Hattiesburg Bobby L. Chain Municipal Airport
|Hattiesburg Bobby L. Chain Municipal Airport
(former Hattiesburg Army Airfield)
|USGS 2006 orthophoto|
|IATA: HBG – ICAO: KHBG – FAA LID: HBG|
|Owner||City of Hattiesburg|
|Elevation AMSL||151 ft / 46 m|
|Source: Federal Aviation Administration|
The airport opened in 1930.
Alarmed by the fall of France in 1940, Congress funded an increase from 29 to 54 combat groups in the United States Army Air Corps. The quickest way to get more bases was to use existing civil airports. The Air Corps signed an agreement to lease Hattiesburg Airport, but construction did not begin until March 1941.
Construction involved runways and airplane hangars, with three concrete runways, several taxiways and a large parking apron and a control tower. Several large hangars were also constructed. Buildings were ultimately utilitarian and quickly assembled. Most base buildings, not meant for long-term use, were constructed of temporary or semi-permanent materials. Although some hangars had steel frames and the occasional brick or tile brick building could be seen, most support buildings sat on concrete foundations but were of frame construction clad in little more than plywood and tarpaper. On 8 December 1941, Hattiesburg Army Airfield opened, assigned to the Third Air Force.
The first mission was antisubmarine patrols along the Gulf of Mexico coast. In early June 1942, the 21st Bombardment Group, based at Jackson AAB, dispatched the 313th Bombardment Squadron flying B-25 Mitchells from the airfield. They was replaced in late June by the 113th Observation Squadron which flew light observation planes (O-49 Vigilants and O-52 Owls) until the end of July.
The 27th Bombardment Group (Light), flying A-20 Havocs arrived at Hattiesburg in mid-August. The 27th was forming in the Philippines at the time of the Attack on Pearl Harbor and without any aircraft (they were diverted to Australia), the unit's ground echelon were pressed into infantry duty and were either killed or surrendered after the Battle of Bataan. Its pilots reformed the unit in Australia, but its A-24 Dauntlesses were badly mauled during the battle of the Dutch East Indies and in New Guinea. The entire unit was withdrawn from the Southwest Pacific and reformed and reequipped in the United States. The reconstituted group trained at Hattiesburg until the end of October then were moved for final training before joining Twelfth Air Force in North Africa.
The 27th Bombardment Group was the last combat unit to be stationed at Hattiesburg, as by early 1943, purpose-built Army Airfields designed for training large units had been built in the southeast and Hattiesburg AAF was reassigned to Air Technical Service Command to become a support airfield, performing maintenance on transient aircraft and also to support the Army training units at Camp Shelby.
The first airline flights were Delta DC-3s in 1948; Delta left in 1960, and Southern moved to the new Hattiesburg-Laurel Regional Airport in 1974.
In the year ending June 14, 2012 the airport had 39,672 aircraft operations, average 108 per day: 88% general aviation, 8% military, 3% airline, and 1% air taxi. 45 aircraft were then based at the airport: 78% single-engine, 16% multi-engine, and 7% helicopter.
- FAA Airport Master Record for HBG ( PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective November 15, 2012.
- "IATA Airport Code Search (HBG – City: Hattiesburg, Airport: Bobby L. Chain Mun.)". International Air Transport Association. Retrieved August 13, 2013.
- "2011–2015 NPIAS Report, Appendix A" (PDF, 2.03 MB). National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2010.
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.
- Manning, Thomas A. (2005), History of Air Education and Training Command, 1942-2002. Office of History and Research, Headquarters, AETC, Randolph AFB, Texas ASIN: B000NYX3PC.
- Southeast Aviation, the fixed base operator (FBO)
- Aerial image as of January 1996 from USGS The National Map
- FAA Terminal Procedures for HBG, effective July 24, 2014
- Resources for this airport: