Ghost World (film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Terry Zwigoff|
|Produced by||Lianne Halfon
|Screenplay by||Daniel Clowes
|Based on||Ghost World
by Daniel Clowes
|Music by||David Kitay|
|Editing by||Carole Kravetz
Michael R. Miller
Mr. Mudd Productions
|Distributed by||United Artists|
|Running time||111 minutes|
Ghost World is a 2001 American comedy-drama film directed by Terry Zwigoff, based on the comic book of the same name and screenplay by Daniel Clowes. The story focuses on the lives of Enid and Rebecca, two teenage outsiders in an unnamed American city. The film was released with limited box-office success but has since gained a cult following.
Best friends Enid and Rebecca face summer after their high-school graduation. The girls are both social outcasts, but Rebecca is more popular with boys than Enid. Enid's diploma is awarded on the condition that she attend a remedial art class. Even though she is a talented artist, her art teacher, Roberta, believes art must be socially meaningful and dismisses Enid's sketches as "light entertainment."
The girls see a personal ad in which a lonely man named Seymour asks a woman he met recently to contact him. Enid makes a prank phone call to Seymour, pretending to be the woman and inviting him to meet her at a diner, and when he goes there, the two girls secretly watch and make fun of him. However, Enid begins to feel sorry for him, so a few days later they follow him to his apartment building, where they find him selling vintage records in a garage sale. Enid buys an old blues album from him, and they gradually become friends. She tries to find women for him to date. Meanwhile, Enid has been attending her art class. In order to please Roberta, Enid persuades Seymour to lend her an old poster depicting a grotesquely caricatured black man, which was once used as a promotional tool by Coon Chicken Inn, the fried-chicken franchise where Seymour holds a management position. In class, she presents the poster as a social comment about racism, and Roberta is so impressed with the concept that she later offers Enid a scholarship to an art college.
At this point, Enid's and Becky's lives seriously diverge. While Enid has been spending time with Seymour, Becky has found a job and become more interested in clothing, boys, and other material things. Enid finds a job so the girls can rent an apartment together, but she is fired after only one day. Finally, Becky gives up looking for an apartment with Enid after their personal differences erupt into an angry argument. Sometime after Enid loses her job, Seymour receives a phone call from Dana, the woman he had written to in the personal ad. Enid encourages him to develop a relationship with Dana, but becomes jealous when he begins avoiding Enid to spend time with Dana. At the end of the summer, Enid's and Seymour's lives fall apart. When Enid's poster is displayed in an art show, school officials find it so offensive they force Roberta to give her a failing grade; when Enid discovers she has lost her scholarship, she visits Seymour for solace, resulting in a drunken one-night stand. Seymour then breaks up with Dana before realizing he has no chance with Enid, and loses his job after the poster is displayed in a newspaper. Becky tells Seymour about Enid's phone prank, and he is hospitalized after attacking a boy who was with the girls at the time.
Finally, Enid gives in to her childhood fantasy of running away from home. She sees an old man named Norman, who was waiting at an out-of-service bus stop for days on end, finally board a bus that arrives at his bench. The next day, while Seymour discusses the summer's events with his therapist, Enid goes to the bench and gets on the bus when it arrives.
- Thora Birch as Enid Coleslaw
- Scarlett Johansson as Rebecca Doppelmeyer
- Steve Buscemi as Seymour
- Brad Renfro as Josh
- Pat Healy as John Ellis
- Illeana Douglas as Roberta Allsworth
- Bob Balaban as Enid's father
- Stacey Travis as Dana
- Teri Garr as Maxine
- Dave Sheridan as Doug
- Tom McGowan as Joe
- David Cross as Gerrold
- Brian George as the convenience store owner
- Debra Azar as Melorra
- Rini Bell as the graduation speaker
- Ezra Buzzington as Weird Al
- Ashley Peldon as Margaret
Ghost World premiered on June 16, 2001 at the Seattle International Film Festival, to lower than average recognition by audiences, but admiration from critics. It was also screened at several film festivals all over the world including the Fantasia Festival in Montreal.
