography of Liberia

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Map of Liberia.

Liberia is a large Sub-Saharan nation in West Africa located at 6 °N, 9 °W. The country is shaped like a rectangle, with a shape similar to El Salvador. It borders the north Atlantic Ocean to the southwest (360 miles (580 km) of coastline) and three other African nations on the other three sides. The total length of Liberia's land borders is 986 miles (1,587 km): 190 miles (310 km) with Sierra Leone on the northwest, 350 miles (560 km) with Guinea to the north, and 445 miles (716 km) with Côte d'Ivoire. In total, Liberia comprises 43,000 square miles (110,000 km2) of which 37,190 square miles (96,300 km2) is land and 5,810 square miles (15,000 km2) is water, making the country slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Ohio but larger than Virginia.

Maritime Claims[edit]

Liberia currently claims a territorial sea of 200 nmi (230.2 mi; 370.4 km).


Liberia has a mostly hilly terrain, from rolling plains along the coast to a rolling plateau and low mountains in the northeast.

Elevation extremes[edit]

The lowest point on Liberia is at sea level on the Atlantic Ocean. The highest point on Liberia is 1380m above sea level at Mount Wuteve.

Natural resources[edit]

Natural resources that are found in Liberia include iron ore, timber, diamonds, gold and hydropower.

Land use and agriculture[edit]

Satellite image of Liberia
Topographic map of Liberia

arable land: 4.04%
permanent crops: 1.62%
other: 94.34% (2011)

Irrigated land[edit]

21 square kilometres of Liberia's land was irrigated as of 2003.

Natural hazards[edit]

The natural hazard that occurs in Liberia is a dust-laden harmattan wind that blows from the Sahara (December to March).

Environmental issues[edit]

Current environmental issues[edit]

Current environmental issues include the fact that the tropical rainforest is subject to deforestation; soil erosion; loss of biodiversity and the pollution of coastal waters from oil residue and raw sewage.

Environment - international agreements[edit]

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Marine Life Conservation

Extreme points[edit]

This is a list of the extreme points of Liberia, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location.

External links[edit]