Government Center (MDT station)
|Metrorail metro station
Metromover people mover station
Government Center station is located at the base of the Stephen P. Clark Government Center building
|Parking||FEC-owned private lots|
|Closed||January 23, 1963 (FEC)|
|Passengers (2011)||3.2 million (Metrorail) 3%|
|Passengers (Feb 2014)||299,806 (Metrorail (Miami))|
|Passengers (Feb 2014)||210,134 (Metromover)|
The station is located near the intersection of Northwest First Street and First Avenue, a part of the Stephen P. Clark Government Center Building, opening to service May 20, 1984. It is a hub of most travel via public transport in Miami and for Miami-Dade Transit (MDT), servicing two metros, Metrobus, Paratransit, and Broward County Transit buses.
Florida East Coast Railroad Station
Government Center was originally a railroad station developed in the late 1890s as the southern terminus of Henry Flagler's Florida East Coast Railway (FEC) from 1896 through 1905, when construction began extending the line to Key West (see Overseas Railroad). The FEC built a modest wooden-constructed downtown passenger terminal in 1912, near the future Miami-Dade County Courthouse at 200 Northwest First Avenue. The Miami-Dade County Courthouse was completed in 1928. One year before its completion, in 1927, Seaboard Air Line Railroad intercity passenger rail started service at the location, and, along with the FEC, continued service through January 23, 1963, when both of the rail unions went on strike.
At the insistence of the City of Miami, which had long fought to get rid of the tracks in the downtown section just north of the county courthouse, the downtown passenger terminal was demolished by November 1963. Although a new station was planned at the Buena Vista yard near North Miami Avenue and 36th Street (US 27), it was never built. The site of the old station is currently parking lots on the east side of the modern transportation hub.
When FEC ended their passenger service, this left Seaboard Coast Line (Later Amtrak) as the sole intercity rail in Miami. They operated out of the decaying Allapattah terminal at NW 7th Avenue until in 1978 Amtrak moved to its current location near Hialeah.
Metrorail and Metromover Station
Development of the civic center was reinvigorated during the 1970s and early 1980s during a Downtown building boom. The boom spurred the development and construction the Stephen P. Clark Government Center, Metrorail, Metromover, and the Miami-Dade Cultural Plaza, which currently includes the Miami Art Museum, the Historical Museum of Southern Florida and the Miami Main Library.
Construction on the present-day Government Center station began in June 1982. The station was primarily designed by the Cambridge Seven Associates in collaboration with Edward D. Stone. The station was built by the Frank J. Rooney Construction Company. Metrorail service, between Overtown and Kendall, following the precise route of the FEC, commenced service May 1984.
An unused, partially completed ghost platform for a future East-West Metrorail line is adjacent to the west side of the mezzanine level below the current Metrorail station and is easily visible to passengers transferring from Metromover to Metrorail. This platform was part of the original design concept which interfaced with the atrium of the Miami-Dade County Administration Building, and the people mover station.
The first floor of the Government Center complex is on the ground level of the Stephen P. Clark Government Center, which has access to the second level, and the Downtown (Inner) Loop platform of Metromover.
The second floor of the Government Center complex includes the main fare control for Metrorail and operations of the metro system, along with 2 Metromover side metromover platforms. The Brickell and Omni Loop Metromover lines are accessible directly from this level, while the Downtown Loop can only be accessed by the mezzanine or ground level. It also features the Metrofare Shops area, which are open most weekdays until mid-afternoon and closed weekends and federal holidays.
The third floor of the complex is a mezzanine for Metrorail and Metromover trains. Access to the Metrorail platform above and both Metromover platforms below provides for easy transfers. A ghost platform for the never built east-west line is located on the floor.
The fourth floor of the complex is the Metrorail Orange and Green Line platform. This section of the station is composed of 2 tracks (one for southbound trains and one for northbound trains) and 1 island platform. It is the highest transit platform of the Miami-Dade Transit system in height and can hold up to 8 Metrorail cars. The station is equipped with WI-FI, escalators, and elevators to the mezzanine level, which provides access to Metromover platforms and the second level.
The Florida East Coast Railway still owns the land alongside the current Government Center Station, and is planning to build a new inter-city rail station at the site as part of their effort to return passenger service to their line, known as All Aboard Florida.
In May 2014 All Aboard Florida unveiled their plans for the 9 acre site, construction anticipated in late 2014. It will include two tracks on either side of an island platform, 50 ft above street level, 3 million square feet of transit-oriented development, with Retail shops at street level and hotel rooms, housing and office space would occupy number towers above the station.
