Florida State Road 997

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State Road 997 marker

State Road 997
West 177th Avenue / Krome Avenue
Route information
Maintained by FDOT
Length: 36.705 mi[1] (59.071 km)
Existed: 1983 – present
Major junctions
South end: US 1 in Florida City
  SR 94 in The Hammocks
US 41 west of Sweetwater
North end: US 27 northwest of Hialeah
Location
Counties: Miami-Dade
Highway system
SR 994 SR 5054

State Road 997 (SR 997), also known as Krome Avenue and West 177th Avenue is a 36.7-mile-long (59.1 km) north–south state highway in western Miami-Dade County, Florida. It runs from U.S. Route 1 just south of Florida City north across U.S. Route 41 to U.S. Route 27 near Countyline Dragway (formerly Opa-locka West Airport), just south of the Broward County line. Its main use is as a bypass around the western side of Miami, linking the routes running southwest, west and northwest from that city, running through newer suburbs in the southern third of the road and through the edge of the Everglades in the northern two thirds of the highway.

Route description[edit]

State Road 997 begins at the south end of Florida City,[2] at an unsignalised junction with US 1, as an undivided two-laned road, which it remains as for most of its subsequent journey. Heading northwest from US 1, it immediately turns north and runs parallel to US 1 for the next 1.4 miles (2.3 km), one block to the west. Passing a mixture of light industry, motels and other commercial uses, SR 997 crosses SR 9336 at Palm Drive approximately 0.8 miles (1.3 km) north from SR 997's southern terminus. As the road approaches Homestead, it becomes more commercial into character, crossing into the city at Southwest 8th Street.[3] After crossing the South Miami-Dade Busway, the road becomes a narrow shopping street for the next five blocks, lined with palms and flowering trees as it passes through the commercial heart of Homestead. North of Northwest 4th Street, the road opens up again and remains as a predominantly commercial palm-lined road for the rest of its journey through Homestead. Just over a mile (1.6 km) later, SR 997 leaves Homestead and enters unincorporated Miami-Dade county,[3] immediately entering farmland north of Southwest 296th Street, and becoming increasingly rural the further north it journeys.

SR 997 passes through the rural community of Redland, crossing CSX tracks north of Southwest 232nd Street. 6.1 miles (9.8 km) after leaving Homestead, SR 997 forms the western terminus of SR 994 northwest of the remains of Aladdin City. After a few more miles and crossing the Black Creek Canal, SR 997 chicanes to the right, crossing over the Conrad Yelvington branch railroad where it forms the western boundary of the suburban The Hammocks up to its junction with SR 94,[4] the latter's western terminus. Past here, the road enters woodland and is relatively uninterrupted for the next 5 miles (8.0 km), save for the Conrad Yelvington facility,[5] reaching the Tamiami Trail (US 41) at its northern end. After passing the Miccosukee Indian casino and resort, SR 997 has an uninterrupted run north along the boundary of the Everglades, turning northeast after 9 miles (14 km). After crossing the Miami Canal 4.4 miles (7.1 km) later, SR 997 terminates after 0.8 miles (1.3 km) at US 27. [1][6][7][8]

History[edit]

Krome Avenue northbound about two miles south of Kendall Drive in January, 2008; The undeveloped western boundary of The Hammocks is on the right and a large cornfield is on the left

State Road 205 was defined in 1931 to run from Flamingo (now inside Everglades National Park) northeast to State Road 4A (now U.S. Route 1) in Florida City along the Ingraham Highway. There it would run concurrent with US 1 into Homestead (US 1 ran through downtown Florida City and Homestead, instead of the bypass it uses now), splitting onto the existing Krome Avenue to end at State Road 27 (U.S. Route 94, the Tamiami Trail, now U.S. Route 41).

In the 1945 renumbering, the State Road 27 number was assigned to all of the former State Road 205, as well as an extension north to State Road 25 (now U.S. Route 27). The large Everglades National Park was formed in 1947, taking over most of SR 27 southwest from Florida City. Paving of this road, mostly along the old Ingraham Highway, was completed in 1956.[9] The extension north to SR 25 opened in the early 1950s.

In the mid-1960s, State Road 5 (U.S. Route 1) was rerouted onto a bypass of Homestead and Florida City. This removed the concurrency of SR 997 and SR 5/US 1, but the old alignment became State Road 5A and U.S. Route 1 Business until 1968.

The SR 27 designation for Krome Avenue confused many motorists, as the SR 27 designation belonged to the nearby Tamiami Trail (U.S. Route 41) prior to the 1945 renumbering. Tamiami Trail was still labeled as SR 27 on maps for several years following 1945.[which?] In later decades, motorists confused Krome Avenue for Okeechobee Road, which carried the similarly numbered U.S. Route 27 since 1949.

In 1983, the Florida Department of Transportation renumbered the road as a part of a statewide renumbering and to avoid state road number confusion. The part north of Florida City became State Road 997, which was extended south past the turnoff for the Everglades to merge with U.S. Route 1. The part southwest from Florida City became State Road 9336, and at some point it was extended east two blocks past SR 997 to US 1.

