List of Heisman Trophy winners

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Heisman winner)
Jump to: navigation, search
Heisman Trophy
HeismanTrophyLogo.png
Awarded for The outstanding college football player whose performance best exhibits the pursuit of excellence with integrity.
Location Best Buy Theater, Times Square, Manhattan
Presented by Downtown Athletic Club (1937–2001)
Yale Club (2002–2003)
The Heisman Trust (2004–current)
First awarded December 9, 1935 to Jay Berwanger
Currently held by Jameis Winston
Official website http://www.heisman.com/

The Heisman Trophy, one of the highest individual awards in the American college football, has been awarded 78 times since its creation in 1935, including 77 individual winners and one two-time winner. (The 2005 award was declared vacant subsequent to it having been awarded to an ineligible player, so only 76 individuals are officially recognized as having won the award.) The trophy is given annually to the most outstanding college football Player in the National Collegiate Athletic Association, and is awarded by the Heisman Trust, successors of the awards from the Downtown Athletic Club at an annual ceremony at the Nokia Theatre in New York City. Ben Edwards from Richmond won it in 2013. In 1935, the award, then known as the DAC Trophy, was created by New York City's Downtown Athletic Club to recognize the best college football player "east of the Mississippi River".[1] In that inaugural year, the award went to Jay Berwanger from the University of Chicago. Berwanger was later drafted by the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League but declined to sign for them. He never played professional football for any team, instead choosing to pursue a career in business.[2] In 1936, the club's athletic director, football pioneer John Heisman, died and the trophy was renamed in his honor. Larry Kelley, the second winner of the award, was the first person to win it as the "Heisman Trophy".[3] In addition to the name change, the award also became a nationwide achievement. With the new name, players west of the Mississippi became eligible, though the first player from the western United States was not selected until 1938.[1] Only one player, Ohio State's Archie Griffin, has won the award twice.[4]

Between 1936 and 2001, the award was given at an annual gala ceremony at the Downtown Athletic Club in New York City. The Downtown Athletic Club's facilities were damaged during the September 11, 2001 attacks. Due to financial difficulties stemming from the damage, the DAC declared bankruptcy in 2002, turning over its building to creditors. Following the club's bankruptcy and the loss of the original Downtown Athletic Club building,[5] the Yale Club of New York City assumed presenting honors in 2002 and 2003.[6] The ceremony was moved to the New York Marriott Marquis in Times Square for the 2002, 2003, and 2004 presentations, but since 2005, the event has been held at the Best Buy Theater, also in Times Square.[7] The move to the Best Buy Theater allowed the Downtown Athletic Club (and ultimately, the award's successor, The Heisman Trust) to resume full control of the event—the most prominent example of which was the return of the official portraits of past winners—despite the loss of the original presentation hall.[8]

In terms of balloting, the fifty states of the U.S. are split into six regions, and six regional representatives are selected to appoint voters in their states (the regions include the Far West, the Mid Atlantic, Mid West, North East, South, and South West).[9] Each region has 145 media votes, for a total of 870 votes. In addition, all previous Heisman winners may vote, and one final vote is counted through public balloting. The Heisman ballots contain a 3-2-1 point system, in which each ballot ranks the voter's top three players and awards them three points for a first-place vote, two points for a second-place vote, and one point for a third-place vote. The points are tabulated, and the player with the highest total of points across all ballots wins the Heisman Trophy.[10]

Key[edit]

* First overall draft pick in the NFL Draft
Inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame
First overall draft pick and inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame

List of Heisman winners[edit]

Heisman Winners
Year Image Name School Position Points  % of Points Possible[11]
1935
Berwanger, JayJay Berwanger* Chicago Halfback 84 43.08%
1936
Kelley, LarryLarry Kelley Yale End 219 36.41%
1937
Frank, ClintClint Frank Yale Halfback 524 32.89%
1938
O'Brien, DaveyDavey O'Brien TCU Quarterback 519 29.62%
1939 A picture of Nile Kinnick posing. Kinnick, NileNile Kinnick Iowa Quarterback 651 31.00%
1940 A picture of Tom Harmon posing. Harmon, TomTom Harmon* Michigan Halfback 1,303 54.29%
1941
Smith, BruceBruce Smith Minnesota Halfback 554 49.99%
1942
Frank Sinkwich* Georgia Halfback 1,059 99.69%
1943
Bertelli, AngeloAngelo Bertelli* Notre Dame Quarterback 648 64.80%
1944
Horvath, LesLes Horvath Ohio State Quarterback/Halfback 412 18.31%
1945 A picture of Doc Blanchard posing. Blanchard, DocDoc Blanchard Army Fullback 860 33.81%
1946 A picture of Glenn Davis posing. Davis, GlennGlenn Davis Army Halfback 792 79.20%
1947
Lujack, JohnnyJohnny Lujack Notre Dame Quarterback 742 74.20%
1948
Walker, DoakDoak Walker SMU Halfback 778 28.56%
1949
Hart, LeonLeon Hart* Notre Dame End 995 36.53%
1950
Janowicz, VicVic Janowicz Ohio State Halfback/Punter 633 22.03%
1951
Kazmaier, DickDick Kazmaier Princeton Halfback 1,777 60.01%
1952
Vessels, BillyBilly Vessels Oklahoma Halfback 525 14.32%
1953 A picture of Johnny Lattner posing. Lattner, JohnnyJohnny Lattner Notre Dame Halfback 1,850 49.14%
1954
Ameche, AlanAlan Ameche Wisconsin Fullback 1,068 27.01%
1955 A picture of Howard Cassady posing. Cassady, HowardHoward Cassady Ohio State Halfback 2,219 55.87%
1956