With a limited commercial theatrical run in the United States, Ghost World’s commercial success was minimal. The film was released on July 20, 2001 in five theaters grossing $98,791 on its opening weekend; it slowly expanded to more theaters, reaching a maximum of 128 by September. It went on to make $6.2 million in North America and $2.5 million in the rest of the world for a worldwide total of $8.7 million, just above its $7 million budget.
The film's critical reception has been highly positive; it currently has a 92% rating on Rotten Tomatoes and an 88 metascore on Metacritic. Roger Ebert gave the film four out of four stars and wrote, "I wanted to hug this movie. It takes such a risky journey and never steps wrong. It creates specific, original, believable, lovable characters, and meanders with them through their inconsolable days, never losing its sense of humor." In his review for The New York Times, A. O. Scott praised Thora Birch's performance: "Thora Birch, whose performance as Lester Burnham's alienated daughter was the best thing about American Beauty, plays a similar character here, with even more intelligence and restraint." Kevin Thomas, in his review for The Los Angeles Times, wrote, "Buscemi rarely has had so full and challenging a role, that of a mature, reflective man, unhandsome yet not unattractive, thanks to a witty sensitivity and clear intelligence." In his Chicago Reader review, Jonathan Rosenbaum wrote, "Birch makes the character an uncanny encapsulation of adolescent agonies without ever romanticizing or sentimentalizing her attitudes, and Clowes and Zwigoff never allow us to patronize her." Time magazine's Andrew D. Arnold wrote, "Unlike those shrill, hard-sell teen comedies on the other screens, Ghost World never becomes the kind of empty, defensive snark-fest that it targets. Clowes and Zwigoff keep the organic pace of the original, and its empathic exploration of painfully changing relationships."
Michael Dean of The Comics Journal said, "Those with higher expectations - and, certainly, Ghost World purists - are likely to experience at least a degree of disappointment. Some of the comic's air of aimless mystery has been paved over with the semblance of a Hollywood plot, and to that extent, the movie is a lesser work than the comic. But it's still a far better movie than we had a right to expect." According to Dean:
It's ultimately a testament to Clowes' original creations that so much of Enid and Becky shines through all the tampering and compromises. And it's a testament to Zwigoff that he was able to keep the film as quiet and understated as it is and draw first-rate performances from his primary cast....The injection of a relatively trite plot situation into Ghost World's more enigmatic stream of events is perhaps forgivable, since the film might otherwise never have been produced. Its greatest sin, the misappropriation of Enid's longing, is not so forgivable, though the overlap between Zwigoff's distaste for modernity and Enid's distrust of social acceptability makes it almost palatable. In any case, we want to forgive it, because so much is right about the movie.
Entertainment Weekly gave the film an "A-" rating and Owen Gleiberman wrote, "Ghost World is a movie for anyone who ever felt imprisoned by life but crazy about it anyway." In her review for the LA Weekly, Manohla Dargis wrote, "If Zwigoff doesn't always make his movie move (he's overly faithful to the concept of the cartoon panel), he has a gift for connecting us to people who aren't obviously likable, then making us see the urgency of that connection." In Sight & Sound, Leslie Felperin wrote, "Cannily, the main performers deliver most of their lines in slack monotones, all the better to set off the script's wit and balance the glistering cluster of varyingly deranged lesser characters." In his review for The Guardian, Peter Bradshaw wrote, "It is an engaging account of the raw pain of adolescence: the fear of being trapped in a grown-up future and choosing the wrong grown-up identity, and of course the pain of love, which we all learn to anaesthetise with jobs and mundane worries."
However, in his review for The New York Observer, Andrew Sarris disliked the character of Enid: "I found Enid smug, complacent, cruel, deceitful, thoughtless, malicious and disloyal. Worst of all, she's rarely funny and never charming ... Enid's favorite targets are people who are older, poorer or dumber than she is, which is to say that the California wasteland fashioned by Mr. Zwigoff and Mr. Clowes seems made up almost entirely of stooges for Enid and Rebecca to tease and taunt."
