Gjøvik

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Gjøvik kommune
Municipality
Gjøvik sentrum sett fra Hovdetoppen.JPG
Coat of arms of Gjøvik kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Gjøvik kommune
Oppland within
Norway
Gjøvik within Oppland
Gjøvik within Oppland
Coordinates: 60°52′44″N 10°31′19″E / 60.87889°N 10.52194°E / 60.87889; 10.52194Coordinates: 60°52′44″N 10°31′19″E / 60.87889°N 10.52194°E / 60.87889; 10.52194
Country Norway
County Oppland
Administrative centre Gjøvik
Government
 • Mayor (2014) Magnus Mathisen
Area
 • Total 672 km2 (259 sq mi)
 • Land 630 km2 (240 sq mi)
Area rank 165 in Norway
Population (2010)
 • Total 28,807
 • Rank 28 in Norway
 • Density 44/km2 (110/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 2.8 %
Demonym Gjøvikenser
Gjøvikensar[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-0502
Official language form Bokmål
Website www.gjovik.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

About this sound Gjøvik  is a town and a municipality in Oppland county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Gjøvik.

In 1861, the village of Gjøvik in the municipality of Vardal was granted town status and was separated from Vardal to form a separate municipality. On 1 January 1964, the neighboring rural municipalities of Biri, Snertingdal, and Vardal were all merged into the municipality of Gjøvik.

General[edit]

The town is named after the old Gjøvik farm (Old Norse: Djúpvík) since the town is built on its ground. The first element is djúpr which means "deep" and the last element is vík which means "inlet".[2]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 2 September 1960. The arms show a white swan (Cygnus cygnus). The worlds oldest paddle steamboat, Skibladner (also called "the white swan of Mjøsa") has its home harbour in Gjøvik.

The former coat-of-arms, adopted in 1922, was a linden tree, with the statement Vis et voluntas (meaning "Force and will") on the lower part of the shield. The runner up to the somewhat irrational choice of a swan was a so-called "potpourri" vase, the most significant design of the glassworks that was the funding industry of the town.[3]

See also: Coats-of-arms of Eide and Høylandet

Geography[edit]

Gjøvik is one of the five towns bordering on Lake Mjøsa, Norway's biggest lake, along with Hamar, Lillehammer, Brumunddal and Moelv. The town administration of Gjøvik also covers the suburb area Hunndalen and the rural districts of Biri, Snertingdal, and Vardal. The municipal population is 28,807 (2010). About 16,000 people live in the urban area proper.

Gjøvik is bordered on the north by Lillehammer municipality, in the south by Østre Toten and Vestre Toten, and in the west by Søndre Land and Nordre Land. Across Lake Mjøsa to the east lies Ringsaker municipality in Hedmark county.

The highest point is Ringsrudåsen with a height of 842 metres (2,762 ft).

Gjøvik panorama

Economy[edit]

Gjøvik owes much of its early growth to a glassworks, which was established there by Caspar Kauffeldt in 1807. In the early 19th century, there was considerable immigration there from Valdres and Vestlandet, aiding Gjøvik's growth. It was granted a town charter in 1861. Later, O. Mustad & Son became one of the world's largest manufacturers of fish hooks.[4]

Today Hoff Potetindustrier, Hunton Fiber and Natre Vinduer are some of the industrial companies operating from gjovik is eastern. Train station#Terminus|terminus]] for the Gjøvik Line railway line. It is also a port for the former traffic ship, now tourist ship, Skibladner.

The local paper is the Oppland Arbeiderblad. It was formerly a Labour Party newspaper. Defunct newspapers include Oplændingen and Velgeren (Labour Democrat/Liberal), Samhold (Liberal, later Agrarian) and Ny Dag (Communist).

Gjøvik has two good hotels, the Grand hotel, also the Strand hotel.

The three big concerts held in Gjøvik's history starred Toto, Robbie Williams and Bryan Adams (June 2011).

Attractions[edit]

Park at the Gjøvik farm

Notable residents[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

The following cities are twinned with Gjøvik:[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1900). Norske gaardnavne: Kristians amt (Anden halvdel) (4 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 40.  (Norwegian)
  3. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2009-01-01. 
  4. ^ Stagg, Frank Noel (1956). East Norway and its Frontier. George Allen & Unwin, Ltd. 
  5. ^ "Vennskapsbyer". Gjøvik kommune. Retrieved 2009-01-01.  (Norwegian)

External links[edit]