Hellenic Coast Guard
|Hellenic Coast Guard|
Coat of Arms of the Hellenic Coast Guard
|Role||Maritime law enforcement, paramilitary navy, search and rescue, sea pollution control|
|Colors||Cyan, White & Gold|
|Commandant||Vice Admiral A. Athanasopoulos|
|Patrol||Cessna 406 Caravan II|
|Transport||Cessna 172 Skyhawk|
The Hellenic Coast Guard (Greek Λιμενικό Σώμα-Ελληνική Ακτοφυλακή - Limeniko Soma-Elliniki Aktofylaki - lit. "Port Corps-Hellenic Coast Guard") is the national coast guard of Greece. Like many other coast guards, it is a paramilitary organization that can support the Hellenic Navy in wartime, but resides under separate civilian control in times of peace. It was founded in 1919 by an Act of Parliament (N. 1753/1919) and the legal framework for its function was reformed in 1927. The current name is specified in Law 3022/2011.
The Hellenic Coast Guard Force is currently under the authority of the Ministry of Shipping. The Hellenic Coast Guard Force is headed by the Senior Coast Guard Officer who has the rank of Vice Admiral (Antinavarchos).
The basic roles of the Hellenic Coast Guard are law enforcement at sea, search and rescue, marine safety, preventing sea pollution, fisheries patrolling, preventing illegal immigration and drug interdiction.
In order to perform these roles, the Coast Guard operate a number of patrol boats of various sizes (6m to 60m) and different types (RIBs, coastal patrol boats, offshore patrol boats, lifeboats and pollution control vessels). On land the Hellenic Coast Guard is equipped with cars and motorcycles.
The Hellenic Coast Guard operates the Maritime Rescue Coordination Center (MRCC) in Piraeus and the Emergency Radio Communications Station SXE at Aspropyrgos ( ). The Hellenic Coast Guard also operates the Vessel Traffic Service (V.T.M.I.S.) at busy sea lanes, currently around the ports of Piraeus, Elefsis, Lavrion and Rafina.
Between May 21, 1964 and 1980 the Hellenic Coast Guard had its own special flag, which was derived from the Greek Ensign with the addition of the crossed anchors badge on the center of the white cross.
Role and responsibilities
The main activities of the Hellenic Coast Guard are defined in the present legislation and specified within its institutional framework of operation. These activities are the following:
- Law enforcement at sea, ports and coastal areas. Prevention of illegal immigration. Surveillance of the sea, shipping, ports and borders.
- Search and rescue at sea (jointly with the Hellenic Air Force, which is responsible for search and rescue by air).
- Safety of navigation (with the exception of lighthouses, racons and buoys, which are constructed, purchased, installed and maintained by the Hellenic Navy Lighthouse Service).
- Protection of the marine environment and response to marine pollution incidents.
- Provision of emergency maritime radio communication services.
- Port operations (excluding port pilots service).
- Representation of Greece in international organizations and the European Commission in matters related to these roles.
Most officers in recent years are graduates from higher education establishments, including the Merchant Marine Academies. After recruitment new officers study for one year at the Hellenic Naval Academy. Petty officers are trained for nine months at Palaskas Naval Training Centre and lower rank enlisted men are trained at Scholi Limenofylakon at Piraeus. With law Law 4029 of 2011, a volunteer Auxiliary Coast Guard was established.
The Officers of the Hellenic Coast Guard have the same ranks as the Officers of the Hellenic Navy and similar insignia, replacing the curl with two crossed anchors. The Petty Officers (Ratings) also use rank insignia similar to those of the Hellenic Navy, replacing the speciality symbol with the crossed anchors badge.
|Officer Grade Structure of the Hellenic Coast Guard|
(Lieutenant junior grade)
|NCO Rank Structure of the Hellenic Coast Guard|
(Fleet Chief Petty Offcer)
Archikelefstis (Chief Petty Officer)
Epikelefstis (Petty Officer)
||This section possibly contains original research. (May 2009)|
The following list of Hellenic CG vessels is incomplete, due to limited availability of published data. It is based mainly on the official HCG web site, the Hellenic Defence Review 2006-2007, Ισορροπία Δυνάμεων 2011-2012 and on some original research.
