Hellenic Coast Guard
|Hellenic Coast Guard|
Coat of Arms of the Hellenic Coast Guard
|Commandant||Vice Admiral D. Bantias|
|Deputy Commandant||Vice Admiral K. Kounougeris|
|Deputy Commandant||Vice Admiral D. Tsiadis|
|General Inspector||Rear Admiral A. Athanasopoulos|
|Patrol||Cessna 406 Caravan II|
|Transport||Cessna 172 Skyhawk|
The Hellenic Coast Guard (Greek Λιμενικό Σώμα-Ελληνική Ακτοφυλακή - Limeniko Soma-Elliniki Aktofylaki - lit. "Port Corps-Hellenic Coast Guard") is the national coast guard of Greece. Like most other coast guards, it is a paramilitary organization that can support the Hellenic Navy in wartime, but resides under separate civilian control in times of peace. It was founded in 1919 by an Act of Parliament (N. 1753/1919) and the legal framework for its function was reformed in 1927. The current name is specified in Law 3022/2011.
The Hellenic Coast Guard Force is currently under the authority of the Ministry of Shipping. The Hellenic Coast Guard Force is headed by the Senior Coast Guard Officer who has the rank of Vice Admiral (Antinavarchos).
The basic roles of the Hellenic Coast Guard are law enforcement in sea, search and rescue, marine safety, pollution prevention in sea, fishery patrolling, prevention of the illegal immigration, drug interdiction.
In order to perform these roles, the Coast Guard operate a number of Patrol Boats of various sizes (6m to 60m) and different types (RIB's, coastal patrol boats, offshore patrol boats, lifeboats and pollution control vessels). On land the Hellenic Coast Guard is equipped with cars and motorcycles.
The Hellenic Coast Guard operates the Maritime Rescue Coordination Center (MRCC) in Piraeus and the Emergency Radio Communications Station SXE at Aspropyrgos (Vessel Traffic Service (V.T.M.I.S.) at busy sea lanes, currently around the ports of Piraeus, Elefsis, Lavrion and Rafina.). The Hellenic Coast Guard also operates the
Between May 21, 1964 and 1980 the Hellenic Coast Guard had its own special flag, which was derived from the Greek Ensign with the addition of the crossed anchors badge on the center of the white cross.
Role and responsibilities
Main activities of the Hellenic Coast Guard are defined in the present legislation and specified within its institutional framework of operation. These activities are the following:
- Law enforcement at sea, ports and coastal areas, prevention of illegal immigration. Surveillance of shipping, ports, sea space and borders.
- Search and Rescue at Sea (jointly with the Hellenic Air Force, responsible for Search and Rescue by air)
- Safety of navigation (with the exception of lighthouses, racons and buoys, which are constructed, purchased, installed and maintained by the Hellenic Navy Lighthouse Service)
- Protection of the marine environment, response to marine pollution incidents
- Provision of emergency maritime radio communication services 
- Port operations (excluding port pilots service)
- Representation of Greece in International Organizations and the European Commission in matters related to these roles
Most officers in recent years are graduates from higher education establishments, including the Merchant Marine Academies. After recruitment new officers study for one year at the Hellenic Naval Academy. Petty officers are trained for nine months at Palaskas Naval Training Centre and lower rank enlisted men are trained at Scholi Limenofylakon at Piraeus.
The Officers of the Hellenic Coast Guard have the same ranks as the Officers of the Hellenic Navy and similar insignia, replacing the curl with two crossed anchors. The Petty Officers (Ratings) also use rank insignia similar to those of the Hellenic Navy, replacing the speciality symbol with the crossed anchors badge.
|Officer Grade Structure of the Hellenic Coast Guard|
(Lieutenant junior grade)
|NCO Rank Structure of the Hellenic Coast Guard|
||This section possibly contains original research. (May 2009)|
The following list of Hellenic CG vessels is incomplete, due to limited availability of published data. It is based mainly on the official HCG web site, the Hellenic Defence Review 2006-2007, Ισορροπία Δυνάμεων 2011-2012 and on some original research.