Hornung, PaulPaul Hornung

Notre Dame Quarterback 1,066 26.96%
1957 A picture of John David Crow posing. Crow, John DavidJohn David Crow Texas A&M Halfback 1,183 31.12%
1958 A picture of Pete Dawkins posing. Dawkins, PetePete Dawkins Army Halfback 1,394 39.01%
1959
Cannon, BillyBilly Cannon* LSU Halfback 1,929 53.72%
1960
Bellino, JoeJoe Bellino Navy Halfback 1,793 52.89%
1961
Davis, ErnieErnie Davis* Syracuse Halfback/Linebacker/Fullback 824 25.18%
1962
Baker, TerryTerry Baker* Oregon State Quarterback 707 21.25%
1963 A picture of Roger Staubach posing. Staubach, RogerRoger Staubach Navy Quarterback 1,860 55.21%
1964
Huarte, JohnJohn Huarte Notre Dame Quarterback 1,026 30.98%
1965 A picture of Mike Garrett speaking. Garrett, MikeMike Garrett USC Halfback 926 26.61%
1966 A picture of Steve Spurrier while coaching. Spurrier, SteveSteve Spurrier Florida Quarterback 1,679 48.25%
1967
Beban, GaryGary Beban UCLA Quarterback 1,968 63.50%
1968 A picture of O.J. Simpson posing. Simpson, O. J.O. J. Simpson USC Halfback 2,853 80.64%
1969
Owens, SteveSteve Owens Oklahoma Fullback 1,488 40.92%
1970 A picture of Jim Plunkett on a phone. Plunkett, JimJim Plunkett* Stanford Quarterback 2,229 58.78%
1971
Sullivan, PatPat Sullivan Auburn Quarterback 1,597 42.25%
1972
Rodgers, JohnnyJohnny Rodgers Nebraska Wide Receiver/Running back 1,310 38.75%
1973
Cappelletti, JohnJohn Cappelletti Penn State Running back 1,057 32.78%
1974 A picture of Archie Griffin on a phone. Griffin, ArchieArchie Griffin Ohio State Running back 1,920 59.53%
1975 Griffin, ArchieArchie Griffin Ohio State Running back 1,800 57.64%
1976 A picture of Tony Dorsett on a phone. Dorsett, TonyTony Dorsett Pittsburgh Running back 2,357 74.97%
1977 A picture of Earl Campbell on a phone. Campbell, EarlEarl Campbell Texas Running back 1,547 49.11%
1978
Sims, BillyBilly Sims* Oklahoma Running back 1,896 26.25%
1979
White, CharlesCharles White USC Running back 1,695 53.81%
1980
Rogers, GeorgeGeorge Rogers* South Carolina Running back 1,128 35.81%
1981 A picture of Marcus Allen golfing. Allen, MarcusMarcus Allen USC Running back 1,797 57.05%
1982 A picture of Herschel Walker posing. Walker, HerschelHerschel Walker Georgia Running back 1,926 61.14%
1983
Rozier, MikeMike Rozier Nebraska Running back 1,801 57.17%
1984 A picture of Doug Flutie posing. Flutie, DougDoug Flutie Boston College Quarterback 2,240 71.11%
1985 A picture of Bo Jackson signing a football. Jackson, BoBo Jackson* Auburn Running back 1,509 47.90%
1986 A picture of Vinny Testaverde while throwing a football. Testaverde, VinnyVinny Testaverde* Miami Quarterback 2,213 70.25%
1987 A picture of Tim Brown wearing a jersey. Brown, TimTim Brown Notre Dame Wide receiver 1,442 45.78%
1988 A picture of Barry Sanders posing. Sanders, BarryBarry Sanders Oklahoma State Running back 1,878 68.27%
1989 A picture of Andre Ware wearing pads. Ware, AndreAndre Ware Houston Quarterback 1,073 38.96%
1990 A picture of Ty Detmer wearing a button down. Detmer, TyTy Detmer BYU Quarterback 1,482 53.87%
1991 A picture of Desmond Howard wearing a suit. Howard, DesmondDesmond Howard Michigan Wide receiver 2,077 75.50%
1992 A picture of Gino Torreta posing. Torretta, GinoGino Torretta Miami Quarterback 1,400 50.84%
1993 A picture of Charlie Ward wearing a football uniform. Ward, CharlieCharlie Ward Florida State Quarterback 2,310 83.79%
1994
Salaam, RashaanRashaan Salaam Colorado Running back 1,743 63.15%
1995 A picture of Eddie George wearing sunglasses. George, EddieEddie George Ohio State Running back 1,460 52.84%
1996 A picture of Danny Wuerffel giving a speech. Wuerffel, DannyDanny Wuerffel Florida Quarterback 1,363 49.38%
1997 A picture of Charles Woodson signing an autograph. Woodson, CharlesCharles Woodson Michigan Cornerback/Punt returner 1,815 65.69%
1998 A picture of Ricky Williams while playing for the Dolphins. Williams, RickyRicky Williams Texas Running back 2,355 85.23%
1999
Dayne, RonRon Dayne Wisconsin Running back 2,042 73.83%
2000 A picture of Chris Weinke at a podium. Weinke, ChrisChris Weinke Florida State Quarterback 1,628 58.86%
2001
Crouch, EricEric Crouch Nebraska Quarterback 770 27.75%
2002 A picture of Carson Palmer playing for the Raiders. Palmer, CarsonCarson Palmer* USC Quarterback 1,328 48.01%
2003 A picture of Jason White while with the Sooners. White, JasonJason White Oklahoma Quarterback 1,481 53.54%
2004 A picture of Matt Leinart holding his Heisman trophy. Leinart, MattMatt Leinart USC Quarterback 1,325 47.85%
2005 A picture of Reggie Bush at a USC celebration. Reggie Bush[N 1] USC Running Back 2,541 91.77%
2006 A picture of Troy Smith throwing a pass. Smith, TroyTroy Smith Ohio State Quarterback 2,540 91.63%
2007 A picture of Tim Tebow throwing a pass. Tebow, TimTim Tebow Florida Quarterback 1,957 70.52%
2008 A picture of Sam Bradford while with the Rams. Bradford, SamSam Bradford* Oklahoma Quarterback 1,726 62.13%
2009 A picture of Mark Ingram at the White House. Ingram, Jr., MarkMark Ingram, Jr. Alabama Running back 1,304 46.99%
2010 A picture of Cam Newton with glasses on. Newton, CamCam Newton* Auburn Quarterback 2,263 81.55%
2011 A picture of Robert Griffin posing. Griffin III, RobertRobert Griffin III Baylor Quarterback 1,687 60.66%
2012 A picture of Johnny Manziel while holding the football during a game. Manziel, JohnnyJohnny Manziel Texas A&M Quarterback 2,029 72.88%
2013 A picture of Jameis Winston while shaking someone's hand. Winston, JameisJameis Winston Florida State Quarterback 2,205 79.20%