Since the late 1960s, plans to incorporate the southern portion of Krome Avenue into Miami-Dade County's system of expressways have been repeatedly announced and killed.[10] The original plans for the Homestead Extension of Florida's Turnpike incorporated a continuation from the southwest end of the current State Road 874 southwest to Krome Avenue, then southward to Homestead. When the proposal was defeated in 1971, the Turnpike Extension was rerouted to the present-day configuration.

Future[edit]

As traffic demands grow on the increasingly dangerous Krome Avenue, so do intentions to widen the north–south state highway.[citation needed] A chorus of disapproval has arisen from Redland and Homestead, as the people living in those areas express their fear of increasing traffic changing the rural character of their neighborhoods.[citation needed]

Major intersections[edit]

The entire route is in Miami-Dade County.

Location Mile[1] km Destinations Notes
Florida City 0.000 0.000 US 1 (South Dixie Highway / SR 5) Southern terminus
0.793 1.276 SR 9336 (Southwest 344th Street / Palm Drive) to US 1 / Turnpike – Biscayne National Park, Everglades National Park
Homestead 2.220 3.573 Flagler Avenue former SR 5A north
2.813 4.527 To Turnpike / North 8th Street / Southwest 312th Street / Campbell Drive – MDC Homestead Campus
Redland 4.322 6.956 To Turnpike / Southwest 288th Street / Biscayne Drive
9.884 15.907 SR 994 east (Southwest 200th Street / Quail Roost Drive)
The Hammocks 17.431 28.052 SR 94 east (Southwest 88th Street / Kendall Drive) to Turnpike
  22.430 36.098 US 41 (Southwest 8th Street / Tamiami Trail / SR 90) – Naples, Miami, Shark Valley
  36.705 59.071 US 27 (Okeechobee Road / SR 25) Northern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c FDOT straight line diagrams, accessed March 2014
  2. ^ U.S. Census Bureau (January 7, 2011) (PDF). P.L. 94-171 County Block Map (2010 Census): Miami-Dade County, FL (Map). Cartography by Geography Division. Sheet 145. http://www2.census.gov/geo/maps/pl10map/cou_blk/st12_fl/c12086_miami-dade/PL10BLK_C12086_145.pdf. Retrieved May 18, 2013.
  3. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau (January 7, 2011) (PDF). P.L. 94-171 County Block Map (2010 Census): Miami-Dade County, FL (Map). Cartography by Geography Division. Sheet 133. http://www2.census.gov/geo/maps/pl10map/cou_blk/st12_fl/c12086_miami-dade/PL10BLK_C12086_133.pdf. Retrieved May 18, 2013.
  4. ^ U.S. Census Bureau (January 7, 2011). P.L. 94-171 County Block Map (2010 Census): Miami-Dade County, FL (Map). Cartography by Geography Division. Sheet 83. http://www2.census.gov/geo/maps/pl10map/cou_blk/st12_fl/c12086_miami-dade/PL10BLK_C12086_083.pdf. Retrieved May 18, 2013.
  5. ^ "Conrad Yelvington Distributors, Inc.". Conrad Yelvington Distributors, Inc. 2004. Retrieved March 22, 2013. 
  6. ^ MapQuest, Inc. (2009). Map of State Road 997 (Map). http://www.mapquest.com/mq/5-hgzi. Retrieved June 29, 2010.
  7. ^ Florida Department of Transportation (April 2007) (PDF). General Highway Map Miami-Dade County, Florida (Map). Cartography by Surveying and Mapping Office, State of Florida, Department of Transportation (May 2010 ed.). http://www.dot.state.fl.us/surveyingandmapping/geomap/mida_c.pdf. Retrieved June 25, 2010.
  8. ^ Google Inc. "Map of State Road 997". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. https://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=FL-997+S%2FSW+177th+Ave%2FKrome+Ave&daddr=25.4455242,-80.4771419+to:FL-997+N%2FSW+177th+Ave%2FKrome+Ave&hl=en&ll=25.662571,-80.415802&spn=0.87761,1.454315&sll=25.453737,-80.480089&sspn=0.054947,0.090895&geocode=FYUjhAEd9Qw0-w%3BFZREhAEdKwQ0-ynJg4CdyuDZiDEOrxU7zsDvBw%3BFSD5iwEdE7k0-w&mra=dpe&mrsp=1&sz=14&via=1&t=m&z=10. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
  9. ^ Stewart, M.A.; Bhatt, T.N.; Fennema, R.J.; Fitterman, D.V. (2002). "The Road to Flamingo: an Evaluation of Flow Pattern Alterations and Salinity Intrusion in the Lower Glades, Everglades National Park". U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved October 30, 2005. 
  10. ^ Cozart, Justin; Learned, Jason (March 23, 2005). "Florida @ SouthEastRoads - Florida 874". AARoads. Retrieved October 30, 2005. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing

  • SR 997 in Florida at SouthEastRoads