|Dilos||Patrol||29||100||6||Design by Abeking & Rasmussen ΛΣ-010, ΛΣ-020, ΛΣ-030, ΛΣ-040|
|Saar 4||Open Sea Patrol||58||450||3||With 30 mm gun, no missiles fitted. ΛΣ-060, ΛΣ-070, ΛΣ-080|
|Vosper Europatrol 250 Mk1||Open Sea Patrol||47.3||240||1||ΛΣ-050, ex Greek Customs|
|CB-90HCG||Coastal Patrol||15.9||20||3||ΛΣ-134, ΛΣ-135, ΛΣ-136|
|Lambro Halmatic 60||Lifeboats||18||37||10||SAR-511 to SAR-520|
|LCS-57 (Lambro-57)||Coastal Patrol||17.4 m||25||35||ΛΣ-137 series, ΛΣ-601 series|
|LCS-53 (Lambro Sunquestor-53)||Patrol||16.5||25||11||ΛΣ-114 series|
|Olympic L65/74||Coastal Patrol||23||4||ΛΣ-102 series|
|Olympic L-44||Patrol||14||25||3||ΛΣ-153 series|
|Boston Whaler||Coastal patrol, Diver support||9||3||ΛΣ-798, ... Donated by the USCG in 2004.|
|LS-413 (LMPA)||Pollution control||29||240||3||by Astilleros Gondan, Spain.|
The Hellenic Coast Guard operates a small fleet of fixed wing aircraft based at Tatoi (Dekelia) Air Base, (LGTT, Hellenic Air Force 384 Squadron, based at Elefsis Air Base (LGEL), with mixed Air Force and Coast Guard crews.). Its four AS.332 Super Puma Search and Rescue (SAR) helicopters are operated by the
|Cessna 172 Skyhawk||AC-1, AC-2||utility||172RG||2|
|Cessna 406 Caravan II||AC-21 to AC-23||maritime patrol||F406||3||built by Reims|
|Eurocopter Super Puma||SAR helicopter||AS 332C||4||Operated by the Hellenic Air Force|
|Aérospatiale Dauphin||HC-31 to HC-36||patrol helicopter||AS 365N3||6||Based at Kotroni Naval Air Station (LGKN) in cooperation with Hellenic Navy|
|Socata TB||AC-3, AC-4||utility||TB 20||2|
|This section requires expansion. (July 2008)|
- New headquarters and VTMIS operations centre:
- Old headquarters and SAR coordination centre:
- Mooring for Open Sea Patrol Vessels (Keratsini):
- Coast Guard apron at Tatoi Air Base:
- Aspropyrgos Maritime Communications Radio Station SXE:
- Piraeus Central Port Authority:
- Enlisted men training facility (Σχολή Λιμενοφυλάκων):
- Piraeus VTMIS AIS receiver 002393200
- Psyttaleia Island VTMIS AIS receiver 002391100
- Patras VTS
- Thessaloniki VTS
- Corfu Island VTS
- Igoumenitsa VTS
- Lavrion VTS
- Rafina Port
- Photo of old Hellenic CG flag.
- "Greece, Coast Radio Stations, Hellenic Coast Guard MRCC and MRSC" (PDF). The United Kingdom Hydrographic Office. 2002. Retrieved 2008-07-02.[dead link]
- Grade/rank insignia of the Hellenic CG (Ministry of Merchant Marine)
- Hellenic Defence Review 2006-2007 (in greek). Athens, Greece: Line Defence Ltd. 2006. p. 62.
- E. Pagotsis, ed. (May 2011). Ετήσια Ανασκόπηση Ισορροπία Δυνάμεων 2011-2012 (Annual Review Balance of Power 2011-2012. Athens, Greece: Dyros Ltd. p. 77.
- "Antipollution vessel ALPHA" (PDF). Astilleros Gondan shipbuilders. 1994.
- "Astilleros Gondan Alfa". Astilleros Gondan shipbuilders. 2011.
- "World Military Aircraft Inventory", Aerospace Source Book 2007, Aviation Week & Space Technology, January 15, 2007.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hellenic Coast Guard.|
- Hellenic Coast Guard official website
- International Lifeboat Federation
- "Insignia of HCG Officers and Petty Officers" (JPEG). Ministry of Merchant Marine. Retrieved 2008-08-11.