Places of interest
- Downtown Miami
- Miami Art Museum
- Historical Museum of Southern Florida
- Miami Main Library
- Stephen P. Clark Government Center
- Miami-Dade County Courthouse
- Museum Tower
- Courthouse Center
- U.S. Courthouse Building
- Freedom Tower
- The Congress Building
- Downtown Omni Bus Terminal
- American Airlines Arena
- Bayside Marketplace
- Flagler Street
- Bayfront Park
- Bicentennial Park
- Miami Art Museum
- Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts
- New World School of the Arts
- Miami Dade College - Wolfson Campus
- Olympia Theater
- Miami Beach and South Beach (via lettered Metrobus routes or taxicabs)
|Route #||Route Name||Route Map||Note|
|2||The Mall at 163rd Street via NW 2 Ave and North Miami Avenue||Map||Weekend service terminates at NE 84 St and 2 Ave|
|3||Aventura Mall via Biscayne Boulevard||Map||24-hour service|
|7||Dolphin Mall via NW 7 St||Map|
|9||Aventura Mall via NE 2 Ave||Map|
|11||Downtown Miami ↔ Florida International University (FIU) Modesto Maidique Campus via Flagler Street and West 107 Ave (SR 985)||Map||24-hour service; alternate terminus at Mall of the Americas|
|21||Northside station via West 12 Ave||Map|
|51||Flagler MAX (Downtown Miami ↔ West Miami to West 137 Ave via Flagler St)||Map||Weekdays only; limited-stop|
|77||Downtown Miami ↔ Miami Gardens at Miami Gardens Drive/North 183 St or 199 St via NW 7 and NW 2 Ave. (US 441)||Map|
|93||Biscayne MAX (Aventura via Biscayne Boulevard)||Map||Weekdays only; limited-stop|
|95||95 Express (Golden Glades Tri-Rail station and Park and Ride Lot via I-95)||Map||Afternoon rush hours only|
|C (103)||Miami Beach via MacArthur Causeway||Map|
|S (119)||Aventura Mall via Miami Beach and Collins Avenue||Map||24 hour service|
|120||Beach MAX (Aventura Mall via Miami Beach and Collins Ave)||Map||Limited-stop|
|195||Dade-Broward Express (Ft. Lauderdale at Sheridan St or Broward Blvd via I-95)||Map
|Weekday peak-hours only|
|207||Little Havana Connection (Downtown Miami ↔ Little Havana via SW 7 St & 1 St)||Map|
|208||Little Havana Connection (Downtown Miami ↔ Little Havana via Flagler Street & SW 8 St)||Map|
|246||Night Owl (Downtown Miami ↔ The Mall at 163rd St via Civic Center)||Map||Overnight service only|
|277||NW 7th Ave MAX (Downtown Miami ↔ Golden Glades station via NW 7 Ave)||Map||Weekday rush hour only; limited-stop|
|500||Midnight OWL (Downtown Miami ↔ Dadeland South station)||Map||Overnight service only|
|Route #||Route Name||Route Map||Note|
|95||95 Express (Downtown Miami ↔ Pines Boulevard (SR 820) at Flamingo Road (SR 823) via I-95 and Pines Blvd)||Map||Weekday rush hour only; limited-stop|
|595||595 Express (Sunrise BB&T Center ↔ Downtown Miami and Brickell via I-95)||Map||Weekday rush hour only; limited stop|
The Government Center Metromover transfer station
Passengers exit a northbound Metrorail train during rush hour
View toward the southeast of the city center, with the FEC passenger trains and the Dade County Courthouse foreground, circa 1930s
Critical Mass Miami assembling at Government Center
- "RIDERSHIP TECHNICAL REPORT". Miami-Dade County Transit. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- Miami Station (MIA) Great American Stations (Amtrak)
- Einstein, Paul (Sep 23, 1963). "It's Coming Down This Week!". The Miami News. p. 2A. Retrieved 2011-03-29.
- Howe, Ward Allan (Nov 3, 1963). "THE FLORIDA RUN: Railroads Anticipating a Busy Winter—New Schedule Effective Dec. 13". New York Times. p. XX13. Retrieved 2011-03-29.
- Kleinberg, Howard (April 24, 1986). "Seaboard Ended Rail Monopoly". The Miami News. Retrieved April 24, 2011.
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