|Damen Stan patrol vessel 5509||OPV||58||The Netherlands||1 (on order)||Ordered in July 2014 from B.V.Scheepswerf Damen Gorinchem.|
|Dilos||Patrol||29||100||Greece||6||Design by Abeking & Rasmussen ΛΣ-010, ΛΣ-020, ΛΣ-030, ΛΣ-040|
|Saar 4||Open Sea Patrol||58||450||Israel / Greece||3||With 30 mm gun, no missiles fitted. ΛΣ-060, ΛΣ-070, ΛΣ-080|
|Vosper Europatrol 250 Mk1||Open Sea Patrol||47.3||240||United Kingdom||1||ΛΣ-050, ex Greek Customs|
|CB-90HCG||Coastal Patrol||15.9||20||Sweden||3||ΛΣ-134, ΛΣ-135, ΛΣ-136|
|Arun Halmatic||Lifeboats||16||37||United Kingdom||10||SAR-510|
|Lambro Halmatic 60||Lifeboats||18||37||Greece||10||SAR-511 to SAR-520|
|LCS-57 (Lambro-57)||Coastal Patrol||17.4 m||35||Greece||35||ΛΣ-137 series, ΛΣ-601 series|
|LCS-53 (Lambro Guardian-53)||Patrol||16.8||11||Greece||11||ΛΣ-114 series|
|Javelin-74||Patrol||19.2||27||Greece||3||ΛΣ-192 to ΛΣ-194 series|
|Olympic L65/74||Coastal Patrol||23||Greece||4||ΛΣ-102 series|
|System 33/Nemesis RIB||RIB Coastal Patrol||10.35||Greece||10||Donated by Stavros Niarchos Foundation - http://www.elmon.com/products/defence-systems.html|
|Olympic L-44||Patrol||14||25||Greece||3||ΛΣ-153 series|
|MIL-40||Coastal Patrol||13||7||Greece||2||ΛΣ-132, ΛΣ-133|
|Madera MRCD-1250||RIB Coastal Patrol||12,5||The Netherlands||2 To be delivered|
|Magna 110 Hurricane Mk.I/II||RIB Coastal Patrol||10,8||Greece||2|
|Magna Onda||Coastal Patrol||11.7||5.4||Greece||2|
|Super Onda||Coastal Patrol||8.6||2.8||Greece||2|
|Magna 31||RIB Coastal Patrol||8.6||2.8||Greece||3||1 donated at 2014 by Dmitry Rybolovlev|
|Oceanic Interceptor||RIB Coastal Patrol||Greece||?|
|Gibli-1025||RIB Coastal Patrol||10,25||Greece||12|
|Oceanic 9000 Stealth||RIB Coastal Patrol||9||2||Greece||18|
|Mostro Top Gun 864/964||RIB Coastal Patrol||9.3/9.9||1.4/1.6||Greece||19|
|Boston Whaler||Coastal patrol, Diver support||9||USA||3||ΛΣ-798, ... Donated by the USCG in 2004.|
|Halter Marine HSB||Coastal patrol, Diver support||USA||1||... Donated by the USCG in 2004|
|Wellcraft||Coastal patrol, Diver support||USA||1||... Donated by the USCG in 2004|
|LS-413 (LMPA)||Pollution control||29||240||Spain||3||by Astilleros Gondan, Spain.|
|POB-24||Coastal patrol boat||24.6||Croatia||6 (on order)||Ordered in April 2014 - Designed by Montmontaza Greben Ltd Shipyard|
The Hellenic Coast Guard operates a small fleet of fixed wing aircraft based at Tatoi (Dekelia) Air Base, (LGTT, Hellenic Air Force 384 Squadron, based at Elefsis Air Base (LGEL), with mixed Air Force and Coast Guard crews.). Its four AS.332 Super Puma Search and Rescue (SAR) helicopters are operated by the
|Cessna 172 Skyhawk||AC-1, AC-2||utility||172RG||USA||2|
|Cessna 406 Caravan II||AC-21 to AC-23||maritime patrol||F406||France||3||built by Reims|
|Eurocopter Super Puma||SAR helicopter||AS 332C||France||4||Operated by the Hellenic Air Force|
|Aérospatiale Dauphin||HC-31 to HC-36||patrol helicopter||AS 365N3||France||6||Based at Kotroni Naval Air Station (LGKN) in cooperation with Hellenic Navy|
|Socata TB||AC-3, AC-4||utility||TB 20||France||2|
|This section requires expansion. (July 2008)|
- New headquarters and VTMIS operations centre:
- Old headquarters and SAR coordination centre:
- Mooring for Open Sea Patrol Vessels (Keratsini):
- Coast Guard apron at Tatoi Air Base:
- Aspropyrgos Maritime Communications Radio Station SXE:
- Piraeus Central Port Authority:
- Enlisted men training facility (Σχολή Λιμενοφυλάκων):
- Piraeus VTMIS AIS receiver 002393200
- Psyttaleia Island VTMIS AIS receiver 002391100
- Patras VTS
- Thessaloniki VTS
- Corfu Island VTS
- Igoumenitsa VTS
- Lavrion VTS
- Rafina Port
- Photo of old Hellenic CG flag.
- "Greece, Coast Radio Stations, Hellenic Coast Guard MRCC and MRSC" (PDF). The United Kingdom Hydrographic Office. 2002. Retrieved 2008-07-02.[dead link]
- Law 4029, Government Gazette A 245, 2011-11-22
- Grade/rank insignia of the Hellenic CG (Ministry of Merchant Marine)
- Hellenic Defence Review 2006-2007 (in Greek). Athens, Greece: Line Defence Ltd. 2006. p. 62.
- E. Pagotsis, ed. (May 2011). Ετήσια Ανασκόπηση Ισορροπία Δυνάμεων 2011-2012 (Annual Review Balance of Power 2011-2012. Athens, Greece: Dyros Ltd. p. 77.
- "Antipollution vessel ALPHA" (PDF). Astilleros Gondan shipbuilders. 1994.
- "Astilleros Gondan Alfa". Astilleros Gondan shipbuilders. 2011.
- "Greek coastguard orders six coastal patrol craft". janes.com. 29 April 2014. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
- "World Military Aircraft Inventory", Aerospace Source Book 2007, Aviation Week & Space Technology, January 15, 2007.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hellenic Coast Guard.|
- Hellenic Coast Guard official website
- International Lifeboat Federation
- "Insignia of HCG Officers and Petty Officers" (JPEG). Ministry of Merchant Marine. Retrieved 2008-08-11.