Ghost World topped MSN Movies' list of the "Top 10 Comic Book Movies", it was ranked number 3 out of 94 in Rotten Tomatoes' "Comix Worst to Best" countdown (where #1 was the best and #94 the worst), ranked 5th "Best" on IGN's "Best & Worst Comic-Book Movies", and Empire magazine ranked the film 19th in their "The 20 Greatest Comic Book Movies" list.
|Ghost World: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack|
|Soundtrack album by various artists|
|Released||August 14, 2001|
|Genre||Bollywood, string band, blues, jazz|
Music in the film includes "Jaan Pehechan Ho" by Mohammed Rafi, a dance number choreographed by Herman Benjamin from the 1965 Bollywood musical Gumnaam (which Enid watches and dances to early in the film), and "Devil Got My Woman" by Skip James in 1931, as well as "Pickin' Cotton Blues" by the bar band, Blueshammer.
There are songs by other artists mentioned in the film, including Lionel Belasco, which are reflective of the character Seymour, and of director Terry Zwigoff himself, who is a collector of 78 RPM records, as portrayed by Seymour. Other tracks are by Vince Giordano, a musician who specializes in meticulous recreations of songs from old 78 RPM records. Track 14-19 are not in the film, being selections from Zwigoff's collection.
Referenced in the film is R. Crumb & His Cheap Suit Serenaders, a band that Zwigoff played in. Enid asks Seymour about the band's second album, Chasin' Rainbows, and Seymour replies, "Nah, that one's not so great."
|Ghost World: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack|
|1.||"Jaan Pehechan Ho" (1965)||Shankar Jaikishan (music);
|2.||"Graduation Rap"||Nicole Sill, Guy Thomas (music);
Daniel Clowes (lyrics)
|Vanilla, Jade and Ebony||0:32|
|3.||"Devil Got My Woman" (1931)||James||Skip James||3:00|
|4.||"I Must Have It" (cover of King Oliver, 1930)||Davidson Nelson, Joe "King" Oliver||Vince Giordano and the Nighthawks||2:59|
|5.||"Miranda" (1933)||Thomas Pasatleri, Louis Phillips||Lionel Belasco||3:02|
|6.||"Pickin' Cotton Blues"||Terry Zwigoff, Steve Pierson, Guy Thomas||Blueshammer||3:35|
|7.||"Let's Go Riding" (1935)||Freddie Spruell||Mr. Freddie||2:55|
|8.||"Georgia on My Mind"||Hoagy Carmichael (music)
Stuart Gorrell (lyrics)
|Vince Giordano and the Nighthawks||3:11|
|9.||"Las Palmas de Maracaibo" (1930)||Belasco||Lionel Belasco||3:15|
|10.||"Clarice" (cover of Tiny Parham, 1928)||Tiny Parham||Vince Giordano and the Nighthawks||3:29|
|11.||"Scalding Hot Coffee Rag"||Ventresco||Craig Ventresco||3:02|
|12.||"You're Just My Type" (cover of King Oliver, 1930)||Nelson, Oliver||Vince Giordano and the Nighthawks||2:33|
|13.||"Venezuela" (1931)||Victor Colon||Lionel Belasco||3:15|
|14.||"Fare Thee Well Blues" (1930)||Calicott||Joe Calicott||3:12|
|15.||"C. C. & O. Blues" (1928)||Anderson, Brownie McGhee||Pink Anderson and Simmie Dooley||3:08|
|16.||"C-h-i-c-k-e-n Spells Chicken" (1927)||Sidney L. Perrin, Bob Slater||McGee Brothers||2:59|
|17.||"That's No Way to Get Along" (1929)||Wilkins||Robert Wilkins||2:55|
|18.||"So Tired" (1928)||Lonnie Johnson||Dallas String Band||3:20|
|19.||"Bye Bye Baby Blues" (1930)||Jones||Little Hat Jones||3:10|
|20.||"Theme from Ghost World"||Kitay||David Kitay||3:58|
- Chicago Film Critics Association—Best Supporting Actor (Buscemi)
- Golden Space Needle Award—Best Actress (Birch)