Trophies won by school[edit]

This is a list of the colleges and universities who have had a player win a Heisman trophy: Ohio State and Notre Dame are tied for the most trophies at 7 each (USC's 7th having been vacated). Ohio State has the distinction of the only two time winner, Archie Griffin, leaving their total players to have won the trophy at six. In total, players from 37 different schools have won a Heisman Trophy.

School Trophies
held
Notre Dame 7
Ohio State 7
USC 6
Oklahoma 5
Army 3
Auburn 3
Florida 3
Florida State 3
Michigan 3
Nebraska 3
Georgia 2
Miami 2
Navy 2
Texas 2
Texas A&M 2
Wisconsin 2
Yale 2
Alabama 1
Baylor 1
BYU 1
Boston College 1
Colorado 1
Chicago 1
Houston 1
Iowa 1
LSU 1
Minnesota 1
Oklahoma State 1
Oregon State 1
Penn State 1
Pittsburgh 1
Princeton 1
South Carolina 1
SMU 1
Stanford 1
Syracuse 1
TCU 1
UCLA 1

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Reggie Bush was the original winner of the Heisman for the 2005 season with 2,541 points and 91.77% of the points possible.[12] His title and trophy were later removed after Bush was found to have received improper benefits as an amateur.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lighten up. (Heisman Trophy)[dead link] Mark Purdy, The Sporting News, encyclopedia.com. December 5, 1994. Accessed March 8, 2008. (Site defunct prior to 9/10)
  2. ^ Jay Berwanger, first winner of the Heisman Trophy, 1914–2002 Julia Morse, University of Chicago News Office. Chicago, Illinois. June 27, 2002. Accessed March 7, 2008.
  3. ^ "The Heisman Trophy". heisman.com. Retrieved 2012-01-02. 
  4. ^ Archie Griffin Heisman.com. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  5. ^ New York landmark's closing leaves Heisman homeless Wayne Drehs, ESPN.com. July 22, 2004. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  6. ^ 9-11 Forces Heisman to Move to Yale Club[dead link] Christopher Hunt, New York Daily News. June 26, 2002. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  7. ^ "Downtown Athletic Club". nyc-architecture.com. Retrieved 2008-03-07. 
  8. ^ Bush runs away with Heisman Trophy Ivan Maisel, ESPN.com. December 10, 2005. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  9. ^ Expanded Heisman Trophy Voting Results MSNBC.com. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  10. ^ "Heisman Trophy Balloting". heisman.com. Retrieved 2012-01-02. 
  11. ^ Chisholm, Kari. "A plea to sportswriters for statistical accuracy". Stiff Arm Trophy. Retrieved 19 December 2011. 
  12. ^ http://sports.espn.go.com/ncf/news/story?id=2255184

External links[edit]