- Independent Spirit Award for Best First Screenplay (Clowes and Zwigoff)
- Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Actor (Buscemi)
- L.A. Film Critics Association—Best Screenplay, runner-up (Clowes and Zwigoff)
- National Society of Film Critics—Best Supporting Actor (Buscemi)
- New York Film Critics Circle—Best Supporting Actor (Buscemi)
- Toronto Film Critics Association—Best Actress (Birch)
- Toronto Film Critics Association—Best Screenplay [Runner-up] (Clowes and Zwigoff)
- Toronto Film Critics Association—Best Supporting Actor [Runner-up] (Buscemi)
- Toronto Film Critics Association—Best Supporting Actress (Johansson)
- 74th Academy Awards—Best Adapted Screenplay – Daniel Clowes, Terry Zwigoff
- Golden Globe Awards—Best Actress—Musical or Comedy – Thora Birch
- Golden Globe Awards—Best Supporting Actor – Steve Buscemi
- American Film Institute—Best Screenplay – Daniel Clowes, Terry Zwigoff
- American Film Institute—Best Supporting Actor – Steve Buscemi
- Grand Prix of the Belgian Syndicate of Cinema Critics
- Independent Spirit Award—Best First Feature – Terry Zwigoff
- Writers Guild of America—Best Adapted Screenplay – Daniel Clowes, Terry Zwigoff
- "Ghost World". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2009-03-19.
- Ebert, Roger (August 3, 2001). "Ghost World". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2009-03-19.
- Scott, A. O. (July 20, 2001). "Teenagers' Sad World In a Comic Dimension". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-03-19.
- Thomas, Kevin (July 20, 2001). "Ghost World". The Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2008-12-10. Retrieved 2013-12-17.
- Rosenbaum, Jonathan (August 10, 2001). "Women of Substance". Chicago Reader. Retrieved 2009-03-19.
- Arnold, Andrew D (July 20, 2001). "Anticipating a Ghost World". Time. Retrieved 2009-03-19.
- Dean, Michael (2001). "Ghost Story". The Comics Journal. Archived from the original on 2010-04-14.
- Gleiberman, Owen (July 27, 2001). "Devoutcast". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2009-03-19.
- Dargis, Manohla (July 26, 2001). "Everyone’s Too Stupid!". L.A. Weekly. Retrieved 2009-03-19.
- Felperin, Leslie (December 2001). "Ghost World". Sight & Sound. Retrieved 2009-03-19.
- Bradshaw, Peter (August 13, 2001). "Ghost World". The Guardian. Retrieved 2009-03-19.
- Sarris, Andrew (August 5, 2001). "So You Wanna Be a Country-and-Western Star". The New York Observer. Retrieved 2009-03-19.
- Morgan, Kim. "Top 10 Comic Book Movies". MSN. Retrieved 2009-03-19.
- Giles, Jeff. "Comix Worst to Best". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2008-09-30.
- Goldstein, Hilar. "Best & Worst Comic-Book Movies". IGN. Retrieved 2009-03-19.
- "The 20th Greatest Comic Book Movies". Empire. Retrieved 2008-09-30.
- Griffith, JT. "Ghost World – Original Soundtrack". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2007-08-31.
- "Freddie Spruell discography". wirz.de. Retrieved 2013-12-17. "rec. April 12, 1935 in Chicago; Freddie Spruell, voc, g; Carl Martin, g; Bluebird B6261"
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- Official website
- Ghost World at the Internet Movie Database
- Ghost World at AllMovie
- Ghost World at Box Office Mojo
- Ghost World at Rotten Tomatoes
- Ghost World at Metacritic